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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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Journal DOI :
Land and Housing Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Oct 2013
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Jul 2013
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
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Housing and Welfare in Western Europe: Transformations and Challenges for the Social Rented Sector
Ronald, Richard ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.001
In the post-war period, the mass provision of social rental housing units represented the primary means for resolving housing welfare issues across much of Western Europe. In contrast to North America, large swathes of state subsidized rental housing where built and let-out at submarket rents, both to needy as well as regular working households. By the 1980s social housing accounted for as many as four in ten homes in some contexts. Since then however, these important welfare sectors have been under attack. On the one hand, privatization policies have continued to undermine the basis of social renting with home ownership and private rental sectors advanced by policy as preferable alternatives. On the other hand, social housing providers have been restructured in order to play a more residual role in the housing market and serve more targeted groups of socially vulnerable people. This paper assesses key differences in the development of West European social housing sectors as well as recent transformations in their status that represent a challenge their sustainability. It also looks to what insights this provides for the South Korean housing context where public housing has proliferated and been increasingly diversified in recent years.
Neoliberalism and Low-income Housing in Japan
Hirayama, Yosuke ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.015
Over the past three decades, neoliberalism has been pervasive and even normative in reorganizing housing systems, encouraging a decline in low-income housing. However, the way in which neoliberal prescriptions have impacted on housing processes has not necessarily been the same but has rather differed according to the indigenous social, economic, political, and institutional contexts of particular countries. In the case of Japan, neoliberalization has effectively combined with a traditionally residualized public housing to affect housing circumstances surrounding low-income people. This article explores transformations in low-income housing in Japan to demonstrate the importance of specific housing contexts in particular societies, in terms of looking at the impact neoliberalism has had on housing processes.
A Comparison of Housing Welfare Policies among Major Asian Countries in the Modern Era
Chiu, Rebecca L.H. ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 23~31
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.023
The regional economic crises in the late 1990s and the global economic crisis in the late 2000s had reduced the differences in housing policies among the major Asian economies. This paper attempts to explain and compare housing welfare policy shifts between subsidizing home owning and subsidized renting from the perspectives of the economic and social roles of housing, the lock-in effect of policy processes, and the welfare provision strategy of the East Asian economies. It argues that the impact of economic crises on housing welfare policy in East Asia depended on the duration and the intensity of the crisis and the length and severity of the subsequent economic depression. Another important factor was the role of housing in the economic and social development, especially whether housing market development was considered as an engine of economic growth or revival, and whether the tools of housing policy caused the economic crisis. The loss of impetus for home ownership drive and the new emphasis on rental subsidy provision are new policy trends. Nonetheless, the economic revival since mid-2009 has caused the re-introduction of home ownership subsidies for quenching the housing affordability problems and enhancing home ownership making use of the strong economic conditions.
Efficiency Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Reduction according to Local Eco-friendly Housing Development Planned Element Using DEA Models
Hong, Ha-Yeon ; Lee, Joo-Hyung ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 33~42
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.033
This study which are recognized that the lack of empirical research about the efficiency of the elements of environmentally friendly housing development planned presented housing design elements and policies to revitalize for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by analyzing the effectiveness of reduction of greenhouse gas output. In addition, it used various models of DEA which are accepted until now effective technique to evaluate the performance of the organization. In conclusion, there are effective 5 regionals which are Seoul, Incheon, Ulsan, South Chungcheong Province, South Gyeongsang Province. other regionals was analyzed to be inefficient. The conclusion from this study are as follows: First, in case of 11 regionals which are analyzed to be inefficient, they have to difference plan elements to make up. So each region should establish strategy to complement vulnerability. Second, not only internal architectural factors but institutional, and external environmental factors also affect the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. And weighted scores also were moderately high. But levels of weighted scores still less than the ratio of Good quality housing. So it can be determined that evaluation of individual architecture still considered important. It need to pay more attention to the operating system and the external environmental factors.
Variation of Determinant Factor for Seoul Metropolitan Area's Housing and Rent Price in Korea
Lee, Kyung-Ae ; Park, Sang-Hak ; Kim, Yong-Soon ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 43~54
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.043
This This paper investigates the variation of the factors to determinate housing price in Seoul metropolitan area after sub-prime financial crisis, in Korea, using a VAR model. The model includes housing price and housing rent (Jeonse) in Seoul metropolitan area from 1999 to 2011, and uses interest rate, real GDP, KOSPI, Producer Price Index and practices to impulse response and variance decomposition analysis to grasp the dynamic relation between a variable of macro economy and and a variable of housing price. Data is classified to 2 groups before and after the 3rd quater of 2008, when sub-prime crisis occurred; one is from the 1st quater of 1999 to the 3rd quater of 2008, and the other is from the 2nd quater of 1999 and the 4th quater of 2011. As a result, comparing before and after sub-prime crisis, housing price is more influenced by its own variation or Jeonse price's variation instead of interest rate and KOSPI. Both before and after sub-prime financial crisis, Jeonse price is also influenced by its own variation and housing price. While after sub-prime financial crisis, influences of Producer Price Index, KOSPI and interest rate were weakened, influence of real GDP is expanded. As housing price and housing rent are more influenced by real economy factors such as GDP, its own variation than before sub-prime financial crisis, the recent trend that the house prices is declined is difficult to be converted, considering domestic economic recession and uncertainty, continued by Europe financial crisis. In the future to activate the housing business, it ia necessary to promote purchasing power rather than relaxation of financial and supply regulation.
Typological Analysis of Sustainable Renovation for Long-term Public Rental Housing
Lee, Ji-Young ; Yoon, Young-Ho ; Lee, Ji-Eun ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 55~63
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.055
The remodeling of long-tern public rental housing (LPRH) have been acknowledged followed by the introduction of th Act of the Life Quality Improvement of the Residents in Long-tern Public Housing. Likewise, the feasible direction of LPRH remodeling should be discussed in order to improve the quality of life of the dwellers and housing facilities. Therefore a purpose of this study is to suggest the remodeling types for increasing their quality of life with regard to sustainability of remodeling. To do so this study employs various cases of public housing remodeling from the UK, France and USA and performed quantitative research that was subject to the residents in 9 LPRH in Seoul and Gyeong-gi. The findings of the analysis demonstrate that comprehensive and sustainable remodeling considering both physical and social environment factors are needed, and that the residents have needs of improvement of deteriorated facilities and negative perception of the public on LPRH. With regard to this, seven types of the LPRH remodeling types are drawn on the combination between physical and social environment factors. Thus it is expected that the types will ultimately be able to increase of the quality of the life of the residents and guarantee sustainable remodeling.
A Study on the Direction of Residential Environment Improvement through the Residents Survey in Long-term Public Rental Housing
Lee, Ji-Eun ; Yoon, Young-Ho ; Kim, Yu-Jeong ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 65~75
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.065
The residential environment of old and deteriorated public rental housing has been improved for preventing house deterioration through the facility improvement projects during the recent three years. The purpose of this study is to check the effect of applied facility improvement projects through a survey to residents on the significance degree of improving the residential environment and the satisfaction degree of current residential environment. Moreover, this study aims to draw out the direction of the residential environment improvement. At first, for this purpose, a survey to the residents of old and deteriorated public rental housing in the country was conducted. In addition, the mean value analysis on the satisfaction degree and significance degree was done, and the factor analysis was conducted for the distinction between types of items. As a result, 29 items of residential public space for residential environment improvement were divided into six factors and 28 items for generation of each units were divided into four factors. The mean value of the satisfaction degree and significance degree was compared. In conclusion, the design direction of environment improvement projects in the future was suggested with the result of the survey.
A Study on the Village Improvement Plan by Typological Analysis of Greenbelt-lifted Villages
Yoon, Jeong-Joong ; Choi, Sang-Hee ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 77~87
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.077
About 1,800 villages have released from Greenbelt since Greenbelt-reform-policy for readjustment of the area was promoted after 1997. Even though the government intended to attract planned development & improvement of these lifted villages through District Unit Plan and designating the lifted area as low-rise and low-density zoning considering the characteristics of the Greenbelt region, there are still many problems to be solved: a lack of funds, insufficient capability for self-improvement and unexecuted SOCs in long-term etc. It seems that these problems are caused by focusing on the lifting areas itself instead of researching deeply the condition and characteristics of the villages and searching proper direction/plans of improvement before lifting Greenbelt In addition, the existing plan of village improvement and management was not considering physical and spacial characteristics of the areas, social and economic situation of residents and relationship between the villages and surrounding cities, though these conditions are different among each villages, and the related regulations are applied uniformly across all the villages and those have been causing many civil appeals and environmental problems. In these respects, this study aims to consider the problems of the lifted villages using the existing researches on them and to make typology by characteristics-data of the villages and to establish improvement strategies of each types. In this study, the villages were classified into 5 types as a result of cluster analysis on 424 villages among all 1,800 through variables of locational potentiality : location, accessibility, size and form of village, condition of regulations etc. According to function of the villages, they were divided into 4 types: urban-type, rural-type, industrial-type and neighborhood-centered-type. This study also drew 4 improvement-strategy-types by combination of locational potentiality and village-function : type of improving life-environment, type of improving production-infra, type of inducing-planned-improvement and type of constructing center-of living-circle. Finally, this study suggested the directions of the each 4 types to desirable improvement and management which could be used to make and complement plans for village improvement.
Classification of Multi-modal Transfer Center Considering the Regional and Functional Characteristics
Kim, Tae-Gyun ; Lee, Sam-Su ; Byun, Wan-Hee ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 89~98
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.089
In recent years, it was recognized that aurban policy paradigm of sustainable urban growth management and transportation policies have been shifted : from the era of automobile-oriented policy to the era of public transport policy. Against this backdrop, the introduction of the multi-modal transfer center is very consequential. Therefore, it is necessary for the introduction of wide-area and local-centric transfer facilities, as well as the center of the country-led national backbone transfer center. This study was applicable at the multi-modal transfer center plans to introduce guidelines to provide transit facilities, considering the regional and functional characteristics to classify the types of multi-modal transfer center. The final types of multi-modal transfer center were classified into six, and by considering the combination of the criteria to be classified. The multi-modal transfer center type classification based on the case analysis of the types of facilities at domestic and abroad. If the data of multi-modal transfer are accumulated continuously, can expect a more reliable type classification.
A Study on the Measures for Applying Standard Development Cost for the Revision of Development Charge System
Lee, Sam-Su ; Jeong, Da-Woon ; Song, Young-Il ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 99~105
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.099
Development Charge System was introduced in 1989 to recapture development gains, however, it has been revised more than 20 times since then. The reason for such frequent revisions was that estimating development cost was too composite and indefinite. Therefore it is required that estimating method of development cost should be simplified in order to minimize conflicts among diverse parties. To support the recent revision of 'Restitution and Development Gains Act', this study verified several alternatives of applying standardized costs per area under specific size of development and suggested policy implications. For analysis data, 9,362 Development Charge and cost data of si gun gu for recent 3 years were used. The results showed that dividing Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) and non-SMA made a significant difference and definite divisions among regional groups. The result of this study could minimize social conflicts as well as contribute in realizing the public concept of land policy by revising Development Charge System.
A Study on the Evaluation and Improvement of Rental Housing Asset Securitization in Korea: Case Study on Korea Land and Housing Corporation
Lee, Jong-Kwon ; Kwon, Chi-Hung ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 107~117
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.107
This study aimed to assess the rental housing ABS in Korea, and to suggest ways of improving the structure of existing rental housing ABS. Thus, the three major assessment for existing public rental housing ABS case can be summarized as follows : First, when viewed in terms of the accounting treatment, rental housing ABS which use the future receivables as underlying asset, can not enjoy off-balance-sheet effect. Second, when viewed from the point of financing costs, the rental housing ABS interest rate being higher than unsecure bond is very unreasonable nevertheless the ABS being off-balanced. Third, when viewed from the liquidity effect, the originator (LH) use the ABS as a means of diversifying funding in a serious liquidity crisis situation. The Improvement of rental housing ABS based on the evaluation results can be summarized into two broad. First, it is a plan to handle the off-balance-sheet effect in a way of changing the accounting treatment of rental payment. Second, it is a plan to reducing the structuring cost and interest rate in ways of multi-asset securitization structure, self-trust structure, and adopting legal CB structure.
Effect of Ionic Molar Conductivity on Separation Characteristics of Heavy Metals by Nanofiltration Membranes in Waste Water
Oh, Jeong-Ik ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 119~124
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.119
Generally, the characteristic of nanofiltration membranes were catagorized into charged membrane, sieve effect, interaction between membarnes and target solutes. This study aims to investigate the effect item of heavy metal separation with view of charge nanofiltration membranes. The experiments of nanofiltration were conducted by nanofiltration set-up with operational pressure of 0.24 MPa at
by using synthetic wastewater containing 0.1mg/L of Cr, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Sn, Pb. Nanofiltration membranes rejected heavy metals much better than chloride, sulfate and TOC, of which concentration in synthetic wastewater was higher than that of heavy metals. To consider rejection characteristics of various metals by nanofiltration membranes, separation coefficient, which is the molar conductivity ratio of the metal permeation rate to the chloride ion or TOC permeation rate, was introduced. In spite of different materials and different nominal salt rejection of nanofiltration membrane used, the separation coefficients of metals were nearly the same. These phenomena were observed in the relationship between the molar conductivity and the separation coefficient for heavy metals.
An Experimental Study on the Relationship between Deformation and Relative Settlement for Weathered-granite
Park, Yong-Boo ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 1, 2013, Pages 125~131
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.1.125
To predict the real bearing capacity and settlement of the shallow foundation the plate load test results were used. But there is no field estimation method about igneous weathered soil and rock. Therefore, to predict the settlement equation, the plate load test about igneous weathered soil and rock was done in this study. To analyze the load ~ relative settlement curve by normalization, it did not use normal analysis method, but the load ~ relative settlement (s/B, s : settlement, B : breadth of plate) was used. As a result of normalization by load ~ relative settlement conception, the curve was regular regardless of plate diameter and it was suggested the relationship of in-situ soil condition and results.