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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Species Composition and Structure of the Oriental Arbor-vitae (Thuja orientalis L. Forest in Daegu, Southeastern Korea
Cho, Hyun-Je ; Bae, Kwan-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 4, 2001, Pages 205~211
The floristic composition and structure of the Oriental Arbor-viate forest, natural monument no. 1, were investigated in the Daegu city, southeastern Korea. Vegetation stratification have four layers including tree (＞5m), subtree (2m-5m), shrub (1m-2m) and herbs (＜1m), which occupied 63.8%, 10.7%, 12.1% and 49.4%, respectively. The vegetation of the study area were divided into Artemisia keiskeana - Quercus variabilis and Pyrrosia linearifolia-Thuja orientalis (OAV) communities. Frequency distribution for diameter classes of the Oriental Arbor-vitae population showed a reverse-J shape. The result suggests that the OAV forest of this site might maintains continuously the present state. The annual radial growth of OAV, Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis, the dominant species of the present site showed 0.29, 1.01 and 1.28 mm/year, respectively. Competition of OAV with theh other species including P. densiflora and Q. variabilis could influence negatively on the growthand survival of OAV forest in this site.
The Influence of Hardwood Interspecific Competition on Stand Structure and Dynamics for Loblolly Pine Plantations
Lee, Young-Jin ; Cho, Hyun-Je ; Kim, Dong-Geun ; Bae, Kwan-Ho ; Joo, Sung-Hyun ; Hong, Sung-Cheon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 4, 2001, Pages 213~217
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of hardwood competitions in stand structure and dynamics by applying prediction models for unthinned loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations. A parameter recovery procedure for the Weibull distribution function based on four percentile equations was applied to develop diameter distribution prediction models. Four percentiles of the cumulative diameter distribution prediction equations were predicted as a function of quadratic mean diameter plus competin hardwood trees perhectare varibales. According to the results of this study. it was found that as the amount of competing hardwood trees increased, diameter distributions in terms of stand structure dynamics tended to be more skewed to the right. Therefore, the influence of non-planted hardwood trees interspecific competitoin on planted loblolly pines showed negative effects on the stand structure and dynamics.
Distribution Characteristics of Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor in Western Coast of South Korea
Lee, Woo-Shin ; Hur, Wee-Haeng ; Rhim, Shin-Jae ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 4, 2001, Pages 219~222
The study was conducted to get the basic information for proper protection and management of black-faced spoonbill and their habitats in western coast of South Korea. The species was observed in 8 sites of western coast of South Korea in spring 2000. We confirmed breeding of this species at least 4 pairs in Seokdo island. This island is considered likely to be an imortant breeding site together with Yodo island, Hambakdo island and Yokdo island. Also, we observed breeding of herring gull in Seokdo island and small island nearby Boleumdo island for the first time in South Korea. Chilsando island, Cheonsuman bay and Gyeokyeolbiyeoldo island were considered as stopovers located on the Korean Peninsula route. The other sites were considered as summering sites of the black-faced spoonbill. Especially the birds were constantly observed from breeding season to postbreeding season in Seonduri and Yeochari of Ganghwado island. We have counted maximum 88 individuals gathered at Gaksiyeo in Seonduri and Yeochari on September 3, 2000. The species seemed to gather at these sites after breeding for migration to wintering ground in September. We also surveyed changes of the number of individuals as time of the ebb and flow on September 3 and 6, 2000, their time budgets were affected by the ebb and flow in these sites.
Comparative Water Relations of Two Vitis vinifera Cultivars, Riesling and Chardonnay
Park, Yong-Mok ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 4, 2001, Pages 223~226
The leaf water relations and photosynthetic rate during acute soil drying were compared in potgrown grapevine cultivars, Vitis vinifera cv. Chardonnay and V. vinifera cv. Riesling. Leaf water potential in Riesling decreased significantly from day 2 after water had been withheld, while in Chardonnay leaf water potential for the water-stressed plants was almost identical with that in well watered plants during the first 4 days. Higher stomatal conductance and photosynthetic rate in Chardonnay than Riesling were observed until day 3 after withholding water. Photosynthetic rate in water-stressed Chardonnay was not different from that in control plants until day 3 after withholding water, while that in water-stressed Riesling was reduced markedly from day 2. In Riesling, osmotic potential at turgor loss point was not changed irrespective of watering conditions. However, in Chardonnay osmotic potential at turgor loss point decreased more in the water stressed conditions than in well watered conditions. The osmotic adjustment in Chardonnay under water stress conditions must contribute to the maintenance of higher stomatal conductance and photosynthetic rate than those in Riesling for a significant period of the drying process. Though difference in stomatal conductance between the two cultivars was shown in the process of soil drying, stomatal conductance of both cultivars responded to vapor pressure difference between leaf and ambient air, rather than soil water status and leaf water potential.
Biomass Structure and Dry Matter Dynamics in a Fire Influencing Montane Subtropical Humid Grassland, Western Ghats Southern India
Paulsamy, S ; Manian, S. ; Udaiyan, K. ; Arumugasamy, K. ; Nagarajan, N. ; Kil, B.S. ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 4, 2001, Pages 227~232
The biomass structure for three major components viz., the dominant grass, Chrysopogon zeylanicus Thw., the 'other grasses' and the'remaining species'and dry matter dynamics for total community were studied over a period of one year in an annual fire influenced subtropical humid grassland community in Western Ghats, India. The biomass of aboveground, belowground and litter compartments were high as in other humid grasslands and generally have positive correlation with rainfall, rainy days and relative humidity with the exception of litter parts. The above and belowground net primary productions (4,561 and 722 g/㎡, respectively) were also higher and were comparable with other humid tropical grasslands. The turnover of organic matter was rapid, Of the total input of 14.47 g/㎡ into the system, about 86.3% was allocated to above ground parts and 13.7% to below ground parts. The total disappearance was 2.56 g/㎡ and it was accounted to be 17.68% of the total output. The net surplus of dry matter (82.32%) in the post fire community indicates that the grassland was maintained in a seral stage. Hence it is suggested that prescribed burning may keep this ecosystem in a highly productive and seral stage.
Soil Oribatid Mite (Acari Settling in the Forest Litter in the Different Microenvironments in Mt. Jumbong, Korea
Kang, Banghun ; Lee, Joon-Ho ; Park, Seong-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 4, 2001, Pages 233~237
Changes of the oribatid mite species composition during the litter decomposition was investigated in the north-facing and south-facing slopes with different lower vegetation (annual herbaceous plants in north and perennial Sasa in south) in the altitude 1,000 m of Mt. Jumbong, a nature reserve area in Korea, from August 1994 to September 1995. Total 58 species of oribatid mites were collected. The values of O1son's negative exponential index (k) were -0.56 in the south-facing slope and -0.49 in the north-facing slope, but there was no significant difference between them. The decomposition rate of litter increased rapidly until Oct. 1994, and decreased thereafter. Intensive settlement of the forest litter by oribatid mites was recorded in the autumn periods and it decreased in the next spring and summer. Species diversity index (H'), and species evenness (J') ranged from 1.74 to 2.69, and from 0.57 to 0.93, respectively, and the values were lowest in spring. In the successive periods of growing season, there followed great changes in the structure of species dominance. Heminothrus minor was one of the most dominant species in autumn in the first year when litter were placed, but was never recovered next seasons. In contrast, Platynothrus yamasakii was also dominant in the first autumn, then decreased very low in numbers in next spring and summer, but regained its number in autumn. On the other hand, an increase of the number during these periods was observed by Epidamaeus sp.2. Ceratopia bipilis and Epidamaeus sp.1 were abundant both in the north-and south-facing slopes. Trichogalumna nipponica was only found in the south-facing slope, and Nanhermannia elegantula was only found in the north-facing slope.
Stability Analysis of Soil Oribatid Mite Communities (Acari: Oribatida from Namsan and Kwangreung Deciduous Forests, Korea
Jung, Chulue ; Lee, Joon-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 4, 2001, Pages 239~243
One of the most important justifications of conservation of ecosystem and biodiversity is that diversity begets stability. Impact of biodiversity on community and ecosystem function has long been debated in science. Here we report the stability analysis of soil oribatid mite communities from environmentally stressed habitat(Namsan) and relatively well preserved habitat (Kwangreung) with the perspective of consistency as a primary criteria of stability. Stability of oribatid mite communities were evaluated with turnover rate, constancy analysis, b diversity index, and absolute abundance, abundance ranking, and the presence or absence of species over time. Out of 6 criteria, three consented that oribatid community from Kwangreung was more stable than that from Namsan. Those are turnover rate in litter layer, constancy analysis, and absolute abundance. Feasibility of stability analysis using oribatid mites was further discussed, rendering further study.
Marine Ecosystem on Dokdo and Ullungdo Islands
Kim, Ki-Tai ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 4, 2001, Pages 245~251
Dokdo is a volcanic island, and its formative geological age took place at the end of the Pliocene Epoch. Dokdo is located at 131。 52′33" East longitude, and 37
14′18" North latitude, and is consituted of 87 islands. The total area of Dokdo is 0.186
and the length of its coastline is 4 km. Ookdo is a treasury of fish resources where many varieties of fish including squid and Alaska pollack live in abundance of greatest importance. Dokdo is a forward fishery base. Ullung island is located at 37
33′North latitude and 130
56′East longitude. The area of Ullung is 72.92
and the length of its seashore is 44.21
. The total marine product of Ullungdo(1995) is 9,066 tons (M/T). The largest is squid, 8,900 tons. For the sea area of the depths near the Ullungdo, coast, that of 50m or less is 2,477 ha, and that of 50- 100m is 1,471ha. This fact tells us that there is no extensive area of a very shallow sea, and that it is directly connected to the deep sea. Ullungdo is a treasury of marine bioresources with rich and varied fishes including squid and Alaska Pollack and many others. Presently there is a sovereignty dispute over Dokdo between Korea and Japan. Since A.D.512, Dokdo has been a part of territory of Korea. Dokdo is a part of Kyungsang-Bukdo, Ullung-gun, Ullung-up, Do-dong in the Korean administrative district division system. Japan strenuously claims sovereignty for significant economic reasons, including fishery rights, and has adhered to a contradictory position that "Dokdo is Japanese land" since Japan incorporated Dokdo into Japanese territory in 1905.ritory in 1905.
Landscape Structure and Relationship between Water Quality and Land Use Pattern in the Watershed of the Wangsuk River in Gyunggi-do Korea
Lee, Chang-Seok ; Lee, An-Na ; You, Young-Han ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 4, 2001, Pages 253~258
Land use pattern in the Wangsuk river watershed was investigated on the bases of physiognomic vegetation maps made from the aerial photograph interpretation and field check. Landscape structure was analyzed using a GIS program supported by ArcView. Landscape structure depended on the geographical position of the river, such as the upper, middle and lower river. Watersheds of the upper and middle rivers were dominated by forests composed of secondary forest and plantation. But agricultural fields dominated that of the middle and lower river. Urban area and agricultural fields increased in from the upper toward the lower river watersheds. In addition to, a transformation of agricultural pattern into an institutional agriculture was characteristic in the middle and lower river basins. Water qualities of the Wangsuk river were usually better in the order of the upper, middle, and lower river, but they were fluctuated according to the site. Such fluctuation would due to self-purification of the river and land use pattern of the watershed as the non-point source. In this viewpoint, a strategy to manage the water quality in the level of watershed is urgently required.