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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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TANG [HUMANITAS MEDICINE]
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Association of Humanitas Medicine
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Nov 2014
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Aug 2014
Volume 4, Issue 2 - May 2014
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
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The ethnomedicinal, phytochemical and pharmacological properties of Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff). Boerl.
Othman, Siti Nur Atiqah Md ; Sarker, Satyajit Dey ; Nahar, Lutfun ; Basar, Norazah ;
TANG [HUMANITAS MEDICINE], volume 4, issue 4, 2014, Pages 22.1~22.12
DOI : 10.5667/tang.2014.0018
Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl. is a dense evergreen tree of the family Thymelaeceae. This plant is popular with the name of Mahkota dewa, which is literally translated as God's Crown. All parts of this plant including fruits, seeds, stem, and leaves have well known therapeutic properties and have been extensively used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases such as cancer, diabetes mellitus, allergies, kidney disorders, blood diseases, stroke, and acne with satisfactory results. Scientific findings on bioactivities of P. macrocarpa also demonstrated different pharmacological properties of various parts of this plant including cytotoxic, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antihypertensive activities. Phytochemicals studies of P. macrocarpa revealed the presence of several classes of compounds such as benzophenones, terpenoids, xanthones, lignans, acids, and sugars. This review aims to provide a critical overview on botanical description, traditional usage, phytochemicals, and pharmacological activities of P. macrocarpa.
Traditional topical herbal therapies in psoriasis
Keseroglu, Havva Ozge ; Gonul, Muzeyyen ;
TANG [HUMANITAS MEDICINE], volume 4, issue 4, 2014, Pages 23.1~23.8
DOI : 10.5667/tang.2014.0027
Psoriasis is a common, chronic, recurrent, immune-mediated inflammatory disorder of skin. Although conventional topical and systemic therapies yield remission for a while, they carry a risk of many side effects that limit the long term use of these agents and the disease recurs generally in a short period of time after cessation of therapy. An increasing number of psoriatic patients are using herbal products as a treatment to control their disease with less side effects. Clinicians should be aware of plants used in psoriasis and side effects related with them. The aim of this article is to review the different herbs used in psoriasis treatment.
Sick or sickness? The importance of person centred healthcare and medicine paradigm
Tassinari, Mariateresa ; Roberti di Sarsina, Paolo ;
TANG [HUMANITAS MEDICINE], volume 4, issue 4, 2014, Pages 24.1~24.4
DOI : 10.5667/tang.2013.0032
When you act for a good or just when you make a choice, you should ask yourself if the result of your action coincides with the principle that has generated it. Health and respect for our own individuality are two essential goods for the human being and also values that medicine itself should guard carefully remembering that its goal is to take care for a person and not only to cure a sick body. The means to achieve all this can only be a person-centered medicine which has the honor and the burden of considering the person (in the Kantian sense) and his health as an end, not a means. The current mainstream concept of health defined in 1948 by the World Health Organization as a state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity remind us that medical reasoning, based on the pathogenesis operator, is no longer sufficient in dealing with requests from the citizens: is now the right time to shift the focus from sickness to health giving emphasis to the salutogenic medicine approach.
Complementary and alternative medicine for neck pain: Focus on manipulative therapies-chiropractic and osteopathic techniques
Plastaras, Christopher Thomas ; Schran, Seth ; Constantino, Joseph ;
TANG [HUMANITAS MEDICINE], volume 4, issue 4, 2014, Pages 25.1~25.4
DOI : 10.5667/tang.2014.0021
Neck pain is an extremely common symptom with a variety of potential etiologies. A significant number of patients are turning to complementary and alternative medicine therapies. In particular, chiropractic and osteopathic manipulation techniques are discussed. "Low quality evidence", as per the GRADE system criteria used by the Cochrane Review, supports the beneficial effects of these treatments Complications are generally benign and self-limited although occasional catastrophic consequences have been documented. Medical practitioners should familiarize themselves and their patients with the risks and benefits of complementary and alternative medicine in order to make informed decisions.
Augmentation of antioxidant system: Contribution to antimalarial activity of Clerodendrum violaceum leaf extract
Balogun, Elizabeth Abidemi ; Zailani, Ahmed Hauwa ; Adebayo, Joseph Oluwatope ;
TANG [HUMANITAS MEDICINE], volume 4, issue 4, 2014, Pages 26.1~26.9
DOI : 10.5667/tang.2014.0010
Reactive oxygen species are known to mediate various pathological conditions associated with malaria. In this study, the antioxidant potential of Clerodendrum violaceum leaf extracts, an indigenous antimalarial remedy, was evaluated. Total phenol, flavonoid, selenium, vitamins C and E contents of Clerodendrum violaceum leaf extracts were determined. The free radical scavenging activities of the extracts against DPPH, superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide coupled with their reducing power were also evaluated in vitro. Moreover, responses of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GR) in a rodent malaria model to a 4-day administration of Clerodendrum violaceum leaf extracts were also evaluated. The methanolic extract was found to contain the highest amounts of antioxidant compounds/element and also demonstrated the highest free radical scavenging activity in vitro. The results showed a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in SOD and CAT activities with a concurrent significant (p < 0.05) increase in GPx and GR activities in both erythrocytes and liver of untreated Plasmodium berghei NK65-infected animals compared to the uninfected animals. The extracts were able to significantly increase (p < 0.05) SOD and CAT activities and significantly reduce (p < 0.05) GPx and GR activities in both the liver and erythrocytes compared to those observed in the untreated infected animals. The results suggest the augmentation of the antioxidant system as one of the possible mechanisms by which Clerodendrum violaceum extract ameliorates secondary effects of malaria infection, alongside its antiplasmodial effect in subjects.
Potential mechanism of anti-diabetic activity of Picrorhiza kurroa
Husain, Gulam Mohammed ; Rai, Richa ; Rai, Geeta ; Singh, Harikesh Bahadur ; Thakur, Ajit Kumar ; Kumar, Vikas ;
TANG [HUMANITAS MEDICINE], volume 4, issue 4, 2014, Pages 27.1~27.5
DOI : 10.5667/tang.2014.0013
Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. (Scrophulariaceae) is a traditional Ayurvedic herb known as Kutki. It is used as a remedy for diabetes by tribes of North Eastern Himalayan region of India. Present study was conducted to explore the mechanism of antidiabetic activity of standardized aqueous extract of Picrorhiza kurroa (PkE). PkE (100 and 200 mg/kg/day) was orally administered to streptozotocin induced diabetic rats, for 14 consecutive days. Plasma insulin levels were measured and pancreas of rat was subjected to histopathological investigations. Glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT-4) protein content in the total membrane fractions of soleus muscle was estimated by Western blot analysis. Plasma insulin level was significantly increased along with concomitant increase in GLUT-4 content of total membrane fractions of soleus muscle of diabetic rats treated with extract. There was evidence of regeneration of
-cells of pancreatic islets of PkE treated group in histopathological examinations. PkE increased the insulin-mediated translocation of GLUT-4 from cytosol to plasma membrane or increased GLUT-4 expression, which in turn facilitated glucose uptake by skeletal muscles in diabetic rats.
Alkaloids of Linderae Radix suppressed the lipopolysaccharide-induced expression of cytokines in cultured macrophage RAW 264.7 cells
Chou, David Jiyao ; Lam, Kelly Yinching ; Chen, Jianping ; Yao, Ping ; Dong, Tina Tingxia ; Xiong, Aizhen ; Chou, Guixin ; Wang, Zhengtao ; Tsim, Karl Wah-Keung ;
TANG [HUMANITAS MEDICINE], volume 4, issue 4, 2014, Pages 28.1~28.27
DOI : 10.5667/tang.2014.0019
Linderae Radix, the dry roots of Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm, has long been used as traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of inflammatory diseases. The total alkaloids are believed to be the active components responsible for anti-inflammation of Linderae Radix. Here, the total alkaloids of Linderae Radix were extracted and isolated, including 12 isoquinoline alkaloids and 1 furan sesquiterpene. Within the alkaloids, norisoboldine, boldine, linderaline, isoboldine, reticuline, N-methyllaurotetanine, norjuziphine were found to be the major ingredients. In lipopolysaccharide-treated macrophage RAW 264.7 cells, application of Linderae Radix extract, or total alkaloids, suppressed the transcription of proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin-
and interleukin-6. Out of the 12 alkaloids, norisoboldine, boldine, and isoboldine were tested in lipopolysaccharide-treated macrophages, and norisoboldine was the strongest alkaloid in suppressing the cytokine expressions. The current studies suggested that the identification of alkaloids from Linderae Radix could provide a plausible explanation for herbal therapeutic functions.