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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 1996
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 1996
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 1996
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 1996
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 1996
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
Selecting the target year
Estimation for Changes of Net Primary Productivity and Potential Natural Vegetation in the Korean Peninsula by the Global Warming
Kim, Jeong-Un ; Kil, Bong-Seop ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~7
The net primary productivity and potential natural vegetation in the Korean peninsula in the 21st century were estimated by the Miami model and thermal climate, respectively, based on 148 meteorological data sets. In the 21st century, the distribution range of the net primary produtivity in the Korean peninsula was estimated as 1,050 g
on southern part compared with that of the present century. The potential natural vegetation in the Korean peninsula in the 21st century will change into the followings:coniferous forest on Mt. Paektu area, deciduous broadleaf forest on northern part, and evergreen broadleaf forset on southern part.
A Model for Carbon Dioxide Exchanges of Pinus densiflora Population
Suh, kyeHong ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 9~19
The model PINUSCO2 hased of physiology was creted to simulate carbon dioxide budget in a population of red pine(pinus densiflora) which is one of the dominant species in Korea. Driving forces of PINUSCO2 are global radiation, maximum and minimum air temperatures. State variables fo the model are standing crops of leaf, branch, trunk and root of the red pine population. PINUSCO2 calculates net photosynthesis of canopy and respiration of each organ with 1 hour time step. PINUSCO2 estimated the annual gross productivity, respiration and net productivity of the red pine population as 43.99, 24.55, and 19.44 ton CO2·ha-1·yr-1, respectively, at the study sity(35°58′00"N, 128°25′35"E). PINUSCO2 showed that the red pine population grew mainly in spring and fall, and that in summer daily net population productivity frequently became negative.
Diverse Fatty Acids of Triacylglyrerols in Fucus serratus(Phaeophyta) Caused by Seasonal changes
Kim, Mi-Kyung ; Jean Paul Dubacq ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 21~29
Variation in triacylglycerols(TGs) and fatty acids in Fucus serratus was analyzed for a period of one year. TGs were more concentrated during the summer(2.8mg/g dw)and autumn(2.6mg/g dw) than during the spring (0,7mg/g dw)and winter (0.5mg/g dw). The dominant fatty acides in total liqid were palmitic acid (
, 24.1%), oleic acid ((
, 22.4%) and arachidonic acid ((
, 14.4%) but the dominant ones in TG were
(linoleic acid, 16.4%). The levels of
fatty acids were high in winter while
in summer and autumn. The polyunsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) were more abundant in the
series, while the UFAs of the
were low. Especially, the amount of arachidonic acid (
, 14.4% of total fatty acids (TFA) was more abundant than that of eicosapentaenoic acid (
, 10.4% of TFA). The amount of
,in TG was 9.2% and 4.8%, respectively. These UFAs in total lipid were thus higher than TG. Therefore, the synthesis of TG and fatty acid was stimulated by the alternation of emersion and submersion of thalli from sea water and eco-physiological conditions during summer: high temperature and light, and low concentration of nitrogen.
Community Structure and Seasonal Occurrence of Chigger Mites in Soil Around Farmland
Kim, Myoung Hai ; Byung Chan Kang ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 31~37
The chigger mites known as the vectors of Tsutsugamushi disease seriously increased due to the expansion of their habitats by the change of farmland into idle land, arboreta and golf courses with the progress of industrialization. These mites were surveyed for their nymphs in soil of four areas located in the northern part of Kyonggido known as the outbreak areas of Tsutsugamushi disease. Total number of the chigger mites collected in the soil of four surveyed areas was 2576, and two genera and ten species including Leptotrombidium palpale were indentified. Among them L. pallidum was the dominant species with the highest occurrence rate of 62 percent. Nine species occurred on the bank of Changrungchon that has been idled for more than ten years, but six or seven species occurred in Wonhundong and Ilsandong that hans been idled for less than five years. The number of individuals collected was also higher in Changrungchon than the other sites. Seasonal occurrence of these mites showed a peak with 166 mites in November on the west slope and another with 192 mites in February on the east slope of the bank of Changrungchon, but none in June. Component ratio of individual numbers for L. palpale, L. pallidum, L. orientalis and L.scutelaris were 19, 62, 9 and 3 percent, respectively. Individual number of L. pallidum and L. scutelaris appeared to some extent of 397 and 23 mites, respetively.
Aluminum Tolerance in Pine Root Growth
Ryu, Hoon ; Joon-Ho Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 36~46
Variation of Al tolerance in Pinus densiflora, P. rigida and P. thunbergii was investigated in a solution culture. Root length decreased as Al concentration increased, and decreased more in dilute culture media than in dense one. Aluminum tolerance based on relative root length was in the order of P. rigida ＞ P. densiflora ＞ P. thunbergii. Al content in tissue increased as Al concentration of the media increased, but the reverse was true for content of Ca and Mg. Al tolerance for root length showed intraspecific variation, even under the same Al concentration in the media.
Effects of Group Breedling of Herons of Pine Community
Mun, Hyeong-Tae ; Sam-Rae Cho ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 47~53
Effects of group breeding of herons on pine community were studied at Pomaeri, in Yangyang, Kangwon Province, Korea. This site has been protected as a Natural Monument (No. 229) since 1970. Herons have used this habitat as a breeding site from] anuary to October every year. In 1995, more than 500 herons were observed in this habitat. Many big pine trees are dying or already dead due to group inhabitation of herons, and no pine saplings were found at forest floor in this habitat. Nutrient contents of soil in this habitat were much higher than those in control plot. This must be due to the addition of feces from herons and of thin twigs and other organic materials from the canopy and bird nests. Species composition of herb layer in this habitat was quite different from that in control plot. Breeding site was dominated by Humulus japonicus. Persiearia perJohata, Persicaria thunbergii. and Commelina communis. which are indicator species of soil eutrophication.
A Comparison of the Plant Community Structures in the Burned and Unburned Areas of Mt Kumo-san
Kim, Woen ; Sung, Kyung-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 55~64
This is a report on the recovery of vegetation and secondary succession in the burned area studied from April, 1990 to April. 1991. The forest fire occurred in a part of Mt.
on April, 1986 and the pine forest and its understory vegetation were burned out completely. The floristic compositions of burned (B) and unburned (U) areas were composed of sixty eight and thirty one species (vascular plants), respectively. These species were divided into invaders (47 species), increasers (15 species), deceasers (3 species), neutrals (3 species), and retreaters (10 species) on the basis of summed dominance ratio (
). Biological spectra showed the
type in both the burned and unburned areas. The species of Lespedeza (
=94.7), Miscanthus (91.95), Festuca (68.33), and Spodiopogon (52.06) were dominant in the burned areas, while the species of Pinus (76.67), Robinia (56.25), Quercus (52.08), and Carex (40.25)were dominant in the unburned area. Dominance index (C) in burned and unburned areas was 0.15 and 0.25, respectively. the index of similarity (CCs) was 0.42. The degree of succession (DS) and species diversity (H) in burned and unburned areas were 675.8, 884.2 and 4.07, 2.05, respectively. The degree of succession in the burned area graduall increased and the burned area was recovered to be simmilar to the unburned area. Evenness index in burned and unburned areas was 0.965 and 0.595, respectively.
Using Sunshine Duration to Estimate Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density at Taegu Korea
Suh, KyeHong ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 65~70
The daily photosynthetic photon flux density incident on a horizontal surface was estimated with sunshine duration through daily global radiation at Taegu in Korea. The constant and coefficient of
ngstrom equation for global radiation were calculated as 0.1763 and 0.5012, respectively. The conversion factor from daily global radiation to daily photosynthetic photon flux density was determined as 2.2359.
The Effect of Artificial Acid Rain on the Growth and Competition of Echinochloa crus-galli and Digitaria sanguinalis
Kim, Jin-Kyung ; Do-Soon Cho ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 71~80
The effects of simulated acid rain on the growth and interspecific competition of Echinochloa crus-galli and Digitaria sanguinalis were studied. Changes of growth in height and dry weight were examined and competition between the two species was investigated using the experimental model proposed by de Wit (1960). The experiments were carried out in the greenhouse, and test plants were germinated and grown for 4 weeks and then sprayed with simulated acid rain of pH 5.6, 4.2 and 2.8 for another 8 weeks. In de Wit replacement experiments, the variation of density and the treatment of simulated acid rain showed little effect on the interspecific competition between E. Crus-galli and D.sanguinalis. The ratio diagram, another method to reveal the interrelations between two competing species, always showed the predominance of E. crus-galli in competition, regardless of density and pH. The interspecific competition of the two species, represented by relative yield total (RYT), revealed that intraspecific competition was stronger than interspecific competition in both species.The treatment of simulated acid rain showed little effect on the growth of E. Crus-galli and D. sanguinalis. Height growth of both species did not differ from that of control (pH 5.6), but root/shoot ratio increased with the decrease in pH of simulated acid rain. Growth of tatal dry weight of E. crus-galli and D. sanguinalis was not influenced by the change of pH, except that D.sanguinalis showed a decrease in the total dry weight at pH 2.8 along with a visible sign of white spots on leaves. Physical environmental conditions can exert an effect on the interrelationships between the two species, but this experiment did not show the reversion of competition, and showed that E.crus-gilli was competitively dominant under any environmental conditions given in this study.
The Introduction of Western Ecology into Korea
Joon-Ho, Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 81~91
The sicence of ecology was introduced into Korea as a part of biology translated into Chinese or Korean from western biology textbooks imported by way of China or directly from the West at the end of 19th c. to the beginning of 20th c. After the Japanese annexation of Korea in 1910, Japanese technologists had studied applied ecology to exploit the natural resources of Korea. Reforestation, begetation eclogy, riparian vegetation, etc. were investigated by workers from the West. Such ecological researches, however, did not contribute to the introduction of ecology into Korea, and the anture of the Korean peninsula was utilized by foreign ecologists as ecological research sites. Several Korean ecologists, not many, worked actively at the end of Japanese rule, and contributed to the settlement ecology in Korea since 1945.
Conservation Strategy Based on Ecological Characteristics of National Parks in Korea
Kim, Jong-Won ; Hwa-Kyung Nam ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 1996, Pages 93~104
Ecological approach to conservation of Korea's National Parks (KNP) was reviewed. Four hundred twenty five reports on 15 national parks for 80 years (1915~1994) were analyzed in consideration of phytocoenotic information such as flora, plant community and landscape. Total species was recorded as 157 familles, 752 genera, and 2,369 species (64.3% of Korean flora), in which is included only 75 species of the protected plant species designated by the Ministry of EnvironMent. Occurrence patterns of plant species in national parks were quite similar to one another, but those of plant community were rather unique. Seventy-four of 97 plant communities were reported in only one of 15 national parks, which might be regarded as an endemic or local vegetetation type. These facts are far different from actual status of the KNP＇s ecosystem, which indicate that not only original data in previous reports are less informative, but also tools of investigation and description are too subjective, and thus these can never afford to monitor the ecosystem. From the correlation analysis between 10 ecological characteristics, the following results were obtained: (1) the species richness was positively associated with the area of national park, (2) the number of visitors was related to landscape diversity, (3) occurrence of the designated species was closely related to the vegetation diversity. Numerical analysis (cluster analysis and ordination) using dissimilarity ratio by ecological characteristics divided 15 national parks into 4 groups. The first group, composed of national parks of Chirisan,
, Sokrisan, Hallasan,
, Odaesan, and Sobaeksan, is recognized as the best national parks in terms of ecological conservation values. Nevertheless, they have been faced with the threat of visitor stress. This study will contribute to the establishment of strategy for appropriate conservation and sustainable use of KNP.