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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Feb 1978
Selecting the target year
Epiphytic Lichens on Chery trees in Korea.
Park Seung Tai ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 2, issue 1, 1978, Pages 1~8
Epiphytic lichens were sampled quantitatively on the cherry trees (Prunus serrulata) at Jeonju and Hadong along both north and south exposures of tat trees. Coverage of lichens was determinated for each species by 10*20cm quadrat. Lichen species diversities such as total diversity (D), mean diversity (D), Shannon diversity (D') and redundancy (R) were estimated according to Brillouin and Shannon equation. The importance value of lichen species was meassured by niche preemption model, The importance value transformed into some fraction k of the niche space. The value of k was compared with aggregation of lichens communities in to areas. The ten most important awariensis, Parmelia incurva, Parmelia crinita, Dirinaria applanta, Parmelia wallichiana, Parmelia austrosinensis and Cetraria platyphylla. The mean coverage epiphytic lichens on north side of tree was higher than of south side in two areas. The species diversities of epiphytic lichen of two areas shows that a change in the value of D' along vertical was not paralled with the D and R. In Kumsan-sa, D, D and D' increased upward along the tree of north exposure, but did not follow this trend in south, However in Sangge-sa, D, D and D' of both sides increased.
Ecological studies of Cobitid Fish, Cobitis koreensis in Jeonju-cheon Creek, Jeonrabug-do province, Korea
Ik Soo Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 2, issue 1, 1978, Pages 9~14
The study was made to expand the knowledge of the ecology of Cobitis koreensis which is very common in the upper and middle part of rivers in western part of Korea. A number of C. koreensis are found in the creek of Jeonju-cheon located at Segjang-ri, Wanju-gun, Jeonrabug-do Province. The area studied has pebble bottoms. The flow velocity of the river ranges from 20cm to 40cm per second under normal conditions. The sex ratio of male to female was 1:1.34 and the female was 10~25mm larger than the male in total length. Length-frequencies in this population indicate that 20~40 mm fish group is underyearling, 40~60mm is a yearling, and 60~85mm is two-year-old. And the fish longer than 90mm in total length is regarded as being over three-year-old. Based on the ratio of gonadal weight to body weight, spawning in this species began in April and expanded well into June with water temperature 20~26。C, and the individuals became sexually mature over the two-year-old. The number of the eggs was counted from ten matured female fishes. The mean number of eggs in seven 72.6~81.4mm fishes was 908 (595-1, 229) and that of the rest three 86.0~89.0mm was 1, 674 (1, 337-2, 023). The contents of stomach in the other fifteen specimens captured in September 1977 were investigated. While the younger fed almost on the algae, the foods in the adult were largely aquatic insects.
Studies on the crown gall disease of chestnut nurse seedling grafts
La, Yong-Joon ; Hyong-Bin Im ; Kwang-Yeun Lee ; Du-Hyung Lee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 2, issue 1, 1978, Pages 15~20
Pathological and anatomical studies on the cause of the crown gall like symptoms associated with the chestnut nurse grafts were undertaken. The crown gall bacterium, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, was isolated from the gall tissues of chestnut nurese grafts by using selective media developed by S초개소 et al. and kado and Heskett. Typical crown gall symptoms appeared on tomato, castor bean and geranium plants 10~21 days following inoculation with the bacterium isolated from the gall tissues of chestnut nurse grafts. Agrobacterium tumefaciens was reisolated from crown gall tissues of tomato, castor bean and geranium. Anatomical studies on the origin, growth and differentiation of the gall tissues of the chestnut nurse grafts confirmed that the gall tissues are of crown gall origin. Masses of Agrobacterium tumefaciens were observed from gall tissues of chestnut nurse grafts, so it could be confirmed that the crown gall symptoms prevalent on chestnut nurse grafts are caused by the crown gall bacterium, Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
Flower Production in a Chestnut (Castanea crenata) Forest.
Young-Deuk Rim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 2, issue 1, 1978, Pages 25~30
The flower production in the Castanea crenata forest in Gapyong was investigated, by applying litter trap and allometric method. Among serveral variables, DBH is the most reliable one but the estimated value by DBH showed remarkable difference from the value obtained by the litter trap method. Litter trap showed 149.3 kg of flower production per ha in the Castane crenata forest. And the F/L ratro increased with the itme until flowers began to fall. The variation of flower production among trees by allometric method seems to be unreliable.
The Salt Accumulation Model on the Soil Surface by Evaporation, Transpiration and Rainfall
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Kim, Ju-Hoon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 2, issue 1, 1978, Pages 31~37
The salt accumulation on the soil surface can be mathematically described. Although the movement of salts in soil solution is expressed in terms of mathematical model, which has certain limitations in practical application, except the exchangeable and absorbable state salts in soil solution. This model is illustrated by analyticl experiments in which evaporation from the bare soils, transpiration of plants and rainfall are required. Agreement between the model and the measured data was satisfactory, which validating the salt accumulation theory on the soil surface.