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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6D - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6C - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6B - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6A - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5D - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5C - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5B - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5A - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4D - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4C - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4B - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4A - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3D - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3C - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3B - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3A - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2D - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2C - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2B - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2A - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1D - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1C - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1B - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1A - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Analysis on Shapes of Shear Pocket for the Full-Depth Precast Slab
Han, Sang Yun ; Lee, Man Seop ; Lee, Seung Rok ; Kang, Young Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 817~822
Post-tensioning the full-depth precast slab longitudinally is to eliminate the tensile stresses in the transverse joints and to prevent any leakage through the joints. When the prestressing is applied to full-depth precast slab which does not composite steel girder, stress concentration occurs at the corners of shear pocket, and compressive stress is not uniformly distributed in the section of precast slab. In this paper, full-depth precast slabs using four different shapes of shear pockets are analyzed by commercial finite element program. Round type of shear pockets is superior to reduction in stress concentration.
Time-dependent Parametric Analyses of PSC Composite Girders for Serviceability Design
Youn, Seok-Goo ; Cho, Sun-Kyu ; Lee, Jong-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 823~832
To ensure the serviceability requirements of PSC composite girder bridges, it is essential to predict the stresses and deformations of the structure under service load conditions. Stresses and deformations vary continuously with time due to the effects of creep and shrinkage of concrete and relaxation of prestressing steel. The importance of these time-dependent effects is much more pronounced in precast prestressed concrete structures built in stages than in those constructed in one operation. In this paper, time-dependent analyses for PSC composite bridges using 30m standard girders have been conducted considering with the variation of the times of introducing initial prestressing forces and casting concrete. A computer program has been developed for the time-dependent analysis of simple or continuous PSC composite girders and parametric studies are conducted. Based on the numerical results, it is investigated the long-term behaviors of PSC composite girder bridges and discussed the limitations of the current codes for the prestress loss.
Hysteretic Behavior Characteristics of SM490-TMC Steel Column
Chang, Kyong Ho ; Jang, Gab Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 833~840
In design of steel column member using TMCP steels, hysteretic behavior characteristics of steel column must be clarified. To predict hysteretic behavior of steel column using TMCP steels, a cyclic plasticity model is necessary which can consider the mechanical characteristics and stress-strain relationship of TMCP steels. In this paper, a cyclic plasticity model of SM490-TMC was formulated based on monotonic and cyclic loading tests. The formulated cyclic plasticity model was applied to 3-dimensional finite element analysis. Hysteretic behavior characteristics of steel circular column and H-section column using SM490-TMC was presented by carrying out numerical analysis. Also, influence of SM490-TMC on hysteretic behavior of steel column was presented by comparing analysis results both SM490 and SM490-TMC steel column.
Strength Prediction of PSC Box Girder Diaphragms Using 3-Dimensional Grid Strut-Tie Model Approach
Park, Jung Woong ; Kim, Tae Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 841~848
There is a complex variation of stress in PSC anchorage zones and box girder diaphragms because of large concentrated load by prestress. According to the AASHTO LFRD design code, three-dimensional effects due to concentrated jacking loads shall be investigated using three-dimensional analysis procedures or may be approximated by considering separate submodels for two or more planes. In this case, the interaction of the submodels should be considered, and the model loads and results should be consistent. However, box girder diaphragms are 3-dimensional disturbed region which requires a fully three-dimensional model, and two-dimensional models are not satisfactory to model the flow of forces in diaphragms. In this study, the strengths of the prestressed box girder diaphragms are predicted using the 3-dimensional grid strut-tie model approach, which were tested to failure in University of Texas. According to the analysis results, the 3-dimensional strut-tie model approach can be possibly applied to the analysis and design of PSC box girder anchorage zones as a reasonable computer-aided approach with satisfied accuracy.
Robust Analysis of a μ-Controller for a Cable-Stayed Bridge with Various Uncertainties
Park, Kyu Sik ; Spencer, B.F.Jr. ; Kim, Chun Ho ; Lee, In Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 849~859
This paper presents an extensive robust analysis of a
-controller in the hybrid system for various uncertainties using the benchmark cable-stayed bridge. The overall system robustness may be deteriorated by introducing active devices and the active controller may cause instability due to small margins. Therefore, a
-synthesis method that simultaneously guarantees the performance and stability of the closed-loop system (robust performance) with uncertainties is used for active devices to enhance the robustness in company with the inherent reliability of passive devices. The robustness of the
-synthesis method is investigated with respect to the additional mass on the deck, structural stiffness matrix perturbation, time delay of actuator, and combinations thereof. Numerical simulation results show that the proposed control system has the good robustness without loss of control performances with respect to various uncertainties under earthquakes considered in this study. Furthermore, the control system robustness is more affected by the perturbation of structural stiffness matrix than others considered in this study. Therefore, the hybrid system controlled by a
-synthesis method could be proposed as an improved control strategy for a seismically excited cable-stayed bridge containing many uncertainties.
A Meshless Method Using the Local Partition of Unity for Modeling of Cohesive Cracks
Zi, Goangseup ; Jung, Jin-kyu ; Kim, Byeong Min ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 861~872
The element free Galerkin method is extended by the local partition of unity method to model the cohesive cracks in two dimensional continuum. The shape function of a particle whose domain of influence is completely cut by a crack is enriched by the step enrichment function. If the domain of influence contains a crack tip inside, it is enriched by a branch enrichment function which does not have the LEFM stress singularity. The discrete equations are obtained directly from the standard Galerkin method since the enrichment is only for the displacement field, which satisfies the local partition of unity. Because only particles whose domains of influence are influenced by a crack are enriched, the system matrix is still sparse so that the increase of the computational cost is minimized. The condition for crack growth in dynamic problems is obtained from the material instability; when the acoustic tensor loses the positive definiteness, a cohesive crack is inserted to the point so as to change the continuum to a discontiuum. The crack speed is naturally obtained from the criterion. It is found that this method is more accurate and converges faster than the classical meshless methods which are based on the visibility concept. In this paper, several well-known static and dynamic problems were solved to verify the method.
Behavior of PSC Composite Bridge with Precast Decks
Chung, Chul Hun ; Hyun, Byung Hak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 873~880
PSC composite bridge with precast decks which was designed by the proposed horizontal shear equation was fabricated. Fatigue test was performed to evaluate the endurance of shear connection and the behavior of PSC composite bridge. After all the fatigue loading were applied, no crack and no residual slip were occurred. The flexural stiffness of PSC composite bridge was maintained the initial value, and demage of shear connection was not occurred. To verify the applicability of horizontal shear equation and shear connection detail and to evaluate the strength of PSC composite bridges, static test was also executed. PSC composite bridges with precast decks had 2.08 safety factor which was the ratio of crack to serviceability load and showed ductile behavior after ultimate load. Test results showed that the proposed design equation of the shear connection gave reasonable horizontal shear connection design. Fast and easy construction would be achieved using the suggested precast system.
Passive Control System for Mitigation of Cable Vibration in Cable-Stayed Bridges
Hwang, Inho ; Lee, Jong Seh ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 881~885
Rain-wind induced cable vibration can cause serious problems in cable-stayed bridges. Externally attached dampers have been used to provide an effective means to suppress the vibration of relatively short stay-cables. For very long stay-cables, however, such damper systems are rendered ineffective, as the dampers need to be attached near the end of cables for aesthetic reasons. This paper investigates a new control system to mitigate the cable vibration. The proposed control system which consists of a laminated rubber bearing and an internal damper may be installed inside of the cable anchorage. A simple analytical model of the cable-damper system is developed first based on the taut string representation of the cable. The response of a cable with the proposed control system is obtained and then compared to those of the cable with and without an external passive damper. The proposed stay-cable vibration control system is shown to perform better than the optimal passive viscous damper, thereby demonstrating its applicability in large cable-stayed bridges for mitigation of rain-wind induced vibration of stay-cables.
Experimental Investigation of Aerodynamic Force Coefficients and Flutter Derivatives of Bridge Girder Sections
Cho, Jae-Young ; Lee, Hak-Eun ; Kim, Young-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 887~899
The aim of this study is to investigate a correlation between fundamental data on aerodynamic characteristics of bridge girder cross-sections, such as aerodynamic force coefficients and flutter derivatives, and their aerodynamic behaviour. The section model tests were carried out in three stages. In the first stage, seven deck configurations were studied, namely; Six 2-edge girders and one box girder. In this stage, changes in aerodynamic force coefficients due to geometrical shape of girders, incidence angle of flow, wind directions and turbulence intensities were studied by static section model tests. In the second stage, the dynamic section model tests were carried out to investigate the relativity of static coefficients to dynamic responses. And finally, the two-dimensional (lift-torsion) aerodynamic derivatives of three bridge deck configurations were investigated by dynamic section model tests. The aerodynamic derivatives can be best described as a representation of the aerodynamic damping and the aerodynamic stiffness provided by the wind for a given deck geometry. The method employed here to extract these unsteady aerodynamic properties is known as the initial displacement technique. It involves the measurement of the decay in amplitude with time of an initial displacement of the deck in heave and torsion, for various wind speeds, in smooth flow. It is suggested that the proposed aerodynamic force coefficients and flutter derivatives of bridge girder sections will be potentially useful for the aeroelastic analysis and buffeting analysis.
Development of Analysis Tool for Structural Behavior of Domestic Containment Building with Grouted Tendon (CANDU-type)
Lee, Sang-Keun ; Song, Young-Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 901~908
The structural integrity of containment building in Nuclear Power Plants has to be verified by the ISI(In Service Inspection) because there are some variations on the structural behavior of it due to the change of the physical properties of concrete and tendon with the lapse of time. In this study, the program 'SAPONC-CANDU' which can monitor and analyze the structural behavior of the containment building with grouted tendon (CANDU-type, 'Wolsong unit-2, 3, and 4' in Korea) was developed. This program is based on the algorithm which can calculate the prediction values of the quantities of strain variation for the vibrating-wire strain gauges embedded into the concrete of the containment building under temperature and time dependent factors which are creep, shrinkage, and prestressing force. The readings of the strain gauges are used as input data for the operation of the program. And it finally provides graphically a prediction value, line and band of the quantity of strain variation for the respective strain gauges, therefore, it is thought that the site engineers are able to assess the structural integrity of the domestic containment building with grouted tendon with easy using this program.
Prediction of Autogenous Shrinkage on Concrete by Unsaturated Pore Compensation Hydration Model
Lee, Chang Soo ; Park, Jong Hyok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 909~915
To predict autogenous shrinkage of concrete, unsaturated pore compensation factor could be calculated by experiments of autogenous shrinkage of cement paste on the assumption that the differences between degree of hydration and strain rate of autogenous shrinkage are unsaturated pore formation rate. Applying unsaturated pore compensation factor on modified Pickket model considering contribution factor and non-contribution factor to autogenous shrinkage of concrete, experimental data and existing model were compared. From the results modified Pickket model was verified to present similar tendency between Tazawa model and experimental data, but CEB-FIP model might be corrected because this model uses ultimate autogenous shrinkage underestimated and the same autogenous time function of concrete material properties considering only compressive strength.
Estimation of Velocities of Acoustic Signals and Source Locations in PSC Beam by Acoustic Emission
Youn, Seok-Goo ; Lee, Changno ; Kim, Eun-Kyum ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 917~925
Experimental tests were performed to estimate velocities of the acoustic signals through prestressed concrete beam and source locations using acoustic emission (AE) techniques. Seven AE sensors are mounted on the surface of 5m length test beam with equal spacing and using Schmidt Hammer AE events are made at 18 locations. The velocities of AE signals are estimated using the time differences of arrival times and the distances between the source locations and the AE sensor locations. In addition, using the Least Square Method, the AE source locations are re-evaluated reversely using both of the arrival times and the velocities of AE signals. Test results show the average velocity of the AE signals is about 4,000 m/sec and the velocity decreased with the increase of the distance from source locations to AE sensors due to the effect of attenuation. Based on the estimation of the source locations, it is observed that the errors of source locations are decreased when the velocities of each AE sensor are used rather than the average velocity.
A Study on the Pore Structure and Compressive Strength of Concrete using Metakaolin
Yeo, Dong Ku ; Kim, Nam Wook ; Song, Jun Ho ; Bae, Ju Seong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5A, 2006, Pages 927~934
According to the high demand of concrete structures with high performance, various studies have examined on the high performance concrete, especially high strength concrete. Various admixtures are required to produce high strength concrete and silica fume has been the most popular admixture. Recently, however, metakaolin, which is similar to silica fume in properties but cheaper, has been introduced to high strength concrete. This study conducted XRD and SEM analyses on a cement paste specimens to clarify metakaolin's performance in pozzolan. Additionally, a concrete specimens were fabricated to analyze its pore structure using Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry and its correlation to the compressive strength. In result, it was found that the average diameter of pore reduced and compressive strength increased as more metakaolin content was added. In addition, a regression analysis of
pore and compression strength revealed that these two factors had a high correlation of about 0.93 and 10~15% of metakaolin replacement was most appropriate.