Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
Comparison of Distribution of Soil Microarthropoda in the Forests of Industrial and Non-industrial Complex Areas
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~6
The author studied the soil microarthropoda's fauna, vertical distribution, seasonal fluctuation, and the relationship between the number of soil microarthropoda and environmental factor(pH) in survey area. 3949 soil microarthropoda were collected in survey area. They included Arachnida(48.6%), Collembola(23.5%), Hymenoptera(l9.9%), and Isoptera, etc. Fresh length was the longest(1l3.6 mm) in broad-leaf forest on Mt. Chilgap which is non-industrial complex area, and the shortest(46.8 mm) in pine forest at Yochon industrial complex. The population density of soil microarthropoda was the highest in summer and the lowest in winter. The number of soil microarthropoda was higher in Mt. Keryong and Chilgap, non-industrial complex area, than Yochon and Daesan, industrial complex area. The number of soil microarthropoda increased from spring to summer and decreased from autumn to winter. Vertically, soil microarthropoda were more abundant in the second layer subsoil(0∼5 cm) in spring, in the first layer(5∼10 cm) in summer and autumn, and in the third layer(0∼15 cm) in winter. Diversity index was higher in non-industrial area(1.02) than industrial complex area(0.73). Biodiversity index was the highest in the second soil layer, in pine forest on Mt. Keryong(l.60) and the lowest in the third soil layer, in broad leaf-forest, at Daesan industrial complex(0.24).
pH Changes in the Rhizosphere Soil of Pokeberry
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 1999, Pages 7~11
The measurement of pH in the rhizosphere soil was conducted to clarify whether the growth of pokeberry plants affect the acidity of rhizosphere soil in two environmentally contrasting area Ulsan and Chongju city. The rhizosphere pH between 5.25 and 5.33 was shown in the pokeberry stand at Mt. Boomo located at Chongju. The rhizosphere pH of pokeberry stands at Mt. Bongdae, Mt. Sinsun and Mt. Totchil was below 5.0, and did not differ with depth and distance from the main axis of root. At Mt. Bongdae, however, the pH in the rhizosphere soil was significantly changed with soil depths though that was not changed horizontally. The rhizosphere pH at top soil was lower than that at subsoil, which indicates the fact that soil acidification at Mt. Bongdae was not caused by pokeberry plants. Furthermore, the rhizosphere pH did not change with the growth of pokeberry plants. These results indicate that the hypothesis that pokeberry plants acidify local soil environment should be reconsidered.
Comparison of Soil Ion, Plant Nutrient Contents and Growth in Quercus mongolica Forests in Seoul and Its Vicinity
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 1999, Pages 13~19
To investigate and compare the effects of air pollution near Seoul on soil ion, plant nutrient contents and plant growth, 14 Quercus mongolica forests were studied from Mt. Namsan in Seoul to Mt. Maebongsan in Kangwon-Do along the line transect. Soil pH values decreased as approached to Seoul. Concentrations of basic cations such as exchangeable Ca/sup 2+/, Mg/sup 2+/ and Na/sup +/ and effective cation exchange capacity(ECEC) in forest soil decreased as approached to Seoul. Ca/sup 2+/ and Mg/sup 2+/ contents in l-year-old Q. mongolica twigs decreased, but their K/sup +/ and Na/sup +/ contents increased as approached to Seoul. Ca/sup 2+/ contents in l-year-old Q. mongolica leaves decreased, but their K/sup +/ and Mg/sup 2+/ contents increased as approached to Seoul. Length of l-year-old twigs generally decreased near Seoul. Tree-ring analyses of Q. mongolica trees in Mt. Namsan and Mt. Yebongsan showed that mean tree-ring width in Mt. Namsan was narrower than that of Mt. Yebongsan from early 1970's to late 1980's.
Phytosociological Studies for Vegetation Conservation of Pine Forest
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 1999, Pages 21~29
This study was carried out to clarify the syntaxonomy of the pine forest in Youngdong region by the phytosociological methods. As a result of the investigation of 62 quadrats, Pinus densiflora forest was classified into four subassociations: Typical subassociation, Quercus mongolica subassociation, Rhododendron mucronulatum subassociation, Rhus chinensis subassociation. Many differences in ecological characteristics such as species composition, stratum structure, vegetation coverage and of diameter at breast height(DBH) of class distribution were found among the communities. Soil properties of the pine forest on the study area was relatively poor compared with other pine forests, especially, soil pH was strongly acidic with 4.87. Soil conditions among the subassociations appeared different. Future succession of pine forest by the similarity index of communities was proposed. Estimated degree of green naturality for Typical subassociation and Q. mongolica subassociation correspond to 7th grade, and R. mucronulatum subassociation, 8-1st grade, and R. chinensis subassociation, 8-2nd grade.
Bionomics of Gall-Forming Paracolopha morrisoni(Aphidoidea: Homoptera)
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 1999, Pages 31~37
The developmental process of Paracolopha morrisoni's galls on Zelkova serrata until the emergence of alatae from the galls was studied at Chonju, Korea. The galls were formed from late April to early May, 1997 and the galls began to open in early June. The length and width of galls and leaves were measured during the period from gall formation to opening. The length and width of galls have been increased until mid May continuously. The galls stopped growing at 12th of May. Fundatrices (the first generation in the gall) began to larviposit from May 15th and the second generation developed in late May. The alatae of the second generation arrived at the final stadium, that was escaped from the gall, in early June. Thus, there were only 2 generations in the gall. The close correlationship between gall growth and leaf growth suggests that leaf growth force may have a great influence on gall development.
The Cadmium Biosorption Mechanism in Gram Negative Bacteria, Serratia marcescens
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 1999, Pages 39~43
Serratia marcescens, an enterobacterium of gram-negative bacteria, is characterized by resistance of the admium. Cadmium sensitive PM strain did not grow in the medium at cadmium concentration of 50 ppm. PA strain was induced to accommodate to cadmium by cultivating the mother strain (PC strain) in the medium with 50 ppm cadmium. As compared with PC and PM strains, PA strain revealed the excellent growth in cadmium media and accumulated four to five times higher cadmium concentration in cell than other strains. PA strain accumulated 23% of cadmium in cells when cultured in medium treated with 100 ppm cadmium and this cadmium was more accumulated in cytosol fractions than membrane fractions. Analysis by TEM indicated that cadmium was concentrated as a form of granule in cytosol. In protein patterns of cell after the treatment of cadmium, two inducible proteins (28 KDa and 64 KDa) and one reducible protein (45 KDa) were detected by SDS-PAGE. By Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, the amounts of cadmium attached to inducible proteins of 28 KDa and 64 KDa were 318.28 ㎍ and 325.37 ㎍ per gram of protein, respectively. It is assumed that these inducible proteins play an important role in the mechanism of cadmium accumulation in cells. A plasmid of 23Kbp was found in S. marcescens. The ability of resistance to cadmium in plasmid was confirmed by curing experiments.
Isolation of Lactococci Inhibiting Listeria monocytogenes from Kimchi Habitat and Its Identification by 16S rDNA Analysis
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 1999, Pages 45~50
A bacteriocin-producing strain was isolated from kimchi at the early stage of kimchi fermentation. It was identified as Lactococcus lactis by morphological, cultural and physiological characteristics and partial sequence of 16S rDNA. The bacteriocin from isolate had antimicrobial activity against gram positive pathogenic bacteria, such as Listeria monocytogenes. Staphylococcus aureus and several strains of lactic acid bacteria but not to gram negative bacteria, Yersinia enterocolitica. The bacteriocin was sensitive to protease, protease ⅩⅣ, a-chymotrypsin and pepsin but not to lipase, trypsin and lysozyme. The bacteriocin activity was stable at pH 2-11 and temperature of 100 for 10 min. Thus, Listeria monocytogenes could be inhibited by Lactococcus lactis at early stage of fermentation.
Antimicrobial Activity of Some Plants Containing Allelochemicals
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 1999, Pages 51~58
Korean native plants and naturalized plants were analyzed for allelochemicals, and their antimicrobial effects were studied. The difference in soluble solid contents between Korean native plants and naturalized species was not significant, and the Korean native plant, Solanum nigrum showed the highest soluble solid content of 90 mg/ml. The ethanol extract of the Korean native plant, Solanum nigrum showed antifungal activity to Aspergillus phoenicis KCTC 1228, with a clear zone of 18 mm, and spore formation was not observed from the treatment. The naturalized plants Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior and Erigeron canadensis showed inhibition of spore formation and the clear zones were at 24 mm and 22 mm, respectively. The clear zones of Aspergillus phoenicis KCTC 1228 treated with ethanol extrats of Phytolacca americana and Rudbeckia bicolor were 22 mm and 19 mm, respectively, and spore formation was observed from the treatment. The Korean native plant, Solanum nigrum and naturalized plants, Phytolacca americana and Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior showed antimicrobial activity against Bacillus sphiaericus 2362, and Bacillus sphiaericus 2297, Bacillus thuringiensis var. subtilis and Baicillus thuringiensis var. cereus. The antimicrobial activity of Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior showed the largest clear zone of 32 mm against Bacillus thuringiensis var. subtilis. In general, the more soluble the solid contents of the extracts, the greater were the antifungal and antimicrobial activities. The phenolic compounds from the Korean native plant, Solanum nigrum and the naturalized species, Phytolacca americana and Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography. Three phenolic compounds including hydroquinone were identified in Solanum nigrum. In contrast, five and seven phenolic compounds were identified in Phytolacca americana and Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior, respectively. The antifungal activity against Aspergillus phoenicis KCTC 1228 was found to be due to the coumaric and benzoic compounds.
Allelopathic Effects of Artemisia capillaris on the Selected Species
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 1999, Pages 59~63
To verify allelopathic effects, seed germination and seedling growth test, chemical analysis and bioassay of selected species were carried out with naturally occurring chemicals of Artemisia capillaris. Seed germination ratio of Calamagrostis arundinacea. Youngia denticulata and Lactuca indica var. laciniata showed decrease in proportion to increase in aqueous extracts concentration of A. capillaris. while that of Cosmos bipinnatus and Leonurus sibiricus did not. However, dry weight growth of selected species treated with the same extracts as the above experiment was inhibited remarkably compared to the germination test. In the test at different concentrations of essential oil from A. capillaris, seedling growth of A. princeps var. orientalis and Plantago asiatica was suppressed according to the concentration of the essential oil, and root growth of the selected species was more inhibitory than that of shoot growth. Thirty-six chemical compounds were identified from A. capillaris plant by gas chromatography. Seven compounds out of 36 were bioassayed, and terpinen-4-ol was the most toxic among the tested substances.