Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6D - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6C - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6B - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6A - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5D - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5C - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5B - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5A - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4D - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4C - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4B - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4A - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3D - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3C - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3B - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3A - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2D - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2C - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2B - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2A - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1D - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1C - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1B - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1A - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Vehicle License Plate Recognition Using the Training Data's Annexation
Baik, Nam Cheol ; Lee, Sang Hyup ; Ryu, Kwang Ryul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 349~352
To cope with traffic congestion, traffic accidents and lack of parking facilities, caused by dramatic increase in total vehicle number, vigorous researches on managing vehicles efficiently are done, both domestically and internationally. The vehicle license plate recognition makes effective management of traffic possible, with its wide application in many fields, covering from speed enforcement, collecting toll, stolen vehicle detection to parking management. The vehicle license plate recognition system causes high cost for collecting training data. Many researches are done by using the virtual sample method, which can be effective for utilizing limited number of training data by generating virtual sample. This paper investigates techniques to improve the performance of vehicle license plate recognition by using the training data's annexation. Also, popular methods for virtual sample creation used for text recognition algorithm are analyzed and their effectiveness is verified.
Development of the Portable Standard System for the Vehicle Detectors' Evaluation
Lee, Sang Hyup ; Baik, Nam Cheol ; Heo, Woon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 353~359
Image frame analysis is a conventional way of evaluating loop detector's performance. In image frame analysis, the time to evaluate performance is linearly proportional to the number of evaluated subjects, and the results can be subjective, depending on operator's personal evaluation standards and physical condition. Also, this method is often inferior in accuracy to that provided by the evaluated devices. Therefore, it is critical to develop a portable standard system which has better accuracy and more objectivity in evaluating vehicle detectors. This paper discusses function and reliability of tape-switch detector, which can be a replacement for image frame analysis, for effectively measuring traffic volume, speed, and occupancy.
Development of a Method for Partial Searching Technique for Optimal Path Finding in the Long Journey Condition
Bae, Sanghoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 361~366
It is widely known that the dynamic optimal path algorithm, adopting real-time path finding, can be supporting an optimal route with which users are satisfied economically and accurately. However, this system has to search optimal routes frequently for updating them. The proposed concept of optimizing search area lets it reach heuristic optimal path rapidly and efficiently. Since optimal path should be increased in proportion to an distance between origin and destination, tremendous calculating time and highly efficient computers are required for searching long distance journey. In this paper, as a result of which the concepts of partial solution and representative path are suggested. It was possible to find an optimal route by decreasing a half area in comparison with the previous method. Furthermore, as the size of the searching area is uniform, comparatively low efficient computer is required for long distance trip.
Development of Algorithms for Four-quadrant Gate System and Obstacle Detection Systems at Crossings
Oh, Ju-Taek ; Cho, Han-Seon ; Lee, Jae-Myung ; Shim, Kyu-Don ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 367~374
This research revealed the operation problems of the current crossing control systems through inspecting and testing the obstacle detection systems and gate control systems for the crossings. To resolve the problems of the crossing control systems, this research developed new algorithms of four-quadrant gate system and obstacle detection systems combing the functions of rasar sensors and magnetic sensors and tested the reliability of the systems. Currently, the obstacle detection systems and gate control systems controls approaching and departing traffic by simply detecting vehicles and obstacles but do not consider traffic movements at the crossings. In addition, they do not make signal cooperation for gate controls. As a result, such inefficient crossing controls result in unsafe gate controls for drivers. Therefore, the newly developed crossing control systems through this study will provide more effective crossing control services with more strengthen information cooperation within control systems. Besides they will help to reduce train crashes at the crossings by gate control systems considering various driving behaviors.
A Study on Parking Management Policy Directions by Analysis of Parking Characteristics of National Assembly
Kim, Hwang Bae ; Kwon, Young In ; Oh, Seung Hwoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 375~383
Nationals Assembly have experiencing unbalance between capacities and demand of parking facilities because of increasing parking demand, free parking policy, long term parking and passenger car use of workers, usage of neighborhood office workers and visitors. The lack of parking facilities cause illegal parking on the street inside and outside of National Assembly which result in the disorder of parking culture. To solve these parking problems, this study suggest parking management system to enter the National Assembly for the short term and charging parking fee, operation by private company, constructing parking building by abrogation of upper limit and construction of ground park, and so on. The study, also, suggested to strengthen weekday or 10 day shift system, to increase shuttle bus and commuting bus, to activation of Han River waterside parking area, public transportation with those new parking management system. For the conclusion, the parking problems of National Assembly should be focused more on parking management than the parking facilities supply.
A Site Selection of Public Facility Based on An Accessibility Theory & GIS Spatial Analysis Technologies
Kim, Hwang Bae ; Kim, Sigon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 385~391
It is very important to make a decision for locating public facility site in a objectively way people in general agree with. This is because public facility affects not only daily life of people in there but also a regional development. This paper sets up a site selection model which utilize an accessibility theory and GIS spatial analysis techniques. This model has been applied to all the twelve alternatives of Chungnam Provincial Office (CPO) sites which are well known to the public. On the criterion of average access time from all the other areas in Chungnam Province, CH alternative is found to be the best one followed by CH/AS, AS alternatives. On the basis of total people-travel time CH/AS alternative turns out to be the best one followed by CH, AS alternatives. In conclusion top three best locations for CPO are CH and AS area where transportation facility are in good condition and population density is highest in Chungnam Province. This fact implies that a transportation accessibility and population density are the primary key in determining the location of public facility.
The Characteristics of Transportation Guide Sign Systems Based on Lines and Points
Kim, Dong Nyong ; Lee, Suk Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 393~400
This study is intended to examine the characteristics of driver in the use of guide sign in urban areas. The good and bad points about guide sign based on landmark point and guide sign based on street name are demonstrated, and driver's preference between them are studied. The questionnaires given to general persons deal with general guide signs and road maps, and are designed to see if they can find out current location on the road map with guide sign. According to the results, drivers prefer guide sign based on street name to guide sign based on landmark. And guide sign based on street name took less time to find current location than with guide sign based on landmark.
Optimal VMS Relocating Methodology
Lee, Chungwon ; Song, Young Hwa ; Moon, Hak Ryong ; Kim, Yong Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 401~407
VMS which provides information about real-time traffic situation to the drivers is operating 41 places in 204km section at 2003 present time. Contrary to VMS which is constructed in freeway or highway, VMS in Roadway is increasing the demand of relocating according to development of environment. However there is not any definite standard for ITS field devices' relocating. That would be many problem such as re-relocating in the near future. This study presents optimal VMS relocating methodology using the concept of Decision Problem considering budget and number of drivers given information.
Driver Route Choice Models for Developing Real-Time VMS Operation Strategies
Kim, SukHee ; Choi, Keechoo ; Yu, JeongWhon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 409~416
Real-time traveler information disseminated through Variable Message Signs (VMS) is known to have effects on driver route choice decisions. In the past, many studies have attempted to optimize the system performance using VMS message content as the primary control variable of driver route choice. This research proposes a VMS information provision optimization model which searches the best combination of VMS message contents and display sequence to minimize the total travel time on a highway network considered. The driver route choice models under VMS information provision are developed using a stated preference (SP) survey data in order to realistically capture driver response behavior. The genetic algorithm (GA) is used to find the optimal VMS information provision strategies which consists of the VMS message contents and the sequence of message display. In the process of the GA module, the system performance is measured using micro traffic simulation. The experiment results highlight the capability of the proposed model to search the optimal solution in an efficient way. The results show that the traveler information conveyed via VMS can reduce the total travel time on a highway network. They also suggest that as the frequency of VMS message update gets shorter, a smaller number of VMS message contents performs better to reduce the total travel time, all other things being equal.
Development of an Improved Gravity Model using Residual
Ryu, Yeong Geun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 417~424
To get more accurate trip distribution estimation results, this study developed an improved gravity model. Using three different year's O-D table resulted from person trip survey, this study analyzed correlative between basic year's residuals and target year's residuals by gravity model. And resulted that the two have linear correlation. From this, improved gravity model was developed as adding basic year's residual to present gravity model. Developed gravity model was compared to present gravity model by estimation accuracy, and revealed that distributed trips from improved gravity model was more closer to real O-D than distributed trips from present gravity model.
Predictive Equation of Dynamic Modulus for Hot Mix Asphalt with Granite Aggregates
Lee, Kwan-Ho ; Kim, Hyun-O ; Jang, Min-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 425~433
The presented work provided a predictive equation for dynamic modulus of hot mix asphalt, which showed higher reliability and more simplicity. Lots of test result by UTM at laboratory has been used to develop the precise predictive equation. Evaluation of dynamic modulus for 13mm and 19mm surface course and 25mm of base course of hot mix asphalt with granite aggregate and two asphalt binders (AP-3 and AP-5) were carried out. Superpave Level 1 Mix Design with gyrator compactor was adopted to determine the optimum asphalt binder content (OAC) and the measured ranges of OAC were between 5.1% and 5.4% for surface HMA, and around 4.2% for base HMA. The dynamic modulus and phase angle were determined by testing on UTM, with 5 different testing temperature (-10, 5, 20, 40, &
) and 5 different loading frequencies (0.05, 0.1, 1, 10, 25 Hz). Using the measured dynamic modulus and phase angle, the input parameters of Sigmoidal function equation to represent the master curve were determined and these will be adopted in FEM analysis for asphalt pavements. The effect of each parameter for equation has been compared. Due to the limitation of laboratory tests, the reliability of predictive equation for dynamic modulus is around 80%.
Sensitivity Analysis of 3-Dimensional FE Models for Jointed Concrete Pavements
Yoo, Taeseok ; Sim, Jongsung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 435~444
This paper investigates the effect of 3-dimensional FE models to evaluation results of jointed concrete pavements which is back-calculated by AREA method. Sensitivity of 3-dimensional FE models developed to simulate the behavior of real jointed concrete pavement are analyzed after compared with 2-dimensional FE models using ILLISLAB. In comparison with 2-dimensional models, influence of concrete contraction under loading plate and base layer on surface deflections is more than that of loading configuration. Deflections at 3-dimensional model between linear and nonlinear temperature distribution under same temperature difference are similar, but noticeable differences are investigated in low elastic modulus of foundations. Dynamic deflections under loading plate are larger than static deflections in high elastic modulus of foundation, but smaller in low elastic modulus. Lower dynamic modulus of subgrade reactions are backcalculated by dynamic deflections than by static deflections. But reverse trend is investigated in the backcalculated elastic modulus of concrete which describes trends of the field backcalculation values calculated from AREA method.
Behavior of High-elastic Stress Absorbing Interlayer for Reflective Cracking Resistance
Park, Tae Soon ; Lee, Yo Seop ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 445~451
This study was conducted to develop the interlayer mixture that absorbs the stress between the old concrete pavement and the asphalt overlay pavement layer. The elasticity, the flexibility, the consistency and the impermeability is required for high-elastic Stress Absorbing Interlayer(HSAI) to absorb and disperse the stress that causes the flexural and horizontal movements of the joint and the crack. The HSAI developed from foreign product was satisfied with the design criteria. The specimens using the HSAI showed the significant reduction of the reflective crack compared those not using the HSAI. The significance included that the life of shear failure and horizontal displacement resistance increased 4 times. The life of the share failure increased to 5 times and the horizontal displacement increased to 9 times according to the selection of surface course material which showed the excellence of the HSAI.
Field Evaluation of Traffic Wandering Effect on Asphalt Pavement Responses
Seo, Youngguk ; Kwon, Soon-Min ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 453~459
This paper presents an experimental evaluation of wandering effect on asphalt concrete pavement responses. A laser-based wandering system has been developed and its performance is verified under various field conditions. The portable wandering system composed of two laser sensors with Position Sensitive Devices can allow one to measure the distance between laser sensors and tire edges of moving vehicle. Therefore, lateral position of each wheel on the pavement can be determined in a real time manner. Pavement responses due to different loading paths are investigated using a roll over test which is carried out on one of asphalt surfaced pavements in the Korea Highway Corporation test road. The pavement section (A5) consists of 5 cm thick surface course; 7 cm intermediate course; and 18 mm base course, and is heavily instrumented with strain gauges, vertical soil pressure cells and thermo-couples. From the center of wheel paths, seven equally-spaced lateral loading paths are carefully selected over an 140 cm wandering zone. Test results show that lateral horizontal strains in both surface and intermediate courses are mostly compressive right under the loading path and tensile strains start to develop as the loading offset becomes 40 cm from the wheel path. The development of the vertical stresses in the top layers of subbase and anti-frost is found to be minimal once the loading offset becomes 50 cm.
Estimation of Individual Vehicle Speed Using Single Sensor Configurations
Oh, Ju-Sam ; Kim, Jong-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 461~467
To detect individual vehicular speed, double loop detection technique has been widely used. This paper investigates four methodologies to measure individual speed using only a single loop sensor in a traveling lane. Two methods developed earlier include estimating the speed by means of (Case 1) the slop of inductance wave form generated by the sensor and (Case 2) the average vehicle lengths. Two other methods are newly developed through this study, which are estimations by measuring (Case 3) the mean of wheelbases using the sensor installed traversal to the traveling lane and (Case 4) the mean of wheel tracks by the sensor installed diagonally to the traveling lane. These four methodologies were field-tested and their accuracy of speed output was compared statistically. This study used Equality Coefficient and Mean Absolute Percentage Error for the assessment. It was found that the method (Case 1) was best accurate, followed by method (Case 4), (Case 2), and (Case 3).
A Development of Integrated Prototype Model for Risk Management of Construction Projects
Kim, Chang-Hak ; Park, Seo-Young ; Kang, In-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 469~480
The results of the study include a computerized system and a systematic process model for risk management and analysis. This study analyzes the present status of risk management in the construction industry, and then suggests reasonable methods for improved risk management plans. This study defines risk management procedures as preparation, identification, analysis, response and management to manage potential risks in the construction project. The modules for computerizing in this system consist of planning, construction, application of WBS (Work Breakdown Structure) and RBS (Risk Breakdown Structure), and risk analysis. The methodology for analyzing construction risk uses fuzzy theory, and the scope of developed system is focused to the contractors. The risk management system suggested in this study operates on the Internet, for providing contractors with a useful risk management tool by online system, with web-based menus that is helpful for practical application.
Effective Management of Construction Information Using a XML Based Project Deliverable Management System
Moon, Sungwoo ; Yang, Byungsoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 481~489
These days construction management is executed in an information technology environment, which creates a large volume of digital data. At the completion of a project, the contractor is required to transfer to the owner the digital data as project deliverables usually in a form of CD's. From an enterprise-wide view point, this traditional way makes the management of project deliverables ineffective as the data accumulated from different projects could be enormous. The objective of this paper is to propose a structured way to utilize a XML database for better management of project deliverables. The XML database provides an environment which users can access through a project deliverable management system (PDMS). A pilot of the PDMS has been developed to test the effectiveness of document control. The result of the test demonstrates that the effectiveness of project deliverable management can be increased by providing a high transportability and usability of data in the construction life cycle.
Comparative Analysis on NIMBY Facility and Location - Suyeong·Nambu·Haeundae Sewage Disposal Plants Cases -
Choi, Yeol ; Choi, Jae Do ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 491~497
The goal of this research is to explore the opinions of the resident's neighboring within sewage disposal plants, to investigate the differences in accordance with each location of sewage disposal plants, and to examine the determinants to impact on the sewage disposal plants. The multivariate analysis of variance model and regression model are employed as the empirical analysis for this research. The major findings are as follows; as a rule, most of residents represented the sewage disposal plants are essential public facilities. The sewage disposal plants could be positively considered under proper compensation and negotiation, It is found that the satisfaction level against accomplishing process of the sewage disposal plants facilities are very low. In addition, it was revealed that the determinants to impact on the sewage disposal plants showed differently according to each current location of sewage disposal plants. It means that there are no absolutely concrete reasons to oppose the sewage disposal plants and they can be somewhat different by the each local characteristics. Therefore, these findings provide for the policy makers related with the NIMBY facilities including the sewage disposal plants with valuable information.
Evaluation of Proper Level of the Longitudinal Prestress for the Precast Deck of Railway Bridges Considering the Temperature Change
Jeon, Se Jin ; Kim, Young Jin ; Kim, Seong Woon ; Kim, Cheol Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 499~509
Precast concrete deck has many advantages comparing with the in-situ concrete deck, and has been successfully applied to replacement of the deteriorated decks and to the newly constructed highway bridges in domestic region. In order to apply the precast decks into the railway bridges, however, differences of the load characteristics between the highway and the railway should be properly taken into account including the train load, longitudinal force of the continuous welded rail, acceleration or braking force, temperature change and shrinkage. Proper level of the longitudinal prestress of the tendons that can ensure integrity of the transverse joints in the deck system is of a primary importance. To this aim, the longitudinal tensile stresses induced by the design loads are derived using three-dimensional finite element analyses for the frequently adopted PSC composite girder railway bridge. The effect of the temperature change is also investigated considering the design codes and theoretical equations in an in-depth manner. The estimated proper prestress level to counteract those tensile stresses is above 2.4 MPa, which is similar to the case of the highway bridges.
Flying Safety Area Model Creation and Obstruction Identification using 3D GIS Techniques
Park, Wan Yong ; Heo, Joon ; Sohn, Hong Gyoo ; Lee, Yong Woong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 511~517
In this paper, we studied the techniques to analyze the flying safety area focused on the air base rules for military that has been the criteria of the altitude restrictions around the airfield for both civilian and military purposes in Korea. We wanted to present the effective method to analyze the restricted area and to help solving problems that could result recently from the altitude restrictions around the airfield at the beginning of the development projects. To do this we proposed the methods to effectively generate the model of the flying safety area in accordance with the air base rules using 3D GIS techniques and to automatically identify the obstructions caused by the natural and man-made features in those areas. To apply the proposed methods actually to the airfield chosen for the study area, we presented the approaches to generate geospatial informations based on the commercial digital maps and satellite imagery and by generating the flying safety area model, identifying the obstructions, and visualizing the integrated model for the flying safety area analysis we showed the practical usability of the proposed techniques.
Building Detection Using Edge and Color Information of Color Imagery
Park, Choung Hwan ; Sohn, Hong Gyoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 519~525
The traditional area-based matching or efficient matching methods using epipolar geometry and height restriction of stereo images, which have a confined search space for image matching, have still some disadvantages such as mismatching and timeconsuming, especially in the dense metropolitan city that very high and similar buildings exist. To solve these problems, a new image matching method through building recognition has been presented. This paper described building recognition in color stereo images using edge and color information as a elementary study of new matching scheme. We introduce the modified Hausdorff distance for using edge information, and the modified color indexing with 3-D RGB histogram for using color information. Color information or edge information alone is not enough to find conjugate building pairs. For edge information only, building recognition rate shows 46.5%, for color information only, 7.1%. However, building recognition rate distinctly increase 78.5% when both information are combined.
Analysis of Forest Fire Damage Using LiDAR Data and SPOT-4 Satellite Images
Song, Yeong Sun ; Sohn, Hong Gyoo ; Lee, Seok Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 527~534
This study estimated the forest damage of Kangwon-Do fire disaster occurred April 2005. For the estimation, the delineation of fire damaged area was performed using SPOT-4 satellite image and DSM (Digital surface model)/DTM (Digital Terrain Model) was generated by airborne and ground LiDAR data to calculate forests height. The damaged amount of money was calculated in forest area using stand volume formula, combining the canopy height from forest height model and digital stock map. The total forest damage amounted to 3.9 billion won.
3-D Building Reconstruction from Standard IKONOS Stereo Products in Dense Urban Areas
Lee, Suk Kun ; Park, Chung Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 535~540
This paper presented an effective strategy to extract the buildings and to reconstruct 3-D buildings using high-resolution multispectral stereo satellite images. Proposed scheme contained three major steps: building enhancement and segmentation using both BDT (Background Discriminant Transformation) and ISODATA algorithm, conjugate building identification using the object matching with Hausdorff distance and color indexing, and 3-D building reconstruction using photogrammetric techniques. IKONOS multispectral stereo images were used to evaluate the scheme. As a result, the BDT technique was verified as an effective tool for enhancing building areas since BDT suppressed the dominance of background to enhance the building as a non-background. In building recognition, color information itself was not enough to identify the conjugate building pairs since most buildings are composed of similar materials such as concrete. When both Hausdorff distance for edge information and color indexing for color information were combined, most segmented buildings in the stereo images were correctly identified. Finally, 3-D building models were successfully generated using the space intersection by the forward RFM (Rational Function Model).
Integrated Data Model of Topographic and Cadastral Information in LIS
Lee, Suk Kun ; Kim, Gab Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 3D, 2006, Pages 541~547
With the new paradigm of ubiquitous in the developed computing technology, it is urgently necessary to research GIS fields centering around positioning techniques. The intention of this study is to propose implementation methods for integrating topographic and cadastral data. For this purpose an integrated data model is formed to coincide the graphic data of cadastral map with that of topographic map. As a result, the integrated data model could be built by harmonizing cadastral map with topographic map. We suggest data model for connecting with other information systems in the conditions of data uniformity and implementation. This data implementation models suggested in this research can provide a good reference for the future implementation of other systems. This results will be efficiently used as basis for practical use in ubiquitous environments of spatial informations.