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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 21, Issue 5_3 - Jun 1998
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 21, Issue 5_2 - Apr 1998
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 21, Issue 5_1 - Feb 1998
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Volume 21, Issue 5 - 00 1998
Selecting the target year
Regulation of heavy metal and Growth Adaptation of Meliotus suaveolens Seedlings Treated with Pb
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 179~186
Effects of lead(Pb) and calcium(Ca) on growth responses, accumulation of heavy metals and nitrogen fixation activities of Melilotus suaveolens seedlings were quantitatively analyzed during growing period. Pb contents of the root treated with 30, 100 ppm Pb and 100 ppm Pb added 100 ppm Ca were 54.1, 90.9 and 26.1 folds higher than that of the control, respectively, at pH 4.2 in 28th days, and heavy metal content of plant increased with increasing of pH and Pb concentration. The melilot plant was classified as a Pb accumulator by higher accumulation of Pb in shoot than that of root. Pb treatments resulted in inhibiton of height and chlorophyll contet, and Ca treatment increased height and chlorophyll content insignificantly at pH 4.2 in 28 days. The plant biomass reduced 49, 60 and 54% at pH 4.2 and 47,53 and 50% at pH 6.5, respectively, by 30, 100 ppm Pb and 100 ppm Pb added 100 ppm Ca treatment. Specific nitrogen fixation of nodules reduced 68.4% and 46.6% by 100 ppm Pb treatment and 3.7% and 24.9% by 100 ppm Pb added 100 ppm Ca at pH 4.2 and pH 6.5, respectively, so Ca inhibited significantly Pb activity and toxicity in acdic pH. Nodule formation were reduced to 33, 33 and 50% at pH 4.2 and 50, 33 and 38% at pH 6.5 by 30, 100 ppm Pb and 100 ppm Pb added 100 ppm Ca, respectively.
Effect of Shading and Growth Characteristics of Melilotus suaveolens Community
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 187~193
Seasonal changes of nitrogen fixation and growth characteristics of Melilotus suaveolens population under different light conditions were quantitatively analyzed during growting period. Height growth of M. suaveolens population was promoted after April and the shade (site 2) showed 10-20% increase of height growth in compared with that of sunny (site 1). Seasonal changes of biomass were in creased after March, the biomass at site 1 attained 78.5% that of site 2 in May. Chlorophyll content was maintained high value from March to April but, Chlorophyll content of leaf at site 1 was decreased 11.7% compared to that of site 2 in May. The nitrogen content of each organ of M. suaveolens showed higher value in March and then decreased, the high nitrogen contents of reproductive organ were achieved at the flowering stage at site 1. The root nodule of M. suaveolens population appeared in March and showed maximum value in early June and decreased remarkably after July, the amount of nodule formation of M. suaveolens at site 2 showed higher than that of site 1. The nitrogen fixation activity of root nodule of M. suaveolens initiated with shoot growth and showed maximum value in mid April, and attained second peak in early June and then decreased after July. The total nitrogen fixation of the plant showed higher value at site 2 than that of site 1. From the overall results, M. suaveolens showed increased growth under half-shady, well ventilated barren soil than fertile sunny site.
characteristic of Ions in Rainwater at Air Polluted and Non-POLLUTED aREA
;Yositake, F.;Junichi, T.;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 195~201
This study was carried out to investigate characteristic of ions in rainwater by throughfall, stemflow and rainfall at air polluted area(Kure city industrial city) and non-air polluted area (Higashihiroshima city non industrial city). pH of rainwater in air polluted area were all low as compared with those in non-air polluted area. EC of rainwater in ir polluted area were high in throughfall and stemflow, but there was no difference between both areas in rainfall. The concentration of major ions in rainwater were generally high at air polluted area, especially of
in stemflow. But there was little difference in
, and there was also cases had a high concentration in non-air polluted area. By comparison with forest type, in stemflow concentration of ions in coniferous forest were higher than those in broad-leaved, but in throughfall they were higher in mixed forest rather than coniferous forest. There was no correlation between the amount of rainwater and pH, and also EC.
had high correlations between major ions besides
in air poluted area.
Syntaxonomical and synecological Characteristics of Rice Field Vegetation
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 203~215
The weed vegetion of the rice fields in south Korea was researched in terms of syntaxonomy and synecology. Total 186 releves were analyzed by the Zurich-Montpellier school's method. 10 syntaxa were recognized: Stellario-Alopecuretum amurensis ass. nov. hoc loco, Alopecuro-Ranunculetum scelerati Miyawaki et Okuda 1972, Hemistepto-Capsellietum bursa-pastoriae ass. nov. hoc loco, Oryza sativa-Echinochloa crusgalli community, Sagittario-Monochorietum plantaginea Miyawaki 1960, Cyperus iria community, Hyperico-Juncetum decipiens ass. nov. hoc. loco, Spirodela-Lemna paucicostata community, Lemno-Salvinetum natans Miyawaki et J. Tuxen 1960. The Oryzo-Echinochloion oryzoides Bolos et Masclans 1955 and the Alopecurion amurensis Miyawaki et Okuda 1972 are representative of the summer annual plant community and the winter annual plant community. It was emphasized that syntaxonomical and synecological study on the ruderal and segetal weed vegetation in Korea should be accomplished in consideration of bioclimatic condition of summer monsoon climate of Korean Peninsula.
A Study on Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals in Mussels (Mytilus edulis) from the Onsan Coastal Zone
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 217~224
The heavy metal concentrations of seawater collected from the Onsan coastal zone in February and July 1996 and mussels(Mytilus edulis) in February 1997 were analysed. The concentrations of cadmium in seawater were in the range of 0.008-2.988
, while the ranges of copper and zinc concentrations were 0.08-2.55, and 0.21-35.12
, respectively. The metal concentrations decreased gradually with increasing distances from Daejeong stream, indicating that this stream was the major source of heavy metal input into the Onsan coastal zone. The concentrations of cadmium, copper and zinc in mussels were in the ranges of 1.40-25.09, 8.5-64.5, and 46.8-291.2
, respectively. The metal concentrations decreased gradually with increasing distances from Daejeong stream. Among organs of mussels, gill showed the highest concentrations of cadmium and the digestive gland showed the highest concentrations of copper and for zine the kidney showed the highest concentrations. The digestive gland and kidney revealed high proportion of cadmium in cytosolic fraction and the percentage of copper was high in the kidney and that of zine was high in the digestive gland. Metal-binding protein of mussels collected from the mouth of Daejeong stream was separated, using gel-filtration chromatography. In the kidney and gill of mussels, most of cadmium was associated with metal-binding protein. In contrast, most of the metal in the digestive gland and remaining tissues is bound to high molecular weight protein rather than metal-binding protein.
Studies on Cadmium and Zinc Detoxification of Rumex maritimus
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 225~231
The studies on the potentiality of biomonitoring heavy metal pollution in coastal region of industrial complex were performed to investigate the heavy metal accumulation and induction of metal-binding protein (MBP) as detoxification process using Rumex maritimus. Bioconcentration in organs and MBP in root of R. maritimus was investigated for the research of the tolerance of heavy metals. The bioconcentration of cadmium and zinc in organs showed 3.6-8.0 times in root higher than in shoot, so it was found that heavy metal accumulated selectively in root. MBP increased absorbance in 254 nm and decreased in 280 nm, because it was composed of high cystein content and low aromatic acids, so absorbance had large difference between 254 nm and 280 nm. The existence of MBP in the 10-20 fraction was ascertained with anion exchange chromatography and it was identified that concentration of heavy metal increased according as an exposure concentration of medium increased in QAE Sephadex A-25 elution profile. These results suggested that MBP could play a role in biomarker determining the bioconcentration of plant. This study demonstrated a possibility that removal ability of heavy metal of R. maritimus resulted from detoxification process and MBP could be utilized as a biomarker of heavy metal pollution.
Test of Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis by Experimental disturbance Gradient in Old-Field Plant Community
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 233~241
In order to test of intermediate disturbance hypothesis that an intermediate level of disturbance maximize biodiversity and to elucidate the effect of disturbance during the early old-field succession, the response of plant community along an experimental disturbance gradient was investigated in a five-year old-field. Response of plant community along an experimental disturbance gradient was connected with light condition because artificial disturbance gradient had been treat by clipping of plants and removing of litter. Artificial disturbance in five-year old-field plant community retarded rate of succession by increasing invasion and performance of the earlier successional species in the initial and middle stage of disturbance treatment. The species richness in the blocks of intermediate disturbance level showed the peak in early and mid-summer. This result did correspond with the prediction of intermediate disturbance hypothesis.
Radicoid Structure of Herbaceous communities in Mt. Kumbyung : Special Emphasis on the Dominance of Clonal Plants
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 243~249
Radicoid structure of herbaceous communities in Mt. Kumbyung, Chunchon, Kangwon-Do was clarified emphasizing on the dominance of clonal plants in relation to vegetation development. In the total vegetation, 46% species identified were rhizomatous, 26% were species with tap roots, and 13% were stoloniferous species. Thus, all clonal species, including plants with bulb, corm and tuber, covered 62.8% of the total species. in the understory of Quercus, Pinus and Larix forests, 68.2% were clonal, which means 5% more compare to total vegetaion. Dominance of clonal plants became more conspicuous as their importance value was calculated. That is, they covered average 86% for the following three communities: 85% in Quercus, 95% in Pinus, and 76% in Larix, Especially, the rhizomatous plants were remarkable. Overall, clonal species dominated over the other radicoid types in terms of not only the number of species, but also the importance value. Dominance of these species was more peculiar in understory of forests, indicating the occupancy of clonal plants was related to the vegetation development.
Effects of a Dam Construction on the Radial Growths of Pinus densiflora
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 251~255
To elucidate the effects of a hydroelectric dam construction on annual ring growth of Pinus densiflora, the annual ring widths of 68 trees collected from 7 sites were closely examined. The result was analyzed to ask three special questions first, whether there are real effects of dam construction on the radial growth second, would the magnitude of the effect be different due to two periods of under-construction and post-construction the last, would it be different among age classes. Annual ring growth has been significantly enhanced by the dam construction. Specially, its effect was marked after the construction was finished and the reservoir was filled up with water. There was, however, no remarkable evidence that pine growth would be reduced while the dam was under construction, even though there was a minor decreasing trend. The magnitude of the effect was different among age groups. That is, the changed condition after the construction enhanced relatively the growth of aged trees monre. According to other meterological research since the dam was constructed, the reasons of enhancing pine growth assumed to be the increase of daily temperature, the decreased of daily temperature difference and the increased of rainy days.
Coastal Sand Dune Vegetation in Kyungpook Province
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 257~262
A syntaxonomical study about coastal sand dune vegetation in Kyungpook province was carried out. This study was accomplished by the methods of classical block-structure seeking and had-sorting of the
School. The main purpose of this study is to clarify the syntaxonomical, synecological, syngeographical and syndynamical characteristics of coastal sand dune vegetation in Kyungpook province. The dune shrubs communities in Kyungpook province are consisted of 2 communities: Vitex rotundifolia community of southern type and Rosa rugosa community of northern type. And the dune grasslands communities are also consisted of 2 communities: Elymo-Caricetum kobomugi Ohba, miyawaki et
1973 and carex kobomugi typical community. The subsidiary knowledges from this study will make possible to accumulate qualitative and quantitative information in the distribution pattern of coastal sand dune vegetation, and also will provide practical information for national biodiversity and conservation of coastal ecosystem.ecosystem.
Seasonal Variation of Monoterpenes in Artemisia Japonica Leaf
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 263~268
The composition and concentration of monoterpenes in the leaves of Artemisia japonica were determined. And seasonal variation in monoterpenes of A. japonica were investigated. Samples were taken from five sites at Mt. Muhak. Monoterpenes in the leaves were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The leaf monoterpene fractions were dominated by R.T. 5.026,
, cyclohexane (R.T.=12.859) and R.T. 23.149. There were marked seasonal differences in concentration and composition of leaf monoterpenes. There were many kinds of monoterpenes in leaf of spring time, however most of monoterpenes concentration was small. On the other hand, there were not many kinds of monoterpenes in late time, but monoterpene concentrations were increased.
The Call Patterns and the Change of Calls by Water Temperature in Rana plancyi (Amphibia, Anura)
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 269~276
The study of the Rana plancyi, was done during the calling period at a pond in Osong, Chungbuk, Korea from May to the middle of August of 1996 and 1997. Five basic types of call-A, B, C, D, E, - were identified in Rana plancyi according to the structure of call types. The structure of A type call has only one pulse, B type call has two pulses and C, D type call has one separated pulse which is called introductory call and pulse group as follow it. On the other hand, E type call has 3-6 separate pulses. The interval between introductory call and pulse group is
s(n=159) in C type call and
s (n=48) in D type call. The number of pulses in the pulse group is
in C type call and
in D type call. An increase in water temperature induces a decrease in C and D type call duration (C type call r= -0.4153, p<0.001, D type call r=-0.7064, p<0.001). In case of C and D type call, the interval between introductory call and pulse group influenced more call duration than pulse group duration. We regarded A, B type call as a territorial call and C, D type call as a mating call and we recognized that E type call has the function of threat or alarm.
Relationship between Biodegradation of Biosynthetic Plastics, Poly-
-Hydroxybutyrate, and Soil Temperature
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 277~282
The microbial degradation of
(PHB) films was studied in soil microco는 incubated at a constant temperature of 2, 10, 20, 30 and
for up to 49 days. The degradation rate measured through loss of weight was enhanced by incubation at a higher temperature. At the soil temperature
was rapidly degraded at a decay rate of 3.5% weight loss per day. The degradation of
did not affected significantly the chemical properties of soils such as pH and electric conductivity. However, microbial activity of soil in terms of dehydrogenase activity was increased by the degradation of
Vegetation Pattern and Successional Sere in the Forest of Mt. Odae
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 283~290
The vegetation pattern of Mt. Odae based on the soil humidity gradient showed 3 types: (1) the forest of Pinus densiflora under the mesic or xeric conditions of the low altitudinal area, (2) the forest of Acer including A. mono, A. pseudo-sieboldianum and Tilia amurensis under the submesic or subxeric conditions and (3) the forest of Quercus including Q. mongolica of the higher elevational area and Q. variabilis of the lower elevational area under the xeric condition. Water content, organic matter and total nitrogen of soil were relatively low in Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis communities while they were relatively high in Betula platyphylla var. japonica and Quercus mongolica communities. According to the result of cluster analysis based on similarity indices of the communities, the proposed successional sere in the forest vegetation of Mt. Odae was as follows. P. densiflora community
P. densiflore + Q. mongolica community
Q. mongolica + A. pseudo-sieboldianum community. P. densiflora community
P. densiflora + Q. variabilis community
Q. variabilis community
Q. mongolica + Q. variabilis community
Q. mongolica + A. pseudo-sieboldianum community.
Analysis of Interspecific Association and Ordination on the Forest Vegetation of Mt. Odae
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 291~300
The forest vegetation of Mt. Odae based on the interspecific relationship was classified into 4 groups : Quercus mongolica, Pinus densiflora, Quercus variabilis and Patrinia saniculaefolia. Thirty-one species of Quercus mongolica group including Quercus mongolica and Acer mone, 12 species of Pinus densiflora group comprising Pinus densiflora and Spodiopogon sibiricus, 6 species of Quercus variabilis group and 4 species of Patrinia saniculaefolia were positively correlated. in the results of species ordination by principal component analysis, 7 clusters by the humidity and acidity of soil, 4 clusters by the humidity and light intensity and 7 clusters by the acidity and light intensity were formed. The plot ordination showed that the distribution of species based on the humidity, soil acidity and total organic matters was in the order of Pinus densiflora, Quercus variabilis and Quercus mongolica groups, and based on the light intensity was in the order of Quercus variabilis, Pinus densiflora and Quercus mongolica groups.
Isozymic Variation of Local Populations in the 3 Species of Phyllostachys
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 301~307
Intraspecific and interspecific isozyme variations and their relationship of 16 local populations in 3 species of Phyllostachys, that is, P. bambusoides, P. nigra var. henonis and P. pubescens were investigated by multi-variate analysis. Leaf isozymes of Phyllostachys such as 6-PGD (6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase), MDH (malate dehydrogenase), PGI (phosphoglucoisomerase), PRX (peroxidase), PGM (phosphoglutamase), IDH (isocitrate dehydrogenase) showed electrophoretic variations in the number of zymotypes (7, 6, 6, 9, 3 and 5, respectively). In the cluster analysis on the isozymic characteristics, 16 populations were classified into 3 species at the euclid genetic distance of 2.041. P. nigra var. henonis and P. bambusoides were clustered first at 2.813 and then P. pubescens at 3.001. So far, 3 local types of intraspecific ariation were found in P. nigra var. henonis and P. bambusoides.
Amelioration of Soil Acidified by Air Pollutant around the Industrial Complexes
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 313~320
Ameliorating effects of dolomite and sludge on the polluted soil sampled from Ulsan and yeocheon Industrial Complexes were investigated. Ameliorating effects were analysed by changes of soil properties and plant growth after treatment of dolomite and sludge. Soil properties were investigated by analysing organic matter, N, P, K, Ca and Mg contents and pH. Growth of sample plants was investigated by leaf area calculated from length and breadth of leaves and by biomass from diameter and height of sample plants. Quercus serrata and Celtis sinensis selected as tolerant plants in field survey were used as experimental plants. Treatment with dolomite showed ameliorating effects by increassing n, Ca, and Mg com\ntents, and pH of soil and by decreasing Al content. Treatment of sludge showed similar effects by increasing N, Ca, Mg and organic matter contents, and by decreasing A1 content. But treatment of sludge did not show any effect on pH. Both soil ameliorators showed accelerating effects on the growth of experimental plants in Ulsan soil. But those effects in Yeocheon soil were somewhat different. Treatment of sludge showed accelerating effects of the growth of both sample plants but dolomitic liming did not so. From those results, we confirmed availability of sludge, a kind of industrial waste, as one of ameliorators of the polluted soil. In addition, we recognized that soil properties had to be considered to select soil ameliorators suitable for restoration of degraded ecosystems.