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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 42, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Juvenile Growth Characteristics of Fast Growing Tree Species Treated with Liquid Pig Manure
Kim, Hyun-Chul ; Yeo, Jin-Kie ; Koo, Yeong-Bon ; Park, Jung-Hyun ; Baik, Eul-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 323~329
This study was conducted to analyze growth responses of fast growing tree species(8 clones of hybrid poplars, Salix alba, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Liriodendron tulipifera, Acer okamotoanum, and Quercus palustris), the chemical characteristics of soil and
concentration of groundwater in a plantation applied with liquid pig manure. Concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorous in the soil treated with liquid pig manure were higher than that of the soil treated without liquid pig manure. With the exception of S. alba, DBH(Diameter at Breast Height) growth of all the fast growing tree species treated with liquid pig manure was higher than that of the species treated without liquid pig manure. In liquid pig manure treatment group, P. euramericana 'Eco28' clone showed the best performance in height and DBH growth. Concentration of nitrogen in the leaf with liquid pig manure was higher than that of the leaf treated without liquid pig manure. Based on the
concentration of groundwater analyzed during the experimental period, there was no evidence that groundwater was polluted by the liquid pig manure applied at the plantation.
Taxonomical Classification of Jangho Series
Song, Kwan-Cheol ; Hyun, Byung-Geun ; Sonn, Yeon-Kyu ; Zhang, Yong-Seon ; Park, Chan-Won ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 330~335
This study was conducted to reclassify Jangho series based on the second edition of Soil Taxonomy : A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. Morphological properties of typifying pedon of Jangho series were investigated and physico-chemical properties were analyzed according to Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual. The typifying pedon of Jangho series has very dark grayish brown (10YR 3/2) gravelly silt loam A horizon (0~14 cm), very dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) silty clay BAt horizon (14~31 cm), dark brown (7.5YR 3/4) silty clay Bt1 horizon (31~58 cm), brown (7.5YR 4/4) silty clay Bt2 horizon (58~90 cm), and brown (7.5YR 4/4) clay Bt3 (90~120 cm) horizon. That is developed on river terraces. The typifying pedon has an argillic horizon from a depth of 14 to more than 120 cm and a base saturation (sum of cations) of less than 35% at 125 cm below the upper boundary of the argillic horizon. That can be classified as Ultisol. The typifying pedon has 0.9 % or more organic carbon in the upper 15 cm of the argillic horizon, and can be classified as Humult, which is reported for the first time in Korea. That does not have fragipan, kandic horizon, sombric horizon, plinthite, etc. in the given depths, and keys out as Haplohumult. Also that meets the requirements of Typic Haplohumult. That has 35 % or more clay at the particle-size control section, and has mesic soil temperature regime. Jangho series can be classified as fine, mixed, mesic family of Typic Haplohumults, not as fine silty over clayey, mixed, mesic family of Mollic Hapludalfs.
Neutralization of Acidity and Ionic Composition of Rainwater in Taean
Lee, Jong-Sik ; Kim, Min-Kyeong ; Park, Seong-Jin ; Choi, Chul-Mann ; Jung, Tae-Woo ; Jung, Im-Young ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 336~340
The issue of acid precipitation and related environmental problems in East Asia has been emerging. To evaluate the acidity and chemical characteristics of rainwater in Korea, its chemical properties during cultivation season from April to October were investigated at Taean in 2007. Also, to estimate the contribution of ions on its acidity, ion composition characteristics and neutralization effects by cation ions were determined. The ion balance between cations and anions values showed high correlation. The mean values of pH and EC were 4.9 and
, respectively. The EC of rainwater showed seasonal characteristic, which was
with relatively low rainfall compared with other monitoring periods.
was the main cation followed by
. Among these ions,
covered over 70% of total cations. In the case of anion, the order was
. The mean value of sulfate, which is main anion component in the samples was
. Also, 90% of soluble sulfate in rainwater was
(non-sea salt sulfate). With fractional acidity and theoretical acidity of rainwater samples,
contributed greatly in neutralizing the rain acidity.
Microbial Community Changes in the Soil of Plastic Film House as Affected by Anaerobic Fermentation of Rice Bran or Wheat Bran
Kim, Hong-Lim ; Weon, Hang-Yeon ; Sohn, Bo-Kyun ; Choi, Young-Hah ; Kwack, Young-Bum ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 341~347
Soil microbial community has been changed after the treatment of anaerobic fermentation using wheat bran or rice bran was applied to the soil. In the dilution plate technique, the number of anaerobic bacteria and fungi was higher in rice bran-treated soil than in non and wheat bran-treated soil, but of yeast was higher in wheat bran-treated soil than in non and rice bran-treated soil. Specially, the fungi were not detected in the wheat bran-treated soil. Identified by 16S rDNA sequencing, the number of aerobic bacteria was similar in all treatments, the dominant bacteria was the genus Bacillus. In the phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) technique, both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria change slightly in all treatments for 20 days of fermentation process but, after 20day, increased rapidly in wheat or rice bran-treated soil. In conclusion, the microbial communities structure was dramatically changed after the treatment of wheat or rice bran to soil.
Regional Soil Distribution in Jeju Island by Climatic Factors
Moon, Kyung-Hwan ; Lim, Han-Cheol ; Hyun, Hae-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 348~354
We analyzed relationship soil distribution and climatic factors using temperature, precipitation and evapotranspiration maps in Jeju island. The whole area was divided into 5 groups - mesic high moisture region(group1), thermic high moisture region(group2), thermic balanced moisture region(group3), thermic short moisture region(group4), thermic very short moisture region(group5), by soil temperature and monthly moisture balances. By the sequence from group1 to group5, the occupation ratio of soils was increased in order of andisols, inceptisols, alfisols, ultisols in soil orders, and of black soils, very dark brown soils, dark brown soils in soil colors.
Effect of Soil Salinity and Flooding on Plant Growth and Yield of Rape-Castor Bean Cropping System in the Newly Reclaimed Tidal Land of Western Seaside of Korea
Sohn, Yong-Man ; Jeon, Geon-Yeong ; Song, Jae-Do ; Lee, Jae-Hwang ; Park, Moo-Eon ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 355~363
Double cropping system of oilseed crops introduced rape and castor bean was studied in the newly reclaimed tidal land of Korea. Surface soil EC to reach at 50% of growth reduction to the tallest height of crops was estimated
for castor bean and
for rape by logarithmic function. The castor bean cultivated during rainy summer much more suffered serious growth and yield reduction by flooding damage in the Hwaong and Yeonsangang reclaimed lands having low soil conductivity and finer textured soil than in the Iweon reclaimed land having higher soil conductivity and coarse sandy textured soil. Rape cultivated during dry winter-spring much more suffered serious growth and yield reduction by high soil salinity come from re-salting process. 50% yield reduction was estimated at
of surface soil EC by logarithmic function. Consequentially, it was concluded that oilseed production for energy by double cropping system of rape and castor bean might be possible under good controling soil salinity below
for castor and
for rape in the newly reclaimed land of Korea.
Soil Characteristic of Plow and Compaction Layer in Fluvio-marine Deposit Paddy Soil
Yang, Chang-Hyu ; Kim, Taek-Kyum ; Ryu, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Jae-Duk ; Jung, Kwang-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 364~370
This study was conducted to survey, analyze on the compaction layer and the plow layer at Jeonbug and Jisan series paddy soil, which is the representative soil in fluvio-marine and local alluvium, respectively. The depths of surface soil were 12.6 and 12.7 cm in Jeonbug and Jisan series, respectively. A plowing depth was 10.5 cm. The properties of compaction layer in two soil series were as follows. The hardness were
in Jeonbug and Jisan series, respectively. The thickness were 22.3 cm and 17.8 cm in Jeonbug and Jisan series, respectively. The depth of soil compaction, which means depth from surface, were 15 and 20 cm in Jeonbug and Jisan series, respectively. The relationship between the hardness of compaction layer and the depth of surface soil showed negative correlation, however relationship between the hardness and the thickness of compaction layer showed positive correlation. Soil temperature was lower in compaction layer than in plow layer. This temperature differences between compaction layer and plow layer were from 1.0 to
in Jeonbug series and from 0.7 to 2.1 in Jisan series. The soil physical properties of compaction layer were higher in bulk density and solid phase and lower in porosity and gaseous phase than those of plow layer in all soil series. The soil chemical properties of compaction layer were higher in pH, content of available silicate, exchangeable calcium and magnesium but lower in total nitrogen, content of organic matter and available phosphate than those of plow layer in all soil series. Cation exchangeable capacity and content of exchangeable potassium were similar between compaction layer and plow layer in Jeonbug series, however, in Jisan series these were lower in compaction layer than in plow layer. Elution amount of inorganic nitrogen were lower in compaction layer than in plow layer in all soil series. The content of soluble Fe and Mn were plenty in compaction layer compared with plow layer and these tendency was apparent in Jeonbug series. The water depth decrease were fast until the latter part of June, and were slow as
for July and August, and were fast again from september. Rice roots distributions as each soil series and tillage method were 25 cm at rotary plowing in Jeonbug series, 30 cm at deep plowing in Jeonbug series, and 20 cm at tillage in Jisan series. Dry weight per m2 at heading stage were much in order of deep plowing in Jeonbug series, rotary plowing in Jeonbug series, and tillage in Jisan series.
Effect of Green Manure Crops Incorporation with Rice Cultivation on Soil Fertility Improvement in Paddy Field
Yang, Chang-Hyu ; Ryu, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Taek-Kyum ; Lee, Sang-Bog ; Kim, Jae-Duk ; Baek, Nam-Hyun ; Kim, Sun ; Choi, Weon-Young ; Kim, Si-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 371~378
This study was carried out to investigate the improvement effect of soil fertility by incorporation of GMC(green manure crops) at rice cropping after cultivation GMC such as the barley for alternative rye in paddy field over the past two years(2006~2007). Plots, which consisted of incorporation time of GMC as rye; heading stage, barley; heading stage, heading stage of rye and 10days after heading stage were divided by amount of applied rates; standard fertilizer fertilization, diagnosis fertilization and non-fertilization. we investigated change of soil physico-chemical properties, degree of decomposition on GMC in soil, growth and yield potential. The obtained results were summarized as follows. The fresh weight of GMC at incorporation time on heading stage of rye, heading stage and 10days after heading stage of barley were
respectively. Content of total nitrogen at three incorporation times was 1.31, 1.46, 1.38% and the C/N ratio were 33.4, 28.7, and 34.6, respectively. Some soil physical properties, such as soil hardness and bulk density tended to decrease with incorporation of GMC, while surface soil depth and porosity were increased. Some soil chemical properties, such as content of exchangeable cations and cation exchangeable capasity(CEC) were increased with incorporation of GMC compared with before experiment. Rice yields was increased 3~9% in diagnosis application plots on application of barley compared with control(
) and incorporation of barley caused to improve perfect kernel ratio 73.6~78.7% in appearance characteristics of brown rice compared with cotrol(73.0%). It was found that incorporation with 10days after heading stage of barley was more effective to reduce chemical nitrogen fertilizer and to improve soil fertility.
Establishment of Database and Distribution Maps for Biomass Resources
Kim, Yi-Hyun ; Nam, Jae-Jak ; Hong, S. Young ; Choe, Eun-Young ; Hong, Seung-Gil ; So, Kyu-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 379~384
This study was carried out to understand the national and regional distribution of the biomass resources produced in Korea annually via establishing database (DB) and distribution maps of biomass resources data including as livestock manures, food wastes and agricultural by-product. The information of the annual production of each biomass resources was obtained from Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MIFAFF), Ministry of Environment (MOE) and National Statistical Office (NSO). Based on biomass resources data, we established database architecture table about livestock manures and food wastes. The distribution maps for the total amount of manures produced from each livestock animal were built up in both national and regional scales and used for analysis of the space-based and time-based distribution of the manure resources. Distribution maps for food wastes and agricultural by-product were also produced, respectively. It was shown that the analysis through resource mapping can be used to identify the sources of collectable biomass feasibly determining suitable region for establishment of a biomass-energy production. The biomass distribution maps graphically provide the information regarding biomass resources to policy-makers, farmers, general users and it was expected to be utilized for policy-making of environmental-friendly agriculture and bio-energy.
Taxonomical Classification of Namweon Series, Black Volcanic Ash Soils
Song, Kwan-Cheol ; Hyun, Byung-Geun ; Sonn, Yeon-Kyu ; Lim, Han-Cheol ; Lee, Shin-Chan ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 385~392
This study was conducted to reclassify Namweon series, black volcanic ash soils, in Jeju Island based on the second edition of Soil Taxonomy : A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. Morphological properties of typifying pedon of Namweon series were investigated and physicochemical properties were analyzed according to Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual. The typifying pedon of Namweon series has black (10YR 2/1) silt loam Ap horizon (0~11 cm) and black (10YR 2/1) silt loam BA horizon (11~72 cm). Bw horizon (72~100 cm) is very dark brown (10YR 2/2) silt loam. That occurs on lava plain derived from volcanic ash materials. The typifying pedon contains 5.2~6.4% oxalate extractable (Al + 1/2 Fe), over 85% phosphate retention, and lower bulk density than
. Ap, BA, and Bw horizons of the pedon have andic soil properties. That can be classified as Andisol. The typifying pedon has an udic soil moisture regime and has a 1,500 kPa water retention of 15% or more on air-dried samples throughout all horizons, and can be classified as Udand. Ap and BA horizons (0~72 cm) have a color value, moist, and chroma of 2 or less, melanic index of 1.70 or less, and 6% or more organic carbon. That meets the requirements of melanic epipedon. That keys out as Melanudand. That has more than 6.0% organic carbon and the colors of mollic epipedon throughout a layer 50 cm or more thick within 60 cm of the mineral soil surface.. Thus, that keys out as Pachic Melanudand. The pedon has a fine-earth fraction that has a water content at 1,500 kPa tension of 12% or more on air-dried samples and has less than 35% (by volume) rock fragments. Thus, the substitute for particle-size class is medial. That has a sum of 8 times the Si (percnt by weight extracted by acid oxalate) plus 2 times the Fe (percnt by weight extracted by acid oxalate) of 5 or more, and 2 times the Fe is more than 8 times the Si. Thus, the mineralogy class is ferrihydritic. Namweon series can be classified as medial, ferrihydritic, thermic family of Pachic Melanudands, not as ashy, thermic family of Typic Melanudands.
Taxonomical Classification of Yongdang Series
Song, Kwan-Cheol ; Hyun, Byung-Geun ; Moon, Kyung-Hwan ; Jeon, Seung-Jong ; Lim, Han-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 393~398
This study was conducted to reclassify Yongdang series based on the second edition of Soil Taxonomy : A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. Morphological properties of typifying pedon of Yongdang series were investigated and physico-chemical properties were analyzed according to Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual. The typifying pedon of Yongdang series has dark reddish brown (5YR 2/3) silt loam Ap horizon (0~14 cm), dark brown (7.5YR 2/3) silt loam BA horizon (14~32 cm), dark brown (7.5YR 2/3) clay loam Bt horizon (32~57 cm), dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/6) silty clay loam Btx1 horizon (57~110 cm), and dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/6) silty clay loam Btx2 horizon(more than 110 cm). That occurs on gently sloping lava plain and is derived from baslt materials. The typifying pedon has an argillic horizon from a depth of 32 to more than 110 cm and a fragipan from a depth of 57 to more than 110 cm. That has a base saturation (sum of cations) of 35% or more at 75 cm below the upper boundary of the fragipan. That can be classified as Alfisol, not as Inceptisol. The typifying pedon has udic soil moisture regime, and can be classified as Udalf. That has a fragipan with an upper boundary within 100 cm of the mineral soil surface, and keys out as Fragiudalf. Also that meets the requirements of Typic Fragiudalf. That has 18% to 35% clay at the particle-size control section, and has thermic soil temperature regime. Yongdang series can be classified as fine loamy, mixed, thermic family of Typic Fragiudalfs, not as fine loamy, mixed, thermic family of Aquic Eutrudepts.
Quantitative Elemental Analysis in Soils by using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy(LIBS)
Zhang, Yong-Seon ; Lee, Gye-Jun ; Lee, Jeong-Tae ; Hwang, Seon-Woong ; Jin, Yong-Ik ; Park, Chan-Won ; Moon, Yong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 42, issue 5, 2009, Pages 399~407
Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy(LIBS) is an simple analysis method for directly quantifying many kinds of soil micro-elements on site using a small size of laser without pre-treatment at any property of materials(solid, liquid and gas). The purpose of this study were to find an optimum condition of the LIBS measurement including wavelengths for quantifying soil elements, to relate spectral properties to the concentration of soil elements using LIBS as a simultaneous un-breakdown quantitative analysis technology, which can be applied for the safety assessment of agricultural products and precision agriculture, and to compare the results with a standardized chemical analysis method. Soil samples classified as fine-silty, mixed, thermic Typic Hapludalf(Memphis series) from grassland and uplands in Tennessee, USA were collected, crushed, and prepared for further analysis or LIBS measurement. The samples were measured using LIBS ranged from 200 to 600 nm(0.03 nm interval) with a Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm, with a beam energy of 25 mJ per pulse, a pulse width of 5 ns, and a repetition rate of 10 Hz. The optimum wavelength(
) of LIBS for estimating soil and plant elements were 308.2 nm for Al, 428.3 nm for Ca, 247.8 nm for T-C, 438.3 nm for Fe, 766.5 nm for K, 85.2 nm for Mg, 330.2 nm for Na, 213.6 nm for P, 180.7 nm for S, 288.2 nm for Si, and 351.9 nm for Ti, respectively. Coefficients of determination(
) of calibration curve using standard reference soil samples for each element from LIBS measurement were ranged from 0.863 to 0.977. In comparison with ICP-AES(Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy) measurement, measurement error in terms of relative standard error were calculated. Silicon dioxide(SiO2) concentration estimated from two methods showed good agreement with -3.5% of relative standard error. The relative standard errors for the other elements were high. It implies that the prediction accuracy is low which might be caused by matrix effect such as particle size and constituent of soils. It is necessary to enhance the measurement and prediction accuracy of LIBS by improving pretreatment process, standard reference soil samples, and measurement method for a reliable quantification method.