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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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Land and Housing Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Oct 2013
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Jul 2013
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
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Housing Welfare Policies in Scandinavia: A Comparative Perspective on a Transition Era
Jensen, Lotte ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 2, 2013, Pages 133~144
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.2.133
It is commonplace to refer to the Nordic countries of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland as a distinctive and homogenous welfare regime. As far as social housing is concerned, however, the institutional heritage of the respective countries significantly frames the ways in which social housing is understood, regulated and subsidized, and, in turn, how housing regimes respond to the general challenges to the national welfare states. The paper presents a historical institutionalist approach to understanding the diversity of regime responses in the modern era characterized by increasing marketization, welfare criticism and internationalization. The aim is to provide outside readers a theoretically guided empirical insight into Scandinavian social housing policy. The paper first lines up the core of the inbuilt argument of historical institutionalism in housing policy. Secondly, it briefly introduces the distinctive ideal typical features of the five housing regimes, which reveals the first internal distinction between the universal policies of Sweden and Denmark selective policies of Iceland and Finland. The Norwegian case constitutes a transitional model from general to selective during the past quarter of a decade. The third section then concentrates on the differences between Denmark, Sweden and Norway in which social housing is, our was originally, embedded in a universal welfare policy targeting the general level of housing quality for the entire population. Differences stand out, however, between finance, ownership, regulation and governance. The historical institutional argument is, that these differences frame the way in which actors operating on the respective policy arenas can and do respond to challenges. Here, in this section we lose Norway, which de facto has come to operate in a residual manner, due to contemporary effects of the long historical heritage of home ownership. The fourth section then discusses the recent challenges of welfare criticism, internationalization and marketization to the universal models in Denmark and Sweden. Here, it is argued that the institutional differences between the Swedish model of municipal ownership and the Danish model of independent cooperative social housing associations provides different sources of resistance to the prospective dismantlement of social housing as we know it. The fifth section presents the recent Danish reform of the governance model of social housing policy in which the housing associations are conceived of as `dialogue partners` in the local housing policy, expected to create solutions to, rather than produce problems in social housing areas. The reform testifies to the strategic ability of the Danish social housing associations to employ their historically grounded institutional relative independence of the public system.
Public Housing and Social Capital in Australia
Donoghue, Jed ; Tranter, Bruce ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 2, 2013, Pages 145~152
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.2.145
This paper addresses the relationship between public housing tenure and social disadvantage. The research examines social capital levels among public tenants in Australia, concentrating on their level of interpersonal trust and confidence in a range of public institutions. Through multivariate analyses of national survey data it also profiles the social and political background of public housing tenants. Although public housing tenants have access to secure and affordable housing, they appear to be less trusting and `happy` than private renters or homeowners, and exhibit less confidence in some institutions such as the Australian parliament, universities and the ABC (the Australian public television broadcaster). These results probably reflect the residualised nature of public housing in Australia and indicate that public tenants are likely to be `alienated` from certain aspects of mainstream culture. However, public tenants have higher levels of confidence than homeowners in the Australian defence forces and trade unions. So public housing may `shore up` confidence and social capital in some areas, and levels of trust would be lower if public housing was not available to disadvantaged citizens.
The Problems of Housing: The Case of the Marginalized in the City of Bangalore, India
Gowda, Krishne ; Sridhara, M.V. ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 2, 2013, Pages 153~165
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.2.153
Deficiency in access to housing is a major manifestation of poverty. In the city of Bangalore, the poor and the marginalized constitute nearly 30 percent of the 8.47 million population (2011 Census) and are living in the nearly 640 slums in addition to squatter settlements and pavements. The city sprawls over an area of 741 sq. kms (2007 estimates) and the poor have very little access to personal living space. According to the Integrated Housing and Slum Development Program guidelines, each household with four average members should have 25 sq. meters of living space. In the case of poor of Bangalore, the attainment of even this minimum is a far cry. In recognition of this acuteness with regard to the problem of housing, the government has introduced schemes like the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission and the Rajiv Awas Yojana. And these schemes have witnessed only a limited success. Whenever the problem of housing for the urban poor is considered, the state and location of slums get into focus. The people living in slums are a crucial and inevitable support to the city economy. Relocation of slum people is fraught with loss of productivity and strain on the transport system and on the incomes of the poor. Their needs like housing, schooling, health centers, creches, hospices etc. have to be provided for. Financial support to the poor with regard to their housing needs will have to be imaginatively provided by banks and related institutions.
The Classification according to the Correlation between TOD Planning Factors and the Seoul Metropolitan Subway Influential Area by Using MDS Analysis
Kim, Seong-Eun ; Won, You-Ho ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 2, 2013, Pages 167~176
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.2.167
The City Complex Development and TOD originated from the Compact City are entrenched domestically. The New Urban Development such as these changes Structure of Urban space from the Automobile to the Public Transportation. Also, Transit-Oriented Development is drawing attention as sustainability because it has effects of Environment as Green growth. However, An empirical Study is insufficient about Influence Factors of Transit Oriented Development. Therefore This study sets up the Density spaced 1000m apart of Transit Oriented than the existing and did 7 Types considered of Accessibility, Complexity and Design Element according to the Factorial analysis. As a result, this study drew that (1) `intraregional accessibility of public transit`, (2) `degree of development`, `pedestrian-friendly facility`, (3) `interzonal accessibility of public transit`, (4) `land-use of the city centre`, `complex using of rail station area`, `complementary public transit` are related 201 in number of the Subway stations according to the Multi-dimensional scaling.
A Study on The Resident-Oriented Urban Design of Citizen Academy: Case of Gyong-gi Newtown Academy
Cho, Young-Tae ; Lee, Jae-Joon ; Choi, Suk-Hwan ; Kim, Do-Young ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 2, 2013, Pages 177~184
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.2.177
This is a study regarding the efforts of the Gyong-gi Newtown Citizen Academy in Anyang Man-an Newtown and their role in shaping the urban design of their living environment. Our goal is to gauge how citizen participation may factor into the design process, from the early stages to the end result. The Newtown Academy diverged from the existing methods of a lecture centered approach to one that encouraged direct participation from the local citizens. We analyze the process and manner in which they drew up the plans. Our research focused on the winning proposal from the 2010 Citizen Academy Design competition, entitled `Coexistence with Nature, Culture, History, Human - Eco-Cycle Man-an`. The Man-an team conducted regional analyses to come up with their own alternatives that would allow culture, leisure and nature to coexist in the space of their targeted area. The Newtown redevelopment promotion district reflected the actual implementation of the Man-an team`s design. This study examines an urban design process in which citizens become directly involved, which presents the possibilities and directions of an urban design that is public and resident-oriented, in nature.
Application of Hybrid Seismic Isolation System to Realize High Seismic Performance for Low-rise Lightweight Buildings
Chun, Young-Soo ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 2, 2013, Pages 185~192
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.2.185
This study presents application effects of hybrid seismic isolation system to realize high seismic performance for low-rise lightweight buildings through a non-linear analysis and onsite experiments. The complex seismic isolation system applied in this study is a method of mixing sliding bearing and laminated rubber bearing in order to overcome limitation of laminated rubber bearing in increasing natural period of the whole seismic isolation system. As a result of the non-linear analysis, seismic isolation buildings designed with complex seismic isolation system are safe because its maximum response displacement is within allowable design displacement even for a strong earthquake which rarely occurs and its maximum response shear is less than design seismic force. As a result of the onsite experiment, the rigidity of seismic isolation stories corresponds to approximately 95.8% of the design equivalent stiffness value. This indicates that actual properties of the whole seismic isolation system correspond to design values.
Analysis on Stripping Time of Form of High-Early-Strength Concrete Incorporating Binder and Admixture
Jun, Myoung-Hoon ; Bang, Jong-Dae ; Lee, Bum-Sik ; Park, Seong-Sik ; Park, Ji-Young ; Cho, Gun-Hee ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 2, 2013, Pages 193~200
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.2.193
Construction duration in construction project is an important factor which affects project cost. Advanced countries have reduced project cost by time shortening. Even though domestic construction companies have tried to time shortening, they yet failed to find systematic method for time shortening. Typically, duration of structural framework is affected by stripping time of form. Therefore, it need to shorten the stripping time of form for time shortening of structural framework. In this study, specimens of high-early-strength concrete were manufactured with variety conditions and compressive strength was tested. This study proposed stripping time of side and slab forms using test results. The stripping time of form was shortened when using high-early-strength concrete in structural framework by the test results. The result of this study will be useful for time shortening of structural framework.
A Study on the Resident`s Demands to Repair to an Energy Saving House for the Existing Apartment Housings
Jung, Yoon-Hyea ; Lee, Jong-Sung ; Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Park, Ji-Young ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 4, issue 2, 2013, Pages 201~209
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2013.4.2.201
The purpose of this study is to get some data to repair the existing apartment housings to energy saving house : The data are a repair requirement, a repair preference, and so on. For this purpose, an interview was carried out for the dwellers who is living in the estates constructed in about 10 years ago. If there would be a financial support of the government, which is to make a loan 1,400 thousand won and the 3.5% interest, then the 53% of dwellers have agreed to repair their houses. And the best preference repair item was a window, the items what is disturbed to their ordinary life would be not easy to be repaired. This survey has limited to only the apartment housings, so the additional survey will be carried out to get the data to practise the government`s Green Home project for existing houses.