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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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Journal DOI :
Land and Housing Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Oct 2015
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Jul 2015
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
The Strategic Research Approach for the Grand Plan of the Korean Peninsula Infrastructure
Lee, Bok-Nam ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 43~48
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2015.6.2.043
Right after president Keun-Hae Park`s announcement at German Dresden on March 2014, both expectation and skepticism have been raised for the Korean unification. The unification would give a great chance for the economic prosperity in the positive sense. In the negative sense, it would only give a great burden to the Republic`s financial status. Comparing the expectation of the unification, there are lack of structured preparation, duplicated and/or overlapped systematic approach, and even the national strategies are diffused. There are several individual research papers, analytical data and information, researches on the industry and technology. However most of the previous researches and findings are unstructured and lack of completeness. It is hard to find out the overall feature of the unification strategy. West German has compassed that it knew very few the reality of East German status. The Korean Government may know much less about North Korea`s condition comparing to West German. Before the actual unification in the Korean peninsula, it needs the Grand Plan for the national infrastructure and land utilization of the Korean peninsula. During the development of the Grand Plan for the Korean peninsula, the Asian Global transportation network could be developed at the same time. The German`s unification experience can give a great opportunity to the development of the Gran Plan. The data and information, and the previous researches should be classified and structured in a way of systematic arrangement. Since most of investment and budget for the unification come from the Korea, it would be very much beneficial for the Korean people. The openness and early exposures of the Grand Plan for the national infrastructure are considered as mandatory action.
A Study on the Development of North Korea`s Economic Development Zones through Development Cooperation between South and North Korea
Kwon, Ki Chul ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 49~60
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2015.6.2.049
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un decided to open 19 Economic Development Zones which are located in all over the country, as a new economic development strategy. The strategy is estimated for accepting change from socialistic planning economic system into socialistic market economic system gradually. South Korean government is busy preparing for reunification between South and North Korea. Recently, many forums and seminars for the issue, `reunification` are held by public side as well as private sector. This study is focused on making practical strategy for developing 13 Economic Development Zones which were established in 2013 in concurrence with South and North Korea. The study assessed investment potential of the 13 zones in terms of locational, economic and legal competency from the investor`s perspective of south koreans. 5 E.D.Zs, Songrim, Hyungdong, Heungnam, Chungjin, Waudo were chosen to be developed on the preferential basis. Development cooperation between South and North Korea on the 13 E.D.Zs will increase the income of north koreans in rural areas by creating jobs, contribute to boost North Korea`s economic growth, and bring forward economic integration between South and North Korea.
A Preliminary Study of Railway Transport of LNG between TKR~TSR
Ha, Oh-Keun ; Hwang, Jae-Sik ; Kim, Ick-Hee ; Mun, Young-Woo ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 61~66
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2015.6.2.061
This study is the realization of natural gas as ways to advance the South and the continental railway linking basic research was conducted on railway transport. Summary data on the Status of North Korean railway which was to have reviewed the case of LNG railway transportation in Japan and China is becoming an LNG tank containers by rail transportation is done. In the case of Korea, the stability of railway transportation through the development of LNG tank containers and rail transportation pilot project was tested. It was set up and the basic directions of freight trains transport routes and methods for rail transport 7.5 million tons of natural gas per year. TKR ~ TSR between the LNG transportation business is an existing railway south. North. Russia gas pipeline (PNG) instead of a separate project to replace the business SRX (Silk Road Express) is a symbolic project for the early realization of the Eurasian railway linking policy. This study may give greater meaning to secure the iconic railway transport route for continental transport of containers and bulk cargo (coal, ores, etc.).
A Study of Establishing the Plan of Lodging for the Workers of Gaesung Industrial Complex
Choi, Sang-Hee ; Kim, Doo-Hwan ; Kim, Sang-Yeon ; Choi, Eun-Hee ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 67~77
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2015.6.2.067
Now that it is the current situation that the smooth supply and demand are necessary for 2nd phase of beginning construction and stable development of Gaesung Industrial Complex, this study was willing to offer the planning criteria and model to establish the lodging for the workers in Gaesung Industrial Complex based on the agreement that both South and North Korea agreed in 2007. Regarding the plan, its standard and the alternative were reviewed considering welfare of workers, economic efficiency, technical validity, possibility of agreement and long-term development. The exclusive area per capita was calculated through Labor Standards Act of Korea and status survey of lodging for the workers provided to border line area between China and North Korea and the economic alternative based on one room for 6 persons with the public restroom was compared with that of development type based on one room for 4 persons with indoor restroom. Especially regarding the proposed site, the area with the optimized position was set by considering gradient, accessibility and convenience of development out of the area of Dongchang-ri where was agreed already and the priority of the proposed site that can keep the existing building site and provide was offered. The necessary period for whole construction was set as approximately 36 months. Regarding construction method, RC Rahmen method was selected as the optimized alternative considering the workmanship of manpower of North Korea and conditions of supply and demand of materials and cluster-type vehicle allocation plan based on 4~6 units considering the efficiency of supplying service facilities and convenient facilities along the simultaneous accommodation of 15,000 people was offered. It was analyzed that total business expenses of approximately 80~100 billion Korean Won would required though there were the difference for each alternative in the charged rental way that the development business owner develops by lending the inter-Korea Cooperation Fund and withdraws the rent by the benefit principle. The possibility of withdrawing the rent was analyzed assuming that the period of withdrawing the investment is 30 years. Especially for the operation management after moving, the establishment of the committee of operating the lodging for the workers of Gaesung Industrial Complex (tentative name) was offered with the dualized governance that the constructor takes charge of operational management, collecting fees and management of infrastructure and human resource management is delegated to North Korea.
Status and Participation Plan of Economic Coorperation in Border Region of N.Korea and China
Yoon, Seung-Hyun ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2015.6.2.079
North Korean leader Kim, Jung-Il visited Beijing, China, May 2010, when he made a common recognition with Chinese President Hu Jintao on construction of the Rasun SEZ and the Hwanggumpyong-Wyhwado SEZ for development of Economic cooperation between N.Korea and China and accelerating establishment of SEZs in N.Korea. However, after N.Korea`s third nuclear test on Feb. 2013, the relationship between N.Korea and China became a little worse. Recently, three nations` border region near Rasun in N.Korea is reconsidered that it is very important place for collaboration between and among 2, 3 or 4 countries, S.Korea, N.Korea, China and Russia. This thesis examined these changes of cooperation and plans among the countries near the border region and proposed some measures for participation of S.Korea on the projects in the Rasun region.
A Study on Comprehensive Planning for Development Cooperation in North Korean Region
Kim, Doo-Hwan ; Choi, Dae-Sik ; Jung, Yeon-Woo ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 89~99
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2015.6.2.089
What is a role of the studies on spatial planning of Korean peninsular and its cities in the process of cooperation between and unification of South and North Korea? Where should the basic perspectives be oriented for the process? Can a comprehensive plan of North Korea have practical implications although South-North cooperation does not get into its stride? If it can, which contents should the plan cover? This study aims to contemplate these issues and to suggest a preliminary land development approach of North Korea, which would contribute academic and practical debates on the issues, at this juncture of the cascade of studies on spatial planning in North Korea. It assume South-North relation would evolve from `reconciliation and cooperation` and `confederation` into `unification` of South and North Korea which is based on the official plan of South Korea. We suggest, as the basic perspectives of development approach, cooperation(or co-evolution), future-oriented sustainability, and parallel development of industry and physical infrastructure. The development potential of North Korea is explained by detail fields and sub-regions, which is used to analyse SWOT and to subsequently extract the basic directions(vision and strategies) of North Korea development. These directions are followed by the spatial structure plan to improve North Korea using the potential of the regions. Based on the plan, the development directions of detail fields are suggested.
A Study on Policy Directions for Regional Development of North Korea
Lee, Sang-Jun ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 101~106
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2015.6.2.101
In order to minimize regional disparities between the North and the South, it is very important to reduce shortages of food and energy in North Korea in the short and mid-term. In the long term, it is important to reduce not only regional disparities between two Koreas but also regional disparities in North Korea. It is important to consider national policies of the North, the South and other countries in Northeast Asia in the process of building regional development policies for North Korea because the future of regional development in North Korea depends on policies of stakeholder in Northeast Asia. This study suggest some policy directions for regional development in North Korea. At first, building new industries, such as hi-tech industries and MICE, is important for regional development potentials in North Korea. Also, we should take some special development strategies according to regional potentials in North Korea. For example, Nampo region should be specialized through hi-tech industries. Wonsan region should be specialized through MICE. Finally, this study suggests some policy issues to the South Korean government. Financial support from South Korean government about inter-Korean economic cooperation should have priorities on the regions where have potentials of hi-tech industries and MICE. Also, we should implement inter-Korean economic cooperation policies under consideration about spatial aspects.