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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Distribution of Taraxacum in the Western Area of Kyonggido, Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~8
This study was conducted to investigate the distributions of the native and introduced dandelins in the western Kyonggido area and to determine the environmental factor influencing distribution of dandelions. One hundered and thirty seven study sites were randomly selected along roadsides in urban areas, arable lands, apartment areas and industry regions, and vegetation, dandelion's seed characters and soil acidity were sureyed. Throughout the areas the introduced dandelions were more widely distributed than the native ones. The native dandelions were scarcely distributed in the developed areas and roadsides. The introduced dandelions were dominantly distributed in the new environments where soils were alkalized by the trban development, road pavement, and construction of new buildings, while the native ones were mostly distributed in the rural area with weakly acid soil. The seed production of the introduced ones were two times more than that of the native ones. The seed of the introduced ones were lighter than that of the native ones. The introduced ones yield seeds more than four times a year. These results suggested the urbanization and the seed characters to bet the two dominant factors influencing the distribution of dandelions.
Habitat Quality Factors and Diurnal Activity Patterns of Wintering Mallards(Anas platyrhynchos) in Central-West, Korea.
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 1, 1997, Pages 9~14
Wintering behavior of mallards Anas platyrhynchos was studied from November 1995 to February 1996 at wintering habitats : Seosan reclaimed site, Oksan reservoir, and Kum river in Korea. The population of wintering mallards in maximum count was about 35, 000 at Sosan, 500 at Oksan and 1, 680 at Kum river, respectively. In Seosan area, mallards spent more time on water surface. In Kum river and Oksan reservoir, however, they spent more time in riversides. During the daylight hours, mallards spent more time in riversides and ground as the time passes by in the area. Behavioral patterns varied with habitat type, by days and months. Resting was a major time expenditure of mallards on water surface and riversides, and feeding occured occasionally on the ground. During the daytime, feeding and resting activities increased as time passed toward dusks However, time spendings for locmotion and comfort were decreased when it is close to the sun sets. Major disturbance factors within the habitats were identified the local traffics of humans, boats, aircrafts and motor vehicles. Among them, human was the most frequently affecting disturbance factor to the wintering mallards.
Structure and Dynamics of Lindera sericea Community in Mt. Chogye, Korea
Kim, J. H. ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 1, 1997, Pages 15~25
The deciduous shrubs, Lindera sericea belonging to family Lauracea are distributed in Mt. Chogye and Mudeung locally. To estimate the community structure of this shrub, the relationship between the floristic composition and environmental factors of 20 sites in Mt. Chogye were investigated. L. sericea community distributed at the hum양 zone of altitude 305-480 m in ES and NE slope of
. The floristic composition of this communities consisted of 17-32 species varied with sites. Sasa borealis, Sapium japonicum, and Quercus serrata were the constant species over 90%. The forest vegetation was classified as Sasa borealis-Lindera sericea community, and the Sasa borealis-Meliosma oldhamii, and Sasa borealis-Callicarpa japonica were as subunit community. Acidity, organic matter content, inorganic phophate, potassium, calcium, magnesium, cation exchange capacity and conductivity were determined as environmental factors. Diameter of stem at ground surface and stem, distribution area and growth property of this plant were investigated, and this plant was presumed to be a relic endemic species.
Species Composition and Nutrient Absorption by Plants in the Immediate Postfire Year
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 1, 1997, Pages 27~33
Species composition and the amount of nutrients absorbed by regenerating plants on a pine forest in the immediate postfire year were compared with those in an unburned pine forest in Kosung, Kangwon Province. Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum, Cyperus amuricus, Lespedeza biolor, Quercus serrata, Lysimachia clethroides were the most abundant species in burned area. In unburned area. Quercus mongolica, Rhododendron mucronulatum, Carex humilis, Rhododendron schlippenbachii, Spodiopogon sibiricus were the most abundant species. Standing biomass of understory vegetation in burned and unburned area was 170.2 g
, respectively. Nutrient concentrations of plants in burned area, especially for phosphorus and potassium, were higher than those in unburned area. The amounts of nutrients absorbed by understory plants in burned and unburned area were 37.4 and 33.6 kg/ha for N, 0.36 and 0.19 kg/ha for P, 30.6 and 18.8 kg/ha for K, 8.5 and 7.8 kg/ha Ca, 5.2 and 5.7 kg/ha for Mg, respectively. This suggests that regenerating vegetation can hold the significant amount of nutrients, although there may be considerable losses of nutrients from ecosystem after fire.
Effect of Cadmium Treatment on the Growth and Nitrogen Fixation Activity of Melilotus suaveolens
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 1, 1997, Pages 35~41
Effects of cadmium on growth and nitrogen fixation activity of Melilotus suaveolens, a biennial legume plant dominating in the area of poor soil were quantitatively analyzed during the growing period. Cadmium treatments of 10, 30 and 100 ppm resulted in 12, 22 and 35% inhibition of plant height and 14, 25 nd 26% reduction of chlorophyll contents of leaves, respectively. The plant biomass reduced 51, 70 and 89% for leaves, 33, 50 and 59% for stems, and 42, 52 and 70% for roots, respectively by 10, 30 and 100 ppm Cd treatments. Cadmium contents of roots treated with 10, 30 and 100 ppm Cd were 62, 112 and 183 folds higher than that of the control, respectively. Cadmium contents of stems were about 1/2.2 of those of roots, but leaves contained only 1/27.8 of those of roots. Cadmium treatments resulted in increase of T/R ratios and decrease of F/C ratios significantly in the later growth period. Nodule formation was reduced to 8% in 42 days by the treatment of 100 ppm Cd. Specific nitrogen fixation activity of nodules attained 61.0, 24.0, 1.6 and 0.7 mol
on 42nd day, respectively for 0, 10. 30 and 100 ppm of Cd treatments. Total amount of nitrogen fixation per plant reduced by 73, 98 and 99% with the treatments of 10, 30 and 100 ppm Cd.
Response of Plants and Changes of Soil Properties to Added Acid-Soil Ameliorants
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 1, 1997, Pages 43~49
Effects of addition of soil ameliorants on the growth and nutrient absorption of Zea mays, Miscanthus sinensis and Phytolacca americana were investigated. Acid soil from Yeocheon Industrial Complex were used for the control plot (AS). We made two treatment plots, acid soil + lime (AS + L) and acid soil + dolomite (AS+D). Ration of acid soil : soil ameliorants in freatment plot was 50 : 1(V:V). Acid soil and soil ameliorants were mixed thoroughly before use. Shoot length of corn in AS+L and AS+D was considerably increased by 141% and 137%, respectively, compared with that in AS. Pokeweed in AS+L and AS+D also increased by 183% and 152%, respectively, compared with that in AS. However, growth of Miscanthus sinensis showed slight difference between the control and the treatment plots. Biomass of corn and porkweed in the treatment plots were also greater than those in the control plots. During the growth experiment with corn, concentrations of Ca and Mg in soil were increased and A1 decreased with increased soil pH in the treatment plots. Amount of aluminum absorbed by corn in the control plot was greater than that in the treatment plots. In case of Miscanthus sinensis, however, aluminum absorption in the control plot was lower than those in the treatment plots.
Distribution of Heavy Metals in the Sediments and Periwinkles (Littorina brevicula) of Onsan Bay, Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 1, 1997, Pages 51~59
To investigate the distribution of heavy metal concentrations in Onsan bay, concentrations of cadmium, copper, zine and lead in surface sediments and the periwinkles (Littorina brevicula) were determined in Feburary and July, 1996. The ranges of cadmium, copper, zinc and lead concentrations in the surface sediments were 0.08-3.72, 3-307, 49-1273 and 15-399
dry weight, respectively, The decrease of concentration in heavy metals with distance from Daejeong stream indicated that this stream is the pollutant source of heavy metals in Onsan Bay. The concentrations of cadmium, copper, zinc and led in L. brevicula were 0.11-11.81, 21-212, 30-96 and 0.26-4.12
dry weigth in February and 1.01-24.9, 66-325, 54-225 and 0.68-8.41
dry weight in July, respectively. These concentrations in L. brevicula were the significantly different (p<0.001) with the season of sampling. However, overall distribution of concentrations of heavy metals in L. brevicula had very similar tendency that concentrations of heavy metal decreased with the distance from the pollutant source irrespective of the two seasons. Therefore, L. brevicula is considered as a useful indicator for heavy metals pollution, According to analysis of the organs, tissues such as the digestive gland, gill and viceral mussel accumulate high concentrations of heavy metals.
Characteristics of Physicochemical Factors of Inchon Dock Ecosystem, Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 1, 1997, Pages 61~68
Due to its lack of wave action and tide ecosystem in Inchon dock lacks in marine characteristics. Structural condition in the dock is artificially similar to that of lake. The purposes of this study was to clarify the water quality, to provide the basic physicochemical data and tl resolve the causation of ？미 blooming. Samples were obtained monthly from four stations in Inchon dock during January to December, 1991. Water temperature ranged from
under the strong influence of air temperature. Salinity varied between 24.7%-30.4% thus being influenced by freshwater discharged from a spring. Dissolved oxygen was concentrated from 0.1-13.92 mg/l and suspended solids were 6.9-231.0 mg/l. The physicochemical factors were similar to those investigated 10 years ago. However, increased concentration of nitrogenous nutrients initiated ？미 blooming and its process was accelerated to reach eutrophication. Algal blooming was proceeded in March and August.
The Development of Stream Ecology and Current Status
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 1, 1997, Pages 69~78