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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Carbon Dioxide Budget in Phragmites communis Stands
Ihm, Hyun-Bin ; Ihm, Byung-Sun ; Lee, Jeom-Sook ; Kim, Jong-Wook ; Kim, Ha-Song ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 335~339
The dynamic model was developed to simulate the photosynthetic rate of Phragmites communis stands in coastal ecosystem. The model was composed of the compartments of both climatic and biological variables. The former were photosynthetic photon flux density(PPFD), daily maximum- and minimum-temperature. The latter were combinations of the specific physiological responses of plant organs with the biomass of each organs. The PPFD and air temperature were calculated and using those values, gas exchange rate of each plant organ was calculated at every hour. The carbon budget was constructed using the modelled predictions. Analysis of annual productivity and fluxes showed that yearly gross population productivity, yearly population respiration and yearly net population productivity were 33.4, 21.3 and 12.1
, respectively. The final result was tested over two stands, produced promising predictions with regards to the levels of production attained. The model can be used to determine production potential under given climatic conditions and could even be applied to plant canopies with analogous biological characteristics.
Population Dynamics of Pinus densiflora for. erecta at Sokwang-Ri, Uljin-Gun in Southeastern Korea
Yun, Chung-Weon ; Bae, Kwan-Ho ; Hong, Sung-Cheon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 341~348
Population dynamics of the oldest relic stand of Pinus densiflora for. erecta which remains as a status of patch in Sokwang-Ri area, Uljin-Gun, was studied to provide the basic data for conservation of the oldest pine stand in Korea. The upper slope site and ridge site including total 12 plots mainly represented Pinus densiflora for. erecta and Quercus mongolica. These two tree species showed reverse J-shaped distribution. From this information, it was concluded that intensive interspecific competition between two species could be occurring. Age distribution of P. densiflora for. erecta on the sites above middle slope area was indicated bi-modal type or tri-modal type which was known as an age structure of climax forest. Therefore, it was estimated that Pinus densiflora for. erecta population could be continuously maintained in the each patch above middle slope area. In the valley sites, hardwood species such as Q. mongolica, Q. variabilis, Styrax obassia and Acer pseudosieboldianum occupied most part of the under crown-cover area and their seedlings and saplings were developing into the closed upper layer crown because the height of upper layer crown reached about 35 meters and such a high crown height was more suitable for light utilization by plants of under layer. The growth patterns were mainly fluctuated for the entire life time of the oldest tree caused by frequent disturbance. And the initial growth curves of the mature trees and suppressed juvenile trees showed different tendencies along the sites.
Effects of Cadmium on Total Lipid Content and Fatty Acids of the Greater Wax Moth, Galleria mellonella
Shin, Byung-Sik ; Choi, Ri-Na ; Lee, Choong-Un ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 349~352
The beekeeping pest insect Galleria mellonella larvae(greater wax moth) were reared on an artificial diet contaminated indipendently with cadmium chloride(
) at different concentrations(1.25, 2.50, 5.00, 10.0 20.0, 40.0
food fresh weight). Results of these studies suggested that Cd exposure of G. mellonella may influence its whole body lipid contents. We decided, therefore, to analyze lipid content of G. mellonella exposed to different concentrations of Cd. Lipid concentrations were measured photometrically by phosphovanillin method. Significant decrease in the total lipid content was found in Cd-contaminated larvae and pupae. In this study, six kinds of lipids were separated, and they were phospholipid, monoglyceride, diglyceride, sterol, fatty acids, triglyceride. And fatty acids were proved to consist of palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid and linolenic acid. Palmitic acid, linoleic acid and oleic acid were found high rate in all groups, but stearic acid was low. In conclusion, lipid contents decreased in Cd-contaminated groups in comparison to the control group.
Variation in Germination and Seedling Growth of Taraxacum officinale Seeds Harvested from Different Seasons
Yang, Hyo-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 353~357
Differential response of genotypes to temporal environmental heterogeneity may contribute to the long-term persistence of these genotypes within a population. In this experiment, we experimentally tested whether groups by season interactions for germination and seedling growth can explain genetic variability within the population. To determine whether seeds collected during the four seasons respond differentially to temperature treatments, two-way ANOVA was performed. This study indicates that seasonal environments have large effects on demography. Groups within populations respond differentially to seasonal environments by influencing population growth that may in turn influence community composition. Most importantly, the study showed that temporal heterogeneity in the environment might functions as a mechanism that maintains within-population genetic diversity.
Regional Variations of Cellular Slime Molds Referred to Ribosomal DNA
Hong, Young-Bin ; Kang, Kyoung-Mi ; Chang, Nam-Kee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 359~364
Regional variations of Dictyostelid cellular slime molds were examined using molecular data. The intertranscribed spacer regions including the 5.8S ribosomal DNA of 2 species(D. purpureum, P. violaceum) of Cellular Slime Molds were sequenced and analyzed. Among 13 strains of D. purpureum and 12 strains of P. violaceum analyzed, each two strains were obtained from ATCC and the others were isolated from the forest soils in Korea. The sequences of the 5.8S ribosomal DNA were conserved among the strains of the same species, but unexpectedly highly variable among species. A high level of genetic diversity was found which was best resolved at the genus/species level as well as the family level by sequence data from the ITS 1 and ITS 2 regions. According to the sequence alignments by CLUSTAL X and the phylogeographic analyses by PAUP, 12 strains of P. violaceum were divided into three groups among which there were no difference of the morphological characteristics. Among 13 strains of D. purpureum, genetic variations were related to two morphological types, the temperate and subtropical type. There was no variation pattern according to geography in Korea, but there were some variations between Korea and other countries.
Vegetation of the Khogno Khan Natural Reserve, Mongolia
Gombosuren, Tsolmon ; Kim, Jong-Won ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 365~370
The vegetation of the Khogno Khan Natural Reserve of the central Mongolia was studied in terms of the Zurich-Montpellier School's method. Twenty plant communities were identified from the three different landscape types such as mountain areas(63%), plains(32%), and wetlands(5%). Actual vegetation map using five vegetation domains was accomplished in order to understand the spatial distribution of regional vegetation. Steppe vegetation of 88% vegetation cover to the whole area is representative, which is composed of a matrix of landscape. The birch-aspen forests and the elm bush forests are relics as a patch distribution. It is recognized that the whole territory of protected area be under the effects of severe grazing from the phytosociological viewpoint.
Rate of Soil Respiration at Black Locust(Robinia pseudo-acacia) Stands in Jinju Area
Moon, Hyun-Shik ; Jung, Su-Young ; Hong, Sung-Cheon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 371~376
The rate of soil respiration to varying stand ages was studied in four Robinia pseudoacacia stands(18-, 23-, 28- and 35-year old) throughout one year from September 1998 to August 1999. Soil temperatures showed a pronounced seasonal pattern, in contrast to soil moisture. The highest rate of soil respiration was generally found in August when soil temperatures were the highest, and the lowest in January. The daily rate of soil respiration amounted to 5.51(
) for 18-year old stand, 5.28 for 23-year old stand, 8.29 for 28-year stand, and 2.67 for 35-year old black locust stand, respectively. The
values were ranged between 1.63 and 1.66, averaging 1.65 for the R. pseudoaca'cia stands. The results indicate significant correlation between soil temperature and soil respiration for all four stands(r=0.96 to 0.97). Among the study stands, the annual rate of soil respiration was the highest (
) for 28-year old stand.
Distribution of Damaged Oaks and Annual Oak Biomass Removal by Oak Nut Weevil(Mechoris ursulus) in Korea
You, Young-Han ; Chun, Young-Jin ; Lee, Hee-Sun ; Lee, Chang-Seok ; Kim, Joon-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 377~380
Herbivory is an important selective forces on plants by reducing the ability of the plant to compete with its neighbors and to produce offspring. Oak nut weevil(Mechoris ursulus Roelofs) females lay eggs in unmatured acorns and cut off the branch of oviposited acorns. To investigate the influences of branch-cutting behavior of oak nut weevils on oak production, we surveyed the horizontal and vertical distribution ranges of damaged oaks and depth of sites of overwintering larvae and quantified the amounts of biomass and acorn removed by the weevils on deciduous oak species. All of the endemic oak species in Korea were damaged by oak nut weevils in all of the study sites including Mt. Halla and Mt. Seorak. The upper limit of vertical distribution of damaged oaks by the weevils raried from 700 m to 900 m. Mostly their larvae were found in soil from 8.1 cm to 10.0 cm depth in winter. Percentage of annual net primary productivity(
) of oak species removed by the weevils was about 7%, which is higher than the percentage removed by all the herbivores in typical temperate forest(5%) and equivalent to that by all the herbivores in tropical forest. The predation percentage of annual acorn production by oak nut weevil was 27% in Q. mongolica and 33% in Q. acutissima. This results indicate that the branch-cutting behavior of oak nut weevil may be the most important factor regulating oak population and affecting other predators dependent on acorns.
Comparative Histomorphology on Low and High Rubber Yielding Guayule Varieties of India
Jayabalan, Marimuthu ; Rajarathinam, Kaniappanadar ; Jayakumar, Muthukrishnan ; Kil, Bong-Seop ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 381~384
A preliminary comparative histodimensional studies, such as wood to bark ratio, total area of parenchyma cells and bast fibers, height and diameter of vascular rays, pith diameter and phenological parameters, height of the plant, perimeter of the stem, dry weight of the stem and leaves have been investigated for the low and high rubber bearing Guayule plants growing in same and different climatic regions of India. A plausible correlation is found between the percentage of rubber content and anatomical characters in the investigated varieties.
Landscape Structure in the Greenbelt Zone around the Seoul, the Metropolis of Korea
Lee, Chang-Seok ; Hong, Sun-Kee ; Moon, Jeong-Suk ; You, Young-Han ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2001, Pages 385~394
An attempt to clarify the landscape structure of urban areas was carried out in the greenbelt around Seoul, Korea's metropolis. By means of aerial photographs and a field survey, a vegetation map including land-use pattern was made. Landscape structure was described by analyzing this vegetation map and the results of phytosociological survey. Landscape element types identified were (1) secondary forest, (2) plantation, (3) cultivated field, (4) urbanized area, (5) graveyard, and (6) bare rock. Vegetation units, resulting from the phytosociological analysis, included Quercus mongolica, Q. variabilis, Q. acutissima, Pinus densiflora, Q. aliena, and Alnus japonica communities. Plantations were composed of Robinia pseudoacacia, Populus tomentiglandulosa, P. rigida, Larix leptolepis, P. koraiensis, and Castanea crenata stands. Patches near to human settlements in the lower zones of the mountains were fragmented and small but they became larger towards the higher mountain zones. On the other hand, the number of patches was fewer and their size was larger in Mt. Cheonggye more distant from the principal residential area, larger in size, and higher in elevation compared with the other 2 mountains, Mt. Daemo and Mt. Acha. Floristic composition of Mongolian oak(Q. mongolica) stand distributing in the upper part of each mountain, in which artificial interference is rare, showed a difference among those study areas different in parent rock and disturbance regime. But that of black locust(R. pseudoacacia) stand located in lowland of mountainous area, in which artificial interference is frequent was similar to each other. As the results of analyses on the frequency distribution of diameter classes of major species, dominant landscape elements, Mongolian oak forest showed different responses depending on artificial interference as continuous maintenance and retrogressive succession in the sites far from and near to the residential areas, respectively. On the other hand, black locust stands showed a probability to be restore to the native oak forest through progressive succession.