Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 21, Issue 5_3 - Jun 1998
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 21, Issue 5_2 - Apr 1998
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 21, Issue 5_1 - Feb 1998
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Volume 21, Issue 5 - 00 1998
Selecting the target year
Effects of Simulated Acid Rain on Histology, Water Status and Growth of Pinus densiflora
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 1998, Pages 117~124
To clarify the effects of acid precipitates on histological damage, water status, and growth of Pinus densiflora green house experiment applyin simulated acid rain was carried out. Contact angle of water droplet on needles of P. densiflora seedlings treated with simulated acid rain of different pHs simulated acid rain was, the more rapid transpiration was. Leaf water potential after water withdrawal was also reduced rapidly in proportion to acidity of simulated acid rain. Height growth of P. densiflora seedlings treated with simulated acid rain of pH 2 decreased, while growth of seedlings treated with that of pH 3 and 4 increased comparing with that treated with normal rain of pH 5.6. pH of cultivated soil in pH 2 plot was acidified with the amount of simulated acid rain applied but that in pH 3 and 4 plots did not show any directional change. From those results, it could be interpreted that decrease of height growth in pH 2 plot was originated from multiple effects of water deficit from rapid transpiration and soil acidification. On the other hand, increased of height growth in pH 3 and 4 plots would be originated from the supply of N and S included in simulated acid rain.
histological Damage and Growth Inhibition of Pinus densiflora around the Metropolitan Area of Seoul
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 1998, Pages 125~131
Histological damage and growth inhibition of Pinus densiflora were analysed in different areas around the Metropolitan area of Seoul urban (heavily polluted), suburban (lightly polluted), and rural(unpolluted) areas. Soil properties of each area were also investigated. Contact angles of water droplet on needle leaves growing in polluted areas were lower than that in unpolluted area. Transpiration rates of needle leaves growing in polluted areas were more rapid than that in unpolluted area. These results represented that needle leaves growing in polluted areas were more susceptible to water deficit than that growing in unpolluted area was. Growths of annual ring of Pinus densiflora growing in polluted areas were lower than that in unpolluted area. On the other hand, soil pH in polluted areas was lower than that in unpolluted area. That is, the former was more acidified than that the latter was. Ca and Mg contents in polluted areas were lower than that in unpolluted area, while Al contents in polluted areas were higher than that in unpolluted area. These soil properties revealed that the effects of acid precipitates in urban and suburban areas were severer than that in rural area.
Allelopathic Effects of Extracts from Ficus Bengalensis L.
Jayakumar, M. ; Manikandan, M. ; Eyini, M. ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 1998, Pages 133~137
Well grown trees of ficus bengalensis produce one or more potential inhibitors of seed germination and seedling growth. The aqueous extract of ficus leaf and bark enhanced the shoot length aqueous leaf extract of F. bengalensis. Bark extract of F. bengalensis inhibited the shoot length and root length of the plant at high concentration. Both the bark and leaf extract inhibited the seed germination. The postemergence and preemergence treatment of bark and leaf extract of F. bengalensis reduced the shoot biomass. The result suggest that F. bengalensis may have potential allelochemicals which may be developed as natural herbicides.
The Vegetation of the Catba national Park in Vietnam
;Thin, N. N.;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 1998, Pages 139~149
The Catba national park (20$\circ$42'-20$\circ$54'N, 106$\circ$54'-107$\circ$09'E), which is a representative protected area in northeast Vietnam, was first investigated in terms of phytosociology of the Zurich-Montpellier School. 15 plant communities were identified from the seven vegetation types: Teetaria-Amoora gigantea community, Blechmum-Pitecellobium ferrugineum community, Impatiens-Dracaena cambodiana community, Rhizophora apiculata community, Avicenia marina community, Panicum repens community, Heterosmilax-Zanthoxylum nitidum community, Stachytarphyta jamaiensis-Bidens bipinnata community, microstegium vagans community, Dicranopteris linearis community, Randina-Sapium sebiferum community, Psidium gujava community, Elephantopus scaber community, and chirita aratformis community. Traditional pasturing and shifting agrie\culture by indigenous people in Catba national park were recognized as main disturbance regies, which have been far above sustainable levels. Ecological strategies for conservation and sustainable use on national park' ecosystem were proposed: (1) development of awareness program on sustainable life style of indigenous people, (2) establishment of multiple use module system of national park, (3) ecosystem monitoring of permanent ecological sites.
Allelopathic Effects of Volatile Substances Emitted by Lycopersicon esculentum
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 1998, Pages 151~156
the phytotoxic effects of volatile substances emitted from the tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentum) on receptor plants such as Bidens bipinnata, Plantago asiatica, Lactuca sativa, Eragrositis ferruginea and Achyranthes japonica were investigated. Bolatile substances from the leaves inhibited seedling growth of receptor plants in the laboratory tests. The inhibition response varied with the concentration of compounds. To identify the phytotoxic compounds from tomato plant a GC/MS method was employed. Forth compounds, such as trans-2-hexeal, linalool, phenylacetaldehyde, methlsalicylic acid and tetradecanaic acid were identified from the essential oil of tomato plants. The findings suggest that the tomato plant may have allelopathic potential.
Dictyostelid Cellular Slime Molds in Mt. Surak
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 1998, Pages 157~161
Five dictyostelid cellualr slime molds were found in forests of Pinus densiflora and Quercus mongolica in Mt. Surak, uijeongbu, Kyunggi-do, South Korea. isolates were Polysphondylium pallidum, Dictystelium firibasis, D. crassicaule, P. tennuissimum and D. valenstemmum. Dominant soecies was P. pallidum. This species had occurred widely in South Korea as well as in the world. Especially, new dictyostelid, D. valenstemmum shim et Chang, was found in the fermentation layer of P. densiflora and Q. mongolica mixed-forest soils. D. firmibasis had not been described until now and found in the mountain forests.
New Species of dictyostelid in Mt. Seorak, Korea : Dictyostelium caudabasis
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 1998, Pages 163~167
One new species of cellular slime molds, Dictyostelium caudabasis sp. nov. Shim et chang, is isolated from soils in the Quercus mongolica forest of Seorak monutain, South Korea. D. caudabasis is charaterized by small sorophores, scarecely phototrophic, irregularly or sparsely branches, capitate-simple or capitate-compound and sometimes obtuse-simple tips, and conical and sometimes clavate bases. Spore are elliptical,
), L/W index 1.70-1.92(avg. 1.80) without polar grnules.
The Post-glacial Vegetation History of the Lowland in Korean Peninsula
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 1998, Pages 169~174
This is the review of vegetational history of the post-glacial period in Korea. most of studies for vegetational changes are located in the lowland alluvial plain, especially below the hilly zone of western and eastern coastal regions of Korea. A couple of methods, pollen analysis and radiocarbon dating, have been employed in these studies. These results lead us to establish the pollen zonation in Korea as the followings. Yasuda et al.(1980) classified six period in Yongrang lake of sokcho. These are as follow I. 17,000-15,000yr B.P.: Picea, Abies, Pinus(Haploxylon), Larix stage, II.15,000-10,000yr B.P:Herb, Pteridophyta stage, III.10.000-6,700yr BP.:Quercus stage, IV.6,700-4,500yr B.P.:Pinus, Quercus, Carpinus stage, V.4,500-1,400yr B.P.:Quercus. Pinus stage, VI.1,400yr B.P.-present: Pinus, Herbs stage. Jo(1979) also divided the period into two stages from the outcomes of analysis done in Jumoonjin and other sites I.10,000-6,000yr B.P.:Quercus stage, II.6,000-present: Pinus-Quercus stage, and three substages: IIa.6,000-3,400 yr B.P.:lower Pinus stage, IIb.3,400-2,000yr B.P.:Pinus-Quercus stage, IIc.2,000-present: Pinus stage. Choi(1993, 1996) divided the period into three stages: I.6,000-5,000yr B.P.:Alnus, Quercus stage, II.5,000-4,000yr B.P.: Alnus, Quercus, Pinus stage, III.4,500-2,600yr B.P.: Alnus, Pinus stage. In the period around 6,000yr B.P. distinct dominant species clearly occupied the lowland of the eastern and western coasts. Thus, this strongly supports the fact that even if Korea experienced its warm and wet climate after the lateglacial, it underwent a different environmental change, dry climate, compared to the regions of Japan.