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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Aug 1982
Volume 5, Issue 2_3 - Apr 1982
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Physiological and Ecological Studies of the Vegetation on Ore Deposits
Chang, Nam Kee ; Chang Soo Mok ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 5, issue 4, 1982, Pages 137~142
From 1975 to 1981, the survey was carried out to find out radioecological effects of uranium ore deposits on natural vegetation in Koisan, Korea. The symptoms of spotty and mosaic chlorosis, and necrosis were observed in flowering plants in the areas of uranium ore deposits at Deok-Peung-Ri A, B, and C in Koisan. Although 13 species were found to be chlorosis and necrosis, foliages observed are small and very rare. The features of these symptoms closely resemble those occured by the effects of heavy meetals. The amount of transparent radiation throughout the depth of soils from uranium radiation sources decreases exponentially. The mean contents in leaves of spotty and mosaik chlorotic plants, and soils were 1.36~1.53 and 5.3~7.4 ppm, respectively.
Studies on the Distributiion of Vascular Plants in the Islands around the Korean Peninsula
Paik, Kwang Soo ; Yang-Jai Yim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 5, issue 4, 1982, Pages 143~153
Distributional pattern of vascular plant species in terms of species-area relationship and distances from their species pool on the 53 islands selected in the South Korea were studied. From the relationship between vascular plant species and area the equation of species-area was established as the follow: S=cA2 c=135.52 z=0.226 S; number of species A; area of island In the equation the Z value 0.226 is lower than those of any other localities reported in the world. Z value increased with the increasing distance from the species pool while C value decreased. The relationships of Z and/or C and distance from species pool, D, were established; Z=0.002D+0.176 C=-39.5logD+178.5 The tendency of common species decrease of them with the increasing islands was fifted to the Fisher's logarithm series. Common species 50% above was 39 species, including the most common species, Pinus thunbergii. Quotient of Similarity value by Sorensen (1948) on common species was relatively low i.e. 0.27∼0.47. It is noticeable for their vegetation conditions that the naturalized plant as a indicator of disturbance, for example Erigeron canadensis, was widely distributed.
Ecological Study on the Flora in Poong Island
Lee, Il Koo ; Ho Jin Youn ; Young Hee Lee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 5, issue 4, 1982, Pages 154~163
An ecological survey on the vegetation of Poong Island was conducted for 2 days from August 19 through 20, 1981 and the results obtained are summarized as follows: Flora of this island consist of 65 families, 157 genera, 167 species, 27 varieties and 3 forma of which herbs are classified into 38 families, 98 genera, 98 species, 20 varieties, 2 forma and trees into 33 families, 61 genera, 69 species, 7 varieties and 1 forma. Evergreen broad-leaved trees are scanty in distribution and only Eionymus japonia thunb. and Euonymus forannei var. radicans (Sieb. et Miq) Rehder are observed. The dominant species of this island is Pinus densiflora. Due to the low density of population (149.8) and low pure farming rate of this island, the destruction of nature is rarely to be noticed and therefore natural vegetation may be considered to have been well preserved.
An Ecological Study on the Flora of Bijin Island
Kim, Chang Ho ; Kwang Seung Lee ; Kyu Ha Park ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 5, issue 4, 1982, Pages 164~175
This paper contains the results obtained by the ecological investigation in Bijin island. The investigation was conducted during 3 dyas from Aug. 3 to Aug. 5, 1981. The results are followings. The tracheophyta of this island was recoreded as 64 families, 128 genera, 142 species, 21 varieties and 2 forma. Twenty eight species of ever-green broad-leaved trees comprising Gardenia jasminoides for. grandiflora, Castanopsis cuspidata var. thunbergii, Camellia japonica, etc. wad distributed in the southern area of the island. And there was the wind-break forest mainly consisting of aged Machilus thunbergii, Celtis sinensis and Zelkova serrata in the northern area. The northern area dominated by the second forest of Pinus thunbergii, where the whole residents lead their lives, shows the high population density and pure farming rate, so the natural degree is low. The other hand, there was the well-preserved forest of broad-leaved trees containing Zelkoba serrata. Acer palmatum and Quercus serrata, etc. in southern area having a steep peak, Seonyudai, and no resident. So, the potential vegetation of this island is assumed as the forest of ever-green broad-leaved trees which belongs to the forest of subtropics.
Studies on the Effect of heavy Metal on the Growth of Various Plants 1. The Effect of Cadmium and Lead
Kim, Byung Woo ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 5, issue 4, 1982, Pages 176~186
Uptake and effects of treated Cd and Pb in rose moss and tomato were studied in pot cultures. Three horticulural plants on the roadside were tested to determine the contents of heavy metals in plant parts. Yields of rose moss were increased by the increase Pb concentrations in soil. Yields of rose moss by Cd treatment were decreased in 1, 000 ppm group, but increased in 500 ppm group. Portulaca grandiflora Hook. proved to be tolerent of Pb and Cd added in soil. Yields of tomato were decreased by an incrase of Pb concentration in soil, and tomato proved to be weak for Pb added in soil. Pb contents in root, stem, leaf, and flower and seed of rose moss were increased by an in crease of Pb concentration in soil Pb content in root was the highest among them. Pb content was the highest in root of tomato, but the lowest in the stem. Among the heavy metal contents metal contents of three horticultural plants collected by roadside, it was the Chrysanthemum which had the highest contents of heavy metal among them. The heavy metal contents in stem were less than in the other plnat parts in all three plants. The number of flowers in rose moss was decreased by an increase of Pb, and Cd concentration in soil, but in tomato it was increased by an increase of Pb concentration in soil. Amount of rose moss seeds which were collected after cultivation was decreased by Pb, and Cd treatment in soil.
A Taxonomical and Ecological Study on the Flora of Chuja Island
Lim, Joung Whan ; Ho Joon Lee ; Chang Ho Kim ; Seon Ho Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 5, issue 4, 1982, Pages 187~203
The results obtained from te field investigations of Chuja Island conducted for 5 days from July 18 to 22, 1980 and from August 12 to 16, 1981 are summarized as follows: Vascular plants of this island disclosed by the present study consisted of 86 families, 210 genera, 228 species, 38 varieties and 4 래금. Nineteen species of evergreen broad-leaved trees were discovered, including Litsea japonica Juss, Camellia japonica L. and Machilus thunbergii Sieb. et Zucc. These indeciduous latifoliate trees were preserved in poor condition. Ten-twenty years old Pinus thunbergii was confirmed to be the predominant species. Seaside plants encountered were 6 species, including Vitex rotundifolia L. Fil. and Asterspathullfoius Max., but they were poorly distributed. Naturalized plants comprised a total of 12 species. This varied number of species is considered attributable to the frequent access of men owing to convenient marine traffic. the destruction of vegetation of this island may be attributed to human interference (loggin for boat construction, building and charcoal materials) ever escalated by high population density. It is worthy of noting that Bochmeria penosa Nakai et Stake which forms a large community in this island can be used as textile resources.
Ecological Studies on the Montane Grassland of Mt. Soback in Korea
Kim, Joon Ho ; Hyeong Tae Mun ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 5, issue 4, 1982, Pages 204~210
Comparative study of the biomass productioin and the cyclings of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium was carried out on the east and the northwest facing slope in the montane grassland of Mt. Soback. The maximum productin during the growing season in the east and the northwest slope were 1, 150g/m2.yr, and 755g/m2.yr. in the August, respectively. The positive correlation was appearent between biomass production and A-layer depth of the soil and the correlation coefficient (r=.964) was very significant at 1% level. In the above ground materials, the nutrients contents were high at the early of the growing season but decreased gradually. In roots, however, there are no significant trend throughout the growing season. Total amounts of minerals uptaken by plants during the growing season in the east and the northwest site were 18.20 and 10.66g/m2.yr for N, 0.06 and 0.03g/m2.yr for P, 0.23 and 0.11g/m2.yr for K, respectively. the minerals returned to the soil by litter decomposition and roots decay in the east and the northwest site were 16.19 and 9.62g/m2.yr for N, 0.046 and 0.021g/m2.yr for P, 0.211 and 0.099g/m2.yr for K, respectively. The turnover the rate (absorbed/returned) of the nutrients in the east and the northwest site were 1.13 and 1.14 for N, 1.30 and 1.43 for P, 1.09 and 1.11 for K, and the absorption rates of minerals were 0.39 and 0.29% for N, 3.16 and 1.88% for P, 0.91 and 0.57% for K, respectively.
Taxonomical and Ecological Study on the Flora of Island Soan
Yoon, Hae Soon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 5, issue 4, 1982, Pages 211~221
Tracheophyta produced in this island consisted of 77 families, 180 genera, 214 species, 28 varieties and 1 forma, lauriligonosa of which comprised species and varieties. As in the case of neightboring Nowhado, Bogildo and Choungsando islands, this island was also a supply source of fuel woods consumed mainly in Mokpo and Wando cities during the period of Japanese rule and for about a decade after the liberation of Korea in 1945. Consequently it was once almost deforested, but its restorative proces has successfully taken place for about 25 years and now Pinus thunbergii is distributed dominantly all over the mountains and plains of the island. The forest of the Seonangdang (shrine of a tutelary diety) at Bijari and the windbreak forests at Minari, Maengseonri and Soan High School compound were formed with the old trees of laurilignosa, such as Machilus thunbergii, Machilus japonica, Castanopsis cuspidata and Camellia japonica. These shelter belts were relatively well preserved.