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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6D - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6C - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6B - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6A - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5D - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5C - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5B - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5A - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4D - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4C - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4B - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4A - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3D - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3C - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3B - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3A - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2D - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2C - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2B - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2A - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1D - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1C - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1B - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1A - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Ship Collision Risk Assessment for Bridges
Lee, Seong Lo ; Bae, Yong Gwi ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 1~9
An analysis of the annual frequency of collapse(AF) is performed for each bridge pier exposed to ship collision. From this analysis, the impact lateral resistance can be determined for each pier. The bridge pier impact resistance is selected using a probability-based analysis procedure in which the predicted annual frequency of bridge collapse, AF, from the ship collision risk assessment is compared to an acceptance criterion. The analysis procedure is an iterative process in which a trial impact resistance is selected for a bridge component and a computed AF is compared to the acceptance criterion, and revisions to the analysis variables are made as necessary to achieve compliance. The distribution of the AF acceptance criterion among the exposed piers is generally based on the designer's judgment. In this study, the acceptance criterion is allocated to each pier using allocation weights based on the previous predictions. To determine the design impact lateral resistance of bridge components such pylon and pier, the numerical analysis is performed iteratively with the analysis variable of impact resistance ratio of pylon to pier. The design impact lateral resistance can vary greatly among the components of the same bridge, depending upon the waterway geometry, available water depth, bridge geometry, and vessel traffic characteristics. More researches on the allocation model of AF and the determination of impact resistance are required.
Ship Collision Risk of Suspension Bridge and Design Vessel Load
Lee, Seong Lo ; Bae, Yong Gwi ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 11~19
In this study ship collision risk analysis is performed to determine the design vessel for collision impact analysis of suspension bridge. Method II in AASHTO LRFD bridge design specifications which is a more complicated probability based analysis procedure is used to select the design vessel for collision impact. From the assessment of ship collision risk for each bridge pier exposed to ship collision, the design impact lateral strength of bridge pier is determined. The analysis procedure is an iterative process in which a trial impact resistance is selected for a bridge component and a computed annual frequency of collapse(AF) is compared to the acceptance criterion, and revisions to the analysis variables are made as necessary to achieve compliance. The acceptance criterion is allocated to each pier using allocation weights based on the previous predictions. This AF allocation method is compared to the pylon concentration allocation method to obtain safety and economy in results. This method seems to be more reasonable than the pylon concentration allocation method because AF allocation by weights takes the design parameter characteristics quantitatively into consideration although the pylon concentration allocation method brings more economical results when the overestimated design collision strength of piers compared to the strength of pylon is moderately modified. The design vessel for each pier corresponding with the design impact lateral strength obtained from the ship collision risk assessment is then selected. The design impact lateral strength can vary greatly among the components of the same bridge, depending upon the waterway geometry, available water depth, bridge geometry, and vessel traffic characteristics. Therefore more researches on the allocation model of AF and the selection of design vessel are required.
The Stochastic Finite Element Analysis and Reliability Analysis of the Cable Stayed Bridge Considered to Correlation of the Random Variable
Han, Sung Ho ; Shin, Jae Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 21~33
The reliability analysis can be conducted more effectively by formulating the stochastic finite element method suitable for the reliability theory about the cable stayed bridge. After conducting the initial equilibrium analysis of the cable stayed bridge, the program which can conduct the linear and nonlinear stochastic finite element analysis using the perturbation method and the reliability analysis considered to the correlation of the random variable is developed. Using the results of this program about the cable stayed bridge, the characteristic of the node displacement, element force and cable tension according to the correlation of the random variable is investigated quantitatively. Also the reliability index and the failure probability are examined by the compounding the correlation of the random variable.
Structural Characteristics of Pultruded Composite Bridge Deck of Hollow Section
Lee, Sung Woo ; Kim, Byung Suk ; Jo, Nam Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 35~43
In this paper, procedures and research results involved in the development of glass reinforced composite bridge deck of hollow section were presented. Laminate design for the 3 cell deck section was performed. Structural characteristics such as serviceability, strength, failure and stability for DB24 load were analytically studied through the finite element analysis for the composite deck plate girder bridge. Composite deck tube was fabricated with pultrusion and extensive tests such as flexural test, girder-connection test, barrier-connection test, compression fatigue test and flexural fatigue test were carried out to evaluate structural behavior experimentally. Also, field load test was conducted for the demonstration plate girder bridge with composite deck and requirements for the strength and serviceability were reviewed.
The Suggestion of Nonlinear 4-Parameters Model for Predicting Creep Deformation of Concrete
Lee, Chang Soo ; Kim, Hyeon Kyeom ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 45~54
To obtain realistic stress-strain relation in concrete, it is necessary to improve the constitutive model for creep and shrinkage of concrete. This study is made up with predicting model of creep using rheological approach and mathematical development which is solution for phenomenon of concrete creep. Long-term deformation components are combined based on traditional 4-parameters model. Creep deformation is obtained adequately using 4-parameters determined by considering aging effect and microprestress among gels. And coefficient of effective viscosity is able to represent both basic creep and total creep included drying creep. This study attempt to establish mathematical model considering effects of aging, hydration, and variations of pore humidity. It can predict both basic creep and total creep. Values of result between prediction and experiment have greater than correlation factor 99%. Additionally experimental results report bad consentaneity with highway design specification adopting FIB MC 90. Rather than those are similar to FIB MC 90 rev.99.
Closing Analysis of Symmetric Steel Cable-stayed Bridges and Estimation of Construction Error
Lee, Min Kwon ; Lee, Hae Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 55~65
This paper presents the closing analysis of a symmetric steel cable-stayed bridge erected by a free cantilever method. Two independent structural systems are formed before the closing procedure of a bridge is performed, and thus the compatibility conditions for vertical displacement and rotational angle are not satisfied at the closing section without the application of proper sectional forces. Since, however, it is usually impossible to apply sectional forces at the closing section, the compatibility conditions should be satisfied by proper external forces that can be actually applicable to a bridge. Unstrained lengths of selected cables and the pull-up force of a derrick crane are adjusted to satisfy nonlinear compatibility conditions, which are solved iteratively by the Newton-Raphson method. Cable members are modeled by the elastic catenary cable elements, and towers and main girders are discretized by linear 3-D frame elements. The sensitivities of displacement with respect to the unstrained lengths of selected cables and the pull-up force of the derrick crane are evaluated by the direct differentiation of the equilibrium equation. A Monte-Carlo simulation approach is proposed to estimate expected construction errors for a given confidence level. The proposed method is applied to the second Jindo Grand Bridge to demonstrate its validity and effectiveness.
Mechanical Behavior of High-tension Bolted Joints with Varying Bolt Size and Plate Thickness
Lee, Seung Yong ; Choi, Jun Hyeok ; Kim, Sung Hoon ; Park, Cheol Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 67~74
The use of steel plates has been greatly increased in bridge construction, particularly for long-span bridges. For connections of those steel plates in the field, application of high-tension bold, such as M30, is highly demanded. However, the current steel construction specifications in Korea do not provide information for large-sized bolt connections. In order to evaluate the applicability of the large-sized high-tension bolt, this study experimentally investigates relaxation and slip behavior of M30 bolts with varying bolt size and plate thickness. In addition, internal compressive stress was computed using FEM analysis. The analyzed results were compared with the stress distribution measured from strain gages attached on bolts and bolt holes. From the study presented herein, the M30 high-tension bolts are anticipated to be successfully used with the relaxation less than 10% and the slip coefficient satisfying the specified limit.
Lifetime Reliability Based Life-Cycle Cost-Effective Optimum Design of Steel Bridges
Lee, Kwang Min ; Cho, Hyo Nam ; Cha, CheolJun ; Kim, Seong Hun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 75~89
This paper presents a practical and realistic Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) optimum design methodology of steel bridges considering time effect of bridge reliability under environmental stressors such as corrosion and heavy truck traffics. The LCC functions considered in the LCC optimization consist of initial cost, expected life-cycle maintenance cost and expected life-cycle rehabilitation costs including repair/replacement costs, loss of contents or fatality and injury losses, road user costs, and indirect socio-economic losses. For the assessment of the life-cycle rehabilitation costs, the annual probability of failure which depends upon the prior and updated load and resistance histories should be accounted for. For the purpose, Nowak live load model and a modified corrosion propagation model considering corrosion initiation, corrosion rate, and repainting effect are adopted in this study. The proposed methodology is applied to the LCC optimum design problem of an actual steel box girder bridge with 3 continuous spans (40 m+50 m+40 m=130 m), and various sensitivity analyses of types of steel, local corrosion environments, average daily traffic volume, and discount rates are performed to investigate the effects of various design parameters and conditions on the LCC-effectiveness. From the numerical investigation, it has been observed that local corrosion environments and the number of truck traffics significantly influence the LCC-effective optimum design of steel bridges, and thus realized that these conditions should be considered as crucial parameters for the optimum LCC-effective design.
Composite Behavior of Perfobond Rib Shear Connector for Steel-concrete Decks
Kim, Hyeong-Yeol ; Koo, Hyun-Bon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 91~97
This paper presents the results of push-out test conducted for the perfobond rib shear connectors welded onto steel-concrete composite deck. Push-out test specimen consists of profiled steel sheeting, perfobond rib, reinforcement, and concrete. To provide longitudinal shear resistance between the profiled sheeting and the concrete, perfobond rib with a number of holes was used. The parameters considered in the design of perfobond rib were the spacing and location of holes, and effect of reinforcing bars placed in the holes. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed system, twelve specimens were fabricated and tested. Although the scope of test was limited in nature, the results of test have shown that the perfobond ribs can be effectively used for shear connection in the steel-concrete composite decks.
Experimental Study on Global Buckling of Singly Symmetric FRP Members
Lee, Seungsik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 99~106
Due to single symmetry of cross section, T-shaped members are likely to buckle in a flexural-torsional mode when they are subjected to axial compression. Therefore, the flexural-torsional buckling can be regarded as a governing mode of global buckling. An experimental program has been carried out to investigate the flexural-torsional buckling behavior of pultruded T-shaped members. Two types of pultruded members were tested in the experiment, and they were made of either E-glass/vinylester or E-glass/polyester. Lay-up and thickness of reinforcing layers, volume fractions of each constituents in layers, mechanical properties were experimentally determined. Two sets of knife edge fixure were used to simulate simple support condition for flexure and twisting, and the lateral displacements and the angle of twist were measured using three potentiometers. Every specimen buckled in a flexural-torsional mode, and most of the specimens showed post-buckling strength.
Analysis of Shear Behavior of Reinforced ALWAC Beam Using Interface Elements
Rhee, Inkyu ; Kim, Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 107~115
A challenging topic was and still is the failure behavior of concrete beams without shear reinforcement. In spite of substantial experimental and theoretical efforts in the past, the mechanism of shear failure is not entirely understood. ALWAC is of importance to the current construction industry. Most of present concrete research focuses on high performance concrete, by which in meant a cost effective material that satisfies demanding performance requirements, including durability. The advantages of ALWAC are its reduced mass and improved thermal and acoustic insulation properties, while maintaining adequate strength. In spite of these advantages, its ultimate failure behavior has not been well defined for adequate design process. This paper will investigate mainly the shear behavior of reinforced ALWAC beam without web reinforcements numerically with experimental evidences.
Analysis of the Existing Analytical Solutions for Isotropic Rectangular Thin Elastic Plates with Three Edges Clamped and the Other Free
Seo, Seung-Nam ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 117~132
The existing analytical solutions for rectangular plates with three edges clamped and the other free are derived based on nondimensional differential equation and their characteristics are analyzed. Since Timoshenko and Woinowsky-Krieger's method (1959) can give solutions for the case limited to the aspect ratio of the plates less than one, this method are proved to be impractical for the bending moment calculation of the plates under consideration. Horii and Moto's method(1968) are modified by adding stabilizing terms to suppress overflow in the matrix computation, from which the series solution with maximum 150 terms can be obtained. By use of the series solution the convergence of computed bending moments is tested. The modified method can be shown to calculate the deflection properties for the plates with wide range of aspect ratios, but the computed x moment at the corner points formed by the free edge and the clamped edges can not satisfy the boundary condition and the cause of problem is discussed in detail.
Coefficients of Moment Equations for Long-Span Soil-Metal Box Structures
Choi, Dong Ho ; Lee, Seung Jae ; Cho, Yong Woo ; Park, Sang Il ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 133~142
This paper evaluates the moment equations in the 2000 Canadian highway bridge code (CHBDC) for soil-metal box structures, which are applicable to the span less than 8 m. Finite element analyses carried out for soil-metal box structures having spans of 3-12 m using the deep corrugated metal plates under three construction stages; backfill up to the crown, backfill up to the cover depth, and live loading. The coefficients of moment equations are newly proposed based on the results of numerous finite element analyses considering various design variables, such as span length, soil depth, backfill conditions. The validity of the proposed coefficients in the moment equations of the 2000 CHBDC is investigated by the comparison with the existing coefficients and numerical results of finite element analyses. The comparisons show that the moments of the 2000 CHBDC give good predictions for the span less than 8m, but underestimate for the span greater than 8m, whereas the proposed moments give good estimates of numerical results for the spans of 3-12 m. In addition, this study suggests the use of high strength steel to satisfy the requirement of design bending strength for the span greater than 8 m.
Development of Statistical Truck Load Model for Highway Bridge using BWIM System
Park, Min-Seok ; Jo, Byung-Wan ; Bae, Doo-Byong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 143~153
In design of bridges, estimation of actions and loadings is very important for the safety and maintenance of bridges. In general, effect of traffic loading on the bridge can be modeled as live load (including impact load) and fatigue load. For estimation of traffic loading, it is important to get reliable and comprehensive truck statistical data such as the traffic and weight information. To get statistical data, Bridge Weigh-In-Motion (BWIM), which measures the truck weights without stopping the traffic, is need to be developed. In this study, BWIM system with various functions is developed first. Then this system is used to get comprehensive truck data. Traffic loadings including fatigue and live loading are formulated from the truck data acquired from the bridges. Objectives of this study are to develop the BWIM system, to apply the system in test bridge in Highway, and to formulate the live and fatigue loading for bridge design.
Seismic Risk Assessment of Extradosed Bridges with Lead Rubber Bearings
Kim, Doo Kie ; Seo, Hyeong Yeol ; Yi, Jin-Hak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 155~162
This study presents the seismic risk assesment for an extradosed bridge with seismic isolators of lead rubber bearings(LRB). First, the seismic vulnerability of a structure and then the seismic hazard of the site are evaluated using earthquake data set and seismic hazard map in Korea, and then the seismic risk of the structure is assessed. The nonlinear seismic analyses are carried out to consider plastic hinges of bridge columns and nonlinear characteristics of soil foundation. The ductility demand is adopted to describe the nonlinear behavior of a column, and the moment-curvature curve of a column is assumed to be bilinear hysterestic. The fragility curves are represented as a log-normal distribution function for column damage, movement of superstructure, and cable yielding. And seismic hazard is estimated using the available seismic hazard maps. The results show that the effectiveness of the seismic isolators for the columns is more noticeable than those for cables and girders, in seismic isolated extradosed bridges under earthquakes.
Design of Building Excavation Plane in Innovative Prestressed Scaffolding(IPS) System
Kim, Sung-Bo ; Han, Man-Yop ; Kim, Moon-Young ; Jung, Kyoung-Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 163~171
The behaviors and design procedures of building excavation plane in innovative prestressed support (IPS) system are presented in this paper. Determination procedure for initial pretension in IPS wale subjected to design earth pressure is derived. The computer analysis model under uniform and non-uniform earth pressure is constructed using beam element for the IPS wale, tension-only element for cable, and compression-only element for soil. Axial forces and bending moments of IPS wale under initial pretension and design earth pressure are calculated. The combined stresses due to these axial force and bending moment are calculated and safety condition of building excavation plane is investigated.
Comparative Seismic Design of Bridges with Lead Rubber and Steel Bearings for the Ductile Failure Mechanism
Kook, Seung Kyu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 173~181
Many isolated bridges are designed and constructed after the introduction of the seismic design. However those bridges designed in engineering fields have unnecessarily high serviceability limit and brittle failure mechanism, which do not satisfy the seismic design concept. Such design results are due to the excessive substructure stiffness of the conventional design method as well as the misunderstanding of the seismic design method. In this study an isolated bridge designed with the conventional design method is selected and the same bridge with steel bearings is modelled for the comparative seismic design. From the comparison, the seismic design procedures satisfying the required performance levels are provided for the two bridges. It is confirmed that the isolated bridge requires more complicated design procedure with trial and error methods and reanalyses but provides higher serviceability limit compared to the bridge with steel bearings. However, because the required serviceability limit can also be obtained by adjusting substructure stiffness, it is a resonable seismic design process that an isolated bridge is to be considered as an alternative design when the ductile failure mechanism is not obtained with a bridge with steel bearings.
Minimum Design Thickness of Prestressed Concrete Deck Slabs for Composite Two-Girder Bridges
Hwang, Hoon Hee ; Joh, Changbin ; Kwark, Jong Won ; Lee, Yong Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 183~190
Minimizing the self weight of long-span deck slabs is one of the key factors for the practical and economic design of a composite two-girder bridge. In this paper, the minimum design thickness and rebar details of prestressed concrete deck slabs for composite two-girder bridges with girder span length from 4 m to 12 m are studied based on the safety and serviceability. The bridge deck slab with minimum thickness is designed as a one-way slab considering orthotropic behavior. Then fatigue safety of the deck slab is examined. Serviceability requirements for the deck slab such as deflection and crack width limits are also examined. The result shows that rebars with diameter less than 16 mm is recommended for the improved fatigue behavior, and, for the deck slab with span length longer than 8 m, the deflection limit governs the minimum design thickness. The result also shows that, for the deck slab with span length longer than 4 m, the distribution rebar requirement in the current Korea Highway Bridge Design Code is not sufficient to maintain the structural continuity in bridge axis as expected from the deck slab with span length shorter than 3 m.
Free Vibration Analysis of Laminated Composite Stiffened Plates under the In-plane Compression and Shear Loads
Han, Sung-Cheon ; Choi, Samuel ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 191~203
The vibration characteristics of composite stiffened laminated plates with stiffener is presented using the assumed natural strain 9-node shell element. To compare with previous research, the stiffened plates are composed of carbon-epoxy composite laminate with a symmetric stacking sequence. Also, the result of the present shell model for the stiffener made of composite material is compared with that of the beam model. In the case of torsionally weak stiffener, a local buckling occurs in the stiffener. In this case, the stiffener should be idealized by using the shell elements. The current investigation concentrates upon the vibration analysis of rectangular stiffened and unstiffened composite plates when subjected to the in-plane compression and shear loads. The in-plane compression affect the natural frequencies and mode shapes of the stiffened laminated composite plates and the increase in magnitude of the in-plane compressive load reduces the natural frequencies, which will become zero when the in-plane load is equal to the critical buckling load of the plate. The natural frequencies of composite stiffened plates with shear loads exhibit the higher values than the case of without shear loads. Also, the intersection, between the curves of frequencies against in-plane loads, interchanges the sequence of some of the mode shapes as a result of the increase in the inplane compressive load. The results are compared with those available in the literature and this result shows that the present shell model for the stiffened plate gives more accurate results. Therefore, the magnitude, direction type of the in-plane shear and compressive loads in laminated composite stiffened plates should be selected properly to control the specific frequency and mode shape. The Lanczos method is employed to solve the eigenvalue problems.
Basic Properties of Latex-Modified Concrete Using Fly-ash
Hong, Chang-Woo ; Jeong, won-Kyong ; Kim, Kyong-jin ; Yun, Kyong-ku ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 205~211
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of fly-ash on strength development and durability of latex-modified concrete (LMC) and ordinary portland cement concrete (OPC). Main experimental variables were latex contents (0%, 10%, 15%) and fly-ash content (0, 10%, 20%, 30%). Air content and slump tests were performed to check the basic properties of fresh concretes, and compressive strength, flexural strength, rapid chloride ion permeability and chemical resistance were measured to analyze the basic properties of hardened concretes. The test results showed that air contents of LMC with fly ash decreased as fly-ash contents increased from 0% to 30%. Compressive and flexural strength developments of LMC with fly ash were quite similar to those of LMC without fly ash. However, the long-term flexural strength development of LMC with fly ash after 90 days were bigger than that of LMC without fly ash. Chloride ion permeability and chemical resistance decreased rapidly as the content of fly ash increased. Thus, fly ash could be used at LMC in order to reduce water permeability.
Characterization of Compressive Strength and Elastic Modulus of Recycled Aggregate Concrete with Respect to Replacement Ratios
Sim, Jongsung ; Park, Cheolwoo ; Park, Sung Jae ; Kim, Yong Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 213~218
As a manufacturing process of recycled aggregate improves the quality of recycled aggregate shall be sufficient enough to be used for structural concrete. This study characterized compressive strength and elastic modulus of concrete that used recycled coarse and fine aggregate. Before the strength tests, the fundamental characteristics of recycled aggregate were preliminarily analyzed and the recycled aggregate satisfied the class 1 requirements in KS F 2573. As the replacement ratio increased, the compressive strength and elastic modulus of recycled aggregate concrete decreased. When the coarse and fine aggregates were completely replaced with the recycled, the compressive strength and elastic modulus were decreased by 13% and 31%, respectively. Based on the test results, this study suggests equations for predicting the compressive strength and elastic modulus of the recycled aggregate concrete with respect to the replacement ratio. The values from the equations were in good agreement with the test data from this study and others.
Punching Shear Behavior of High-strength Lightweight Concrete Slab Under Concentrated Load
Cho, Sun-Kyu ; Kwark, Jong-Won ; Lee, Jong-Min ; Moon, Dae-Joong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 219~228
Because of the advantage of light weight, lightweight concrete is frequently applied to long-span bridges and high-rise buildings. In the country, there is not enough experience for the long-span bridges using lightweight concrete. This paper presents results of an experimental study on the punching shear strength of high-strength lightweight concrete slabs. Four test slabs are fabricated using high-strength lightweight concrete and normalweight concrete and at the center of the test slabs, simulated wheel load is applied until failure. The compressive strengths of lightweight concrete and normalweight concrete are 47MPa and 32MPa, respectively. The test results show the failure mode of all specimens are punching shear and the behaviors of high-strength lightweight concrete slabs are very similar to that of normalweight concrete slabs. Based on the test results, it is discussed the safety and serviceability of high-strength lightweight concrete bridge decks.
Effect of the Grain Shape of Crushed Sand on Concrete Qualities
Koh, Kyung Taek ; Ryu, Gum Sung ; Lee, Jang Hwa ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 229~236
Recently, the use of crushed sand produced by the crushing of stone is continuously increasing to reach an utilization rate of about 20% of the whole fine aggregates that is foreseen to grow larger in the future. However, the lack of recognition concerning quality during the production of crushed sand results in the use of crushed sand that do not satisfy the KS F 2527 standard during the manufacture of concrete. And, studies investigating the effects of such crushed sand on concrete are still neglected. Therefore, this study intends to provide data that can be exploited for concrete using crushed sand through the analysis of the effects of the grain shape of crushed sand on the quality of concrete. Results revealed problems in the workability, air entraining and durability for a value of 53% for the solid volume percentage for shape determination specified by the current KS F 2527. Analysis showed that the adjustment of the solid volume percentage for shape determination from the currently specified 53% to 55% will improve the quality of concrete using crushed sand in high strength concrete particularly.
Seismic Performance Evaluation of RC Bridge Piers Using Time-dependent Element
Lee, Do Hyung ; Jeon, Jeong-Moon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 1A, 2006, Pages 237~246
In order to evaluate the seismic performance of damaged reinforced concrete members, particularly bridge piers, an inelastic time-dependent element is proposed. The proposed element enables increased characteristics due to structural intervention(i.e., repair or retrofitting) to be accurately reflected to the degraded strength and stiffness of the members. The inelastic time-dependent element having both birth and death time can freely be activated within the user-defined time intervals during static and dynamic time-history analysis. Comparative studies are carried out for reinforced concrete bridge piers that are repaired and retrofitted. Analytical predictions using the developed element show reasonable correlation with experimental results. Also conducted is a nonlinear time-history analysis of a reinforced concrete bridge under multiple earthquakes. The comparative analytical results prove the validation of current development. In all, it is concluded that the present element is capable of providing salient features for the healthy evaluation of seismic performance and hence seismic stability assessment of RC bridge piers being repaired and retrofitted.