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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 41, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Selection of Useful Organic Materials as an Additional Fertilizer for Organic Red-pepper Production and the Application Effect
Choi, Du-Hoi ; Sung, Jwa-Kyung ; Lee, Sang-Min ; Lee, Yong-Hwan ; Kim, Jong-Mun ; Jung, Jung-Ah ; Song, Beom-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 153~157
This study was conducted to select some effective organic materials for supplying mineral nutrients at the later red-pepper growing period under organic farming system, and to evaluate the application effect. Nutritional characteristics of organic materials, nitrogen release pattern during liquefying the selected organic materials, and crop growth were examined. Among 18 organic materials, meals such as soybean, rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed except for gluten had greater nitrogen content. Total nitrogen content liquefied solution of the mixture of organic materials and molasses or yogurt was measured after 7 days of the liquefying, thereafter, the mixture of rapeseed meal and yogurt showed the highest nitrogen, reaching about
. Selected liquid manure, mixture of rapeseed meal and yogurt, was applied 8 times to red-pepper plants with fertigation or foliar application. Total nitrogen of leaves at 150 days after transplanting was the highest (4.4%) in the treatment of foliar application of the selected liquid manure, whereas shoot dry weight and fresh fruit yield were the greatest in the treatment of fertigation.
Establishment of Critical Ranges of Inorganic Nutrition Contents in Leaves of Watermelon(Cucurbita citrullus L.) in Protected Cultivation
Lee, Ju-Young ; Park, Jae-Hong ; Jang, Byoung-Choon ; Lee, Ki-Sang ; Hyun, Byung-Keun ; Hwang, Seon-Woong ; Yoon, Young-Sang ; Song, Beom-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 158~163
This study was carried out to elucidate the relationship between yields and inorganic nutrient contents, and then establish of critical range of inorganic nutrient contents in leaves of watermelon in protected cultivation in Gochang from 2004 to 2006. In considering the yields and nutrient contents of watermelon, the critical ranges of macro-nutrient contents in leaves of watermelon at 20 days after transplanting were in N 5.0~6.6%, P 0.30~0.57%, K 3.5~4.2%, Ca 1.7~3.8% and Mg 0.20~0.42%, respectively. The critical ranges of micronutrient content, such as Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu and B, were not found the regular trend with different growth stages. However, the critical range of micronutrient contents in leaves of watermelon at 20 day after transplanting were in Fe 96~128, Mn 67~201, Zn 40~60, Cu 6~9 및 B
, respectively. Finally, these results might be used at the indicator for critical nutrient contents for diagnosis of nutritional disorder in watermelon in protected cultivation.
Growth Response and Changes of Nitrate and Sucrose Content in Tomato under Salt Stress Condition
Lee, Ju-Young ; Jang, Byoung-Choon ; Lee, Su-Yeon ; Park, Jae-Hong ; Choi, Geun-Hyoung ; Kim, Sam-Cwaun ; Kim, Tae-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 164~169
This experiment was carried out to find the growth response and changes of nitrate and soluble sugar content in tomato leaves with salt stress. Tomato (Solanum lycopericum) seedlings were grown under different electrical conductivity (EC) levels adjusted with
as 1, 2, and
. The growth response and contents of nitrate and soluble sugar in tomato plants were examined at 7 and 14 days after salt treatment. Leaf area and dry weight ratio of shoot to root of tomato plants were decreased as EC level increased. Photosynthetic rate of leaves was reduced under high EC level due to the stomatal closure and the reduction of transpiration rate. The soluble sugar and starch content were lower in the tomato leaves grown under high EC level. Total nitrogen and nitrate contents were decreased in high EC level, whereas the ammonium content was increased. High-salt stress induced the accumulation of salt crystal in mesophyll cells of tomato leaf.
Improvement of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi(AMF) Propagule at the Preplanting Field for Ginseng Cultivation
Sohn, Bo-Kyoon ; Jin, Seo-Young ; Kim, Hong-Lim ; Cho, Ju-Sik ; Lee, Do-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 170~176
This study was carried out to improve density of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) propagule and physiochemical properties of soil by planting crops at the preplanning field for ginseng cultivation. Winter crops, such as barley and rye and summer crops, such as sudangrass and soybean were cultivated in combination to improve AMF propagation and soil aggregation at the fields. Yield of harvested crops by plating with winter or/and summer crops was
of the only rye cultivation,
of sudangrass cultivation in combination with rye growing (rye/sudangrass) and
of soybean cultivation in combination with barley growing (barley/soybean), respectively. Soil aggregation rate was improved by cultivation with barley (45.7%) and with rye/sudangrass (45.1%), respectively. The density of AMF spores in soil was increased slowly by cultivating with winter crops. In summer crops cultivation system, density of AMF spores at sudangrass cultivated field was
dried soil and it was higher than that at soybean cultivated field. External hyphae length (EHL) was
air-dried soil at winter crops cultivated field. However, in summer crops cultivation systems, EHL was
airdried soil at sudangrass cultivated field and was
air-dried soil at soybean cultivated filed, showing these were higher than those in non-cultivated field (control). Glomalin content of soil cultivated with crops was higher than that of control soil. Especially, the highest glomalin content was shown to
air-dried soil in the barley/soybean cultivation systems. These results suggested that the most effective soil management to improve AMF propagule density and soil physical properties by planting crops system was cultivating sudangrass followed by barley at the preplanning fields for ginseng cultivation.
Effect of Sodium in Artificial substrate on the Growth, Gas Exchange and Leaf Water Status of Cucumber (Cucumis sativa L.) and Korea Melon(Cucumis melo L.)
Seo, Young-Jin ; Kim, Jong-Su ; Kim, Chan-Yong ; Park, So-Deuk ; Park, Man ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 177~183
Sodium is known to reduce a plant growth and yields. However, the relationships between physiological response of seedling and salinity stress caused by growing media are not well understood yet. We conducted experiments to investigate change of some parameters including Na, EC, moisture content in media under different air temperature (
), and the response of fruit-vegetables such as cucumber, oriental melon on saline conditions originated from horticultural substrate. Volumetric moisture content of media at
was 70%, but at
was decreased by 45% within 22 hrs, showing below optimal matric potential, approximately. During reaction time, the increase of Na concentration was significantly greater in saline substrate than in control. The decrease rate of Na concentration according to supplying irrigation water was higher in saline substrate than in control.
assimilation rate and transpiration rate of Korea melon grown in low temperature were decreased with a Na/cation ratio in hydroponic solution. Water saturation deficit was also increased significantly at
as compare to
. Saline stress during nursery stage induced a reduction of seedling quality, growth and cucumber yield. The results suggest that the relationship between uncontrolled Na uptake of seedling from saline substrate and meteological condition is responsible for saline stress.
Relationship between Fraction of Cd in Paddy Soils near Closed Mine and Cd in Polished Rice Cultivated on the same Fields
Kim, Won-Il ; Park, Byung-Jun ; Park, Sang-Won ; Kim, Jin-Kyoung ; Kwon, Oh-Kyung ; Jung, Goo-Bok ; Lee, Jong-Keun ; Kim, Jeong-Gyu ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 184~189
To assess the relationship between Cd fraction in paddy soils and Cd in polished rice, soils and rice were analyzed at the 3 Cd contaminated paddy fields near closed mines. Major Cd fractions of A field were organically bound (62.6%) and Fe-Mn oxide bound (25.3%) forms. In case of B field, major Cd fractions of B1 field were carbonate bound (46.3%) and Fe-Mn oxide bound (31.6%) form whereas B2 field were residual (54.3%) and carbonate bound (21.8%) form, respectively. It showed a huge difference of Cd fraction each other. 0.1M HCl extractable Cd in soil was positively correlated with Cd in rice. Specially, the ratios of 0.1M HCl extractable Cd against total Cd content in soils were 13.7%, 2.6%, and 0.45% in A, B1, and B2 fields, respectively. These ratio were largely affected with Cd uptake to rice grain. Also, exchangable, Fe-Mn oxide bound, and carbonate bound form, which are partially bioavailable Cd fraction to the plant, were positively correlated with Cd in rice while organically bound and residual form was not correlated. Multiple regression equation was developed with Rice Cd = -0.02861 + 0.07456 FR 1(exchangeable) + 0.00252 FR 2(carbonate bound) + 0.001075 FR 3(Fe Mn oxide bound) - 0.00095 FR 4(organically bound) - 0.00348 FR 5(residual) (
) considering Cd fraction in soils.
Long-term monitoring of heavy metal contents in paddy soils
Kim, W.I. ; Kim, M.S. ; Roh, K.A. ; Lee, J.S. ; Yun, S.G. ; Park, B.J. ; Jung, G.B. ; Kang, C.S. ; Cho, K.R. ; Ahn, M.S. ; Choi, S.C. ; Kim, H.J. ; Kim, Y.S. ; Nam, Y.K. ; Choi, M.T. ; Moon, Y.H. ; Ahn, B.K. ; Kim, H.K. ; Kim, H.W. ; Seo, Y.J. ; Kim, J.S. ; Choi, Y.J. ; Lee, Y.H. ; Lee, S.C. ; Hwang, J.J. ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 190~198
There is an increasing concern over heavy metal contamination of paddy soils and the subsequent translocation of heavy metals to rice. Objective is to monitor the status and long-term trend of heavy metal contamination in paddy soils, periodically. In 2007 survey, the average concentrations of As(arsenic), Cd(cadmium), Cu(copper), Ni(nickel), Pb(lead), and Zn(zinc) in 2,010 paddy soils nationwide were 0.87, 0.08, 3.33, 1.19, 4.95 and
, respectively. Few sites, which were contaminated by As in 2003 and 2007 survey and by Ni in 1999 and 2007 survey, were over the threshold level for soil contamination designated by the Soil Environmental Conservation Act in Korea. Long-term change was shown that As, Ni, and Zn were gradually increased whereas Cd and Cu were decreased. In the distribution of extractable heavy metal contents, the modes of each heavy metal content were similar with the average contents of each heavy metals. Mean value of heavy metals except copper in paddy soils was higher than median value. It means that the downward distribution of heavy metal content in paddy rice was shown against normal distribution.
Characteristics of Natural Pedo-geochemical Background for Ni, Cu and Zn in Volcanic Soils of Jeju
Lim, Han-Cheol ; Moon, Kyung-Hwan ; Jeon, Seung-Jong ; Chang, Kong-Man ; Hyun, Hae-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 199~205
This study was carried out to find out causes of high Ni content and characteristics of potential increase of Cu and Zn contents in the soils of Jeju area. Soil samples were collected from 4 series of Alfisols, 35 series of Andisols, 9 series of Entisols, 16 series of Inceptisols, and 1 series of Ultisols, respectively. Parent material (gravel) samples were also collected from the same sites where soil samples were taken. Both soil and parent material samples were analyzed for Ni, Cu, and Zn. The average Ni content of all the soil samples was
, which was exceeded warning standard for Ni against the Soil Conservation Act in Korea, whereas that of Cu and Zn contents were lower than the warning standard for Cu and Zn. The difference of Ni, Cu and Zn content was not consistent depending upon soil color. Ni content in the soil samples from Entisols was particularly high, whereas that from the other soil orders was similar to each other. Cu and Zn contents in the soil samples were similar regardless of the difference in soil order. Ni content in Seongsan Formation(SSF), Cinder cone(C) and acicular Feldspar Olivine Basalt(FOB) was high, while that in Feldspar Basalt(FB) and Trachy Andesite lava(TA) was low. Ni content in the non-agricultural land was higher compared with that in the agricultural land, whereas Cu and Zn contents in the non-agricultural land were significantly lower than that of agricultural land. The topsoil/subsoil ratios for Ni content in most of the soil samples were less than 1, while that for total contents of Cu and Zn in many of the soil samples were larger than 1 indicating potential Cu and Zn accumulation in topsoil by artificial reasons.
Characteristics of a Forest Soil on Pine Mushroom Habitat Located in Ponghwa, Kyungbuk and Gansung, Kangwon. 1. Physical and Chemical Properties of O Horizon and Surface Soil
Chung, Doug-Young ; Lee, Kyo-S. ; Lee, Jong-Shin ; Youn, Young-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 206~213
We observed the physical and chemical properties of a soil on pine mushroom picking areas where were located in the most upper and lower parts showing a comparative climatic characteristics in Korea. The slope gradients within the investigation areas which were divided into 100 quadrates of
(left to right) and
(top to bottom) for Ponghwa and Gansung, respectively. The amount of clay and thickness of organic matter were significantly decreased with increasing slope gradient, resulting in decrease of the soil moisture content around a fairly ring-colony of Tricholoma matsutake which was observed under the relatively thicker organic matter layer beyond 3 cm depth. Soil pHswere weak acid and average EC was
in both areas. The cations were in the order of Fe K > Na > Mg > Ca and Fe > K > Na > Ca > Mg for the upper(Gansung) and the lower (Ponghwa) part. And the amount of Fe was approximately
or greater in the pine mushroom picking soil. From this, we could assume that the growth of the pine mushroom was closely related not only with iron but also soil moisture content.
Distribution of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi(AMF) at Ginseng Cultivated Fields in Jeonnam Province
Sohn, Bo-Kyoon ; Jin, Seo-Young ; Lee, Do-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 214~222
This study was carried out to investigate the distribution characteristics, colonization patterns of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) at Ginseng- cultivated fields in Jeonnam province including Gokseong, Yeonggwang, Yeongam and Haenam area. Average density of AMF spores in all of analyzed areas was in the range of
air-dried soil and spore density in the soil was increased gradually up to Ginseng cultivated fields grown for 3 years. However, AMF spore densities in the marginal field soil were
air-dried soil and it was higher than those in Ginseng-cultivated field soils. A
in diameter of AMF spores by size was dominant (74.3%) in Ginseng cultivated fields. AMF colonization association type in Ginseng roots was a Paris-type. Average rates of AMF infection ranged from 40% to 50%, while 64.4% of AMF infection occurred in Yeongam area. External hyphae length (EHL) in the rhizosphere soil of Ginseng cultivated field was in the range of
air-dried soil and the hyphae quantity was gradually increased proportional to increment of Ginseng cultivation years.
Evaluation on the Fate of Cd in Soil and Plant by using Stable Isotope Methodology
Yun, Sun-Gang ; Jung, Gu-Bok ; Kim, Won-Il ; Lee, Jong-Sik ; Kim, Min-Kyeong ; Kim, Jin-Ho ; Shin, Joong-Du ; Lee, Deog-Bae ; Kim, Sam-Cwan ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 223~227
This experiment was conducted to describe the distribution of stable isotope Cd in the mine tailing and uncultivated soils derived from different parent rocks (Igneous rock, Metamorphic rock, and Sedimentary rock) as well as the movement of Cd isotopes from soil to plants, soybean and pepper. The results showed that there was no significant difference in isotopic ratios in soil among the eight kinds of stable isotope of Cd. However the relationship among isotopic ratios of stable isotope of Cd in soils were classified to four types, linear type between
, quadratic type between
, reverse quadratic type between
, and cluster type between
. While the individual stable isotopes of Cd in root were remained except on the plot of pepper without mine tailing application.
played active roles among other stable isotopic Cds in bean and red pepper, and
was ranked the highest abundance ratio. Contrary to crop itself, the abundance ratios of
in bean and read pepper roots were decreased, and the ones of other Cds were relatively increased.
Prediction of Distribution for Five Organic Contaminants in Biopiles by Level I Fugacity Model
Kim, Kye-Hoon ; Kim, Ho-Jin ; Pollard, Simon J.T. ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 41, issue 3, 2008, Pages 228~234
The purpose of this study was to predict environmental distribution of anthracene, benzene, benzo[a]pyrene, 1-methylphenanthrene and phenanthrene in a four phase biopile system - air, water, soil and non aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) phase using level I fugacity model. Soil samples used for this study were collected from three sites in the United Kingdom which were historically contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. The level I fugacities (f) for the five contaminants were markedly different, however, the fugacities of each contaminant in three soil samples did not show significant difference. NAPL and soil were the dominant phases for all five contaminants. Results of this study indicated that difference in percentage of organic carbon strongly influenced the partitioning behavior of the cntaminants. The presence of benzene calls for an urgent need for risk-based management of air and water phase. Whereas insignificant amount of chemicals leached in the water phase for other organic contaminants showing greatly reduced potential of groundwater contamination. Furthermore, this study helped us to confirm the association of risk critical contaminants with the residual saturation in treated soils. They also can be used to emphasize the importance of accounting for the partitioning behavior of both NAPL and soil phases in the process of the risk assessment of the sites contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons