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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Variation of Concentration of Terpenes in Chrysanthemum boreale
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 1997, Pages 397~403
The monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes are analysed in the leaf and stem of Chrysanthemum boreale using gas chromaltography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The total amount of sesquiterpenes are always higher than monoterpenes in both leaf (2.0-3.4 times) and stem (1.6-8.3 times). The mono- and sesquiterpenes yields of the leaf are higher than the stem. There was no significant difference among the leaf developmental stages, while those of stem were varied. Seventeen monoterpenes and 9 sesquiterpenes compound in this plants comprised more than 5% of the mean total monoterpenes and the total sesquiterpenes in each dates. Among leaf monoterpenes, the concentration of (+)-Limonene and unknown compound no. 13 (Retention time, R.T.=17.28) varied significantly during leaf growing season, and the concentrafion of unknown compound no. 7 (R.T.=35.04) and no. 9(R.T.=35.71) varied in the leaf sesquiterpenes. Similarly the results from the leaf, the concentration of five monoterpenes in stem also varied significantly during maturing period, and much varied in seven compounds of stem sesquiterpene. The major sesquiterpenes of leaf and stem were
and compound no. 2(R.T.=26.19).
Feeding Behavior of the Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans in Two Different Habitats
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 1997, Pages 405~411
Feeding behavior of the Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans was studied in two different types of habitats, shelter belts and isolated forests, in south-eastern Hokkaido, Japan, during the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996. Predominant foods were determined as Caterpillar, Coleoptera, Diptera, Ephemeropera, Odonate and some other insects. The composition of the nestiling foods were not the same by season, region, and year. Larger foods in size were used by birds in isolated forests more frequently than in shelter belts. Amount of food per feeding was significantly larger in isolated forests than in shelter belts. Although food supply were more abundant in isolated forests than in shelter belts, the feeding frequency did not significantly differ between these two habitats. The nest density was higher in isolated forests than in shelter belts. Results of this study indicate that when the feeding condition is poor, birds tend not show specific food selection behavior, the feeding range is therefore larger, and the feeding interval is longer. Contrarily, the birds show a specific food selection behavior when they are in good feeding condition, the feeding range is therefor smaller and the feeding interval decreases.
Ecological Characteristics of Introduced Species, Rumex acetosella
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 1997, Pages 413~421
Ecological characteristics of Rumex acetosella have been studied both in the laboratory and in the field. R. acetosella grows well straight up after germination, elongating and thickening their rhizomes with sprouts erupting along their bodies of the rhizome. The number and development of leaves and ramets reach their peak by April. The size of leaves and the cover degree of the plant increase from April to May. R. acetosella is an ephemeral, a short life mode plant, finishing its life cycle in July or August. The germination and seedling growth of selected species exposed to aqueous extracts of R. acetosella were in inverse proportion to concentration. The growth of Rumex japonicus and Digitaria sanguinalis cultivated in soil with R. acetosella was more inhibited than that of the control. Twelve chemical compounds were identified from R. acetosella by GC and HPLC and verified by bioassay with the same chemical reagents. It would be assdumed that these chemical substances are responsible for the allelopathic effect of R. acetosella. In short, R. acetosella plants grow vigorously from April and maintain their superior competitive ability to other plants in forming their communities by emitting chemical substances into their environment.
Mating Call Structure and Variation of the Frog Rana nigromaculata
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 1997, Pages 423~438
The structure and variation of the mating call in Rana nigromaculata was studied in a population at Da-rak, Chong-won, Chung-buk (36$\circ$ 37' latitude, 127$\circ$ 21' longitude) in Korea. The mating call consists of 3 to 8 pulse groups divided by clear silent intervals. Each pulse group is also composed of fine pulses. Temperature and body size affect the temporal and spectral characteristics of the mating call. Pulse, pulse group repetition rate and dominant frequency rise with increasing temperature, whereas pulse grouprepetition rate and dominant frequency decrease with increasing body size. A playback experiment was designed to establish the effect of a potential intruder on male calling. During the stimulus periods, resident males markedly decreased the pulse repetition rate, and icreased the rate of pulse groups, dominant frequency, and the number of call groups. This results indicate that this species responds in a graded fashion when interacting with other individuals.
Actual Vegetation Potential Natural Vegetation of Pukhansan National Park, Mid-western Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 1997, Pages 439~450
The potential natural vegtation of the Pukhansan National Park area, mid-western Korea, was inferred from the actual vegetation. With the phytosociological classification and field surveys, the actual vegetation map of the park area was made on a scale of 1:25, 000, including fourteen communities. By the analyses of the species diversity, the age structure, the human interferences and various informations on vegetation changes, two pathways of late stage succession from Pinus densiflora forests to the climatic climax were suggested. One is from Quercus serrata forests to Q. mongolica forests throughout the mountain and the other, from Q. variabilis or Q. acutissima forests to Carpinus laxiflora forests in lower parts. Considering the vegetation changes, the potential natural vegetation of the park area mainly composed of Q. mongolica, C. laxiflora, P. densiflora and Zelkova serrata forest as the climatic and/or edaphic climax was inferred.
Distribution of Stream-Edge Vegetation in the Balan Stream as Related to Soil Environjments
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 1997, Pages 451~459
Seasonal and spatial distribution of vascular plants were examined and related to soil texture, pH, moisture and nutrient contents in the riparian zone of the Balan Stream. In spring the area was dominated by Alopecurus aequalis var. amurensis, was displaced by Persicaria thunbergii and Humulus japonicus in summer. From the stream channel to bank, soil texture and pH were not significantly differentiated, moisture decreased, organic matter and K increased, and TKN and available P increased in June and decreased in August. DCA ordination analysis by species distribution showed spatially and seasonally distinct patterns seasonal difference was evident on axis 1, and spatial difference according to the distance from stream channel was clear, too. Both axis 1 and axis 2 scores were significantly correlated with biomass, pH, and phosphate. Species richness increased were significantly correlated with biomass, pH, and phosphate. Species richness increaed with increasing organic matter and phosphate, and decreased with increasing soil moisture and K. Biomass increased with increasing organic matter, but was negatively related to pH, moisture, TKN, available P and K. Available P was significantly correlated with biomass, pH, and total soil nitrogen. In conclusion, the distribution of riparian vegetation was governed by soil physico-chemical properties, which are primarily determined by how far it is from the stream channel.
Change of Benthic Macroinvertebrates Community in the Yongmoonchun, Yang Pyong
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 1997, Pages 461~470
There are 7 classes, 17 orders, and 141 species of benthic macroinvertebrates at the 5 study sites from Feb, '91 to May, '92. Total species frequency number has less variations among sites than seasonal changes. Not considering seasonal changes this indicates that there are some influences from outside pollution sources. Seasonally, Ortho chadiinae sp. 2 take 21.2% share of total species. It was the dominant species in Feb. '91. With total average level Ephemeroptera take 51.3% of total species as first dominant species. Diptera 27.8% as second dominant species and Trichoptera 16.7% as third dominant species. Through these biological indexes, they appear to have unstable living environments in summer at sites 1 and 5. One can see that site 1 is more polluted than site 3 because site 1 has more pollution sources such as pastures and recreation areas.