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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6D - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6C - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6B - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6A - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5D - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5C - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5B - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5A - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4D - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4C - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4B - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4A - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3D - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3C - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3B - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3A - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2D - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2C - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2B - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2A - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1A - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1D - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1C - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1B - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Dynamic Load Allowance of Highway Bridges by Numerical Dynamic Analysis for LRFD Calibration
Chung, Tae Ju ; Shin, Dong-Ku ; Park, Young-Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 305~313
A reliability based calibration of dynamic load allowance (DLA) of highway bridge is performed by numerical dynamic analysis of various types of bridges taking into account of the road surface roughness and bridge-vehicle interaction. A total of 10 simply supported bridges with three girder types in the form of prestressed concrete girder, steel plate girder, and steel box girder is analyzed. The cross sections recommended in "The Standardized Design of Highway Bridge Superstructure" by the Korean Ministry of Construction are used for the prestressed concrete girder bridges and steel plate girder bridges while the box girder bridges are designed by the LRFD method. Ten sets of road surface roughness for each bridge are generated from power spectral density (PSD) function by assuming the roadway as "Average Road". A three dimensionally modeled 5-axle tractor-trailer with its gross weight the same as that of DB-24 design truck is used in the dynamic analysis. For the finite element modeling of superstructure, beam elements for the main girder, shell elements for concrete deck, and rigid links between main girder and concrete deck are used. The statistical mean and coefficient of variation of DLA are obtained from a total of 100 DLA results for 10 different bridges with each having 10 sets of road surface roughness. Applying the DLA statistics obtained, the DLA is finally calibrated in a reliability based LRFD format by using the formula developed in the calibration of OHBDC code.
Dynamic Behavior of External Post-tensioned Non-ballast Steel Plate Girder Railway Bridge
Park, Yong Gul ; Park, Young Hoon ; Choi, Dong Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 315~322
The present study applied the external post tensioning reinforcement method for reinforcing a non-ballast steel plate girder railway bridge, and the effects of the strength of tendons and the level of post-tensioning force on the dynamic behavior are experimented and analyzed. According to the results of this study, the natural frequency was increased by the strength of tendons but it was decreased by the rise of post-tensioning force and as a consequence the introduction of post-tensioning force decreased natural frequency slightly. It was analyzed that further study is need to establish the exact relations between post-tensioning force and natural frequency. In addition, it was found that the dynamic displacement, dynamic bending stress and vertical acceleration were decreased by the external post-tensioning. On the other hand, external post-tensioning increased horizontal acceleration by up to 20%, which was around 70% of vertical acceleration. This needs further study.
Analysis of Ship Collision Behavior of Pile Supported Structure
Bae, Yong Gwi ; Lee, Seong Lo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 323~330
The ship collision analysis of steel pile group as protection system of bridge in navigable waterways was performed to analyze the structural characteristics of protective structure during ship collision. The analysis encompassed finite element modeling of ship and pile, modeling of material non-linearity, hard impact analysis, displacement-based analysis and soft impact analysis for collision scenarios. Through the analysis of hard impact with a rigid wall, impact load for each collision type of ship bow was estimated. In the displacement-based analysis the estimate of energy which protection system can absorb within its maximum horizontal clearance so as to secure bridge pier from vessel contact during collision was performed. Soft impact analysis for various collision scenarios was conducted and the collision behaviors of vessel and pile-supported protection system were reviewed for the design of protection system. The understanding of the energy dissipation mechanism of pile supported structure and colliding vessel would give us the optimized design of protective structure.
Experimental Study on the Flexural Behavior of Inverted T-Shaped Steel·Concrete Composite Deck for Bridges
Kim, Sung Hoon ; Park, Young Hoon ; Lee, Seung Yong ; Choi, Jun Hyeok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 331~340
This study is to suggest the details of new concept of bridge deck. Experimental studies on the behavior of a inverted T-shaped steelconcrete composite deck were carried out. The part of inverted T-shaped steel is embedded in concrete. Reinforced concrete deck specimen and composite deck specimens were fabricated and static bending fracture tests were conducted. The ultimate strength and fracture strength of specimens were evaluated. The effects of shear hole crossing bars of composite deck were also analyzed. From the results of experiments, composite deck with shear hole crossing bar increased shear strength, and showed typical tensile failure. Ultimate strength and fracture strength of composite deck with shear hole crossing bar are higher than those of reinforced concrete deck. The displacement of composite deck is higher than that of reinforced concrete deck.
Prediction of Lifetime of Steel Bridge Coating on Highway for Effective Maintenance
Lee, Chan-Young ; Cheong, Haimoon ; Park, Jin-Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 341~347
Among coating systems used for steel bridge coatings on highway such as red lead-pigmented alkyd, chlorinated rubber, waterborne inorganic zinc, inorganic zinc/epoxy/urethane and inorganic zinc/epoxy/fluororesin, evaluation of deterioration degree and prediction of lifetime through regression analysis were carried out for coating systems widely used and grossly degraded. For evaluation of deterioration degree, 75 bridges on highway were selected, and evaluations were carried out according to point offering method regulated by Guideline of maintenance coating for steel bridges used in Korea Expressway Corporation. Lifetime prediction results showed 13.0~13.3 years for the whole nation, 11.8 years for urban and industrial region in the metropolitan area, 13.2 years for rural region except the metropolitan area, 13.5~13.7 years for chlorinated rubber coating systems, and 12.86 years for red lead-pigmented alkyd systems. For prediction of the rest life of coating, we tried to execute parallel translations of standard deterioration curve to current life and deterioration degree for both x and y axes, and it was thought that parallel translation for x axis corresponded to deterioration aspects in actual environment. Maximum and minimum equations were derived from standard deterioration equation by adding and subtracting error values deduced in regression analysis to/from each coefficient in order to establish maintenance coating criteria for overall steel bridges on highway. Whole domain was divided into 8 parts in order to predict the rest life of coating and optimum time of maintenance coating, and maintenance coating criteria for each 8 domains were presented.
Prediction of Failure Modes for Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened with NSM CFRP Reinforcement
Jung, Woo Tai ; Park, Jong Sup ; Park, Young Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 349~356
Recently FRP (Fiber Reinforcement Polymer) is widely used for the strengthening of damaged RC beams. Although many tests were carried out to verify flexural capacity of RC beams strengthened with FRP sheet or plate, the behavior of strengthened RC beams has not yet clearly verified. To investigate the strengthening efficiency of the Near Surface Mounted Reinforcement (NSMR) technique experimentally and analytically, a total of 7 specimens have been tested. The experimental results revealed that specimens strengthened with NSMR improved the flexural capacity of RC beams. Also, while the NSMR specimens utilized CFRP reinforcement efficiently compared to the EBR (Externally Bonded Reinforcement) specimen, the NSMR specimens still have debonding failure between epoxy and concrete interface. This study has proposed the model to predict failure modes and failure loads. Good agreement was obtained between the predicted and the experimental results.
The Static Behavior of Bridge Expansion Joints Due to the Wheel Load
Kim, Youngjin ; Kwak, Imjong ; Cho, Changbaek ; Yoon, Hyejin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 357~366
This study addresses the analysis of the behavioral characteristics of bridge expansion joints under wheel loading through wheel load test and the proposal of relevant wheel load specifications for expansion joints. To that goal, specimens of rail and finger expansion joints that are widely used in Korea were fabricated and subjected to static wheel load test using a real tire wheel. The wheel load distribution factor in the rail and finger expansion joints in contact with the wheel load was evaluated. The evaluation revealed that the portion of load sustained by the central rail of rail expansion joint was decreasing with larger wheel load, and that the portion of load sustained by the finger expansion joint was practically insensitive to the increase of the contact area and remained nearly constant. Since the wheel load characteristics showed large difference compared to former design specifications, it appears necessary to prepare rational specifications relative to the distribution of the wheel load contact pressure for the design of expansion joints.
A Study on Elastic Shear Buckling Coefficients of Horizontally Curved Plate Girder Web Panels
Lee, Doo-Sung ; Lee, Sung-Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 367~373
In the design of horizontally curved plate girder web panels, it is required to evaluate accurately the elastic buckling strength under pure shear. Currently, elastic shear buckling coefficients of curved web panels stiffened by transverse intermediate stiffeners are determined by assuming conservatively that straight web panels without curvature are simply supported at the juncture between the flange and web. However, depending upon the geometry and the properties of the curved plate girder, the elastically restrained support may behave rather closer to a fixed support. The buckling strength of curved girder web is much greater (maximum 38%) than that of a straight girder calculated under the assumption that all four edges are simply supported in Lee and Yoo (1999). In the present study, a series of numerical analyses based on a 3D finite element modeling is carried out to investigate the effects of geometric parameters on both the boundary condition at the juncture and the horizontal curvature of web panel, and the resulting data are quantified in a simple design equation.
Shear Capacity of Corrugated rib Shear Connector
Ahn, Jin-Hee ; Choi, Kyu-Tae ; Kim, Sung-Hyun ; Kim, Sang-Hyo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 375~381
This paper deals with the shear capacity of corrugated rib as the shear connector in composite structures. Corrugated rib is modified as perfobond rib shear connector type to evaluate the shear capacity. A total 12 push-out specimens with stud, perfobond rib, and corrugated rib connector were fabricated. Then, the influences of hole-crossing bars, concrete dowel, depth of corrugated panel and height of rib on the shear capacity were evaluated experimentally. As the results of these tests, the failure mechanisms of corrugated rib and perfobond rib specimens were associated with the bearing failure of the concrete slabs, but the failure of weld zone did not occur. The shear capacity of corrugated rib specimens improved as high to 96% compared to the perfobond rib shear connectors. Also, the hole-crossing bars were effective on the improvement of concrete dowel action, and consequently, shear capacity increased by 48%. It was also proven that the increment of the depth of corrugated panel and the height of rib increased the concrete bearing resistance, therefore increasing the shear capacity.
Evaluation of Structural Performance of Precast Prefabricated Bridge Column using Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis
Chung, Chul-Hun ; Yun, Yeon-Suk ; Whang, Eun-Jung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 383~390
A Precast Prefabricated Bridge Column using steel tube and prestressing bar was proposed for the application of precast method on substructure. A column specimen designed by the proposed bridge column system was made and performed a quasi-static test. The failure mode appeared to be a flexural failure and there is no damage on column segment connection. And it is good use of the self-centering ability by prestressing force. Test results showed that a column specimen satisfy the earthquake specification, and the structural stability was verified. Nonlinear finite element analysis was performed and compared with the test results. Force-displacement relation and location of crack from the analysis results were compared with the test results and it agreed well. The quantitative analysis was also performed by a parametric study using this modeling technique.
An Application of Equivalent Heat Source for Thermal Analysis of Pavement Process
Lee, Wan-Hoon ; Yoo, Byoung-Chan ; Chung, Heung-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 391~399
Because of relatively high temperature, over
, of asphalt for steel deck bridge during pavement procedure, the temperature of deck could rise over
and undesirable excessive displacement and thermal stress could occur. In this study, in order to estimate the thermal effect of pavement process and to find the optimal pavement process, a new thermal analysis technique with Equivalent Heat Source (EHS) is proposed and its applicability to the practical pavement of steel bridge is studied. EHS is developed to simulate the high temperature pavement materials and its thermal effect such as conduction and convection which cannot be explain easily in general structural analysis program for bridge design. To verify the applicability of new analysis technique with EHS, thermal analyses of steel deck bridge with uplift and curved bridge with various pavement procedures are presented.
Bond and Flexural Properties of Fiber Reinforced Concrete with Recycled Poly Ethylene Terephthalate Waste
Won, Jong-Pil ; Park, Chan-Gi ; Choi, Min-Jung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 401~406
This study can be used to produce structurally efficient recycled PET fiber from used waste PET bottles and evaluated the bond performance of the three type of recycled PET fiber and cement matrix. Also, the flexural tests were performed on concrete reinforced using the three type of recycled PET fibers. The test results showed that the recycled PET fiber was significantly increased bond strength. The flexural test results are demonstrated that recycled PET fibers improved the flexural toughness of concrete. Based on the bond and flexural test results, the bond and flexural performance of embossed type recycled PET fibers were significantly better than those of the other shape fibers.
Study on Utilization of Electric Arc Furnace Oxidizing Slag as Fine Aggregates for Cement Concrete
Kim, Sang Myoung ; Park, Ju Won ; Lee, Hoon Ha ; Kim, Ki Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3A, 2008, Pages 407~415
Hydration reaction of Free-CaO is thought to be the main reason of expansion failure of slag. A lot of research institutions are conducting studies on solutions to this problem, and moreover it has been carried out how to make use of aggregates for concrete. While studies covering wide rage of blast furnace slag have been accomplished in the country, studies on steelmaking slag are insufficient. Therefore, this study aimed at analyzing basic physical properties of electric arc furnace oxidizing slag, which is the main material, and furthermore it focused on how to make use of aggregates for concrete examining chemical mechanism, which can be put to practical use. To address this issue, components of electric arc furnace oxidizing slag were analyzed with measurement of physical properties, followed by long-term strength and detailed durability analysis, which can evaluate the appropriateness of application of cement concrete. Besides the environmental conservation and recycling which can be obtained by application of industry byproducts, commercializing of electric arc furnace oxidizing slag as fine aggregates for cement concrete are expected.