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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1985
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1985
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1985
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1985
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Model of Light Interception and Absorption in Plant Canopies
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Kyung-Oh Kwon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 2, 1985, Pages 61~68
The modeling of interception and absorption of light was studied in plant canopies at Mt. Kwanak. Followering results were obtained. Light intensity passing through the stacked leaves is attenuated exponentially. This phenomenon seems to be more clearly applied to the plant canopies, if they have large cumulative leaf area and are matured densely. Light interception and absorption are influenced by leaf thickness, shape pigments, and leaf area, and they have great effect on the maturation of canopies. It was confirmed that the light penetrating through the stratified canopies is decreased exponentially in dual pattern. The cumulative leaf area of a definite space in a certain plant canopy is the same as the growth of leaf area of the canopy at that time. A hypothetical model for calculating the light absorption in plant canopies, was established on the bases of phenomena that incident light is captured at the maximum level and light inerception effect is minimized by leaves.
The Effects of Some Environmental Factors on the Seed Germination of Albizzia julibrissin Durazz.
Lee, Ho Joon ; Seon Ho Kim ; Hae Won Kang ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 2, 1985, Pages 69~73
Germination respone to sulfuric acid treatment, temperature, light and underwater condition were experimented for Albizzia julibrissin Durazz. seed. It took 60 minutes to break the dormancy of impermeable seed for the effective sulfuric acid treatment, and temperature sensitivity was decreased by 90 minutes' treatment. The germination rate of the seed was highest, i.e. 96% at 60 minutes acid treatment in a 21。C growth chamber. On the occasion of light sensitivity, the seed was light indifferent. The imbibition rate of seed was higher at 27。C than 21。C and in proportion to the period of acid treatment time. A. julibrissin Durazz. seed were well germinated at underwagter condition.
Study of Mesostigmatid Mites Parastic from House-Mice
Kim, Meung Hai ; Hai Poong Lee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 2, 1985, Pages 75~79
330 House-Mice (Rattus norvegicus; 288, Rattus rattus; 42) were captured in surveyed areas (Downtown Seoul, Yeom-gok dong, and Sung-nam city) from May 1st, 1983 to April 30, 1984. Total 6170 of their Mites were collected from the above-indicated House-Mice. The survey on the number of species, the average individual number, preference of host, infection rate, and monthly abundance of Mites reached the following results. Seven species of Mites in Rattus norvegicus, and 5 species of Mites in Rattus rattus were respectively found. Accordingly whole Mites were found in 4 families, 6 genera, 9 species including unrecorded Hirstionysssus apodemi and Roadfordia ensifera. The most common species among Mites were Laelaps nuttalli (70.6). In aspect of the average individualnumber of Mites by host, 19.9% of Rattus norvegicus is more excessive than 10.2% of Rattus rattus. Eulaelaps stabularis, Androlaelaps glasgowi, Hirstionys년 apodemi were shown in preference of host in Rattus norvegicus, while Laelaps jettmari and Rodfordia ensifera in Rattus rattus. Rattus norvegicus was much infected by Laelaps nuttalli, while Rattus rattus by Laelaps echidninus. The seasonal development of it in Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus was at peak in July and in September. And Ornithonyssu bacoti was at peak in June, while Laelaps echidninus and Laelaps nuttalli in July.
Phytosocioloical Study on the Two Contrasting Aspects with the South and North Slopes in Mt. Kwanak
Kim, Joon Min ; Seok Joon Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 2, 1985, Pages 81~87
The vegetation on the north and south slopes of Kwanak mountain was assessed and recorded during thesummer of 1976. Recordings were made of 5*5m quadrats placed along the transects running parallel to the slopes. On the north slope, most of large trees such as Alnus sibirica, Sorbus alnifolia, Robinia pseudo-acacia and Pinus rigida make the crown and their mean DBH was conspicuously large, while the vegetation of south slope is dominated by dwarf Juniperus utilis, Pinus densiflora, Weigela florida var. glabra which are considered as a resistant species of dry site. The amount of humus, total nitrogen, soil water content and available phosphorous is higher on the north slope than the south one. However, the soil pH is higher on the south slope. It is assumed that the humus content is a main factor to make difference on the type of vegetation between the north and south slope.
A Phytogeographical Study on the Distribution of Bamboos in the Korean Peninsula
Kong, Woo Seok ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 2, 1985, Pages 89~98
Correlations between horizontal distributions of bamboos (Bambusaceae) in the Korean peninsula and environmental factors were studied using taxanomic and geographical literatures, both old and current. The vertical distributions of bamboos on Mt. Chiri were also studied, and environmental factors limiting horizontal and vertical distributions were compared. There are 18 species of bamboos (belonging to 5 genera) distributed in the Korean peninsula. The distributional range of each genus were distinct, although overlapped. Northern limit of bamboos of any species was marked by the line connecting Paikryung Island (124。40'E, 38。00'N), Mt. Changsoo, Mt. Myungji, Mt. Myohyung and Myungchum (129。40'E, 41。10'N). The optimum range of bamboos was concluded to be restricted to several southern province, with annual precipitation over 1,200 mm. The limiting factors on the distribution were inferred to be low temperature and duration of it. Mean daily minimum temperature of January and the number of days with daily mean temperatures below zero during January showed close associations with the distributional range, and an environmental factors favouring the distributrion of bamboos appeared to be vicinity of warm sea current, deep and extended snow acculation and southern exposure. The vertical distribution of bamboos on Mt. Chiri was limited by low temperature, unfavorable topographic and edaphic conditions caused by steep slope. Difference in the vertical limits between SE and NW slopes are caused by the differences in temperature and precipitation between the slopes. Bamboos were more abundant in valleys than on the ridge, apparently because the deeper snow in the valleys protected the plants from low temperature, heavy winter winds and desiccation.
The Relationship between Photosynthetic Active Radiation and Leaf Orientation
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Heui-Baik Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 2, 1985, Pages 99~107
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) affects the growth of plants as well as their photosynthetic rates. A mathematical model for intercepted solar radiation on the tilted leaf with any azimuth angle was established and the leaf orientation in which receives the maximum solar radiation was determined each month, during the growing season, and for an year. PAR was maximized at the leaf elevation of 50。~60。 in the winter, at that of 20。~40。. On the whole the leaves of tilt angle 0。~40。 received much radiation comparing with those of other tilt angles. The theoretical tendencies were compared with the distribution of leaf orientation measused practically. The average leaf elevation of maple tree was 17.0。
12.0。, and that of ginkgo was 29.8。
16.0。. Several results from other literatures support our suggestion that cumulative effevct of the relationships between surface normal vector and a vector pointing in the direction of the radiation determine the leaf orientation.
Early Vegetational Succession of Burned Area in Mt. Ssalibagu
Kim, Jong Hong ; Han Sung Jang ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 2, 1985, Pages 109~117
This report is a part of the investigations of the secondary vegetation successions carried out and the analysis of soil properties in the burned areas of forest. The fires-crown fire and surface fire-were occurred at April, 1978 and February, 1984. The investigations were carrited out from August 10. 1983 to September 25, 1984. The burned areas studied are located in southern slope of Mt. Ssalibagu (above sea-level, 590m), So-myon, Sungju-gun, Chollanam-do, Korea. The results are as follows: The floristic compositions of the burned area at the 5th year after the fires were 85 families, 250 genera, 321 species and 53 varieties. Among them, 85 families, 127 genera, 129 species and 30 varieties were found in the currently burned area. In all the sampling sites (10*10cm), 31 and 57 species were found in the currently burned and in the 5th years after the fires, respectively. Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens, Quercus serrata and Festuca ovina were dominant species in the both areas. Biological spectra in both the burned areas showed
type. Degree of the succession(DS) was 412-884 in the 5th years passed burned area and it was high level. Species diversity index(H) was 0.59~1.13 and evennes index(e) was 0.43~0.79, these indexes between both areas were different considerably. Indexes of similarity between both areas were different, too, but that between
was the highest (CCj=0.5). Probably this phenomenon is due to the great numbers of the pine trees appeared simulataneously. Content of the organic matter, N, P, K and Ca of soil in the burned area at the 5th years after the fires was lower than that of soil in the currently burned area.
Breeding Biology of the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis bengalensis Gmelin
Lee, Bong Choon ; Ki Chung Kwon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 2, 1985, Pages 119~126
One nest of the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis bengalensis Gmelin breeding in the area of Mt. Bangu, Mugye-ri, Jangye-ri, Jangyu-myon, Gimhae-gun, Gyongnam province, was observed for 43 days from July 18 to August 29, 1984. The nest was found at a height of 71cm in a steep mountain side. It was tunnel-shaped, with a size of 53cm(length), 5.5*6.4cm (the diameter of entrance) and 16.1*10.5cm (the diameter of incubation seat). The cluth size was 5 eggs. The eggs were white in color, the average size of 5 eggs being 20mm (length)*17.9mm(width). The incubation period was 18 days, the parent birds stayed in the nest at on average of 494 minutes and the rate of incubation was 82.20%. The incubation time increased gradually. The nesting period of 3 chicks was 25 days, and the average feeding frequency was 5, 50 times per day with the highest frequency of 10 times on the 14th days after hatching. The time and frequency of attendance gradually decreased as their chicks grew up. Total increase length in body was; body length 45.35longrightarrow147.80mm, wing 6.95longrightarrow63.40mm, bill 1.73longrightarrow29.36mm and body weight 2.93longrightarrow41.00gr. The prey for the 3 chicks of the nest was entirely fish. The main food item was the fry of Gobiobotidae. The home range of the nest was 0.43ha. and the territory size was 0.05ha. Their feeding ground were outside of their territory.