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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
Influence on the Land Use Factors Affecting the Water Quality of Iwonchon Basin
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 235~240
Characterization of water quality was performed from March 1993 to March 1998, on the purpose of clarifying the relationships between water quality and land use types. The study sites were two reservoir basins; Kaesim and Jangchan in Iwon-myon, Okchon-gun, Chungcho'ngbukdo Province. The two basins were characterized by cultivated area (Kaesim reservoir) and mountain area (Jangchan reservoir), and divided into eleven small basins, where dynamics of pollutants, and the relationship between water quality and land use types were investigated. BOD, SS and TKN became lower and lower from up-stream to down-stream, except for the small basin G where self-purification limit was exceeded. And water quality of Jangchan reservoir basin was worse because of fish nursery. Area below altitude 200m occupied 56% in Kaesim and 44% in Jangchan reservoir basins. Especially total phosphorous (Y/sub T-P/=0.2023X＋0.0991, r=0.54) and total nitrogen increased in small basins where the proportion of cultivated and residential area was higher. The analysis of influences of pollutant discharge on water quality showed that pollution charge was very high in cultivated areas. The concentrations of pollutants were attenuated flowing into watersheds through physical, chemical, biochemical, and biological processes. The pollution level of mountain area was lower than that of cultivated areas.
Phytosociological Study of the Forest Vegetation in the Mountainous Areas of the Northern Part, Kyungpook Province using the Methodology of Physiognomy and Numerical Syntaxonomy
;;;;Keiichi Ohno;Yukira Mochida;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 241~254
The forest vegetation in Mts. Ilwol, Chongryang, Milim, Honglim, Yongdung, Agi and 607 m peak of the northen part of Kyungpook province, Korea was classified and described in terms of the physiognomy and numerical syntaxonomy. The forest was divided into the ten communities belonging to the three groups by the species combination of the tree layer based on their dominances. The three groups also were corresponded well with the result of cluster analysis. But the classification by TWINSPAN showed that the vegetation was divided into only two groups for having any ecological senses. A result of DCA was corresponded closely with that of TWINSPAN and explained some environmental factors. From the above results, it is concluded that the classification by the species combination of the tree layer is also applicable to the classification of plant communities. The above results were compared with the existing study results of the ZM phytosociology.
Isolating Entomopathogenic Nematode in South Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 255~263
Entomopathogenic nematodes were isolated through the investigation of soil samples from various biotopes in south Korea, the efficiency of isolation for highly pathogenic nematodes to silkworms (Bombyx mori) was as high as 28 %. Twenty-eight strains of nematodes, selected among 100 samples by silkworms were confirmed the pathogenicity, multiplicity, and tolerance against various condition of preservation. Pathogenicity of the nematode isolates to agricultural and environmental pests such as Calliphora vomitoria, Pseufaletia separata, Palomena angulosa, and Melolontha incana were high. Mortality was varied from 20 to 100% by the pest insects and nematode strains. The high detectablity of entomopathogenic nematodes resulted from the methods of collection for soil samples within 10 cm depth after eliminating dried soil surface and the use of silkworm trap. High population of entomopathogenic nematodes represented the strong activity and broad action radius in the environment. Most of the nematode isolates were successfully cultured on the silkworm host as well as on artificial media, and proved their potential for the use of biological control agent.
A Syntaxonomical Study on the Vegetation of Ruined Salt Field in Chonnam Province
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 265~270
A syntaxonomical study about the vegetation of ruined salt field in Chonnam province was carried out and its soil properties were also determined. This study was accomplished by the methods of Mueller-Dombois and Ellenberg. This study was designed to clarify the syntaxonomical and synecological characteristics of the vegetation of ruined salt field in Chonnam province. The annual herbaceous halophyte communities of ruined salt field in Chonnam province were consisted of 5 communities: Salicornia herbacea community, Sueada japonica community, Sueada maritima community, Atriplex gmelini community, Spergularia marina community. And the perennial herbaceous halophyte communities of ruined salt field in Chonnam province were consisted of 3 communities: Aster tripolium community, Carex scabrifolia community, Phragmites communis community. The subsidiary knowledges of this study will make it possible to accumulate information on the distribution pattern of coastal salt marsh vegetation, and also will provide practical information for conservation of coastal ecosystems.
Luminescent Patterns of the Firefly Hotaria papariensis from Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 271~276
Luminescent patterns of the firefly Hotaria papariensis were classified into routine flashing and courtship flashing, and they were analyzed into duration and period. Flash period of male was changed from 1.26 sec (routine flashing) to 1.12 sec (courtship flashing) and the female's was changed from 2.99 sec to 1.06 sec in this species. Duration time of male increased approximately 1.4-fold from 0.12 sec (routine flashing) to 0.17 sec (courtship flashing) and period of male decreased 0.88-fold from 1.26 sec (routine flashing) to 1.12 sec (courtship flashing). Duration of female increased about 1.5-fold from 0.15. sec (routine flashing) to 0.19 sec (courtship flashing) and period of female decreased almost 0.35 from 2.99 sec (routine flashing) to 1.06 sec (courtship flashing). Hertz frequencies of them were 0.8 (routine flashing of male), 0.9 (courtship flashing of male), 0.3 (routine flashing of female) and 0.9 (courtship flashing of female), respectively. The spectral emission of H. papariensis was detected at 400 nm to 700 nm, and the highest peak wave length of this species was approximately 600 nm, but some 500 to 600 nm wave lengths were present.
Vegetational Changes in the Early Stages after Lumbering of Populus albaglandulosa in Urban Forest
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 277~285
To develop a better restoration technique for altering urban planted forest to more natural forest, the changes of flora, vegetation structure and woody plant growth in the early stage after lumbering only Populus albaglandulosa of the tree layer were studied in Chungdam Park, Chungdam-dong, Kangnam-gu, Seoul for two years (from 1997 to 1998). The results were as follow. First, in the year after lumbering, the species changes occurred not in woody plants but in herbs, which increased by 44%. Three species including Viola verecunda disappeared, and 15 species including ruderals such as Metaplexis japonica and introduced species such as Erechtites hieracifolia appeared newly. Second, lumbering caused the coverages of Quercus aliena, Q. mongolica, Q. acutissima and Sorbus alnifolia in the subtree, or shrub layer, to be increased abruptly. The coverage of Lespedeza bicolor was affected by neighboring plants. Third, in the herb layer the coverage of Artemisia keiskeana was conspicuously increased but those of the others were not. Fourth, by ridding the upper layer canopy, Quercus' growth rates were increased highly. Rates of DBH growth of Q. aliena, Q. mongolica and Q. dentata were increased to 53.0%, 22.9% and 8% in the experimental area, and 23.1%, 8.3% and 6.1% in the control area, respectively, during two growing seasons (from May 11, 1997 to October 27, 1998). The ratios of twig biomasses of the previous year to the next year were 100:565 in Q. aliena, 100:197 in Q. mongolica and 100:644 in Q. dentata in the experimental area. There were also growth ratios of 100:117 in Q. aliena, 100:100 in Q. mongolica and 100:42 in Q. dentata in the control area, respectively. The growth rate increases of Q. aliena and Q. dentata were thus conspicuous in twig rather than in trunk, but that of Q. mongolica was vice versa.
Bionomics of Schlechtendalia chinensis(Aphidoidea: Homoptera) in the Galls
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 287~294
During the period from April to October, 1998 the authors investigated the gall development process of Chinese gallnuts (Schelchtendalia chinensis) on sumac (Rhus javanica) at Mt. Goduk near Chonju city in Chonbuk province. The majority (56.8%) of chinese gallnuts were formed on first pinnates and 24.3% on second pinnates of sumac leaves. Galls began to form from the 1st of June and grew slowly until the 24th of June. Galls enlarged rapidly after the 1st of August, but their growth rates decreased after the 26th of August and stopped growing after the 8th of September. Alate viviparous females escaped from galls after the 24th of September. Fundatricies, the second generation in the galls, exuviated three times to become adults on the 24th of June. Fundatrix adults bore 1∼10 eggs in the body and laid 1∼16 nymphs of the second generation. Nymphs of the second generation began to appear on the 17th of June and had matured completely on the 14th∼24th of July. Adults of the second generation bore eggs in the body. Thus the developmental period of the second generation was 27∼37 days. Nymphs of the third generation appeared on the 14th of July and finally alate viviparous females were developed on the 24th of September. During the two months from the beginning of the third generation to the appearence of the final alate viviparous females, there should be at least two generations, that is, the third and fourth generations. The fourth generation seems to begin at about the 20th August because the number of inhabitants (2,859 individuals) in galls on the 26 th of August had increased more than 10 times those (263 individuals) on the 19 th of August. The tannin content of galls was 65.04∼68.23% while that of sumac leaves and stems was 11.56%, 3.49% respectively.
Changes of Concentration of Al, Mn and Ni in Throughfall, Stemflow and Rainfall
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 295~298
This study was carried out to investigate the changes in concentration of heavy metals in throughfall, stemflow and rainfall at the survey area. The Al concentration of Pinus thunbergii forest was 1.3 times higher than those of Quercus acutissima forest at industrial area, and 2.1 times higher at urban area. The Al concentration of stemflow was 2.3 times and 113 times, 4.8 times and 55 times, respectively, higher than those of throughfall, and rainfall at both industrial and urban area. The Al concentration of rainfall was lower at industrial and urban area. The Mn concentration of Pinus thunbergii forest was 2.4 times higher than those of Quercus acutissima forest at urban area. Heavy metal concentrations in rain water were the higher in stemflow, and in the order of throughfall and rainfall. Seasonal changes of heavy metal concentration were the highest on December at industrial area, and were higher in the order of March>June>August. Seasonal changes were not remarkable at urban area. Heavy metal concentrations were higher in the order of Al>Mn>Ni at industrial area, and Mn>Al>Ni at urban area.
Seasonal Occurrence and Monitoring of Gypsy Moth, Lymantria dispar L. (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) by Sex Pheromone Trap in Mt. Namsan, Seoul.
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 299~303
Studies were conducted in Mt. Namsan, Seoul, during the summer of 1997 and 1998 using racemic disparlure to determine seasonal occurrence and circadian activity in male gypsy moth, and size of egg mass and wing length of male moth. Male gypsy moths occurred from middle part of July until middle part of August and peaked in late part of July. Circadian activity of male moths initiated from 12: 00h and continued until 21: 00h, and the peak time was between 14: 00h and 17: 00h. Mean number of moths captured per trap in 1997 was larger than that in 1998, however, eggs per mass, egg size and wing length were not significantly different between the two years, 1997 and 1998.
Distributional Pattern of tetQ and aacC2 genes in Stream Water
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 305~309
The occurrence of tetQ and aacC2 genes encoding tetracycline and gentamicin resistance determinant, respectively, was assessed in total bacterial community DNA isolated from Dongchon stream of Sunchon area. To examine the resistance potential of bacteria that were not cultured, total DNA from 1 liter of stream water was extracted by freeze-thaw method. The PCR technique was employed to determine the abundance of the target genes. The highest frequency of tetQ gene was obtained from site 1, located near the animal farms area, whereas the incidence of aacC2 was highest in site 5, the downstream area. These results showed that the occurrence of antibiotic resistance gene may be used as a convenient marker of water quality related to source.
Seasonal Changes of Drosophilidae (Diptera) at the Mt. Soribong in Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 1999, Pages 311~316
Community organization of the drosophilid flies was investigated with respect to the seasonal variation of the species abundance at the natural forests on Mt. Soribong in Kwang-nung (Kyung-Ki Do, Korea) from May to October 1996. The dominant species were Amiota okadai. Scaptomyza pallida, Hirtodrosophila sexvittata. Drosophila bizonata. D. unispina. and D. brachynephros in the annual collection. A. okadai was found with numerically dominance in April and was found in June with less superiority. S. pallida showed their highest peak in occupational in May and after soon they decreased. There was a remarkable increase in the numbers of H. sexvittata in July. This increase may be coincident with the appearance of fungi which provide a breeding site for this species in the forest. On the other hand, D. biauraria and D. triauraria showed their highest peak in May and after soon they decreased, and in September they made the lower peak again. Four species (D. anguraria. D. brachnephros, D. nigromaculata, D. unispina) of qunaria group were found with dominance in August to September. These results suggest that the predominant species in the forest avoid niche overlap by means of seasonal separation of breeding, which is strongly affected by factors associated with season in the deep wooded forests.