Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Comparison with Diurnal Activity of Male and Female of the Black-crowned Night Herons Nycticorax nycticorax on Breeding Season
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 26, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~4
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2003.26.1.001
In diurnal activity of the black-crowned night herons on breeding season, activity budget was that male were standing(29.5%), preening(21.5%), comfort(10.9%), and female were resting(26.3%), repairing (18.4%), preening(15.3%) in sequence. Activity budget was high significant between male and female(p<0.01). In case of activity-time budget sequence, male was standing(38.7%), locomotion(33.8%), preening(11.5%), and female was resting(55.4%), standing(18.4%), preening(9.4%). Therefore, activity-time budget was significantly different in male and female(p<0.01).
Environmental Adaptability of Eupatorium rugosum : Relationship between Accumulation of Heavy Metals and Phenolic Compounds
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 26, issue 1, 2003, Pages 5~12
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2003.26.1.005
Seed germination rate and seedling growth were measured on 6 different species(Phytolacca americana, Eupatorium rugosum, Rumex acetocella, Echinochloa crusgalli, Cassia mimosoides var. nomame, Setaria viridis) treated with leaf extract of E. rugosum. Total phenolic compound and heavy metal were analyzed on leaf and soil with and without E. rugosum. The growth of P. americana seedlings were stimulated by 10% and 25% of E. rugosum water extract treatment. The content of total phenolic compounds in soil was lower than that of leaf extract, and 25% was confirmed as threshold concentration in natural systems because the total phenolic compounds were not significantly different between the control soils and the soil treated with 10%, and 25% extract. Total phenolic compound concentrations of the leaf extracts were highest (1.66 mg/l) with E. rugosum grown under the Quercus forest canopy and lowest (1.09 mg/l) for the plant grown in the mixed forest edge. Leaf extracts of plants selected in different sampling sites (Forest interior, Forest edge, under Pinus Canopy and Quercus Canopy) were significant, while soil extracts were not. Seed germination of R. acetocella and S. viridis were significantly inhibited at over 50% concentrations of E. rugosum, but C. mimosoides var. nomame was not affected at any concentration. The radicle and shoot growth of the native species group were reduced two times more than those of the exotic species group by the treatment of extracts. Especially, the seed germination percentage and dry weight of E. rugosum were greater than those of the control group by treatments with extracts of 10% and 25%. Analysis of aqueous extracts from E. rugosum by HPLC identified 6 phenolic compounds: caffeic acid (460.9 mg/l), benzoic acid (109.7 mg/l), protocatechuic acid (7.3 mg/l), ρ-hydroquinone (6.0 mg/l), cinnamic acid (2.7 mg/l) and hydroquinone (0.23 mg/l). The seed germination of P. americana was also inhibited dramatically by protocatechuic acid and cinnamic acid even though the content of caffeic acid (460.9 mg/l) was the highest among analyzed phenolic compounds. The heavy metal content of soil without A. altissima was higher than that of soil with E. rugosum. Particularly, Al, Fe and Mn was considerably high and most of the heavy metal were accumulated in leaves where a high level of total phenolic compounds was found.
Nutrient Dynamics through Water Transport in Natural Deciduous Hardwood Forests in Chunchon, Kangwon Province
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 26, issue 1, 2003, Pages 13~18
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2003.26.1.013
We examined water flux, concentrations and contents in nutrients in precipitation, throughfall, stemflow and soil solution in natural deciduous hardwood forest(Quercus variabilis and Q. mongolica) in Chunchon, Kangwon Province. The volume of throughfall was 2∼3% higher in Q. variabilis than in Q. monglica while volume of stemflow, Ao, A and B soil solution was 10∼15% higher in Q. variabilis compared to Q. monglica. Concentrations of K/sup +/ increased in throughfall H while concentrations of Ca/sup 2+/, Mg/sup 2+/ and NO₃/sup -/ increased in Ao soil solution. The former might be related to the canopy leaching and the latter related to leaching and nitrification in Ao horizon. Nutrient concentrations in throughfall, Ao, A and B soil solution decreased with increasing amount of water and especially the decreases in concentrations of K/sup +/, Mg/sup 2+/ and Cl/sup -/ were significant. Nutrient concentrations of Ca/sup 2+/ in Ao soil solution was 1.5 times higher in Q. variabilis than in Q. mongolica. However, there were no significant nutrient concentration differences in throughfall, stemflow and A and B soil solution between the two forest types. Stemflow was less than 10% of total water volume (throughfall + stemflow) to the forest floor, and contribution of stemflow to nutrient cycling seemed to be low in the study forest.
Rapid Ecoassessment Technique about Anthropogenic Disturbance Potentiality of Land Use
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 26, issue 1, 2003, Pages 19~22
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2003.26.1.019
In order to determine the degree of anthropogenic disturbance potentiality (ADP) of the area a rapid ecoassessment technique was developed on the basis of actual vegetation map. ADP degree of relevant unit cell was computed by using four criteria of land use patterns such as forested area, open water and stream, agricultural area, and urbanized area. Ultimate ADP degree of each cell was obtained by means of direct and indirect computation process. Finally the map of ADP was drawn and analyzed. Vulnerable cell and disturbance nuclei were determined according to disturbance vector which is a kind of potential disturbance pressure of relevant cell influenced by surrounding cell. A case study was accomplished in the Gijang area of Pusan metropolitan city. 973 meshes (500m×500m) were analyzed and a total of 79 meshes were currently threatened. Present technique of rapid ecoassessment was practically useful for diagnosing and planning land use.
A Phytosociological Comparison of Forest Vegetation between Igneous and Sedimentary Rock Areas in Kyungpook Province, South Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 26, issue 1, 2003, Pages 23~28
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2003.26.1.023
In order to identify plant species and communities characteristic of lithospheric condition, forest vegetations of igneous(mainly granite) and sedimentary(mainly sandstone) areas in Kyungpook province were compared. We collected 108 phytosociological releves from the older forests over 20 years old. 444 vascular plant species and 25 plant communities were identified. Results of Principal Coordinates Analysis (PCA) indicated that lithospheric conditions and human impacts were the most important factors related to the plant community diversity and species richness. In the igneous rock areas net contribution degree (rNCD) of 139 species including Quercus serrata, Q. mongolica, Lindera obtusiloba and Fraxinus sieboldiana increased and those of Carpinus laxiflora and Styrax japonica decreased. In the sedimentary rock areas, to a lesser extent, 96 species including Q. aliena, Zanthoxylum schinifolium, Potentilla fragarioides var. major, Rhus javanica, and Plectranthus japonicus increased, whereas character species of Lindero-Quercion mongolicae such as Q. mongolica, Q. serrata, Rhododendron schlippenbachii, Acer mono and Styrax obassia decreased, and particularily the species Sasa borealis, the Alangium-Zelkova serrata community and the Philadelphus-Fraxinus mandshurica community were absent. The vegetation of sedimentary rock area is characterized as a regional type shaping dwarf pine forests and sparse and light broad-leaved forests.
Differences in Breeding Bird Communities Caused by Different Distance from the Road
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 26, issue 1, 2003, Pages 29~33
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2003.26.1.029
This study was conducted to clarify the influence of national road construction on breeding bird community from April to June 2002 in 8 fragmented forest areas of Baekdudaegan mountain ranges, Korea. There were more observed birds in 50∼100m areas than in 50m areas from road. Guild structures were different between both areas. Number of species and individuals belong to hole nesting and canopy foraging guilds were lower in 50m areas than in 50∼100m areas from roads. Habitat structure of breeding bird community would be changed by road construction.
Age and Radial Growth Patterns of a Lace-bark Pine (Pinus bungeana), the Natural Monument NO. 4 of Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 26, issue 1, 2003, Pages 34~38
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2003.26.1.034
An analysis of tree ring series of a lace-bark pine (Pinus bungeana Zuccarini) was carried out to find out the exact age of the tree, to describe life history of the tree affected by the change of past environmental factors, and to explain the relationships between the growth fluctuation of the tree and the change of environmental factors of the past. This study explicitly showed that the tree was about 300 years old in 1992 and that the previous estimate of the age to be about 630 years old has no ground to be justified. This was also ascertained by the close correspondence of the tree growth fluctuation to the fluctuation of soil moisture related environmental factors for the last 80 years in Seoul. Although it is clear that the tree suffered from slow growth for about 30 years initiating from the 1910s, it is not sure whether the soil moisture deficits or droughts during the years of 1910-1913 played a major role in causing the decline of the trees afterwards. Discussion was further extended for defining active roles for the Cultural Properties Administration of Korea in management and research to effectively protect the Old and Big Trees under the category of Natural Monument of Korea.
Effect of Leaf Aqueous Extracts from Some Gymnosperm Plant on the Seed Germination, Seedling Growth and Transplant of Hibiscus syriacus Varieties
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 26, issue 1, 2003, Pages 39~47
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2003.26.1.039
The leaf aqueous extracts from five gymnosperms plant were investigated for allelopathy with five Hibiscus syriacus varieties. The leaf aqueous extract of Pinus rigida had the highest total phenolic compound of 2.21mg/L, whereas the soil under Pinus koraiensis canopy had the highest total phenolic compound of 1.38mg/L. Fourteen phenolic compounds were isolated from five gymnosperm plants by HPLC. Among them, phenolic compounds were the highest in P. rigida (320.56 g/mg) with the primary compound 5-sulfosalicylic acid (312.55 g/mg). The correlation between leaf total phenolic compound and pH was not significant, while the total phenolic compound of the leaf extract changed soil pH. The relative seed germination of H. syriacus varieties showed 25% was threshold concentration. The germination rates of varieties were similar to the control group or showed slight stimulation to treatment of P. koraiensis extract. H. syriacus Cambanha was similar to the control group or showed stimulation in all treated groups. H. syriacus Seohohyang showed stimulation in both root and shoot growth compared to the control group. In other varieties except Seohohyang, shoot growth was similar to the control group, while root growth was stimulated in all treated groups. The extracts of tested gymnosperms showed significantly more stimulation to transplanted Seohohyang seedlings, whereas others were similar to control or inhibited in the greenhouse. The dry weight of Seohohyang was greater in all treated groups than the control group, while other varieties were inhibited. All gymnosperm extracts stimulated the chlorophyll contents of Seohohyang and H. syriacus Koyoro but other varieties were not significantly affected. Accordingly, it is suggested that Seohohyang seems the most desirable when planted within these five gymnosperms.