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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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Land and Housing Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Apr 2016
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Issues and Improvement Strategies on the Supply of the Public Housing Supplied through the Purchase of Existing Housing Units with Emphasis on Seoul
Choi, Eun-Young ; Park, Shin-Young ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 7, issue 2, 2016, Pages 67~75
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2016.7.2.067
This research suggests improvement strategies for the problems of 'public housing supplied through the purchase of existing house' by understanding the situation of supply to lowest income class in Seoul where there are many demands. Due to the heavy housing expenditure burden, in spite of the fact that the needs for affordable housings are increasing, the number of 'public housing supplied through the purchase of existing house' which has been supplied to Seoul by LH & SH has decreased since 2009. It is caused by the low standard purchasing price set by government especially Seoul. Since 'the public housing supplied through the purchase of existing house' is targeted for indigenous inhabitants, different supply stocks among different regions cause equity problem. Generally regions with low income class are in short supply, on the contrary the supply is especially concentrated specific regions in outskirts of Seoul. The main reason of such new supply stagnation and regional concentration is the low standard purchasing price. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the government's standard price according to the actual transaction price. Also it is needed to associate actual transaction price's increasing rate with the government's standard price. The housing supply based on demands must be established. In addition, the provision of 'public housing supplied through the purchase of existing house' should be expanded to low-middle income inhabitants and low income youth in the regions where the supply of the affordable housing excess demands.
An Exploratory Study on the Children for Poverty Housing
Ko, Ju-Ae ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 7, issue 2, 2016, Pages 77~85
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2016.7.2.077
The government has switched the purpose of housing policy, from the 'housing supply' to 'housing welfare', with the Housing Laws established in 2015 under evaluation that resident stability and resident standard were improved. But, as 'affordable' housing is gradually decreasing, residential environment has become more poor. Residential environment is a basic element for the child safety, health, and better education. This study explored that the poor resident environment had effect on the child, figured out the situation on housing poverty of domestic child and searched the situation of the residential policy of domestic and foreign child. The main results are as follows. First, the poor resident environment of childhood has a bad effect on the physical health, mental health, academic achievement and cognitive development. Second, 1.29 million children (11.9%) are living in condition of housing poverty below minimum resident standard and are concentrated in certain areas. Third, the policy on housing poverty of domestic child is almost absent and focuses on the elderly, young people. this study discussed political and practical solutions based on these research results. On the basis of these research results, as policy suggestions we proposed housing policy making based on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, evidence-based housing policy enforcement and, residential policy suggestions under the responsibility of central government, and as practical suggestions community working as the subject and related agency's solidarity from prevention activity of housing poverty and child advocacy point and we discussed way for issue and analyzed related laws, policies, commitments.
A study on the Application of Housing Welfare Service in Self-sufficiency Assistance Program
Seo, Kwang-Guk ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 7, issue 2, 2016, Pages 87~95
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2016.7.2.087
Housing benefits service that was implemented according to the National Basic Livelihood Security Act in 2002 has been changed with the enactment of "Housing benefits Law"(2014.1.24). Though the service was conducted for 13 years to improve the living environment of recipient households and create self-supporting jobs for low-income, there was a limit to ensure the efficiency due to variations in the administrative act and implementation in local governments. For that reason, the sales account and the profits of self-supporting enterprises and their cooperative in housing welfare sector that played a pivotal role had gone through many ups and downs and that is why the national coalition of self-supporting enterprises that were newly formed are forced to take self-effort and play a leading role for the improvement of future beneficiaries' satisfaction, namely to develop the level of service to keep the decent jobs consistent for low-income while responding institutional policy change and the demands for improving the home-amelioration system. Accordingly, this article has attempted to supplement existing research on housing-benefits service and determine how the field can keep pace with the new institutional environment. As a result, first, Central self-supporting enterprises provide high specialized-quality services to low-income families, second, central self-supporting enterprises induce to transition customized service agencies for improving the quality of residential housing benefits, Third, Housing self-supporting enterprises should correspondence with institutional change through the provision of explicit guidelines in relating to housing-service amelioration, the last, business practical process shall be accompanied by a consistent basis for innovative and procedural standards.
Community Recovery Considering the Spatial Characteristics of Shanty Towns
Shin, Haeng-Woo ; Kim, Young-Ook ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 7, issue 2, 2016, Pages 97~102
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2016.7.2.097
It has recently become a major concern for us contemplating could regain the advantage with a 'village' concept of the traditional in a modern city. The village community recovery project which is one of the flagship projects of seoul is being actively conducted with the aim to form a network between residents and have even appeared positive results. Among the many efforts to recover community, spatial approach may be one solution. To secure a space for people to easily access, may bring about a small but significant effect. Community Space with high visual accessibility has a large effect as a space of communication and exchange of residents. Socio-economic efforts to restore the community has a limit. In some cases of poor village, Spatial relationship network was found to be a large influence on the formation of the socio-economic relations network. It is important to understand how people lived and formed a relationship within the space of traditional forms and space disappeared from rapid social change process. The community recovery efforts are needed through research and experiments for the residential network can reflect the spatial characteristics.
An Exploratory Study on Role of Community in Supply System of Housing Welfare Service
Park, Keun-Suk ; Joo, Kwan-Soo ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 7, issue 2, 2016, Pages 103~111
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2016.7.2.103
The paradigm of the housing policy has been transformed from housing supply to housing welfare, from the policy of housing quantity expansion to the policy of customized housing welfare. The Housing Act was newly enacted to realize the new paradigm of the housing policy. The Act establishes the role of the Housing Welfare Centers in the housing welfare delivery system, but they have some difficulties in doing their role because of limited amount of centers and their manpower. The desirable and efficient model of housing welfare delivery system, therefore, is that the demand of housing welfare is discovered on local base, and that demanders can be provided housing welfare service connected to local governments or neighborhood housing welfare centers. To do so local communities should be established and activated, and the needs of housing welfare service also be discovered. This study is a exploratory one on communities' role in housing welfare delivery system in spite of some limitations based on existing theories and studies, and is significant as a new trial.
The Issues and Problems of Housing Improvement Policies
Moon, Hyo-Gon ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 7, issue 2, 2016, Pages 113~119
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2016.7.2.113
The maintenance and improvement of housing become more important than quantitative supply. So this paper suggests the directions to solve the current issues of housing improvement policies. In 2015, the housing improvement for the low-income has been expanded with the revision of housing benefit policy. And each related government departments are steadily carrying out various housing improvement programs. Under the current improvement policies, individual houses are being repaired according to the criteria of the target selection. And the repair allowance of the housing benefit is limited to the ownership households except the rented. Hereafter, it has to considered the review of the detailed goal setting and application problems in housing improvement policy and to consider the extension to the rented households and the raise of the income criteria of targets. Also, it needs to carry out the improvement of several neighboring houses at the same time for synergy effect other than individual house, to change the selection way of repair contractors and to secure the quality and advancement of the improvement.
Action Research on Inclusive Community Regeneration in Dowa Area, a Social Disadvantaged Community
Jeon, Hong-Gyu ;
LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs , volume 7, issue 2, 2016, Pages 121~129
DOI : 10.5804/LHIJ.2016.7.2.121
This research is about local impacts of concentrated social disadvantage in a specific urban district, and is discussing these issues by focusing on previous research from Western countries. Further, by analyzing the results of a field survey conducted in this district, I am clarifying the reality of socially disadvantaged areas and the needs of their residents, while seeking results supporting a theory of inclusive area revitalization. With this survey I could verify that the aging of local residents and the concentration of low-income population is increasing, and in this district an unbalanced community mix is becoming apparent. Currently, insecurities concerning economic and health aspects are the most serious issues. In response to the residents' needs counseling on housing issues and social services, that become necessary with advancing age, like health services or housing support, are increasingly required. Since today laws for antidiscrimination (namely, Dowa) measures are outdated it is necessary to establish a community based approach or a neighborhood based governance model, in addition to the existing public support, as response to these local challenges and needs.