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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6D - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6C - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6B - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6A - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5D - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5C - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5B - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5A - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4D - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4C - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4B - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4A - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3D - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3C - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3B - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3A - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2D - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2C - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2B - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2A - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1D - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1C - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1B - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1A - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Results of Developing an ITS Device Performance Test-Bed and Criteria of Its Selection
Lee, Sang Hyup ; Lee, Mi Young ; Baik, Nam Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 703~708
In the United States and Japan ITS device performance test-beds have been widely developed to enhance the reliability of traffic information and to expedite the standardization of components for securing the compatibility of device. In this study the selection criteria for developing ITS device performance test-bed are investigated by analyzing the cases and studies of overseas. Based on the criteria, a test-bed is developed and test-run. The importance of developing ITS device performance test-bed was identified as the result of reviewing the test run of each selection.
A Study on Trip Generation Model considering Trip-chaining by Behavioral Homogeneous Person Group
Lee, Seon-Ha ; Yun, Jin-Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 709~716
The rapid changes of family structure such as singles, working couples and so on have effects on a travel behaviour. One of the characteristics from this is the increasing portion of trip-chain, in which plural activities were conducted in a "single outgoing" travel. Therefore travel must be considered as location change to conduct various activities instead of pursuing single travel purpose. This paper specifies a behavioral homogeneous person group by a job, a possession of cars. Based on this classification of person groups and their activity diary, the sequence, time and travel mode of activities in a day can be verified. As a case study household survey was conducted in city Kongju. The survey result shows that the classification of behavioral homogeneous person group based on criteria like employment status and car ownership bring a good result to forecast trip generation in traffic zone.
Developing Measures and Methodology for the Operational Efficiency Evaluation of ITS Systems
Lee, Sang Hyup ; Moon, Byeong Sup ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 717~722
In this study the measures and methodology to evaluate the operational efficiency of ITS systems were developed. And they were applied for the ITS systems deployed in the ITS Model Cities in order to figure out their applicability for the operational efficiency evaluation of similar ITS systems which would be deployed in the future.
A Comparative Study of the Flexible Moving Block System and the Fixed Block System in Urban Railway
Jeong, Gwangseop ; Park, Jeongsoo ; Won, Jaimu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 723~730
Recently, The flexible moving block system in train operation has been introduced to the worldwide rail transportation markets. This paper is a comparative study of the conventional fixed block systems effects and the flexible moving block system on train operating time saving. Based on the literature review, the new algorithm is developed. It is to calculate the optimum headway time of the train. The proposed algorithm can overcome some of the existing algorithm problems, such as the limits of the data and unaware of the rail characteristic. The total travel time saving effect has been analyzed by applying the skip stop scheduling system to the each block system. The results of this study indicated that the total travel time is approximately 40% decreased and the schedule velocity is approximately 24% improved when the moving block system is applied. The results of this study could be used as a theoretical basis for the selection of rail signal system in Seoul's subway number 2 line.
A Heuristic Outlier Filtering Algorithm for Generating Link Travel Time using Taxi GPS Probes in Urban Arterial
Choi, Keechoo ; Choi, Yoon-Hyuk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 731~738
Facing congestion, people want to know traffic information about their routes, especially real-time link travel time (LTT). In this paper, as a sequel paper of the previous non-taxi based LTT generating study by Choi et al. (1998), taxi based GPS probes have been tried to produce LTT for urban arterials. Taxis in itself are good deployment mode of GPS probes although it by nature experiences boarding and alighting time noises which should be accounted. A heuristic real-time dynamic outlier filter algorithm for taxi GPS probe has been developed focusing on urban arterials. An actual traffic survey for dynamic link travel times has been conducted using license plate method for the test arterials of Seoul city transportation network. With the algorithm, it is estimated that 70% of outliers have been filtered and the relative error has been improved by 73.7%. The filtering algorithm developed here would be expected to be in use for other spatial sites with some calibration efforts. Some limitations and future research agenda have also been discussed.
A Travel Time Estimation Algorithm using Transit GPS Probe Data
Choi, Keechoo ; Hong, Won-Pyo ; Choi, Yoon-Hyuk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 739~746
The bus probe-based link travel times were more readily available due to bus' fixed route schedule and it was different from that of taxi-based one in its value for the same link. At the same time, the bus-based one showed less accurate information than the taxi-based link travel time, in terms of reliability expressed by 1-RMSE(%) measure. The purpose of this thesis is to develop a heuristic algorithm for mixing both sources-based link travel times. The algorithm used both real-time and historical profile travel times. Real-time source used 4 consecutive periods' average and historical source used average value of link travel time for various congestion levels. The algorithm was evaluated for Seoul urban arterial network 3 corridors and 20 links. The results based on the developed algorithm were superior than the mere fusion based link travel times and the reliability amounted up to 71.45%. Some limitation and future research agenda have also been discussed.
Using Importance-Performance Analysis to Improve Traffic Information Disseminating Strategies on VMS
Choi, Keechoo ; Choi, Yoon-Hyuk ; Oh, Seung Hwoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 747~754
Real-time traffic information disseminated through VMS is known to have effects not only on driver to plan a route choice, detour the congestion, and cope with incident, but also on VMS operator to manage the traffic volume indirectly. But, the dissemination of traffic information is operated in the side of provider, not of user. Importance-Performance analysis (IPA) offers a simple, useful method for simultaneously considering both the importance and performance dimensions when evaluating or improving strategy. This technique has been successfully used in a variety of settings to define priorities and guide resource optimization decisions. This study uses IPA to evaluate traffic information strategies through VMS to make resource improvement recommendations. It gained 760 samples by field surveys, which are conducted in Korean Thanksgiving Day, weekday and weekend at the service areas of expressways. The results indicate that the motivations in quadrant I (concentrate here) are dissemination of exactly information and quick transmission, while distance of VMS, most drivers are not satisfied with that is located in quadrant III (low priority).
A Study on the Weighting and Expansion of Sample O-D Freight Data, Focusing on the Seoul Metropolitan Area
Kim, Kang-Soo ; Cho, Hey-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 755~761
Though freight origin and destination data is essential for analysing transport investment and planning logistics facilities, the study on the establishment of the freight origin and destination data is very rare. The purpose of this study is to introduce a method on weight and expansion of sample freight data focusing on the Seoul metropolitan area. In particular, this study suggests the weight and expansion method which consider truck and commodity tonnage together. This paper also discuss the origin and destination trips in Seoul metropolitan area. This paper will contribute to establish more reliable freight origin and destination data.
A Study on Inner Zone Trip Estimation Method in Gravity Model
Ryu, Yeong Geun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 763~769
Gravity Model estimates target year's distributed trips using three variables like as origin zone's trip production, destination zone's trip attraction and traffic impedance between origin zone centroid and destination zone centroid. Estimating inner zone trip by gravity model is impossible because traffic impedance of inner zone has "0" value. So till today, for estimating inner zone trips, other methods like growth factor model are used. This study proposed inner zone trip estimation method that calculates inner zone's traffic impedance using established gravity model and estimates inner zone trips by putting calculated traffic impedance into the gravity model. 1988 year's surveyed O-D as basic year's O-D, proposed method's and existing methods(growth factor method and regression model)'s estimated results of 1992 year's and 2004 year's were compared with each year's real O-D by
, RMSE, Correlation coefficient. And resulted that the proposed method is superior than other existing methods.
A Study on the Economical Analysis Model for Asphalt Pavementin Congestion Area of Metropolitan
Jo, Byung Wan ; Tae, Ghi Ho ; Kim, Do Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 771~781
This Study is about the development of LCC Analysis Model and Evaluation of VE. It was carried out to help the person's intention decision about choosing the pavement construction method that can deal with 'Pavement Life Factor' like Area Character and Traffic Volume efficiently, by considering the total life cycle cost of pavement life cycle happens according to the numbers of public use year. For this, we developed the new LCC Analysis Model by using the Data of Seoul city the representative city in Korea, and carried out VE Evaluation that reflects the opinions of specialists. This Analysis Model consists of cost items that affects directly the choice of pavement construction, except for the common cost items of the various pavement construction. And we investigated the propriety by applying our model to the example line that are used for the public at present. About the base data of cost items that are used for our analysis, we enhanced our model's confidence by using the statistics data of Seoul and the standard data of unit cost calculation.
Performance and Economic Analysis for Rut-resistance Pavement Considering Life Cycle Cost
Do, Myungsik ; Han, Daeseok ; Yoo, Inkyoon ; Lee, Soohyung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 783~796
Rut-resistance pavement is adopted to prevent pavement from plastic deformation since 1998. The objective of this paper is to investigate performance and economic efficiency between rut-resistance pavement and conventional hot-mix asphalt(HMA) on national highway. The pavement deterioration models incorporated in HDM-4 have been calibrated and adapted to local road conditions based on observed pavement rut-depth data. Based on calibration result of HDM-4, the economic evaluation including road agency cost and user cost is performed for 34 road pavement sections. Furthermore, we presented optimal timing for maintenance and performance levels subject to different budget. We found that rut-resistance pavement is performing better than conventional hot-mix asphalt in most road sections. Furthermore, we confirmed that the application of HDM-4 is useful for pavement project planning and evaluation. More investigation is needed to enlarge the scope of the pavement data and to explore more deeply socio-environmental cost and delay cost.
Development of a Model for Predicting Modulus on Asphalt Pavements Using FWD Deflection Basins
Park, Seong Wan ; Hwang, Jung Joon ; Hwang, Kyu Young ; Park, Hee Mun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 797~804
A development of regression model for asphalt concrete pavements using Falling Weight Deflectometer deflections is presented in this paper. A backcalculation program based on layered elastic theory was used to generate the synthetic modulus database, which was used to generate 95% confidence intervals of modulus in each layer. Using deflection basins of FWD data used in developing this procedure were collected from Pavement Management System in flexible pavements. Assumptions of back-calculation are that one is 3 layered flexible pavement structure and another is depth to bedrock is finite. It is found that difference of between 95% confidence intervals and modulus ranges of other papers does not exist. So, the data of 95% confidence intervals in each layer was used to develop multiple regression models. Multiple regression equations of each layer were established by SPSS, package of Statics analysis. These models were proved by regression diagnostics, which include case analysis, multi-collinearity analysis, influence diagnostics and analysis of variance. And these models have higher degree of coefficient of determination than 0.75. So this models were applied to predict modulus of domestic asphalt concrete pavement at FWD field test.
Evaluation of AASHTO Joint Opening Equation Based on the Analysis of Joint Movement of Concrete Pavement in Korea highway Test Road
Choi, Jeong Keun ; Jeong, Jin Hoon ; Lee, Seung Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 805~812
To investigate the usefulness of AASHTO joint opening equation, joint movement of Korea Highway Test Road was monitored and analyzed. The monitored section included Lean, Rubble, BB3 subbase. Demac gauges were installed at each joint in the monitored section, and joint movements with temperature changes were monitored. The measured joint movements with temperature change were then analyzed based on ER (Effective Ratio). The effect of subbase, which was considered as 'C' value in AASHTO equation, was not shown in the observed joint movement. To study the effcet of sealing on joint opening two unsealed sections were included in the monitored section, and no effects of sealing on joint movement were observed.
A Study of Skid Resistance Characteristics by Deicing Chemicals
Lee, Seung Woo ; Woo, Chang Wan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 813~819
Skid Resistance is a index to represent the friction between tire and road surface, which influences driving safety. Skid resistance varies with the conditions of tire, abrasion of road surface, vehicle speed, drying, wet and freezing condition of road surfaces. Especially, freezing occurs when temperature drops below
followed by snow or rain causes decrease of skid resistance. To recover the decreased skid resistance deicing work is applied. As a results of deicing works, freezing condition is changed into wet condition. However the wet road surfaces containing the remaining deicings agents may not show the skid resistance of normal wet condition. In this study, skid resistances in the condition of freezing, deicing process and deicing agents remained after snow-removal are evaluated. The test results, skid resistance recover quickly when Pre-wetted salt spreading and NaCl was used as deicing method. Skid resistance of Deicing agents remained on the road surface showed that concrete is higher than asphalt. superior effect. Recovery rate of skid resistance by comparison wet condition is 54~80%.
Development of Truck Axle Load Distribution Model using WIM Data
Lee, Dong Seok ; Oh, Ju Sam ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 821~829
Traffic load comprise primary input to pavement design causing pavement damage. therefore it should be proceeded suitable traffic load distribution modeling for pavement design and analysis. Traffic load have been represented by equivalent single axle loads (ESALs) which convert mixed traffic stream into one value for design purposes. But there are some limit to apply ESALs to other roads because it is empirical value developed as part of the original AASHO(American Association of State Highway Officials) road test. There have been many efforts to solve these problems. Several leading country have implemented M-E(Mechanistic-Empirical) design procedures based on mechanical concept. As a result, they established traffic load quantification method using load distribution model known as Axle Load Spectra. This paper details Axle Load Spectra and presents axle load distribution model based on normal mixture distribution function using truck load data collected by WIM system installed in national highway. Axle load spectra and axle load distribution model presented in this paper could be useful for basic data when making traffic load quantification plan for pavement design, overweight vehicle permit plan and pavement maintenance cost plan.
Behavior of Asphalt Pavement Subjected to a Moving Vehicle I: The Effect of Vehicle Speed, Axle-weight, and Tire Inflation Pressure
Seo, Young Gook ; Lee, Kwang-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 831~838
An experimental/analytic study has been conducted to understand the adverse effects of low vehicle speed, high axle load and high tire pressure on the performance of asphalt pavements. Of 33 asphalt sections at KHC test road, two sections having different base layer thickness (180 mm versus 280 mm) are adopted for rollover tests. During the test, a standard three-axle dump truck maintains a steady state condition as moving along the wheel path of a passing lane, and lateral offsets and real travel speed are measured with a laser-based wandering system. Test results suggest that vehicle speed affects both longitudinal and transverse strains at the bottom of asphalt layer (290 mm and 390 mm below the surface), and even slightly influences the measured vertical stresses at the top of subbase and subgrade due to the dynamic effect of rolling vehicle. Since the anisotropic nature of asphalt-aggregate mixtures, the difference between longitudinal and transverse strains appears prominent throughout the measurements. As the thickness of asphalt pavement increases, the measured lateral strains become larger than its corresponding longitudinal strains. Over the limited testing conditions, it is concluded that higher axle weight and higher tire pressures induce more strains and vertical stresses, leading to a premature deterioration of pavements. Finally, a layered elastic analysis overestimates the maximum strains measured under the 1st axle load, while underestimating the maximum vertical stress in both pavement sections.
Exploring Delays of The Mega Construction Project: The Case of Korea High Speed Railway
Han, Seung Heon ; Yun, Sung Min ; Lee, Sang Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 839~848
Korea has become the 5th country to own and operate the high speed railroad in 2004. However, there were many difficulties until Koreans enjoy the first bullet train service with the average hourly speed of 300km. The high speed railroad requires elevated quality standards differently from the traditional railways. In addition to the technical difficulties, the construction project itself was an unpleasant case with huge delays and cost overruns mainly due to the lack of experiences, deficiency of owner
s role, and increase of public resistances triggered by environmental concerns. This paper analyzes the reasons for delays on this mega-project. With respect to the characteristics of the whole project level, it is very complicated/linear project, whose total length is around 412 km with the composition of various sections in the route of the railway which have basically different conditions. For that reason, the analysis is performed in both macro and micro level. First, macroscopic analysis is performed to find critical subdivisions in the railway route that induces the significant delay in the opening due date. Then, microscopic analysis is followed to quantify the causes and effects of delays focused on these critical subdivisions in more detailed way. Finally, this paper provides lessons learned from this project to avoid the decisive delays in performing the similar large-scaled projects.
The Corresponding Plan for Integrated Environment-the Lowest Cost Bid and The Current Cost Estimate System
Kim, Byeong Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 849~859
Earnings of domestic enterprises are expected a serious damage because the lowest cost bid system and the current cost estimate system. In 2005 average successful bid rate for the lowest cost bid project is below 60%, this is not reach at the operating budget of enterprise. Many problems such as illegal construction, low price subcontract, chain enterprise loss com in to practice because of low successful bid rate. In addition earnings of the enterprises expected to be the minimum, because of enlarge execution of the current cost estimate system. This study tries to lend assistance by giving alternative for the construction enterprise by presenting the bid system, investigate and compare foreign system with domestic and analyze correlation of the lowest cost bid and the current cost estimate system.
Analysis of Landslide Hazard Area using Logistic Regression Analysis and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) Approach
Lee, Yong-jun ; Park, Geun-Ae ; Kim, Seong-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 861~867
The objective of this study is to analyze the landslide hazard areas by combining LRA (Lgistic Regression Analysis) and AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Program) methods with Remote Sensing and GIS data in Anseong-si. In order to classify landslide hazard areas of seven levels, six topographic factors (slope, aspect, elevation, soil drain, soil depth, and land use) were used as input factors of LRA and AHP methods. As results, high-risk areas for landslide (1 and 2 levels) by LRA and AHP of its own were classified as 46.1% and 48.7%, respectively. A new method by applying weighting factors to the results of LRA and AHP was suggested. High-risk areas for landslide (1 and 2 levels) form the new method was classified as 58.9%.
Application Analysis of Digital Photogrammetry and Optical Scanning Technique for Cultural Heritages Restoration
Han, Seung Hee ; Bae, Yeon Soung ; Bae, Sang Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 869~876
In the case of earthenware cultural heritages that are found in the form of fragments, the major task is quick and precise restoration. The existing method, which follows the rule of trial and error, is not only greatly time consuming but also lacked precision. If this job could be done by three dimensional scanning, matching up pieces could be done with remarkable efficiency. In this study, the original earthenware was modeled through three-dimensional pattern scanning and photogrammetry, and each of the fragments were scanned and modeled. In order to obtain images from the photogrammetry, we calibrated and used a Canon EOS 1DS real size camera. We analyzed the relationship among the sections of the formed model, efficiently compounded them, and analyzed the errors through residual and color error map. Also, we built a web-based three-dimensional simulation environment centering around the users, for the virtual museum.
Crustal Deformation Velocities Estimated from GPS and Comparison of Plate Motion Models
Song, Dong Seob ; Yun, Hong Sic ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 877~884
GPS is an essential tool for applications that be required high positioning precision, for the velocity field estimation of tectonic plates. The three years data of eight GPS permanent station were analyzed to estimate crustal deformation velocities using Gipsy-oasis II software. The velocity vectors of GPS stations are estimated by linear regression method in daily solution time series. The velocities have a standard deviation of less than 0.1mm/yr and the magnitude of velocities given by the Korean GPS permanent stations were very small, ranging from 25.1 to 31.1 mm/yr. The comparison between the final solution and other sources, such as IGS velocity result calculated from SOPAC was accomplished and the results generally show good agreement for magnitude and direction in crustal motion. To evaluate the accuracy of our results, the velocities obtained from six plate motion model was compared with the final solution based on GPS observation.
Usefulness of Canonical Correlation Classification Technique in Hyper-spectral Image Classification
Park, Min-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 885~894
The purpose of this study is focused on the development of the effective classification technique using ultra multiband of hyperspectral image. This study suggests the classification technique using canonical correlation analysis, one of multivariate statistical analysis in hyperspectral image classification. High accuracy of classification result is expected for this classification technique as the number of bands increase. This technique is compared with Maximum Likelihood Classification(MLC). The hyperspectral image is the EO1-hyperion image acquired on September 2, 2001, and the number of bands for the experiment were chosen at 30, considering the band scope except the thermal band of Landsat TM. We chose the comparing base map as Ground Truth Data. We evaluate the accuracy by comparing this base map with the classification result image and performing overlay analysis visually. The result showed us that in MLC's case, it can't classify except water, and in case of water, it only classifies big lakes. But Canonical Correlation Classification (CCC) classifies the golf lawn exactly, and it classifies the highway line in the urban area well. In case of water, the ponds that are in golf ground area, the ponds in university, and pools are also classified well. As a result, although the training areas are selected without any trial and error, it was possible to get the exact classification result. Also, the ability to distinguish golf lawn from other vegetations in classification classes, and the ability to classify water was better than MLC technique. Conclusively, this CCC technique for hyperspectral image will be very useful for estimating harvest and detecting surface water. In advance, it will do an important role in the construction of GIS database using the spectral high resolution image, hyperspectral data.
A Study on the Terrain Interpolation Using Fractal Method
Kwon, Kee Wook ; Lee, Jong Dal ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 5D, 2006, Pages 895~907
In this study, in order to maximize the accuracy and efficiency of the existing interpolation method fractal methods are applied. Developed FEDISA model revives the irregularity of the real terrain with only a few information about base terrain, which can produce almost complete geographic information. The area of the model is set to
to compare the real data with the data of the existing interpolation method and FEDISA model. By statistical verification of the results, the adaptability and efficiency of FEDISA model are investigated. It seems that FEDISA model will help a lot to obtain the terrain information about the changed terrain, such as the bottom of reservoirs and dams as well as large amount of destruction due to cutting and banking.