Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
The Interaction of Volatile Chemicals and Phytohormones on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Lettuce
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 1997, Pages 233~238
To evaluate allelopathic effect of volatile chemicals and phytohormones, seed germination and seedling growth test of Lactuca sativa have performed in laboratory experiments. Among used chemicals terpienen-4-ol was the most inhibitory to seed germination of lettuce. ABA and GA inhibited seed germination at
concentration but promoted germination at
. ABA and GA alleviated volatile chemical-induced inhibition of seed germination and seedling elongation of lettuce.
Ozone-environmental Effects on Gas Exchange and Growth of Hybrid Poplar (Populus trichocarpa
P. deltoides) Seedlings
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 1997, Pages 239~244
Hybrid poplar (Populus trichocarpa
P. deltoides) clones were fumigated with ozone. Fumigation was applied for 6 to 8 hours each day for approximately 3 months at ozone concentrations of 0.090 to 0.115 ppm using by open-top chambers. Growth and biomass of hybrid poplar seedlings were reduced by ozone exposure. Mean percentage of falling leaves in ozone-treated plant was 6 times higher than that of charcoal-filtered plant. Among physiological responses, rate of photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, transpiration and initial Rubisco activity were significantly lower in seedlings grown in ozone environment compared seedlings grown in charcoal-filtered air. All these physiological results supported that biochemical process to be a key feature to understand reduction in photosynthesis.
Effects of Pinus rigida Extract of Isozyme Patterns of Glycine max Callus
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 1997, Pages 245~250
The seeds and callus induced from the root of Glycine max were used as test materials. When the seed was treated with the different concentrations of Pinus rigida extract, there was a more striking inhibition of seedling growth than of seed germination. The callus of the control group was in good condition, but when treated with 5% extract there was generalized browning and cell division was decreased in the upper part of the callus. There was no difference in the fresh and dry weights in 2% extract treatment but there was dramatic repression at concentrations higher than 5%. The band activity of peroxidase isozyme in treated callus was elevated, while that of esterase was inhibited.
Relationships between Small Mammal Community and Coarse Woody Debris in Forest Ecosystem
Lee, Sang-Don ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 1997, Pages 251~258
Few attempts have been made to discover the ecological function of coarse woody debris (CWD) despite its importance to small mammal population. Twenty-five pitfall traps and a hundred live traps were placed in three sites with high amounts of CWD and three sites with low amounts of CWD. Eleven species were caught, and Peromyscus maniculatus was the most abundant (45.6%, n=605). Among 11 speices, abundance of Tamias townsendii and Clethronomys gapperi were higher in sites with high amounts of CWD than in sites with low amounts of CWD. Home range size was larger in breeding season than in non-breeding season indicating mating search. Resident time of Peromyscus maniculatus was longer in sites with high amounts of CWD implying better stability in population. The increasing amount of coarse woody debris (CWD) enhanced the habitat use by small mammals, and animals in high amounts of CWD were more abundant and stable in population fluctuation. This study, therefore, concludes that CWD is a critical habitat element for small mammals in forest ecosystem.
Nitrogen and Phosphorus Retranslocation in Foliage and Twig of Pinus rigida and Larix leptolepis
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 1997, Pages 259~264
To determine patterns of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) change in foliage and twig we collected branch samples of 40-year-old Pinus rigida and Larix leptolepis plantations every month during the growing season of 1996 in Yangpyeong, Kyonggi-Do. Significant seasonal differences on N and P concentrations in foliage and twig were observed for both study species because of nutrient retranslocation. P. rigida and L. leptolepis retranslocated 40 and 37% of foliar N and 86 and 16% of foliar P, respectively. Twig N and P retranslocation rates of P. rigida and L. leptolepis were 114 and 25%, and 42 and 70%, respectively. There were no significant differences in foliar N retranslocation rates between P. rigida and L. leptolepis while P retranslocation rate in foliage of P. rigida was higher than that of L. leptolepis. Our results suggested that twigs were the main sinks for retranslocated nutrients from foliages of the both study species.
Effect of Mosaic Vegetation Structure on Pine Seed Predation by Forest Animals in Agricultural Landscape
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 1997, Pages 265~274
All landscapes are mosaics of habitat patches of different types. Therefore, there are always edged between habitat patches in a landscape. Forest animal has an important role in vegetation development and maintenance by seed dispersal around forest. Movement of animals depends on the spatially heterogeneous structure and pattern of vegetation landscapes because each animal has special habitats in a landscape. Especially, forast edge with high permeability and prey density is one of the important habitats to the animals. Therefore, understanding the ecological characteristics of the forest edges as a corridor connecting mosaic vegetation patches is necessa교 새 establish the strategies for the nature conservation and sustainable vegetation management. Under this idea, we examined the animal influenced on pine seeds as one of the method of monitoring the animal activity in mosaic vegetation. Man-made mosaic vegetations including open, edge and inner forests were carefully selected in the rural landscape. We carried out predation test on pine seeds during one year. A result was that damages on seed was more significant at forest edge than inner and open forest. Pine seed on seedbeds was mainly attacked by squirrels and mice than birds. Pine seed was damaged by squirrels in different types of vegetation by seasons. Rate of seed predation at forest edge was, in special, higher than that of other sites. According to this results, it is suggested that the relationship between animal behavior and spatial vegetation structure relating to human impact such as the distance from settlement to vegetation appeares to be in the rural vegetation landscape.
Desalinization Characteristics after Reclamation of Tidal Flat on the Western Coast of Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 1997, Pages 275~283
Vertical and temporal characteristics of desalinized reclaimed soil were analyzed from reclaimed coastal land on the western coast of Korea. Of the vertical changes during desalting, pH valuse were the lowest at the topsoil without regard to reclaimation time. The content of C1 were designated as the early period (the first 2-4 years) which decreased exponentially and the later period(the last 5-7 years) which was almost constant, from top to down. In temporal changes of the soil attributes, pH values increased for 5 years and decreased at 6 year after reclamation. Chlorine leaches more rapidly than Na does, K and Ca are constant but Mg increases as time elapsed after reclamation. Sometimes the content of Ca and K in the reclaimed soil are of higher concentration than that of the seawater after reclamation. During desallinization as exemplified by decreasing EC of the soil, Cl and Na are rapidly leached, but K, Ca and Mg are somewhat enhanced. The ration of Na/Cl in the soil equals 1 when the EC registers 5 mmho and then increases dramatically as the EC decreases. Rapid leaching of
elicits an increasing pH valus. The electrostatic balance of the soil is achived by replacement of
until stationary or until a decreasing pH value is reached again.
Characteristics and Distribution Pattern of Eupatorium rugosum at Mt. Namsan in Seoul
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 1997, Pages 285~291
The taxonomic characteristics of Eupatorium rugosum were reviewed and growth responses under different light intensities were investigated. Changes of soil and vegetation environments at experimental plots on Mt. Namsan were surveyed and the distribution pattern examined. The distribution of E. rugosum was closely related to the content of total nitrogen and available phosphorus in the soil. No competitors which could inhibit the growth of E. rugosum were present. Growth of E. rugosum was highest at a light intensity of 7, 500 lux, but dry weight was highest at a light intensity of 15, 000 lux followed by 30, 000 and 7, 500 lux. Growth in height of E. rugosum under a light intensity of 1, 500 lux continued even though the amount of growth was small. E. rugosum is found throughout the area of Mt. Namsan, and its density is higher at the roadside and in valley regions. E. rugosum appeared at 25 of 50 quadrats on Mt. Namsan, and the mean coverage of E. rugosum in survey quadrats was 12%.
A Phytosociological Description of the Abies koreana Forest on Mt. Halla in Cheju Island, Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 1997, Pages 293~298
The floristic composition of the Korean-fir(Abies koreana Wilson) forest on Mt. Halla in Cheju Island, Korea, was described and some other phytosociological features were noted. The dense tree layer of the Abies koreana forest under consideration attained a height of no more than 5-7m. The shrub layer was 1.2-2m high and usually inconspicuous, while the herb layer, 0.3-0.5m high, was remarkable. The forest contained a number of species which are characteristic of the subalopine coniferous in Japan, particularly that in Hokkaido. Moreover, the specific synchronized regeneration called wave-regeneration was found in the forest on Mt. Halla at several sites even though the data on this phenomenon do not present in the present report.