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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6D - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6C - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6B - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6A - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5D - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5C - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5B - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5A - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4D - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4C - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4B - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4A - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3D - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3C - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3B - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3A - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2D - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2C - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2B - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2A - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1A - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1D - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1C - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1B - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Numerical analysis of dam breaking problem using SPH
Cho, Yong Jun ; Kim, Gweon Su ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 261~270
Even though there is a great deal of progress in a numerical method of high caliber like SPH, it is very rarely deployed in a water resources community. Despite the great stride in computing environment, depth averaged approach like a nonlinear shallow equation is still efficient tool for flood routing in large watershed, but it can give some misleading information like the inundation height of flood. In this rationale, we numerically simulate the flow into the dry channel, dry channel with an obstacle triggered by the collapse of a two dimensional water column using SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics) in order to boost the application of numerical method of high caliber like SPH in a water resources community. As a most severe test of the robustness of SPH, we also carry out the simulation of the flow through a clearance into the wet channel driven by the rapid removal of a water gate. As a hydrodynamic model, we used the Navier-Stokes equation, a numerical integration of which was carried out using SPH. To verify the validity of newly proposed numerical model, we compare the numerically simulated flow with the others in the literature mainly from VOF and MAC, and hydraulic experiments by Martin and Moyce (1952), Koshizuka et al. (1995) and Janosi et al. (2004). It was shown that agreements between the numerical results in this study and hydraulic experiments are remarkable.
Comparing Methods for Determining Flood Protection Elevation in Urban Built-up Areas
Lee, Yang Jae ; Shin, Sang Young ; Lee, Chang Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 271~281
To determine the flood protection elevation (FPE) in urban built-up areas, this study examines four possible methods: using the highest flood elevation in the past, extending base flood elevations of nearby watercourse to inland, and two simulation methods of inland flood under the same rainfall used in the watercourse planning nearby. According to the case study of the Jang-An Drainage Area, Seoul, the highest flood elevation in the past and simulation results of inland flood under the same rainfall in the watercourse planning nearby tend to get similar results, while extending base flood elevations of nearby watercourse to inland shows much higher elevations than other results. Meanwhile, cost-benefit analysis, when regulating residential/commercial uses below the FPE by each of four methods, suggest that planners need to consider carefully the economic feasibility of FPE used to choose appropriate methods.
Development of Stream Assessment Technique for Restoration and Management of Urban Stream
Song, Ju Il ; Lee, Joon Ho ; Yoon, Sei Eui ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 283~296
The Urban Stream Assessment Technique (USAT) was suggested to give information about present urban stream condition. Domestic and foreign stream evaluation methods were analyzed and some streams were previously investigated to decide evaluation factors that could evaluate stream condition and have concern with characteristics and flood control of urban stream. The USAT consisted of three steps. High step has three characteristics concerned with functions of stream such as flood risk, stream, and ecology. In middle step, three characteristics were subdivided by ten features to describe changes and degradations of urban stream. Low step consisted of fifty three factors that explain the present condition of ten features. A survey of river experts was conducted to reflect weight among characteristics and features. The weights were calculated by analytic hierarchy process(AHP). The USAT was carried out to check over application of that in Suwon, Anyang, and Joongrang stream. The results of stream evaluation were expressed by factor index, feature index, characteristic index, total index, and evaluation grade. The results of the USAT were useful to realize changed and degraded areas. It is expected that the USAT can be used as base investigation for restoring and managing urban streams.
Coupled Operation of the Lake Youngsan and Yeongam for the Flood Control in the Downstream of the Youngsan River
Kim, Dae Geun ; Lee, Jae Hyung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 297~306
In order to determine the effects of lock gate expansion at the Lake Youngsan and Yeongam as well as increase in the width of the connecting channel of the two lakes on flood control downstream of the Youngsan River, an unsteady hydraulic flood routing was conducted by combining the Lake Youngsan and Yeongam as a single connected system. The coupled operation of the two lakes was found to have little effect when the widths of the lock gates and the connecting channel are set at the current level. It was also found that increasing the width of the connecting channel as well as the lock gate of the Lake Yeongam is an effective means of reducing the stage of the Lake Youngsan, whereas an increase in the width of the Lake Youngsan's lock gate had a relatively smaller effect. The extended width of the connecting channel leads to a rise in the stage of the Lake Yeongam. In order to reduce the elevated stage, The Lake Yeongam's lock gate must be expanded along with the Lake Yeongsan's lock gate. The analysis found that the stage of the Lake Yeongsan can be effectively controlled through adjustment of opening and shutting criteria of the connecting channel's lock gate, when diversion discharge between the lakes is increased as a result of expanding the width of the connecting channel.
Numerical Simulation of Surge - Wave Combined Inundation at Mokpo North Harbor
Lee, Jung Lyul ; Kang, Ju Whan ; Yoon, Jong Tae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 307~313
Tidal amplification by construction of sea-dike and sea-walls had been detected not only near Mokpo North Harbor but also at Chungkye Bay which is connected with Mokpo North Harbor by a narrow channel. This brings about increase of tidal flat area and in particular increase of runup height and inundation area during storms. In this study, a simulation process is composed of wind wave generation model for large area and wave inundation model for small coastal zone. The nonlinear version of mild-slope equation is modified for simulating wind-driven surge and wave inundation at a small area. The models are applied to Chungkye Bay, and possible inundation features at Mokpo North Harbor are investigated.
Evolution and Changes of Coastal Topography due to Jetty Construction at Namdae River Mouth
Kim, In Ho ; Lee, Seong Dae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 315~321
Recently, in the light of environments and utilization, countermeasures to preserve beaches in coastal area are required without depending on such as jetties and breakwaters. The necessity of integrated sand management including not only coastal sediment but also sediment discharge from hinterland rivers is increased so as to establish long-term counterplan for sediment transport. In this regard, the following subjects are examined in this study; efficient ways for discharged sand to be transported from a river to the neighboring coast, the river terrace occurrence and its growth at the river delta, measures to improve storage efficiency of the discharged sand and measures to prevent the sand resources from being discharged into the deep sea during flooding. In recent, A jetty of 260 m length was constructed at Namdae River mouth in the year of 2005 as a countermeasure against the occurrence of sand-bar at river mouth and its close. In this study, a series of numerical experiments were carried out to investigate the characteristics of sediment transport and morphological change due to the construction of jetty at the entrance of Namdae River mouth. Firstly, The sand discharge from Namdae River is quantified by one-dimensional numerical analysis assuming the mixed sand of three different particle diameters. Then, in order to understand the transport behavior of the sand discharge from river and river mouth phenomena the numerical experiments were then conducted to examine the flow behaviors of river efflux and wind generated circulations in coastal area. And, after establishing the numerical model system, which predicts the sea bed changes obtained from the flux model combining with the wave propagation, wave-induced currents and sediment transport models, the sediment transport in the vicinity of Namdae River mouth is analyzed.
Wave Control by Submerged Breakwater under the Solitary Wave(Tsunami) Action
Lee, Kwang Ho ; Kim, Chang Hoon ; Jeong, Seong Ho ; Kim, Do Sam ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 323~334
Present study examined the functionality of the solitary wave (tsunami) control of the two-rowed porous submerged breakwater by numerical experiments, using a numerical wave tank which is based on the Navier-Stokes equation to explain fluid fields and uses a Volume of Fluid (VOF) method to capture the free water surface. Solitary wave was generated by the internal wave source installed within the computational zone in the numerical wave tank and its wave transformations by structure were compared with those in the previous study. Comparisons with the precious numerical results showed a good agreement. Based on these results, several tow-dimensional numerical modeling investigations of the water fields, including wave transformations, reflection, transmission and energy flux, by the one- and two-rowed permeable submerged breakwater under solitary waves were performed. Even if, it is a research of the limited scope, in case of two-rowed permeable submerged breakwater with
is height of submerged breakwater and h is water depth), the wave height damping in range of
is effective distance of solitary wave) can reach nearly 60% of the incident wave height. In addition, it is found that reflection coefficient increases nearly 47% and transmission coefficient decreases nearly 18% than one-rowed one. The numerical results revealed that the tow-rowed submerged breakwater can control the incident solitary wave economically and more efficiently than the one-rowed one.
A Hydrodynamic Numerical Model, ESCORT- Development and Verification
So, Jae Kwi ; Kang, Ju Whan ; Park, Seon Jung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 335~343
A hydrodynamic numerical model, ESCORT, which enables wetting-and-drying simulation, is developed. The model is verified by applying it at the Mokpo coastal zone together with the MIKE21 model. This paper deals in only 2-dimensional aspects remaining 3-dimensional function for further research. To begin with, MIKE21 model is applied at the whole area where MIKE21 had been applied several times to produce boundary conditions for the main area. Unlike the whole area of uniform grid, main area adopts telescoping grid for ESCORT model and nested grid for MIKE21 model. The results of both model show not only good agreement for the values of water depth and tidal velocity between computed and observed ones, but also plausible wetting-and-drying simulation. However, ESCORT model needs some improvement of efficiency.
Characteristics of Run-up Height over Sandy Beach with Submerged Breakwaters : PART I - Effect of Plane Arrangement of Submerged Breakwaters
Hur, Dong-Soo ; Lee, Woo-Dong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 345~354
In this present study, we made a first attempt to investigate physical transformations of incident waves in surf and swash zone and hydrodynamic phenomena of detached and submerged breakwaters. For an accurate simulation of the complicated wave deformation, Three-Dimensional numerical model with Large Eddy Simulation has been developed recently and expanded properly for the current applications, which is able to simulate an accurate and direct WAve Structure Sandy seabed interaction (hereafter, LES-WASS-3D). LES-WASS-3D has been validated through the comparison with experimental results for limited cases, and has been used for the simulation of wave run-up on sandy beach, mean fluid flows over and around submerged structures and swash zone (alongshore/rip current), and spatial distribution of wave height in wide fluid regions. In addition, a strategy of efficient deployment (
) of the submerged breakwaters has been discussed.
The Investigation of Rainwater Quality Variation and Rainfall Characteristic for the Effective Usage
Lee, Chang Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3B, 2008, Pages 355~361
A water quality analysis of rainwater collected from catchment equipment (
) was conducted to determine its suitability for domestic purposes, in this study. As the results of analysis, the pH of rainwater was
, and the turbidity of rainwater was over the 5 times than drinking water guidelines. For the usage of rainwater as the domestic and drinking water, the rainwater is need to treat. The analysis values of heavy metal as the Pb, Cd, Fe, Mn,
and Cu was satisfied with drinking guidelines. Rainwater quality was improved in the rainfall duration. Overall results of analysis support the possibility of rainwater as the domestic and drinking water.