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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1985
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1985
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1985
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1985
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Construction of a Temperature-dependent Simulation Model to Predict Population Growth of the German
Chon, Tae Soo ; Tae Sung Kwon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 4, 1985, Pages 179~196
By using temperatures as a key variable, a simulation model was constructed to predict the size and developmental speed for the German cockroach population. The following three research steps were conducted to implement the individual simulation technique to represent the basic life system of the cockroach. First, informations on developmental periods and survival rates in each life stage were obtained through rearing experiments at five different temperatures. Secondly, biological parameters needed for modeling were obtained based on these rearing results. The logistic equation was applied to calculating the developmental speed, while the averages of survival rates were utilized as parameters determining population size. And thirdly, a basic life model was constratued in a stimulative framework in FORTRAN for predicting the populating development on the individual basis. For this purpose the biological characteristics, such as life stage, age in days, developmental speed, fecundity, etc., were assigned as an inherent attribute of the transactiion so that they could accompany each individual automatically all through the simulation. This gave the model flexibility and applicability in representing the isnect life system. The save memory space in computer programing, two files were utilized in translocating the individual informations each other as time proceeded. The developed model could be effectively used as a strategic tool in interpreting and managing the cockroach population. It was also suggested in this study that the individual simulation could efficiently serve as a basis to formulate a fundamental framework on which the advanced and complex life process could be built.
Crown Competition on the Relation of Crown Width to Diameter at Breast Height of Trees
Park, Bong Kyu ; Ok-Kyung Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 4, 1985, Pages 197~200
The relations of crown width and DBH for Pinus densiflora, Pinus rigida, Pinus koraiensis, and Ginkgo biloba were accomplished to estimate the level of crown competition. Measurements of the relations revealed that crown width and DBH were highly correlated for the same species. Also it seems that these relations are independent of age and site quality. The results of regression analysis were as follow: P. densiflora, Y=0.3477X+0.3828 r=0.95 p. rigida, Y=0.3537X+0.1645 r=0.95 P. koraiensis, Y=0.2895X+0.6310 r=0.92 G. biloba, Y=0.4360X+0.0995 r=0.90 The significant differences between G. biloba and pine species seems due to their structural differences of crown formation according to tree species. As results of computing Maximum Crown Area and Crown Competition Factor as indices of crown competition, they indicated that P. densiflora would grow better under the natural conditions.
Development of the Band-Winged Grasshoppers, Oedaleus infernalis infernalis at the Constant Temperature
Joo, Eun Young ; Sang Ock Park ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 4, 1985, Pages 201~204
The author reared the bandwinged grasshoppers, Oedaleus infernalis infernalis in the growth cabinet controlled as temperature of 25。C and 30。C under the conditiion of photoperiod 16L:8D, light intensity 510
240lux, relative humidity 65
3%. The results are summarized as follows: The female has six instars and male five instars. The larva reared in the temperature of 25。C died at the second larva stage, and the development to the third instar was impossible. The developmental periods of the egg stage of both sexes in the 30。C are 24.06 days. In the larval development periods, the fourth statge (19.73 days) was longer than that of any stage, and the second stage has the shortest period (9.9 days) in female. In male, the developmental period (9.59 days). The total developmental periods of female and male from the egg to the fifth instar were approximately 95.02 and 95.04 days, respectively. The total developmental period of female was as long as the period (15.75 days) of sixth instar which is not in the male. The survivorship curve in the temperature of 30。C shows concave type.
Flood and Adaptation of Insect at the Freshwater Wetland
Park, Hee Cheon ; Woen Kim ; Chong Un Ri ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 4, 1985, Pages 205~214
At the Changnyeung natural bod, the flood in the freshwater wetland and the adaptation of the insect at this area were investigated by the species diversity index and the cluster analysis. Most dominant species was Diplonychus esakii collected at the site of the water edge and its dominance index was 0.797. This area had lower species diversity indices with the value of 0.340 to 1.712 than that of the grassland and water stream. The number of the species in this area was not rich. Some ground beetles inhabited at the flooded or wet area were important species for the pair group between the sites by the cluster analysis. The composition of the insect species at this natural wetland affected by the irregular flood was very simple and specific.
Estimation of Old Climate and the Radial Growth of Trees since 1782 in South Korea
Lee, Myung Soon ; Kwang Soo Paik ; Yang-Jai Yim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 8, issue 4, 1985, Pages 215~223
The fluctuation of old climate was studied by the analysis of radial growth in trees, since 1782. For the effects of environmental factors on the radial growth, the authors proposed the relative radial growth(Rg) concept modified the emperical equation of Fritts (1969) as follow: Yt=aebt Yt: theoretical annual ring width time t a and b: constants in different tree species Rg=Yt/Yt Rg: ratio of real radial growth to theoretical growth with age Yt: real annual radial growth Used the Rg value, the relationship between climatic conditions and the radial growth during 70 years was investigated, and the fluctuations in climate during the last 200 years with the historical records was detected.