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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6D - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6C - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6B - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6A - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5D - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5C - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5B - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5A - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4D - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4C - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4B - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4A - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3D - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3C - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3B - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3A - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2D - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2C - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2B - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2A - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1A - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1D - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1C - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1B - Jan 2008
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Characteristic and Analysis of Fatigue Crack for Curved Girder Bridge based on the Stress Range Histerisis
Kwon, Soon Cheol ; Kyung, Kab Soo ; Kim, Da Young ; Lee, Ha Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 1~13
The web of a horizontally curved plate girder bridge is, in general, subject to not only longitudinal flexural in-plane stress but also out-of-plane bending stress. Therefore, the induced stresses in the fillet welded joints at the intersection of the web and flange plates in the curved plate girder bridge can be considerably high, and the welded joints of gusset plates connecting the main girder to the floor beams or sway bracings can be subject to much more severe situation than those in the ordinary straight plate girder bridge. In order to investigate the cause of fatigue crack occurred in a curved girder bridge that has been served in about 23 years, in this study, field load tests have been performed to obtain the stress characteristics at the welded joint under the real traffic flow. Using the test results, we have investigated the causes of the occurrence of various fatigue cracks and have estimated the fatigue lives for the cracks. In addition, the characteristics of structural behavior at welded joint of the curved girder bridge have been examined by comparing the FE analysis and the field test result.
Determination Method for Longitudinal Initial Prestress in Composite Beams with Precast Decks I: Simply Supported Beams
Cho, Sun-Kyu ; Lee, Jong-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 15~24
This paper presents the analytical method for the long-term behavior of simply supported composite beams with precast decks prestressed in the longitudinal direction. The objectives of time-dependent analysis are to estimate losses of prestress on the concrete slab and long-term deflection due to creep and shrinkage of concrete, relaxation of prestressing steel. Also, the time-dependent analysis was carried out using the presented analytical method to evaluate the effects of several parameters on the long-term behavior of composite bridge with precast deck, including geometrical shapes of composite beams, compressive strength of concrete and magnitude of initial prestress. The results of the analysis indicated that, in the effects of geometrical shapes of composite beams, the main parameters affecting the losses of prestress and the long-term deflection were the cross sectional area and the moment of inertia of steel beam, respectively. Finally, the determination method for the required initial prestress was proposed by evaluation of the loss characteristics due to shrinkage and creep of concrete.
Effects of Strength Reduction Factors for Capacity Spectrum Analysis of Bridge Structures using Inelastic Demand Spectrum
Song, Jong-Keol ; Jin, He-Shou ; Jang, Dong-Hui ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 25~37
The capacity spectrum method (CSM) is a simple and graphical seismic analysis procedure. Originally, it has been developed for buildings, but now its applicability has been extended to bridge structures. It is based on the capacity curve estimated by pushover analysis and demand spectrum reduced from linear elastic design spectrum by using effective damping or strength reduction factor. In this paper, the inelastic demand spectrum as the reduced demand spectrum is calculated from the linear elastic design spectrum by using the several formulas for the strength reduction factor. The effects of the strength reduction factor for the capacity spectrum analysis are evaluated for 3 types of symmetric and asymmetric bridge structures. To investigate an accuracy of the CSM which several formulas for strength reduction factor were applied, the maximum displacements estimated by the CSM are compared with the results obtained by nonlinear time history analysis for 8 artificially generated earthquakes. The maximum displacements estimated by the CSM using the SJ formula among the several strength reduction factors provide the most accurate agreement with those calculated by the inelastic time history analysis.
Dynamic Response of Steel Plate Girder Bridges by Numerical Dynamic Analysis
Chung, Tae Ju ; Shin, Dong-Ku ; Park, Young-Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 39~49
Dynamic responses of steel plate girder bridges considering road surface roughness of bridge and bridge-vehicle interaction are investigated by numerical analysis. Simply supported steel plate girder bridges with span length of 20 m, 30 m, and 40 m from "The Standardized Design of Highway Bridge Superstructure" published by the Korean Ministry of Construction are used for bridge model and the road surface roughness of bridge decks are generated from power spectral density(PSD) function for different road. Three different vehicles of 2- and 3-axle dump trucks, and 5-axle tractor-trailer(DB-24), are modeled three dimensionally. For the bridge superstructure, beam elements for the main girder, shell elements for concrete deck, and rigid links between main girder and concrete deck are used. Impact factor and DLA of steel plate girder bridges for different spans, type of vehicles and road surface roughnesses are calculated by the proposed numerical analysis model and compared with those specified by several bridge design codes.
Design to Control Vibration for Stay Cable with Damper
Kim, Hyeon Kyeom ; Hwang, Jae Woong ; Lee, Myeong Jae ; Seo, Ju Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 51~58
A cable element happens to vibration easily rather than other elements because a cable element has few rotational stiffness. Dynamic motion of stay cable is distinguished from vibration by wind and/or rain and excitation by support movement. Mostly a stay cable is vibrated by wind and/or rain except that when natural periods coincide between stiffening girder and stay cable. It happens to deterioration of serviceability and durability by vortex shedding, rainy-wind induced vibration, and galloping. Additional damping generated by installation of cable damper is well known good scheme against above phenomena. Researchers have lack of effort to develop the recommendations even if cable stayed bridges are designed and constructed in Korea. Therefore, development of the domestic recommendations should be achieved as soon as possible. This study suggests the consistent and systematic recommendations on vibration controlling design of stay cable by installation of damper. It gives readers two important methodologies that one evaluates required damping ratio, the other determines installing point considering efficiency.
A Proposal of Reference Power Spectral Density Functions Compatible with Highway Bridge Design Specta
Choi, Dong Ho ; Lee, Sang Hoon ; Koh, Jung Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 59~67
Acceleration time history used in the seismic analysis of nuclear power plant structures should envelop a target power spectral density (PSD) function in addition to the design response spectrum in order to have sufficient energy at each frequency for the purpose of ensuring adequate load. The safety for complex long-span highway bridges cannot be over-emphasize. An alternative method to improve the seismic capacity is to ensure the minimum PSD function of the applied seismic load. This study proposes a technical scheme to obtain the reference power spectral density function by using artificial earthquakes which are compatible with the highway bridge design spectrum.
Reinforcement Effect of Cracked Concrete Tubes and Box Culverts by Installing Profile with Steel Stiffener and High Strength Mortar
Yeo, Sang Rok ; Cho, Eun Sang ; Hwang, Won Sup ; Jeong, Jae Woon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 69~78
In this study, in order to verify the reinforcement effects of the cracked concrete tubes and culverts, static load test was conducted. After the load carrying capacity of the original concrete tubes (nominal diameter 0.8 m, 1.0 m, 1.5 m) and box culverts (inner width 2.0 m. 2.5 m) was reduced by the cracking test, the cracked concrete specimens were strengthened by installing profile with steel stiffener and high strength mortar. And then, the maximum load tests were conducted the renewal concrete tubes and box culverts. According to the method application, the load carrying capacity increased 1.66~3.50 times than it of the original tubes before applying the method. In case of the original box culverts, the load carrying capacity increased 1.66~3.10 times than the case before installing profile and high strength mortar. Also non-linear analysis was carried out by using the commercial FEM program of ABAQUS 6.6. Solid (C3D8R) elements and concrete damage plasticity option was applied to the analysis. For reflecting confined reinforcing bars in the analysis, the composite material properties were used.
In-Plane Buckling Behavior of Fixed Shallow Parabolic Arches
Moon, Jiho ; Yoon, Ki-Yong ; Lee, Hak-Eun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 79~87
This paper investigates the in-plane stability of fixed shallow arches. The shape of the arches is parabolic and the uniformly distributed load is used in the study. The nonlinear governing equilibrium equation of the general arch is adopted to derive the incremental form of the load-displacement relationship and the buckling load of the fixed shallow arches. From the results, it is found that buckling modes (symmetric or asymmetric) of the arches are closely related to the dimensionless rise H, which is the function of slenderness ratio and the rise to span ratio of such arches. Moreover, the threshold of different buckling modes and buckling load for fixed shallow arches are proposed. A series of finite element analysis are conducted and then compared with proposed ones. From the comparative study, the proposed formula provides the good prediction of the buckling load of fixed shallow arches.
Developments of Advanced Connection Type for Improvements of Mixed Structures(I) : 3D Nonlinear Analysis of the Various Connection Types for Deriving Advanced Connection Type
Yun, Ik Jung ; Huh, Taik Nyung ; Kim, Moon Kyum ; Cho, Sung Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 89~94
The problem of interaction between the structures interconnected at discrete points as like composite structures, has a attracted considerable attention for a prolonged period of time. Recently, mixed structures are applied for overcoming structural limits by developed countries. In this paper, advanced connection type of mixed structures are presented by numerical approach. Also it is performed on extensive literature review from theoretical method to numerical analysis. For analysing behaviors of mixed structures according to connection type, 2 different connections and 1 reinforced connection are compared by 3D nonlinear numerical analysis. Nonlinear analysis of mixed structures is carried out by utilizing contact elements of a general purpose structural analysis computer program(ABAQUS). By using 6 criteria, each connections are investigated. From this result, proper reinforcing and well designed connection type are proposed. And results also show that the deflections which are induced by discontinuity on mixed structures, has a linear distribution that should decrease as applying proposed connection type.
Dynamic Behavior and Resonance Reduction of Two-Span Continuous Bridges for Korean Train eXpress
Oh, Juwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 95~104
Dynamic behaviors of the two-span continuous bridge which is one of prototypes on Gyoung-Bu high-speed railway are analyzed and some methods for reducing the resonance of the bridge are proposed. The bridge is modeled as a two-span continuous beam and the load is a vehicle of TGV-K (2p+18T) with length of 380.15 meter traveling on the railway bridge at some constant velocity. The equations governing the dynamic behaviors of the bridge are partial differential equations produced by using a system with distributed mass and elasticity. The analysis of the governing equations is performed by the mode superposition method which has modal coordinates solved by Duhamel's integral. Without considering the train velocity the dynamic reponses can be greatly reduced at some special lengths of bridge. It is different from the results of simple bridges researched so far. When the dynamic responses increase rapidly to make a resonance phenomenon depending on the train velocities, the several methods are proposed to deduce the resonance.
A Temperature Predicting Method for Thermal Behaviour Analysis of Curved Steel Box Girder Bridges
Cho, Kwang-Il ; Won, Jeong-Hun ; Kim, Sang-Hyo ; Lu, Yung-Chien ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 105~113
Solar radiation induces non-uniform temperature distribution in the bridge structure depending on the shape of the structure and shadows cast on it. Especially in the case of curved steel box girder bridges, non-uniform temperature distribution caused by solar radiation may lead to unusual load effects enough to damage the support or even topple the whole curved bridge structure if not designed properly. At present, it is very difficult to design bridges in relation to solar radiation because it is not known exactly how varying temperature distribution affects bridges; at least not specific enough for adoption in design. Standard regulations related to this matter are likewise not complete. In this study, the thermal behavior of curved steel box girder bridges is analyzed while taking the solar radiation effect into consideration. For the analysis, a method of predicting the 3-dimensional temperature distribution of curved bridges was developed. It uses a theoretical solar radiation energy equation together with a commercial FEM program. The behavior of the curved steel box girder bridges was examined using the developed method, while taking into consideration the diverse range of bridge azimuth angles and radii. This study also provides reference data for the thermal design of curved steel box girder bridges under solar radiation, which can be used to develop design guidelines.
Elastoplastic Behavior and Progressive Damage of Circular Fiber-Reinforced Composites
Lee, Haeng Ki ; Kim, Bong Rae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 115~123
The performance prediction of fiber-reinforced composites has attracted engineer's attention in many fields, and the various theoretical and numerical methods have been proposed to predict the behavior of the fiber-reinforced composites. An evolutionary damage model for progressive interfacial debonding between circular fibers and the matrix is newly incorporated into the micromechanics-based elastoplastic model proposed by Ju and Zhang (2001) in this framework. Using the proposed model, a series of numerical simulations are conducted to illustrate the elastoplastic behavior and evolutionary damage of the framework. Furthermore, the influence of the evolutionary interfacial debonding on the behavior of the composites is investigated by comparing it with the result of a stationary damage model.
Fundamental Frequency Extraction of Stay Cable based on Energy Equation
Kim, Hyeon Kyeom ; Hwang, Jae Woong ; Lee, Myeong Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 125~133
According to longer and longer span, dynamic instability of stay cable should be prevented. Dynamic instability occurs mainly symmetric 1st mode and antisymmetric 1st mode in stay cable. Especially symmetric 1st mode has a lot of influence on sag. Therefore fundamental frequency of stay cable is different from that of taut sting. Irvine, Triantafyllou, Ahn etc. analyzed dynamic behavior of taut cable with sag through analytical technical and their researches give important results for large bounds of Irvine parameter. But each research shows mutually different values out of characteristic (cross-over or mode-coupled) point and each solution of frequency equations of all researchers can be very difficultly found because of their very high non-linearity. Presented study focuses on fundamental frequency of stay cable. Generalized mechanical energy with symmetric 1st mode vibration shape satisfied boundary conditions is evolved by Rayleigh-Ritz method. It is possible to give linear analytic solution within characteristic point. Error by this approach shows only below 3% at characteristic point against existing researches. And taut cable don't exceed characteristic point. I.e. high accuracy, easy solving techniques, and a little bit limitations. Therefore presented study can be announced that it is good study ergonomically.
Hybrid Damage Monitoring Scheme of PSC Girder Bridges using Acceleration and Impedance Signature
Kim, Jeong-Tae ; Park, Jae-Hyung ; Hong, Dong-Soo ; Na, Won-Bae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 135~146
In this paper, a hybrid damage monitoring scheme for prestressed concrete (PSC) girder bridges by using sequential acceleration and impedance signatures is newly proposed. Damage types of interest include prestress-loss in tendon and flexural stiffness-loss in a concrete girder. The hybrid scheme mainly consists of three sequential phases: damage alarming, damage classification, and damage estimation. In the first phase, the global occurrence of damage is alarmed by monitoring changes in acceleration features. In the second phase, the type of damage is classified into either prestress-loss or flexural stiffness-loss by recognizing patterns of impedance features. In the third phase, the location and the extent of damage are estimated by using two different ways: a mode shape-based damage detection to detect flexural stiffness-loss and a natural frequency-based prestress prediction to identify prestress-loss. The feasibility of the proposed scheme is evaluated on a laboratory-scaled PSC girder model for which hybrid vibration-impedance signatures were measured for several damage scenarios of prestress-loss and flexural stiffness-loss.
Study on the Performance of New Shear Resistance Connecting Structure of Precast Member
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Jin, Byeong-Moo ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Kim, Seong-Woon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 147~154
The purpose of this study is to critically evaluate the structural performance of an innovative new shear resistance connecting structure of precast member. Joints such as shear resistance connecting structure require special attention when designing and constructing precast segmental structures. An experimental and analytical study was conducted to quantify performance measures and examine one aspect of detailing for developed shear resistance connecting structure. A computer program, named RCAHEST (Reinforced Concrete Analysis in Higher Evaluation System Technology), for the analysis of reinforced concrete structures was used. A joint element is used to predict the inelastic behavior of the joints between segmental members. Future work by the authors will do a model test of precast segmental prestressed concrete bridge columns with this shear resistance connecting structure, and examined both the structural behavior and seismic performance.
A Study on the Flowability Properties of the High Flowing Self-Compacting Concrete for Members of Bridge Precast
Choi, Yun Wang ; Kim, Yong Jic ; Kang, Hyun Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 1A, 2008, Pages 155~163
On the construction site with trends of large scale, high rise and specialization, testing construction of high performance concrete, superior to conventional concrete, is continued to increase. For bridge construction, application of full staging method is gradually decreasing due to noise, dust, and prolonged construction period. Recently, precast construction, which is optimized to urban environment and shorter work period, gains popularity significantly. In bridge structure, overcrowding arrangement of bar is used to ensure its safety. For the manufacturing of overcrowding arrangement of bar, High flowing self-compacting concrete, which is superior to conventional concrete in flowability and compacting property, should be implemented. In this study, the application of blast-furnace slag and fly ash to binary and ternary blended system on the High flowing self-compacting concrete for bridge structure with overcrowding arrangement of bar is evaluated by flowability in accordance with the first class regulations of Japan Society of Civil Engineering (JSCE).