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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 1986
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 1986
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 1986
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A Study on the Production and Decomposition of Litters along Altitude of Mt. Dokyoo
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Mi-Ae Chung ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 9, issue 4, 1986, Pages 185~192
The production and decomposition rate of litters from the three different locations, Quercus acutissium forest at 630 m, Q. mongolica forests at 1, 005m and 1, 490 m of Mt. Dokyoo, were estimated by Olson model. The contents of N, P, K, Ca and Na in soils were measured and the relationships among them were elucidated. The amounts of litter production in Q. mangolica were the lowest, 378.96g/
at 1, 490 m and the highest, 876.12g/
at 1, 005 m. And the amounts of litter production in Q. acutissima at 630 m was 686.16 g/
. The decay rate of litters in Q. mongolica was the smallest, 0.123 at 1, 490 m, and the largest, 0.222 at 1, 005 m. And that in Q. acutissima was 0.169 at 630 m which was the medium rate. The production and decay rate of litters decreased with the ascending altitude. The values at 630 m were maller than those at 1, 005 m. This might be due to the fact that the tree species at 630 m was Q. acutissima was 0.169 at 630 m which was the medium rate. The production and decay rate of litters decreased with the ascending altitude. The values at 630 m was Q. acutissima which was different from Q. mongolica at 1, 005 m and 1, 490 m. The half-0life of litter decay in Q. monglica was 5, 634 years at 1, 490 m and 3.134 years at 1, 005 m. And that in Q. acutissima was 4.132 years at 630 m. The decay rates of litters were tend to be inversely proportional to the ascending altitude. The annual standing stocks of mineral and their amounts returned to the soil were proportional to the decay rate of organic matters.
Antitoxic Effect of Korean Red Ginseng Extract on Serum Protein of Mouse Treated with Methyl Mercury
Chung, Hee-Won ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 9, issue 4, 1986, Pages 193~200
In order to investigate the antiotoxic effect of red ginseng extract on serum protein of mouse treated with methyl mercury playing a role as toxic contaminant in ecosystem, variations of the serum protein contents, electrophoretic patterns, and blood components were studied. Mice were divided into 3 groups: Control, group I treated only with methyl mercury, and group II treated together with methyl mercury and red ginseng extract. The total serum protein content of the control group was 5.8g/dl and those of groups I and II were slightly decreased as compared with the control. The control group showed 11 serum protein fractions and groups I and II showed 10 fractions except prealbumin. The amounts of albumin,
globulin fractions were decreased and those
-globulin fractions were increased in groups I and II. The amount of each serum protein fraction in group II showed approximately the same level as the control. The hematocrit value and the number of white blood cells of groups I and II were increased, whereas the number of red blood cells showed the decrease as compared with the control.
Water Status of Several Evergreen Plants during Overwintering
Kim, Joon-Ho ; Chang-Seok Lee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 9, issue 4, 1986, Pages 201~208
The water status of the leaves of several evergreen plants was investigated in order to discuss the geopgraphical distribution of them. Relastionship between relative water content and water potential of the leaves showed linear decrease for evergreen conifers but exponential decrease for Korean box tree (Buxus microphylla var. koreana). On the basis of the leaf water potential, the water status of the conifers during wintering was distinctly divided into three periods; hardening, cold resistance and dehardening, but lacking in those periods for the Korean box tree, where the status continously decreased. In the cold resistance the leaf water potentials were -23 bar for both spruce (Picea jezoensis) and yew (Taxus cuspidata). From these results and threshold temperature at beginning of hardening, distribution of the conifers was explained that in order of the red pine, the Korean white pine, the yew and the spruce the distribution could be extended at higher altitudes and in more northward areas, whereas the distribution of the Korean box tree was restricted to the lowland of temperate zone.
Classification of Forest Vegetation of Seonunsan Area, Southweatern Korea
Kim, Jeong-Un ; Yang-Jai Yim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 9, issue 4, 1986, Pages 209~223
The forest stands of Seonusan area, South-western Korea, were classified into three alliances and nine communities by the Z-M school scheme. Of these one alliance and four association were recognized in this study, that is, an alliance, Carpinion laxiflorae and four associations, Casrpinetum tschonoskii, Quercetum variabilis, Carpinetum laxiflorae and Rhododendro mucronulati-Pinetum densiflorae. Hierachy of Seonunsan area forest vegetation by Z-M scheme was as fallows: Pinion densiflorae Suz.-Tok. 1966. 1. Rhododendro mucronlati-Pinetum densiflorae ass.l nov., 2. Pinus thunbergii community. Carpinion laxiflorae all. nov., 1. Quercus serrata-Carpinus tschonoskii community, 2. Quercus aliena-Carpinus tschonoskii community, 3, Carp inetum tschonoskii ass. nov., a. Typical subass., b. Sasa borealis subass. 4. Quercetum variabilis ass. nov., a Sasa borealis subass. b. Typical subass, 5. Carpinetum laxiflorae ass. nov., Zelkovion serratae Miyawaki et al., 1977., 1. Orixo-Zelk ovetum serratae Miyawaki et H. Tohma 1975., a Typical subass., b. Thea sinensis facies, 2. Thea sinensis-Camellia japonica community.
A Gradient Analsis of the Mixed Forest of Seonusan Area in Southwestern Korea
Kim, Jeong-Un ; Yim, Yang-Jai ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 9, issue 4, 1986, Pages 225~230
The environmental gradient analyses and the continum analyses were applied for the ordinationa of forest vegetation in Seonunsan area. In the soil moisture gradient, mesic to xeric, Zelkova serrata, Carpinus tschonoskii, Quercus aliena, Carpinus laxiflora, Quercus serrata, Quercus variabilis and Pinus densiflora type were arranged as a series of sequence along the gradient. In two dimensional analyses of soil moisture and organic matter gradients seven vegetation types mentioned above were also separated one another. Especially Carpinus tschonoskii in mesic-fertile sites adn Pinus densiflora in xeric-sterile were noticeable. The results of continum analyses were corresponded to those of environmental gradient analses for the forest vegetation.
Annual Fluctuations and Vertical Distributions of Cellulase, Xylanase Activities and Soil Microorganisms in Humus Horizon of a Pinus rigida Stand
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Jun Hi Yoo ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 9, issue 4, 1986, Pages 231~241
The annual decomposition of cellulose and hemicellulose by microorganism and distribution of soil microbial flora were investigated in the humus horizon of a Pinus rigida stand in Mt. Kwanak. The cellulase activity was the lowest, 142
g glucose/g/hr from Dec. 1985 to Mar. 1986 and the highest, 760~1, 072
g glucose/g/hr in Jul. and Aug. 1985. The xylanase activity was 47% higher than the cellulase activity and was the lowest, 211~275
g xylose /g/hr from Feb. to Mar. 1986 and the highest as 799~1, 322
g xylose/g/hr from Jun. to Aug. 1986. The vertical distribution of the enzyme activity was decreased with the order of F, H, L, and A1 in both enzymes and the activities were exponentially decreased below L horizon, which suggests that most decomposition be done in F and H horizons with lots of organic matters. The SEM study slowed that the main decomposers of litters were fungi and initial attack into litters was also made by them. The enzyme activities of soil had strong correlations with the temperature and the precipitation. The correlation coefficients were 0.813 and 0.886 in the cellulase, and 0.673 and 0.626 in the xylanase for the temperature and the precipitation, respectively.