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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6D - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6C - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6B - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 6A - Nov 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5D - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5C - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5B - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 5A - Sep 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4D - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4C - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4B - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 4A - Jul 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3D - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3C - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3B - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 3A - May 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2D - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2C - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2B - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 2A - Mar 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1D - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1C - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1B - Jan 2006
Volume 26, Issue 1A - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Hysteretic Behavior of Circular Steel Column using SM490 for Loading Rate
Jang, Gab Chul ; Chang, Kyong Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 935~941
The hysteretic behavior of steel structure under cyclic and dynami loading such as earthquake is different to that under static loading. Because structural steels on dynamic deformation is different to static deformation with respect with mechanical characteristics and stress-strain relationship. Therefore, to accurately predict the hysteretic behavior of steel structures such as circular steel columns under cyclic and dynamic loading, the difference of loading carrying capacity and deformation according to loading rate, assumed static and dynamic deformation state, must be investigated. In this study, numerical analyses of circular steel column using SM490 for change of loading rate and diameter-thickness ratio(D/t) were carried out by using three-dimensional elastic-plastic finite element analysis and dynamic cyclic plasticity model of SM490 developed by the authors. Characteristics of hysteretic behavior of circular steel column using SM490, load carrying capacity and energy dissipation ratio, were clarified by analysis results.
An Experimental Study on the Static Behavior in Weak Axis of FRP Bridge Deck Filled with a Foam
Kim, Byeong Min ; Zi, Goang Seup ; Hwang, Yoon Koog ; Lee, Young Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 943~953
We investigated experimentally the static behavior of an orthotropic bridge deck which is made from glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) and polyurethane foam. The bridge deck consists of many unit cells with rectangular holes which are filled with the foam to improve its structural behavior in its weak axis. It is found that although the elastic modulus of the foam compared to that of the GFRP is about the order of, the structural behaviors in the weak axis such as nominal strength, stiffness, etc. are greatly improved. Owing to the low mass density of the foam used in this study, the bridge deck is still light enough with the improved structural properties. Webs of the cells filled with the foam did not significantly contribute to the strength development of the deck. However, the propagation of a crack initiated in a cell is caught by the webs and limited to the inside of that cell only, which makes the load-displacement behavior of the foam-filled GFRP deck less brittle.
Study on the Rational Analysis Methods and Seismic Responses of Curved Bridges
Kim, Sang Hyo ; Cho, Kwang Il ; Park, Byung Kyu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 955~963
As the geometrical characteristic of the curved bridge, the seismic response of curved bridges are different from straight bridges. This study analyzed the seismic response of the curved bridges considering diverse factors such as radius of curvature, direction of seismic load and support condition. The improved simple modeling of the curved bridge for seismic analysis is proposed, and it is compared with the detail modeling in order to verify the simple modeling. Three simply supported curved bridges and six 3-span continuous bridges are selected for seismic analysis. The behavior of curved bridges are evaluated in terms of the displacement and the force at supports and piers under seismic load applied in various directions. The results of this study show that upward reaction force may appear in simply supported curved bridge under seismic load. And continuous curved bridges are affected by the direction of the seismic load.
Life-Cycle Cost Effective Optimal Seismic Retrofit and Maintenance Strategy of Bridge Structures - (I) Development of Lifetime Seismic Reliability Analysis S/W
Lee, Kwang-Min ; Choi, Eun-Soo ; Cho, Hyo-Nam ; An, Hyoung-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 965~976
A realistic lifetime seismic-reliability based approach is unavoidable to perform Life-Cycle Cost (LCC)-effective optimum design, maintenance, and retrofitting of structures against seismic risk. So far, though a number of researchers have proposed the LCC-based seismic design and retrofitting methodologies, most researchers have only focused on the methodological point. Accordingly, in most works, they have not been quantitatively considered critical factors such as the effects of seismic retrofit, maintenance, and environmental stressors on lifetime seismic reliability assessment of deteriorating structures. Thus, in this study, a systemic lifetime seismic reliability analysis methodology is proposed and a program HPYER-DRAIN2DX-DS is developed to perform the desired lifetime seismic reliability analysis. To demonstrate the applicability of the program, it is applied to an example bridge with or without seismic retrofit and maintenance strategies. From the numerical investigation, it may be positively stated that HYPER-DRAIN2DX-DS can be utilized as a useful numerical tool for LCC-effective optimum seismic design, maintenance, and retrofitting of bridges.
Life-Cycle Cost Effective Optimal Seismic Retrofit and Maintenance Strategy of Bridge Structures - (II) Methodology for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis
Lee, Kwang-Min ; Cho, Hyo-Nam ; Chung, Jee-Seung ; An, Hyoung-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 977~988
The goal of this study is to develop a realistic methodology for determination of the Life-Cycle Cost (LCC)-effective optimal seismic retrofit and maintenance strategy of deteriorating bridges. The proposed methodology is based on the concept of minimum LCC which is expressed as the sum of present value of seismic retrofit costs, expected maintenance costs, and expected economic losses with the constraints such as design requirements and acceptable risk of death. The proposed methodology is applied to the LCC-effective optimal seismic retrofit and maintenance strategy of a steel bridge considered as a example bridge in the accompanying study, and various conditions such as corrosion environments and Average Daily Traffic Volumes (ADTVs) are considered to investigate the effects on total expected LCC. In addition, to verify the validity of the developed methodology, the results are compared with the existing methodology. From the numerical investigation, it may be positively expected that the proposed methodology can be effectively utilized as a practical tool for the decision-making of LCC-effective optimal seismic retrofit and maintenance strategy of deteriorating bridges.
Dynamic Analysis of Highway Bridges by 3-D. Vehicle Model Considering Tire Enveloping
Chung, Tae Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 989~999
In this paper, numerical analysis method to perform linear dynamic analysis of bridge considering the road surface roughness and bridge-vehicle interaction when vehicle is moving on bridge is presented. The vehicle and bridge are modeled as three-dimension where contact length of tire and pitching of tandem spring are considered and single truck with 2-axles and 3- axles, and tractor-trailer with 5-axles are modeled as 7-D.O.F., 8-D.O.F., and 14-D.O.F., respectively. Dynamic equations of vehicle are derived from the Lagrange's equation and solution of the equation is obtained by Newmark-
method. The surface roughness of bridge deck for this analysis is generated from power spectral density (PSD) function. Beam element for the main girder, shell element for concrete deck and rigid link between main girder and concrete deck are used. The equations of the motion of bridges are solved by mode-superposition procedures. The proposed procedure is validated by comparing the results with the experimental data by Whittemore and Fenves.
Random Variable State and Response Variability
Noh, Hyuk-Chun ; Lee, Phill-Seung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 1001~1011
It is a general agreement that exact statistical solutions can be found by a Monte Carlo technique. Due to difficulties, however, in the numerical generation of random fields, which satisfy not only the probabilistic distribution but the spectral characteristics as well, it is recognized as relatively difficult to find an exact response variability of a structural response. In this study, recognizing that the random field assumes a constant over the domain under consideration when the correlation distance tends to infinity, a semi-theoretical solution of response variability is proposed for general structures. In this procedure, the probability density function is directly used. It is particularly noteworthy that the proposed methodology provides response variability for virtually any type of probability density function, and has capability of considering correlations between multiple random variables.
Section Model Study on the Aerodynamic Behaviors of the Cable-Stayed Bridges with Two I-Type Girders Considering Structural Damping and Turbulence Intensity
Cho, Jae-Young ; Kim, Young-Min ; Cho, Young-Rae ; Lee, Hak-Eun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 1013~1022
Although the cable-stayed bridges with two I-type girders inherently do not have good aerodynamic characteristics, a lot of the bridges with this type girders are constructed in Korea recently because of an economical merit. This paper investigated the aerodynamic characteristics of the cable-stayed bridges with two I-type girders. Section model tests were conducted in order to investigate the aerodynamic behaviors of this section with varying of the angles of attack, turbulence intensity and damping ratios. Two deck section configurations with different torsional stiffness were studied under construction and after completion respectively. Three types of the fairings were investigated to improve the aerodynamic characteristics of the bridges. The result of this study showed that the traditional section model test in uniform flow estimates the aerodynamic behavior rather pessimistically. The wind induced responses of the bridges were severely varied in accordance with the turbulence intensity and the structural damping ratio. The proposed fairing reduced the magnitude of the vortex-shedding vibrations and buffeting responses. It also increased the wind speed at which flutter occurs. It is expected that these investigations would provide a lot of information for the design of the cable stayed bridges with two I-type girders regarding wind resistance.
Development of Bridge Maintenance Method based on Life-Cycle Performance and Cost
Park, Kyung Hoon ; Kong, Jung Sik ; Hwang, Yoon Koog ; Cho, Hyo Nam ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 1023~1032
In this paper, a new method for the bridge maintenance is proposed to overcome the limit of the existing methods and to implement the preventive bridge maintenance system. The proposed method can establish the lifetime optimum maintenance strategy of the deteriorating bridges considering the life-cycle performance as well as the life-cycle cost. The lifetime performance of the deteriorating bridges is evaluated by the safety index based on the structural reliability and the condition index detailing the condition state. The life-cycle cost is estimated by considering not only the direct maintenance cost but also the user and failure cost. The genetic algorithm is applied to generate a set of maintenance scenarios which is the multi-objective combinatorial optimization problem related to the life-cycle cost and performance. The study examined the proposed method by establishing a maintenance strategy for the existing bridge and its advantages. The result shows that the proposed method can be effectively applied to deciding the bridge maintenance strategy.
Bond, Flexural Properties and Control of Plastic Shrinkage Cracking of Crimped type Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Cement Based Composites
Won, Jong Pil ; Park, Chan Gi ; Lim, Dong Hee ; Back, Chul Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 26, issue 6A, 2006, Pages 1033~1039
The purpose of this study are to evaluated bond, flexural properties and control of plastic shrinkage cracking of crimped type synthetic fiber with amplitude 6 mm and height 1.8 mm reinforced cement based composites. Bond and flexural test were conducted in accordance with the JCI-SF 8 and JCI SF-4 standard, respectively. The plastic shrinkage cracking test was conducted for evaluating the effect of fiber in reducing shrinkage cracking in cement based composites. Test results indicated that the crimped typel synthetic fibers performed significantly better than the straight type fiber in terms of interface toughness and pullout load and the crimped type synthetic fibers improved the flexural toughness of concrete. Also, the increasing the crimped type synthetic fiber volume fraction from 0.00% to 1.00% improved the plastic shrinkage cracking resistance. Specially, the effect of control of plastic shrinkage cracking is excellent at the more than 0.5% fibre volume fraction.