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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Ecology
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Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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Changes of Chemical and Microbial Properties of Soils after Forest Fires in Coniferous and Deciduous Forests
Kim, Jong-Gap ; O, Gi-Cheol ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~7
This study was carried out to examine the recovery of forest ecosystem by changes of soil chemical properties and soil microorganism at the burned areas of coniferous (Mt. Chocdae) and broad leaved forest (Samsinbong in Mt. Chiri). In the soil chemical properties of the burned area of Samsinbong, pH was 5.8, and contents of organic matter, total nitrogen, available P₂O/sub 5/, exchangeable K/sup ＋/, exchangeable Ca/sup ＋＋/ and exchangeable Mg/sup ＋＋/ were 7.42%, 0.73%, 28.5 ㎎/㎏, 1.3 me/100g, 13.3 me/100g and 2.2 me/100g, respectively. But they showed a tendency to decrease with time. In the soil chemical properties of the burned area of Mt. Chocdae, pH was 5.3, and contents of organic matter, total nitrogen, available P2O5, exchangeable K/sup ＋/, exchangeabe Ca/sup ＋＋/ and Exchangeable Mg/sup ＋＋/ were 6.42%, 0.25%, 24.4 ㎎/㎏, 0.7 me/100g, 3.7 me/100g and 2.1 me/100g, respectively, and they also showed a tendency to decrease with time. In contrast, they were not changed with time at the unburned areas. At the burned area of Samsinbong, soil microorganism showed to order of fungi (69×10⁴ CFU), actinomycetes (523×10⁴ CFU) and aerobic bacteria (291×10⁴ CFU), and at the unburned area, showed to order of actinomycetes (745×10⁴ CFU), fungi (594×10⁴ CFUU), and aerobic bacteria (160×10/sup 4/ CFU). At the burned area of Mt. Chocdae, soil microorganism showed to order of fungi (676×10⁴ CFU), actinomycetes (434×10⁴ CFU) and aerobic bacteria (350×10⁴ CFU), and at the unburned area, showed to order of fungi (461 ×10⁴ CFU), aerobic bacteria (328×10⁴ CFU) and actinomycetes (319×10⁴ CFU). Soil microorganisms of the aerobic bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi appeared at the burned areas were much more abundant than unburned areas. The aerobic bacteria appeared at the coniferous forest were also much more than the broad-leaved forest. The actinomycetes and fungi appeared at the broad-leaved forest were much more abundant than the coniferous forest.
Phytosociological Study of the Oak (Quercus spp.) Forests on Mts. Kaya, Bisul, Unmun and Kaji in Southern Kyongpook Province
Song, Jong-Seok ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~18
The present study was undertaken to classify and describe the oak (Quercus spp). forests on Mts. Kaya, Bisul, Unmun and Kaji in southern Kyongpook Province, Korea by using a reciprocal averaging method (RA ordination) and the methodology of the ZM school of phytosociology. A temporary vegetation table was prepared by the RA ordination. The diagnostic species of the Quercus forests derived from the ordination were compared with the characteristic and differential species of the existing phytosociological vegetation units of the other mountainous areas of Korea. As a result, the forest vegetation was classified into the next vegetation units: Fagetea crenatae Miyawaki et al. 1968; Acero-Quercetalia mongolicae Song 1988; Rhododendro-Qurcion mongolicae Song 1988, 1. Stephanandra incisa-Quercus mongolica community 1-1 Sasa borealis subcommunity, 1-2 Disporum smilacinum subcommunity; Lespedezo-Quercion serratae Takeda et al. 1994, 2. Spodiopogon sibiricus-Quercus serrata community. The Rhododendro-Qurcion mongolicae and the Lespedezo-Quercion serratae correspond to the cool-temperate forests of the northern type and the southen type (Honda 1922), respectively, in the Korean Peninsula. Also some phytosociological problems in Korea were discussed here in detail from the floristic viewpoint in the present study.
Distribution of Organotin Compounds in Sediments, Seawater and Oysters (Crassostrea gigas) in Okpo Bay
Hong, Sang-Hui ; Sim, Won-Jun ; Lee, Su-Hyeong ; Lee, In-Suk ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 19~26
Tributyltn, triphenyltin and their degradation products were quantitatively determined in sediments, seawater, and oysters (Crassostrea gigas) collected from Okpo Bay, Korea where a huge shipyard was located. The concentrations of TBT in sediment and oyster were in the range of 5∼2,050 ng/g and 387∼1,190 ng/g (astin on a dry weight basis), respectively. In seawater, it ranged from 19 to 84 ng/ℓ The distribution of TBT compound showed negative gradient from inner to outer bay, which indicates that the shipyard is the point source of TBT contamination in the bay. The contribution of TBT to butyltin concentration in sediment was above 57%. The pattern of TBT distribution was influenced by waterbreak transected the bay. TPhT concentration in oyster ranged from nd (not detected) to 52 ng Sn/g dry wt., whereas that in sediment and seawater was below detection limit. The biological concentration factor (BCF) in oyster was 1.1×10⁴.
Vegetation Structure of the Kungae Reclaimed Wetland in a Coastal Lagoon of East Sea, Korea
Kim, Ja-Ae ; Jo, Gang-Hyeon ; Lee, Hyo-Hye-Mi ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 27~34
We described the vegetation of a disturbed lagoon wetland in relation to water and soil environments in Kungae lagoon reclaimed 30 years ago. Water depth and soil organic matter showed a great spatial heterogeneity in Kungae wetland which was changed into a freshwater marsh by the dike construction. Detrended canonical correspondence analysis suggested that differences in vegetation structure were primarily the result of variation in water depth or microtopography and soil organic matter Various emergent vegetations were developed in the wetland: species such as Phragmites australis, Calamagrostis epigeios, Carex dispalata and Lythrum anceps in a wide area, hydrophyes such as Typha angustifolia and Scirpus tabernaemontani at the low elevation with deep water, ruderals such as Bidens frondosa and Persicaria perfoliata near upland with much soil organic matter and sand-dune vegetation such as Carex kobomugi, Diodia tens, Pinus thunbergii and Potentilla egedei var. groenlandica at the high elevation. These results suggest that development of a prototype for wetland restoration from vegetation analysis of other natural lagoons and restoration of natural water tables and hydrologic connections between the diked wetland and the sea are important in the disturbed Kungae wetland.
Accumulation and Elimination of Cadmium and Zinc in Littorina brevicula
Han, Su-Jeong ; Lee, In-Suk ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 35~43
Accumulation, elimination and subcellular distribution of heavy metals in Littorina brevicula exposed to cadmium and zinc separately and concurrently were investigated. When the winkles had been exposed to 400 ㎍/L CdCl₂ and 3000 ㎍/l ZnSO₄ separately for 90 days, each of the metal body burden in the whole sofl parts increased in proportion to time of exposure until 70 days. But it didn't increase after 70 days. But when the winkles had been exposed to cadmium and zinc simultaneously, cadmium body burden decreased but zinc body burden increased as compared to the winkles exposed to each of the metal. We also found that cadmium accumulated in the winkles was not depurated for 42 days, but zinc accumulated in them was depurated. Especially, zinc was depurated faster when they had been exposed to mixture of cadmium and zinc. After the winkles had been exposed to cadmium and zinc separately for 70 days, about 60% cadmium of the total body burden was associated with the soluble fraction, while about 75% zinc of the total body burden was associated with insoluble fraction. And these trends of metal partitioning did not alter when the winkles had been exposed to metal mixture. After the soluble fraction applied to gel-filtration chromatography column, the distribution patterns of cadmium and zinc associated with proteins or ligands were different each other. Most of cadmium (＞90%) in the soluble fraction was bound to MBP-1 (Metal-binding protein-1), about 6.5 kDa), while zinc was distributed evenly to HMW (High molecular weight fraction, >60 kDa), MBP-1, MBP-2 (about 5 kDa), LMW (Low molecular weight fraction, <1 kDa).
Fish Community Changes of the Buan Dam, Korea
Kim, Ik-Su ; Yang, Hyeon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 45~50
The fish fauna of the Buan Dam, Chollabuk-do, Korea which was constructed in 1995 was surveyed in 1994 and 1998. 14 fish species were collected in the Buan Dam and 19 species were recognized in the brackish waters along the lower course of the dam in 1998. It was remarked that the dominant species in the dam has been changed dramatically from Zacco platypus and Z. temmincki to Pseudorasbora parva and Squalidus gracilis majimae within the three years after the dam construction. And also the number of Carassius auratus and Sirulus asotus were gradually increased in the dam. However, lksookimia pumila, the threatened fish species of Korea, was decreased sharply and restricted conspicuously by fragmentation of the habitat. The positive strategies should be considered for the species conservation of lksookimia pumila in the Buan Dam.
Estimation of the Nitrogen and Base Cation Uptake of South Korean Forest
Sim, Jae-Myeon ; Park, Sun-Ung ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 51~59
Estimation of the annual net production, nitrogen (N) and base cation (BC＝K, Mg, Ca) uptake by stocked forests in South Korea has been done with national statistical data of forestry from 1995 to 1999. The annual net production of stems and branches was about 1.8 ton DM ha/sup -1/ yr/sup -1/. The net productivity of deciduous forests was higher than that of coniferous forests. Total net production of the stocked forests from the whole stocked area of South Korea of 6.246×10/sup 6/ ha, was about 1.13×10/sup 7 ton DM/yr, and the total harvested biomass obtained from timber production data in 1999, was estimated about 6.1×105 ton DM/yr that was equivalent to 98 kg DM ha/sup -1/ yr/sup -1/f. Net growth uptake of N and BC were 350 mol ha/sup -1/ yr/sup -1/ and 296 mol ha/sup -1/ yr/sup -1/ respectively, and the content of N and BC contained in the harvested biomass were 20 mol ha/sup -1/ yr/sup -1/ and 16 mol ha/sup -1/ yr/sup -1/ respectively. Net uptake of N was higher than that of BC. Total net uptake of N and BC from growth and harvest by stocked forests in South Korea were 2.309×10/sup 9/ mol/yr and 1.953×10/sup 9 mol/yr respectively.
Allelopathic Effects of Volatile Compounds from Ambrosia artemisiifolia Leaves on the Selected Species
Kim, Hae-Su ; Kim, Jong-Hui ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 61~66
The total amount of monoterpenoids in A. artemisiifolia var. elatior leaves was increased continuously after Apr. and the highest amount was in Jul. The major monoterpenoids in A. artemisiifolia var. elatior leaves were consisted of 29 compounds and were dominated by No. 2, octene, α -pinene, β -myrcene ,1,3,6-octatrine, endo-borneol and (-)-bornyl acetate. The allelopathic effects of A. artemisiifolia var elatior leaves on the roots and shoots elongation of the selected plants were studied and there were significant allelopathic effects. The effects were much different between the selected plants and the effects signifcantly became higher with the quantity of leaves used in the experiment. The Lactuca sativa, Achyranthes japonica, and Oenothera odorta were suffered much higher effects than the other species. The allelopathic effects were also different with the leaves sampled in different seasons and the effects in july were found a little higher than in June and May.
The Allelopathic Effects of Aqueous Chemicals of Ambrosia artemisiifolia on Selected Plants
Kim, Hae-Su ; Kim, Jong-Hui ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 67~73
The allelochemicals from aqueous extracts of A. artemisiifolia var. elatior leaves and roots were analyzed and 60 compounds in the leaf and 53 compounds in the roots were inspected. The main compounds were acids,. especially phenolic acids and some non-acids. The total amount of compounds in the aqueous extracts of A. artemisiifolia var. elatior leaves was higher than in the roots. The aqueous extracts had much high inhibiting effects on the germination and seedling elongation of selected plants. In both cases, the inhibiting effects were very different with different selected plants and increased significantly as the concentration of aqueous extracts increased. Capsicum annum, Achyranthes japonica, and Oenothera odorta plants were suffered more significant inhibition effects than Raphnus sativus, Cucumis sativus, Brassica camperstris plants. Aqueous extracts from leaves had slightly higher inhibition effects than the aqueous extracts from the roots.