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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6D - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6C - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6B - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6A - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5D - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5C - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5B - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5A - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4D - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4C - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4B - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4A - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3D - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3C - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3B - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3A - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2D - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2C - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2B - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2A - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1D - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1C - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1B - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1A - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Vehicle License Plate Recognition System Using the Cautious Classifier and the Weighted Instance Method
Baik, Nam Cheol ; Lee, Sang Hyup ; Ryu, Kwang Ryul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 549~551
Vehicle License Plate Recognition System reads information from vehicles license plate using image detection devices. Of many applications provided by Vehicle License Plate Recognition System, some, such as speed enforcing system, can be problematic when the system incorrectly scans letters or numbers from a vehicle's license plate. Using Cautious Classifier avoids such problems by discarding the scanned information when the confidence level is doubted to be low. This study develops the License Plate Recognition System using Cautious Classifier and investigates effectiveness of applying the Weighted Instance Method to improve the performance of Cautious Classifier.
Basic Study of Applying Traffic Calming Method in Korea
Oh, Jun Seo ; Oh, Seung Hwoon ; Lee, Byeong Saeng ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 553~557
The traffic flow of a vehicle is an essential existence in a city, and is a part of a living aiming at the city citizen's activity. Hereafter, this flow will increase gradually, thus even a proper countermeasure against this will be required to arrange for. However, it will need to present a proper countermeasure against a threat of the roads surrounding a residential area where is a living space of the city citizen, being occurred according to this. It aims to maximize the effect of Traffic Calming technique through maintaining the special environment and facilities being possessed only by our country's living roads. This study did carry out and consider the analysis of a primary factor through a field survey, an experiment and SPSS, in relation to an issue of which influence of factors as for the domestic traffic environment different from a foreign country has on introducing and applying the technique of Traffic Calming to the domestic nation. As the results through the evaluation experiment and the primary-factor analysis, it could be seen being influenced largely by six factors such as a pedestrian's safety facilities which influence on the traffic environment in case of applying Traffic Calming, a mechanical factor to lower speed, a factor as to a street scene, a factor as to a pedestrian's passing condition given, a factor of a pedestrian's convenience and environment, and a visual factor of a vehicle's deceleration.
Strategy for Providing Optimal VMS Travel Time Information Using Bi-Level Programming
Baik, Nam Cheol ; Kim, Byung Kwan ; Lee, Sang Hyup ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 559~564
The purpose of this study is to minimize negative effect of VMS travel time information service by sensitivity analysis, which forecasts the change in link traffic volume. As a result, strategies for providing travel information that can change driving patterns for minimizing travel time were found. The framework for analysis is recently expanded with the application of game theory. According to the experiment, the algorithm generated for travel time information service reduces total travel time and yields travel patterns that is very close to the system optimization. Also, this study found that the route the travel time service information is provided about could play the important role.
Examining Access Mode Choice Behavior of Local Metropolitan High-Speed Rail Station - A Case Study of Dong-Daegu Station -
Kim, Sang Hwang ; Kim, Kap Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 565~571
This study aimed to analyze access mode choice behavior for KTX Passengers. To fulfill the aims of this study, Dong-Daegu Station was selected as a station for a case study. This study takes place in two stages. These are (i) descriptive statistical analysis of transportation status before and after introduction of the KTX, (ii) empirical model estimation for analyzing access mode choice behavior. This study makes use of the data from travel survey from Daegu metropolitan area. The main part of the survey was carried out in the KTX Dong-Daegu station. The data was collected from a sample of 1,800 individuals. The survey data includes the information on travel from Dong-Daegu station to Seoul. From descriptive statistical analysis of transportation status before and after introduction of the KTX, it is found that revealed demand of the KTX is lower than that expected. Moreover, it is found that the low demand of the KTX stems from high cost for the KTX itself and inconvenience( including travel time and cost) of access mode. In order to analyze mode choice behavior for accessing Dong-Daegu station, multinomial logit model structure is used. For the model specification, a variety of behavioral assumptions about the factors which affect the access mode choice, were considered. From the empirical model estimation, it si found that access travel time and access travel cost are significant in choosing access mode. Given the empirical evidence, we see that improvement of access transportation system for Dong-Daegu station is very important for enhancing the use of KTX.
Applying the ANFIS to the Analysis of Rain and Dark Effects on the Saturation Headways at Signalized Intersections
Kim, Kyung Whan ; Chung, Jae Whan ; Kim, Daehyon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 573~580
The Saturation headway is a major parameter in estimating the intersection capacity and setting the signal timing. But Existing algorithms are still far from being robust in dealing with factors related to the variation of saturation headways at signalized intersections. So this study apply the fuzzy inference system using ANFIS. The ANFIS provides a method for the fuzzy modeling procedure to learn information about a data set, in order to compute the membership function parameters that best allow the associated fuzzy inference system to track the given input/output data. The climate conditions and the degree of brightness were chosen as the input variables when the rate of heavy vehicles is 10-25 %. These factors have the uncertain nature in quantification, which is the reason why these are chosen as the fuzzy variables. A neuro-fuzzy inference model to estimate saturation headways at signalized intersections was constructed in this study. Evaluating the model using the statistics of
, MAE and MSE, it was shown that the explainability of the model was very high, the values of the statistics being 0.993, 0.0289, 0.0173 respectively.
Assessment of Wavelet Technique Applied to Incident Detection - Case of Seoul Urban Freeway (Naebusunhwallo) -
Kim, Dong Sun ; Baek, Joo Hyun ; Song, Ki Han ; Rhee, Sung Mo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 581~586
Incidents, which is unexpected unusual events such as traffic accidents, have increased on the most roads in Korea. The obstruction of a fluent traffic flow occurred by incidents causes the traffic congestion and decreases the capacity. The Wavelet technique was applied to detect the road section and the happening time of incidents on urban freeways in this study, and this technique has been widely used in many engineering fields such as an electrical engineering, etc. The availability and validity of the Wavelet technique to the detection of incidents was examined by the occupancy rate, the important element of traffic flows, which is extracted from the data of detectors installed on Seoul Urban freeways. Then, this result is compared to the California Algorithm and the Low-Pass Filtering Algorithm among basic present detection algorithms, which are based on the occupancy rate. As a result, the false alarm rate of this method was similar as that of the California algorithm and the Low-Pass Filtering algorithm, but the detection rate is higher.
Comparison of Performance & Jet Fuel Oil Resistance of Joint Sealant Materials for Airside
Park, Tae Soon ; Lee, Keun Sik ; Lee, Su Hui ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 587~592
The joint sealants used in the airside should resist the high temperature of the jet blast and the jet fuel oil spilled when the aircraft is maintained and filled. The material of joint sealant for the airside should be different from that for the road due to these characteristics. Three different kinds of the joint sealant materials were tested in this paper. The materials include the polysulfide, the polyurethane and the silicon. The test results show that the physical properties and the performance of the polysulfide show the high resistance to the jet blast and the jet fuel oil. When the characteristics of the airside considered, the polysulfide may apply in the both of the runway and the apron area, the polyuretane can be applied the taxiway. The use of the silicon sealant is not recommended for the airside.
Development of a Probabilistic Joint Opening Model using the LTPP Data
Lee, Seung Woo ; Chon, Sung Jae ; Jeong, Jin Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 593~600
Joint opening of jointed concrete pavement is caused by change in temperature and humidity of adjoined slab. The magnitude of joint opening influences on the load-transfer-efficiency and the behavior of sealant. If temperature or humidity decreases, joint opening increases. Generally maximum joint opening of a given joint is predicted by using AASHTO equation. While different magnitudes of joint opening at the individual joints have been observed in a given pavement section, AASHTO equation is limited to predict average joint opening in a given pavement section. Therefore the AASHTO equation may underestimate maximum joint for the half of joint in a given pavement section. Joints showing larger opening than the designed may experience early joint sealant failure, early faulting. Also unexpected spalling may be followed due to invasion of fine aggregate into the joints after sealant pop-off. In this study, the variation of the joint opening in a given pavement section was investigated based on the LTPP SMP data. Factors affecting on the variation are explored. Finally a probabilistic joint opening model is developed. This model can account for the reliability of the magnitude of joint opening so that the designer can select the ratio of underestimated joint opening.
Pavement Response in Flexible Pavements using Nonlinear Tire Contact Pressure and Measured Tire Contact Area
Jo, Myoung Hwan ; Kim, Nakseok ; Jeong, Jin-Hoon ; Seo, Youngguk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 601~608
The important elements in pavement design criteria are the stress and strain distributions. To obtain reasonable stress and strain distribution, tire contact area and tire pressures are very important. In this study, finite element analysis was used to identify the three-dimension states using nonlinear tire contact pressure and measured tire contact area. Measured tire contact area was quite different from the assumed tire contact area, and it resulted in different strain states under the tire. At the surface course, considering tire rib and nonlinear tire pressure, the pavement response presented accurate data compared to the predicted one. However, at the binder course, tire effects were generally negligible and it showed that the predicted pavement response was different compared to the measured one.
Analysis of the Performance of Crack and Seat Method using the LTPP Data
Lee, Seung Woo ; Hwang, Eun Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 609~615
Crack and seat method has been used in United States to prevent reflection cracks of overlay that may be caused by excessive movement at discontinuity of old concrete pavement. This method provide optium space of discontinuity by generating additional discontinuity in old concrete pavement. In this study the effect of various factors on the performance such as IRI and distress at after applying crack and seat method were investigated by using LTPP data.
Estimation of Contingency for Highway Construction Project Using Regression Analysis
Yoon, Yoo Jung ; Woo, Sungkwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 617~626
The purpose of contingency estimate is to manage the increase in construction cost and the extension of the term of works due to the inevitable occurrence of uncertain situations. The aim of contingency strategies have two intentions. One thing, can be called a passive strategy, gets ready for construction cost increase due to uncertainty factors, the other thing, can be called a active strategy, gets rid of the obstruction factors of work prior to construction performance. Therefore, from the view point of medium and long term, there is necessary to accumulate data in conjunction with design modification cases and carefully analyze uncertainty factors from construction types and characters. Therefore, this thesis will analyze design modification case at a special work such as highway and select factors that affect construction cost and present contingency estimate process using regression analysis.
A Development of Computerized Management System for Construction and Demolition Waste
Kim, Chang Hak ; Kim, Hyo Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 627~634
Now, in a domestic country, the rebuilding and redevelopment of existing houses has been rapidly increasing with an economic growth and the improvement of living condition. As a result of that, a lot of C&D waste has been also produced. Nevertheless, it is not easy to find the research results for appropriate treatment and management of C&D waste in domestic. Therefore this study suggests the optimum deconstruction management system for minimizing construction waste and increasing reuse or recycle rate of material different from traditional demolition. The system makes it possible to plan and manage in advance quantity of C&D waste, demolition methods of each structural elements and application methods of produced C&D waste through an integrated and computerized system. The purpose of the system is ultimately to contribute to minimizing environmental damages and reducing construction waste quantity of a country. This system is largely composed of four modules such as planning of preliminary demolition survey, estimating of demolition quantity, planning of demolition schedule and planning of construction waste management and each module can be also used individually according to the purpose of a user.
Risk-based Profit Prediction Model for International Construction Projects
Han, Seung-Heon ; Kim, Du-Yon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 635~647
Korean construction companies first advanced to the international markets in 1960's and so far have brought more than 4,900 projects which account for 193 billion dollars approximately. With the large increase of national employment and income being followed by the achievement, Korea's construction industry has made an enormous contribution to the improvement of domestic economy for the last 40 years. However, recently the increased risk in international markets as well as the sharpening competition with foreign companies promising in terms of advanced technologies and low labor cost have been driving Korean construction away from the market shares. According to ENR (Engineering News Record, 1994~2003), it is revealed that 15.1% of top 225 global contractors are suffering from loss in international construction markets. This phenomenon is largely due to the highly uncertain characteristics of international projects, which are inherently exposed to various and complicated risky situations. Furthermore, especially for Korean construction companies, it is often the case that the failure in an international construction project cannot be offset by even a sufficient number of successful domestic achievements. Therefore, not only the selective screening among the nominated projects which have strong possibility of collapse but the systematic strategies for controlling potential risk factors are also considered indispensable in international construction portfolio management. The purpose of this study is to first analyze the causal relationships of the profit-influencing variables and the project success, and develop the profitability forecasting model in international construction projects.
Six-sigma Based Approach to Improve Productivity for Construction Processes and Operations
Han, Seung-heon ; Ryu, Ho-dong ; Chae, Myung-jin ; Im, Keon-soon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 649~659
Recently there has been huge efforts to improve performance in construction process by applying emerging techniques such as the Lean principle and Just-in-time concept. However, little achievement as we expected has come out in reality due to the lack of strategy to set a definite goal of the execution and differences of personal viewpoints on construction productivity. Accordingly, it is the most important to promote the circumstances for the construction process improvement by quantifying the goals of respective unit activity groups. This research explores feasible solutions for the improvement of construction projects performance by combining the six-sigma principle for the generic administrative innovation based on the idea of construction process performance. For this purpose, mutual comparisons of various current approaches are performed in an attempt to establish the advantages in applying six-sigma idea and to provide its fundamental strategy. Furthermore, through a case study with the simulation of applying six-sigma to a unit activity group in construction process, this paper verifies that the overall performance improves as the degree of sigma level gets advanced.
An Analysis on the Data Distribution of Construction Equipment Operations - A Case on Muck Hauling System -
Seo, Hyeong Beom ; Jung, Won Ji ; Kim, Kyoungmin ; Kim, Kyong Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 661~670
The utilization of simulation has been limited in planning construction process because it is difficult to collect data and build a model using simulation method. This study collects construction operation data and analyzes the characteristics of its distribution. Through the statistical analysis on the empirical data, this study identifies Beta distribution functions is one of the most proper in duplicating the characteristics of construction equipment operation data into a computer simulation. The information obtained in this study can support preparing input data for another simulation.
Simulation of Vehicle-Structure Dynamic Interaction by Displacement Constraint Equations and Stabilized Penalty Method
Chung, Keun Young ; Lee, Sung Uk ; Min, Kyung Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 671~678
In this study, to describe vehicle-structure dynamic interaction phenomena with 1/4 vehicle model, nonlinear Hertzian contact spring and nonlinear contact damper are adopted. The external loads acting on 1/4 vehicle model are selfweight of vehicle and geometry information of running surface. The constraint equation on contact surface is implemented by the Penalty method with stabilization and the reaction from constraint violation. To describe pitching motion of various vehicles two types of the displacement constraint equations are exerted to connect between car bodies and between bogie frames, i.e., the rigid body connection and the rigid body connection with pin, respectively. For the time integration of dynamic equations of vehicles and structure Newmark time integration scheme is adopted. To reduce the error caused by inadequate time step size, adaptive time-stepping technique is also adopted. Thus, it is expected that more versatile dynamic interaction phenomena can be described by this approach and it can be applied to various railway dynamic problems with low computational cost.
A Development of Optimum Operation Models for Express-Rail Systems
Park, Jeong-Soo ; Lee, Hoon-Hee ; Won, Jai-Mu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 679~686
Recently, the city railway in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) has offered a low quality of service as a passage time, because it was operated slowly. So, the people who live in modern society are not satisfied about passage time, therefore, this study tried to make that the subway in the SMA becomes a more functional and effective wide-area-transportation-network through an express train introduction's method which examined cases from abroad and current system. and then presented how express train could be applied to current system. In a case study, We used the An-San Line and Su-In Line as a examples and developed a schedule which can minimize the delaying time of subway by using Branch & Bound Algorithm. The train operational plan was loaded to consider a railroad siding, Obtained site, and the dispatch interval(three to ten minutes) for the express and local lines and finally, We presented an alternative operational plan which made by those factors.
Automated Satellite Image Co-Registration using Pre-Qualified Area Matching and Studentized Outlier Detection
Kim, Jong Hong ; Heo, Joon ; Sohn, Hong Gyoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 687~693
Image co-registration is the process of overlaying two images of the same scene, one of which represents a reference image, while the other is geometrically transformed to the one. In order to improve efficiency and effectiveness of the co-registration approach, the author proposed a pre-qualified area matching algorithm which is composed of feature extraction with canny operator and area matching algorithm with cross correlation coefficient. For refining matching points, outlier detection using studentized residual was used and iteratively removes outliers at the level of three standard deviation. Throughout the pre-qualification and the refining processes, the computation time was significantly improved and the registration accuracy is enhanced. A prototype of the proposed algorithm was implemented and the performance test of 3 Landsat images of Korea. showed: (1) average RMSE error of the approach was 0.435 pixel; (2) the average number of matching points was over 25,573; (3) the average processing time was 4.2 min per image with a regular workstation equipped with a 3 GHz Intel Pentium 4 CPU and 1 Gbytes Ram. The proposed approach achieved robustness, full automation, and time efficiency.
The Site Analysis for Crop Cultivation Using GIS-Based AHP Method
Kim, Tae Jun ; Lee, Geun Sang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 4D, 2006, Pages 695~702
In GIS-based Spatial Decision-making Support System (SDSS), the Boolean logic by conventional simple overlay method contains two problems. One is losing lots of information in analysis process, the other is unable to reflect of weighting values between evaluated items. Therefore, evaluation system as Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) needs to improve these problems effectively. The purpose of this study is to provide the benefit of AHP method and GIS spatial analysis in site analysis for crop cultivation. First, the weighting value of AHP for topography, distribution grade of water, property of soil and slope items are evaluated throughout survey to experts of soil, crop and agricultural management fields. On the basis of these weighting value of AHP by items, site suitability analysis for black raspberry cultivation is performed. To estimate the benefit of AHP method, the current cultivating map of black raspberry is constructed in Ssangchi-myeon district. In comparison with site analysis of Boolean logic, site analysis of AHP method shows more realistic.