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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1985
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1985
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1985
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1985
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The Development of Leaf in Amaranthus retroflexus and Chenopodium album Represented by the Plastochron
Park, Bong-Kyu ; Joung-Hee Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 3, 1985, Pages 127~132
In this study, the competitive development of leaf in Amaranthus and Chenopodium were invesitgated by the complemented plastochron index. The value of PI for Amaranthus was not varied with competional ratios, while for Chenopodium it was varied. Namely in Chenopodium, the plastochron 1 was increased as competitional combinations, the plastochron 2 was decreased. These results indicated Amaranthus had advantage in competition over Chenopodium. It is surmised that these results were exhibited differences in photosynthetic pathway between Amaranthus (C4 plant) and Chenopodium (C3 plant). The linear patterns were clearly demonstrated by the differences in leaf arrangement between Amaranthus (alternate type) and Chenopodium (opposite type). From these resultss, use of plastochron seems to a useful means of evaluating plat response to various environments.
Comparison of Estimation Methods for Primary Net Production at Herbaceous Coastal Marsh Vegetation
Ryu, Beung Tae ; Joon-Ho Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 3, 1985, Pages 133~140
Aboveground net productions of four stands in the coastal salt marsh of Incheon were estimated with three different methods: first method was to measure peak live standing crop; second to measure both live and dead standing crops; thrid to measure live and dead standing crops and dead disappearance as well. Net productions estimated by the first method were lowest with a difference of 28~50% from those by the third method. Whereas estimates by the second method approximated considerably to those by the third method with a difference of 4~15%. The third method figured out the highest values and seemed to be most appropriate in estimating net production of herbaceous community. Form these results it is known that live standing crop, dead standing crop and dead disappearance respectively accounted for about 60, 30, 10% of net production estimated by the third method. Annual net productions estimated by the third method for Suaeda japonica-Salicornia herbacea, Artemisia scoparia-Limonium tetragonum, Calamagrostis epigeios, and Sonchus brachyotus-Setaria viridis stand were 650, 1, 080, 1, 409 and 1, 126 g.
The Colonization of Lemna paucicostata and Spirodela polyrhiza
Park, Bong-Kyu ; In-Hye Oh ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 3, 1985, Pages 141~146
Colonization ability was studied with Lemna paucicostata and Spirodela polyrhiza. Colonization ability of each species was defind as its ability to; (1) tolerate to desiccation, (2) multiplicate and spread in the new habitat, (3) inhibit the other species competitively. Lemna paucicostata was inferior to Spirodela polyrhiza in ability (1), but superior to Spirodela polyrhiza in abilities (2) and (3). Whenever lemna paucicostata and Spirodela polyrhiza are colonized recently, only these three abilities can not explain which species is better colonist. Even short unsuitable periods would eliminate a species, with time lag occurring before recolonization. This would result in a discontinuous of the species concerned.
Synecological Study on the Natural Reserve Forest for Academic Research in Gwangneung, Korea
Yim, Yang-Jai ; Kum Soon Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 3, 1985, Pages 147~152
The forest vegetation of natural reserve area (175ha) at north-eastern slope of Solibong (537m), Gwangneung, was studied by plant sociological method and two dimensional ordination technique. In the area dominated by Carpinus laxiflora, from the lower site to peak of Solibong, a zonal distribution of C. laxiflora-Quercus mongolic forest, C. laxiflora-C. cordata forest, C. laxiflora-Q. serrata forest, C. laxiflora forest and C. laxiflora-Rhododendron schlippenbachii forest were recognized by the plant sociological survey. It is seem that the optimal range of Carpinus laxiflora forest occur in mesic-warm site by two dimensiional ordination with thermal condition and soil moisture condition. The optimal range (over 100 in importance value) was the range of 76~89。C.month in warmth index and 18~45% in soil water content.
Energy Flow in a Coastal Salt Marsh Ecosystem
Kim, Joon-Ho ; Beung Tae Ryu ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 3, 1985, Pages 153~161
Energy flow through the trophic levels was studied at a salt marsh ecosystem distinguished into low and high marsh. Gross primary productions of Suaedeto-Salicornietum and Artemisieto-Limonietum at low marsh were 8, 299 and 13, 154kca/
/yr, and those of Calama-grostetum and Sonchuso-Setaetum at high marsh were 17, 899 and 15, 177kca/
/yr, respectively. Efficiencies of solar energy utilization of plants were 1.7 and 2.6% at the former, and were 3.6 and 3.2% at the latter. Of gross productions, net primary productions were 3, 977 and 5, 280kca/m2/yr at low marsh and were 6, 354 and 5, 329kca/
/yr at high marsh, and the remainder, 52~67%, was consumed by respiration of plants. A small amount (0.03~0.04%) of the net primary production was flowed through grazing food chain and most amout was transferred into dead parts. Of dead parts, 40% was accuulated as litter and the rest was decomposed into detritus. In the detritus food chain, a little energy was utilized by detritus feeder, and a major by microorganism. The amounts of energy flowed through grazing and detritus feeders at high marsh were much more than those at low marsh, but tertary production as spider was Vice versa.
A Study on the Production and Decomposition of Litters of Evergreen Broadleaved Forests in Haenam and Koje-Do
Chang, Nam-Kee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 3, 1985, Pages 163~169
The composition rates of litters were studied at Camellia japonica forests in Koje-Do and Haenam, and at Quercus acuta, Quercus acutissima, Cryptomeria japonica, and Chamaecyparis abtusa forests in Haenam. Total amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and sodium in litter samples were measured and the relation between these amounts and decomposition rate was studied. Annual litter production were rarely different at each forest in Haenam. The amount of accumulated organic matter was about 4 times greater at C. japonica forest in Koje-Do than at the C. japonica forest in Haenam. These amounts were 5, 282.1
1, 026.03g/m2 in Koje-Do and 1, 420.7
in haenam. The decomposition rate were rarely differnet at each forest in Haenam, but the rates showed great difference at C. japonica foreests in Koje-Do and Haenam. The rates were 0.093 and 0.313 at C. japonica forests in Koje-Do and in Haenam respectively. The sodium contents were 0.472% and 0.229% on L layer and on Css layer of C. japonica forest in Koje-Do, while they were 0.034% and 0.043% on L layer, and on Css layer of C. jpaonica forest in Haenam. It is sugested that much difference in the salt contents in the forest floor was present from the results of sodium content measured at each site, and that the decomposition rate was affected by the much concentration of salt in Koje-Do.
Ecological Studies on the Bog in Changnyeung Area(1. Vegetation and Environmental Factors)
Ri, Chong Un ; Woen Kim ; Hee Cheon Park ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 3, 1985, Pages 171~176
The structure of natural vegetation and soil condition in bog area of Woopo, Changnyeung, South Korea were observed. The vegetations in the investigated area could be classified into two groups; a typical bog vegetation with dominant species of Eleocharis mamillats, Acorus calamus and Persicaria hostatosagittata and the transitional vegetation of three neighboring areas. Interspecific correlation in the investigated area was very close. In the typical bog vegetatiion regions (region II, III, V, VI, VII, VIII and X) soil pH, field moisture capacity, available P content and exchangeable K were moderate. But, In the transitiional area I, with the highest humus content, field moisture capacity and exchangeable K Salix gracilistyla was dominant. In the region IV with the lowest humus and a ailable P content and with high soil pH Geophyta was a major component species. Also Acorus region IX with the lowest content of exchangeable K Therophyta was dominant and plant species was diverse due to weak water influence. The vegetation structure of the region IX was most different from that of the whole vegetation.