Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 47, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 47, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 47, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 47, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 47, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 47, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Plant Growth Promoting Activities of Some Rhizosphere Bacteria and their Effect on Brassica rapa Growth
Hussein, Khalid A. ; Jung, Yeong Sang ; Joo, Jin Ho ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 141~146
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.141
The necessity to develop economical and eco-friendly technologies is steadily increasing. Plant growth promoting rhizomicrobial strains PGPR are a group of microorganisms that actively colonize plant roots and increase plant growth and yield. Pot experiments were used to investigate the potential of some rhizobacterial strains to enhance the Brassica rapa growth. Microbial strains were successfully isolated from the rhizosphere of Panax ginseng and characterized based on its morphological and plant growth promotion characters. Surface disinfected seeds of Wisconsin Fast B. rapa were inoculated with the selected PGPR microorganisms. The different pots treatments were inoculated by its corresponding PGPR (
) and incubated in the growth chamber at
and 65% RH, the light period was adjusted to 24 hours (day). NPK chemical fertilizer and trade product (EMRO, USA) of effective microorganisms as well as un-inoculated control were used for comparison. Plants harvested in 40 days were found to have significant increase in leaf chlorophyll units and plant height and also in dry weight of root and shoot in the inoculated seedlings. Root and shoot length and also leaf surface area significantly were increased by bacterial inoculation in sterile soil. The study suggests that Rhodobacter capsulatus and Azotobacter chroococcum are beneficial for B. rapa growth as they enhance growth and induced IAA production and phosphorus solubilization. This study presents some rhizomicrobial strains that significantly promoted growth of Wisconsin Fast Plant B. rapa in pot experiment under different soil conditions.
Red Pepper Productivity and Soil Properties as Affected by Different Intervals of Side-dressing N and K Applications in Plastic Film House
Ahn, Byung-Koo ; Im, Ga-Young ; Kim, Kab-Cheol ; Chon, Hyong-Gwon ; Jeong, Seong-Soo ; Lee, Jin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 147~154
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.147
Consecutive pepper cultivation in plastic film houses may lead to salt accumulation because pepper is considered a heavy nutrient feeder. For this reason, appropriate methods of fertilizer application should be established. Thus, we investigated the effect of different intervals of side-dressing N and K fertilizer applications on soil and red pepper in a plastic film house. All the amounts of recommended compost and phosphorus fertilizer were applied as basal dressing. Cultivars of the pepper plant were Cheon-Ha-Dae-Se (CHDS) and NW-BiGaLim (NW-BGL). Nitrogen and potassium fertilizers were treated as side-dressing at different intervals, 22 times in every 10 days, 15 times in every 15 days, and 11 times in every 20 days. Soil pH decreased with decreasing the intervals of side-dressing applications, whereas electrical conductivity (EC) declined with the increasing fertilizer application intervals. In particular, EC value decreased by up to 75% with CHDS cultivar in the plot of 20 day-interval and with NW-BGL cultivar in the plot of 15 day-interval. The concentrations of available phosphorus in the soils increased with increasing the interval. The concentration of exchangeable
increased but exchangeable
decreased in all the plots, except in the control plot. The concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus in leaves of the pepper plants were lowest in the control plot. Potassium concentrations in the pepper leaves were high in the control plot and in the plots of CHDS with 10 day-interval and NW-BGL with 15 day-interval. Red pepper productivity was high in the plots of 10- and 15 day-intervals for CHDS cultivar and 15- and 20 day-intervals for NW-BGL cultivar. Therefore, the 15 day-interval of side-dressing N and K applications was considered as an appropriate method for cultivating pepper plants and protecting soil in plastic film houses.
Effect of Organic Content on Anaerobic Biodegradability by Agricultural Waste Biomass
Shin, Kook-Sik ; Yoon, Young-Man ; Sonn, Yeon-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 155~164
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.155
Recently interest on production of biogas from biomass resources has increased because of climate change in worldwide. In this study, anaerobic digestion efficiency of 17 different types of agricultural waste was evaluated using biochemical methane production potential estimated from the International biochemical methane potential standard method (Germany VDI4630). As a result, theoretical biochemical methane potential (
) of agricultural waste biomass ranged from 0.266 to
. Ultimate biochemical methane potential (
) of agricultural waste biomass ranged between 0.176 and
. The agricultural waste biomass anaerobic biodegradability with
and VDI4630 determined by VS contents was 36.0~95.9% and 30.8~91.1%, respectively. Ultimate methane potential and anaerobic biodegradability given by the VS term showed more reasonable results.
Assessment of Sustainable Production on Paddy Field Treated with Green Manure Crops Using Sustainability Index
Kim, Kwang Seop ; Kim, Sook-Jin ; Park, Ki Do ; Lee, Choon-Woo ; Ryu, Jin-Hee ; Choi, Jong-Seo ; Jeon, Weon-Tai ; Kang, Hang-Won ; Kim, Min-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 165~171
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.165
Assessment of sustainable production on a cropland can help to determine the most proper management practices. In this study, we evaluated the sustainable production on paddy field treated with green manure crops using sustainability index which based on nutrient index, microbiological index, and crop index related to nutrient-supplying capacity. Especially choosing appropriate indicators from a minimum data set (MDS) were used the principal components analysis (SI-2) as well as expert opinion (SI-1) usually used in sustainability index. Six treatments including the two tillage treatments and two green manure crops were investigated as follows; (i) moldrotary + rotary tillage without green manure crop (Con), with (ii) hairy vetch (Con-HV), and (iii) hairy vetch + green barely (Con-HV+GB), (iv) rotary tillage without green manure crop (Rot), with (ii) hairy vetch (Rot-HV), and (iii) hairy vetch + green barly (Rot-HV+GB). Con-HV and Rot-HV in SI-1 were maintained sustainability while Rot-HV and Rot-HV+GB in SI-2. Especially, treatments (Con and Rot) without green manure crops were more unsustainable than with green manure crops because of the low value of microbiological and crop index than with green manure crops. Meanwhile, sustainability indices and grain yield had the high correlation values (
and 0.928 in SI-1 and SI-2, respectively). These results meant that application of green manure crops such as hairy vetch could improve both yield and soil quality in paddy.
Heavy Metal Uptake by Balloon Flower Together with Investigating Soil Properties and Heavy Metal Concentrations in the Cultivated Soils
Bae, Jun-Sik ; Seo, Byoung-Hwan ; Lee, Sin-Woo ; Kim, Won-Il ; Kim, Kwon-Rae ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 172~178
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.172
Soil properties and heavy metal (HM) concentrations in the field soils where balloon flowers (Platycodon grandiflorum, BF) were cultivated, were investigated together with HM (Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn) accumulation by the BF roots. Basically, in most soils examined (51-97% among 65 samples), the chemical properties including soil pH, organic matter, available-P, and exchangeable cation contents appeared to be lower than the optimal ranges for balloon flower cultivation. There were no samples exceeding the standard limits for HM in soils. Instead, the total HM concentration levels in soils appeared to be maintained at around background levels for general soil in Korea. This implied that elevated HM accumulation in the soils caused by any possible input sources was unlikely. Even though the BF cultivated soils were not contaminated by HM, it was appeared that substantial amount of Cd was accumulated in BF roots with 1.5% and 35% roots samples exceeding the standard limits legislated for BF root (
) and herbal plants (
), respectively. This implied that the soil HM standard limits based on the total concentration does not reflect well the metal accumulation by plants and also it is likely that the Cd standard limits for BF and herbal plants is too restrict.
Weathering Indexes of Typical Pedons Derived from Different Parent Materials of the Soils of Korea
Jung, Yeong-Sang ; Zhang, Yong-Seon ; Joo, Jin-Ho ; Jung, Yeon-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 179~186
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.179
Weathering indexes of the typical pedons derived from different parent materials of the soils of Korea were calculated by Kronberg and Nesbitt (1981) to understand weathering degree of the soils which might give a clue of soil formation and characterizing a soil pedon. The weathering index W1 was chemical change index, and the weathering index W2 was silicate dominant index. The chemical compositions of the 49 typic pedons were extracted from the Taxonomical Classification of Korean Soils (NIAST, 1999). The weathering indexes of Kimhae series, derived from fluvio marine material, were the highest among the analyzed soils. Within parent materials, the weathering indexes of the soils derived from limestones parent materials were high, and those derived from phorphyry materials were low. The relationship between W1 and W2 showed unique pattern which implied certain sequence within the same parent materials.
APEX(Agricultural Policy/Environmental eXtender) Model: An Emerging Tool for Agricultural Environmental Analyses
Kim, Min Kyeong ; Choi, Soon Kun ; Jung, Goo Buk ; Kim, Myung Hyun ; Hong, Seong Chang ; So, Kyu Ho ; Jeong, Jae Hak ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 187~190
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.187
The agricultural policy/Environmental eXtender (APEX) model was developed by the Blackland Research and Extension Center in Temple, Texas. APEX is a flexible and dynamic tool that is capable of simulating a wide array of management practices, cropping systems, and other land uses across a broad range of agricultural landscapes, including whole farms and small watersheds. The model can be configured for novel land management strategies, such as filter strip impacts on pollutant losses from upslope crop fields, vegetated grassed waterways in combination with filter strip impacts, and land application of manure removed from livestock feedlots or waste storage ponds. The APEX model has continually evolved since its inception, and the process of adaptation and modification will likely continue as use of the model expands for an ever-increasing range of environmental problems and conditions. Several improvements to specific model subroutines have already been initiated, while other potential improvements have been identified that will require future research and code modification efforts.
Distribution of Phytoavailable Heavy Metals in the Korean Agricultural Soils Affected by the Abandoned Mining Sites and Soil Properties Influencing on the Phytoavailable Metal Pools
Lim, Ga-Hee ; Kim, Kye-Hoon ; Seo, Byoung-Hwan ; Kim, Kwon-Rae ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 191~198
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.191
Absorption and accumulation of heavy metals in plants were determined by phytoavailable contents rather than total contents of heavy metals. Therefore, phytoavailability-based management protocol should be prepared for safe food crop production in contaminated agricultural lands. This study was conducted to understand the distribution and phytoavailability of heavy metal in the Korean agricultural soils affected by abandoned mining sites along with investigation of soil properties (soil pH, OM, DOC, clay content, Al/Fe/Mn content) influencing on the metal phytoavailability. For this, 142 agricultural soils located nearby 39 abandoned mining sites distributed in five province in Korea, were analyzed. Among the four different heavy metals, cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) appeared to exist in more phytoavailable form than cupper (Cu) and lead (Pb). Soil pH was the main factor governing phytoavailable Cd, Pb, and Zn showing positive relationship with partitioning coefficients of the corresponding metals; Cd (r = 0.66, P < 0.001), Pb (r = 0.70, P < 0.001), and Zn (r = 0.62, P < 0.001). This implied higher phytoavailability of the corresponding metals with higher soil pH. In contrast, phytoavailability of Cu (r = 0.41, p < 0.01) was only negatively related with soil DOC (dissolved organic carbon).
Effect of Soil Salinity on Nitrogen Mineralization of Livestock Manure Compost in Salt-Affected Coastal Soils
Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Shim, Myung-Yong ; Moon, Tae-Il ; Kim, Seung-Hwan ; Shin, Kook-Sik ; Sonn, Yeon-Kyu ; Chung, Doug-Young ; Lee, Sang-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 199~204
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.199
We conducted a short-term incubation experiment in order to understand the effect of the salinity of reclaimed coastal soils on nitrogen mineralization of livestock manure compost (LMC). Two soils with the same soil texture but different EC levels were collected from the same field. These samples were treated with 0%, 1%, 2%, and 3% of LMC by weight basis and incubated at
to observe changes in inorganic N contents, pH, and dehydrogenase activity with respect to time. As a result, regardless of the soil EC level, as the LMC increased, the total content of the inorganic N (
) increased. Difference in the soil EC level did not affect N mineralization of LMC greatly. The soil EC had negligible effect on the dehydrgenase activity as with the case of inorganic nitrogen. The
contents remained very low throughout the experimental period starting from the first week of incubation. We believe this is due to the high pH level (pH 7.9 and pH 8.3) of the original soils leading to ammonia volatilization. On the other hand the
content maintained high level as the LMC treatment level increased and reached maximum at the third week. The pH of the soil during incubation period decreased as the
contents increased and increased slightly after three weeks. The rise of pH level is believed to be from the
absorption for immobilization by microbes. In conclusion, the high soil
conducted in this experiment did not affect the growth in terms of soil microbes involved in N mineralization of LMC.
Chronological Changes of Soil Organic Carbon from 2003 to 2010 in Korea
Kim, Yoo Hak ; Kang, Seong Soo ; Kong, Myung Suk ; Kim, Myung Sook ; Sonn, Yeon Kyu ; Chae, Mi Jin ; Lee, Chang Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 205~212
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.205
Chronological changes of soil organic carbon (SOC) must be prepared by IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories. IPCC suggested default reference SOC stocks for mineral soils and relative stock factors for different management activities where country own factors were not prepared. 3.4 million data were downloaded from agricultural soil information system and analyzed to get chronological changes of SOC for some counties and for land use in Korea. SOC content of orchard soil was higher than the other soils but chronological SOC changes of all land use had no tendency in differences with high standard deviation. SOC contents of counties depended on their own management activities and chronological SOC changes of districts also had no tendency in differences. Thus, Korea should survey the official records and relative stock factors on management activities such as land use, tillage and input of organic matter to calculate SOC stocks correctly. Otherwise, Korea should establish a model for predicting SOC by analyzing selected representative fields and by calculating SOC differences from comparing management activities of lands with those of representative fields.
ACC Deaminase Producing Arsenic Tolerant Bacterial Effect on Mitigation of Stress Ethylene Emission in Maize Grown in an Arsenic Polluted Soil
Shagol, Charlotte C. ; Subramanian, Parthiban ; Krishnamoorthy, Ramasamy ; Kim, Kiyoon ; Lee, Youngwook ; Kwak, Chaemin ; Sundaram, Suppiah ; Shin, Wansik ; Sa, Tongmin ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 213~216
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.213
Arsenic is a known hazardous metalloid not only to the animals but also to plants. With high concentrations, it can impede normal plant growth and cause even death of plants at extremely high levels. A known plant response to stress conditions such as toxic levels of metal (loids) is the production of stress ethylene, causing inhibitory effect on root growth in plants. When the effect of various arsenic concentrations was tested to maize plant, the stress ethylene emission proportionately increased with increasing concentration of As(V). The inoculation of two arsenic tolerant bacteria; Pseudomonas grimonti JS126 and Pseudomonas taiwanensis JS238 having respective high and low 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase activity reduced stress ethylene emission by 59% and 30% in maize grown in arsenic polluted soils. The result suggested the possible use of Pseudomonas grimonti JS126 for phytoremediation of arsenic polluted soils.
Estimation of Nitrogen Uptake and Yield of Tobacco (Nicotiana tobacum L.) by Reflectance Indices of Ground-based Remote Sensors
Kang, Seong Soo ; Kim, Yoo-Hak ; Hong, Soon-Dal ;
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, volume 47, issue 3, 2014, Pages 217~224
DOI : 10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.217
Ground-based remote sensing can be used as one of the non-destructive, fast, and real-time diagnostic tools for predicting yield, biomass, and nitrogen stress during growing season. The objectives of this study were: 1) to assess biomass and nitrogen (N) status of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) plants under N stress using ground-based remote sensors; and 2) to evaluate the feasibility of spectral reflectance indices for estimating an application rate of N and predicting yield of tobacco. Dry weight (DW), N content, and N uptake at the 40th and 50th day after transplanting (DAT) were positively correlated with chlorophyll content and normalized difference vegetation indexes (NDVIs) from all sensors (P<0.01). Especially, Green NDVI (GNDVI) by spectroradiometer and Crop Circle-passive sensors were highly correlated with DW, N content and N uptake. The yield of tobacco was positively correlated with canopy reflectance indices measured at each growth stage (P<0.01). The regression of GNDVI by spectroradiometer on yield showed positively quadratic curve and explained about 90% for the variability of measured yield. The sufficiency index (SI) calculated from data/maximum value of GNDVI at the
DAT ranged from 0.72 to 1.0 and showed the same positively quadratic regression with N application rate explaining 84% for the variability of N rate. These results suggest that use of reflectance indices measured with ground-based remote sensors may assist in determining application rate of fertilizer N at the critical season and estimating yield in mid-season.