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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Flora of Offshore Islands in Shandong Province, China
Li, Ming ; Wang, Qing ; Zong, Meijuan ; Wang, Renqing ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 57~60
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.057
There are 474 species of native vascular plant distributed in offshore islands in Shandong Province, which belong to 262 genera and 82 families. The distribution types of genera of seed plant were classified into 15 types. Temperate characteristic is dominant in the flora of offshore islands and tropical characteristic ranks secondary. Therefore, some islands play the role of stepping islands. Furthermore, 98.85% of the total genera are monotypic or bitypic which shows the offshore habitat heterogeneity in Shandong Province.
Fatty Acids as Tracer of Trophic Relationships in a Subtropical Mangrove Wetland
Shin, P.K.S. ; Chan, A.K.Y. ; Lam, M.H.W. ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 61~65
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.061
To elucidate the trophic relationships within a subtropical wetland, the profile of fatty acids in producers, consumers and sediments of the mangrove forest and intertidal mudflat was studied. Results indicated a close relationship in fatty acid profiles between the mangrove plants Aegiceras corniculatum and Avicennia marina and the sesarmid crab Sesarma bidens, and between the fiddler crab Uca arcuata and diatoms. The fatty acid profile of the mudskippers Boleophthalmus pectinirostris and Periophthalmus cantonensis, however, showed a mixed diet of diatoms, macroalgae, protozoa and crabs. Seasonal changes in fatty acid profiles in mangrove plants, sediments and sesarmid crabs were noted. The implication of using fatty acids as tracer of trophic relationships was discussed.
Quantitative Comparisons of Soil Carbon and Nutrient Storage in Larix leptolepis, Pinus densiflora and Pinus rigitaeda Plantations
Kim, Choonsig ; Cho, Hyun-Seo ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 67~71
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.067
This study was carried out to evaluate soil carbon and nutrient storage of three adjacent coniferous plantations (Larix leptolepis, Pinus densiflora and Pinus rigitaeda) growing on a similar site with a same planting age (42-year old) in the Sambong Exhibition Forests, Hamyang-gun, Gyungsangnam-do. The soil carbon concentration among three plantations was not significantly different in 0∼10cm soil depth, but other two depths (10∼20cm and 20∼30cm) showed higher carbon concentration in P. densiflora plantation than the other two plantations. The exchangeable cation concentrations (Ca and Mg) in 0∼10cm depth were significantly lower in L. leptolepis plantation than in the other two plantations, while nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations were not significantly different among three plantations except for nitrogen at 10∼20cm depth in P. rigitaeda plantation. Soil carbon storage in 0∼20cm depth of three plantations was unaffected by the stand types. Soil nutrient storage was not significantly different at each depth except for nitrogen storage at 10∼20cm depth in P. rigitaeda plantation because of the variation of bulk density and coarse fragment. This result demonstrates that soil carbon and nutrient concentrations among the plantations on a similar soil condition can be altered significantly by tree species effects over 40 years after plantation establishment.
Local Movement of Shorebirds for Roosting between Ganghwa and Yeongjong Island in the West Coast of Korea
Kim, Hwa-Chung ; Yoo, Jeong-Chil ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 73~77
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.073
Movement of shorebirds for roosting was studied to find their response to insufficient roosting area on Ganghwa Island. It was taken from two kinds of aspects of population fluctuation and direct observation of movement from March to October in 2002. Based on the data from their weekly fluctuation and flight observation, shorebirds on Ganghwa Island moved to roosts located far away. Shorebirds feeding at southern Ganghwa Island moved to Yeongjong Island for roosting during the spring tide period. High tide count showed that the number of shorebirds on Yeongjong Island increased strikingly, while the number of birds on Ganghwa Island decreased. As the tide level increased, the number of shorebirds on Ganghwa Island decreased in the fall migrating season (r
= -0.81, p＜0.001), whereas that on Yeongjong Island was not correlated significantly. Direct observation showed that some of the birds on the upper tidal zone of Ganghwa Island moved directly to the northern mudflat of Yeongjong Island during the flowing tide or dropped by flat zone on Seondu-ri. Insufficient coastal wetlands on Ganghwa Island induced them to move away from the island for roosting place and to endure costly flight energy expenditure. The development of wetlands on the southern Yeongjong Island would make them have no place available to roosts. Therefore this study proposes that shorebird roosts on Ganghwa Island should be created to conserve their habitat.t.
Comparing Plant Species Diversity of Mountainous Deserts - Successes and Pitfalls
Van Etten, Eddie J.B. ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 79~86
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.079
An extensive study of the vegetation characteristics of the Hamersley Ranges, a mountainous desert area of north-west Australia, facilitated the comparison of plant species diversity measures with mountainous deserts of other parts of the world. Alpha diversity was defined as the number of species co-existing at local scales and was found to average 18 species per 0.1 ha for the Hamersley Ranges. This was found to be similar to seven other mountainous deserts in North and South America, and southern Africa. Variation in alpha diversity between these deserts was found to considerably lower than within deserts, suggesting that local processes control species richness at local scales. Beta diversity, defined here as turnover in species composition at various spatial scales, can be measured in many ways. For the Hamersley Ranges, Wilson's β ranged from 1.2 to 1.6 for five sites along a topographic gradient, whereas Whittaker's β between different plant communities was found to average 0.93. Comparable data was not found for other desert areas, but comparisons to non-desert areas suggest beta diversity within landscapes is relatively high and is likely to reflect the considerable landform heterogeneity of the Hamersley Ranges. 55∼70% of species were shared between different landscapes of the Hamersley Ranges; comparisons to other regions suggest beta diversity at this scale is relatively low. Gamma diversity, the number of species over large spatial extents, was successfully compared using regression analysis of the log-log species - area relationship. This revealed that the northern Sonoran desert has significantly less species than the Nama (inland) Karoo and Hamersley Ranges over medium spatial extents, but species numbers were similar at a regional scale. Several constraints to the valid comparison of species diversity were identified, including lack of standardisation of sampling techniques, the wide range of measures employed, general lack of published data, and the influence of the various components of spatial scale on most diversity measures. Recommendations on how to improve future comparative work are provided.
Soil Respiration in Pinus densiflora, Quercus variabilis and Platycarya strobilacea Stands in Jinju, Gyeongnam Province
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 87~92
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.087
Soil respiration rate was measured from March to November 2003 using the KOH absorption method in Pinus densiflora, Quercus variabilis, Platycarya strobilacea stands in Jinju, Gyeongnam Province. Throughout the study period, average soil temperature and moisture content were 16.2
, 25.1% for P. densiflora stand, 17.1
, 24.3% for Q. variabilis stand, and 17.6
, 25.1% for P. strobilacea stand, respectively. The seasonal fluctuations of soil respiration rate increasing in summer and decreasing in winter, which there were strong positive correlations of soil respiration and soil temperature in all study stands. However, there were no significant correlations between soil moisture and soil respiration. Soil respiration rates throughout the study period ranged from 0.12 to 0.77 for P. densiflora stand, 0.23 to 1.37 for Q. valiabilis stand, and 0.30 to 1.47 g
for P. strobilacea stand, respectively. Mean soil respiration rates in P. densiflora, Q. variabilis, P. strobilacea stands were 0.43, 0.80, and 0.90 g
, respectively. The Q
values were 2.38 for P. densiflora stand, 2.11 for Q. variabilis stand, and 2.07 for P. strobilacea stand. Annual total soil respiration was 24 for P. densiflora stand, 49.3 for Q. variabilis stand, and 55.3 t
for P. strobilacea stand, respectively.y.
Decay Rate and Nutrients Dynamics during Decomposition of Oak Branches
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 93~98
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.093
Decay rate and nutrient dynamics during decomposition of oak (Quercus acutissima) branches were investigated for 33-months in Kongju, Korea. After 33-months, remaining weight of B₁, B₂ and B₃ was 44.5%, 58.5% and 55.37%, respectively. Decomposition constant (k) for B₁, B₂ and B₃ was 0.294/yr, 0.195/yr, 0.215/yr, respectively. N concentration in decomposing oak branches increased in all diameter classes. After 33-months, remaining N in B₁, B₂ and B₃ was 101.2%, 91.9%, 104.4%, respectively. P concentration in decomposing oak branches increased in B₁ and B₂, and there was no immobilization period. After 33-months, remaining P in B₁, B₂ and B₃ was 57.2%, 74.4%, 53.9%, respectively. K concentration in decomposing oak branches decreased significantly. Remaining K in B₁, B₂ and B₃ was 7.7%, 17.1% and 17.2%, respectively, which was significantly lower than other nutrients. Ca concentration in decomposing oak branches increased in B₂ and B₃. After 33-months, remaining Ca in B₁, B₂ and B₃ was 58.5%, 47.8% and 75.2%, respectively. Initial concentration of Mg in oak branch was higher in smaller diameter class. After 33-months, remaining Mg in B₁, B₂ and B₃ was 44.3%, 57.9% and 47.7%, respectively.
Development of Vegetation Structure after Forest Fire in the East Coastal Region, Korea
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 99~106
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.099
We developed the estimation model for the vegetation developmental processes on the severely burned slope areas after forest fire in the east coastal region, Korea. And we calculated the vegetation indices as a useful parameter for the development of land management technique in the burned area and suggested the changes of the vegetation indices after forest fire. In order to estimate the woody standing biomass in the burned area, allometric equations of the 17 woody species regenerated by sprouter were investigated. According to the our results, twenty year after forest fire need for the development to the normal forest formed by 4 stratum structure, tree, sub-tree, shrub and herb layer. The height of top vegetation layer, basal area and standing biomass of woody species show a tendency to increase linearly, and the ground vegetation coverage and litter layer show a tendency to increase logarithmically after forest fire. Among vegetation indices, Ive and Ivcd show a tendency to increase logarithmically, and Hcl and Hcdl show a tendency to increase linearly after forest fire. The spatial variation of the most vegetation factors was observed in the developmental stages less than the first 5 years which were estimated secondary disaster by soil erosion after forest fire. Among vegetation indices, Ivc and Ivcd were the good indices for the representation of the spatial heterogeneity in the earlier developmental stages, and Hcl and Hcdl were the useful indices for the long-term estimation of the vegetation development after forest fire.
Cadmium-Induced Phytotoxicity in Tomato Seedlings Due to the Accumulation of H
That Results from the Reduced Activities of H
Cho, Un-Haing ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 107~114
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.107
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) seedlings exposed to various concentrations of
M) in the nutrient solution for up to 9 days were analyzed with the seedling growth,
production, glutathione levels and activity changes of enzymes related to
removal. The growth of seedlings was inhibited with over 50
M Cd, whereas the levels of
and glutathione were enhanced with Cd exposure level and time. Meanwhile, Cd exposure increased the activities of catalase (CAT) and glutathione reductase (GR) but decreased the activities of dehydroascorbate acid reductase (DHAR) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) in both leaves and roots. These results suggest that the altered activities of antioxidant enzymes particularly involved in the
removal and the subsequent
accumulation could induce the Cd-induced phytotoxicity.
Comparison of Mass and Nutrient Dynamics of Coarse Woody Debris between Quercus serrata and Q. variabilis Stands in Yangpyeong
Kim, RaeHyun ; Son, Yowhan ; Hwang, Jaehong ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 27, issue 2, 2004, Pages 115~120
DOI : 10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.2.115
Coarse woody debris (CWD,
5 cm in maximum diameter) is an important functional component, especially to nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. To compare mass and nutrient dynamics of CWD in natural oak forests, a two-year study was conducted at Quercus serrata and Q. variabilis stands in Yangpyeong, Kyonggi Province. Total CWD (snag, stump, log and large branch) and annual decomposition mass (Mg/ha) were 1.9 and 0.4 for the Q. serrata stand and 7.5 and 0.5 for the Q. variabilis stand, respectively. Snags covered 72% of total CWD mass for the Q. variabilis stand and 42% for the Q. serrata stand. Most of CWD was classified into decay class 1 for both stands. CWD N and P concentrations for the Q. variabilis stand significantly increased along decay class and sampling time, except for P concentration in 2002. There were no differences in CWD N concentration for the Q. serrata stand along decay class and sampling time. However, CWD P concentration decreased along sampling time. CWD N and P contents (kg/ha) ranged from 3.5∼4.7 and 0.8∼1.3 for the Q. serrata stand to 22.8∼23.6 and 3.7∼4.7 for the Q. variabilis stand. Nitrogen and P inputs (kg/ha/yr) into mineral soil through the CWD decomposition were 0.7 and 0.3 for the Q. serrata stand and 1.6 and 0.3 for the Q. variabilis stand, respectively. The number of CWD and decay rate were main factors influencing the difference in CWD mass and nutrient dynamics between both stands.