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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6D - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6C - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6B - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6A - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5D - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5C - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5B - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5A - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4D - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4C - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4B - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4A - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3D - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3C - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3B - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3A - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2D - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2C - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2B - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2A - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1A - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1D - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1C - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1B - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Density Predictive Model within the On-Ramp Merge Influence Areas of Urban Freeway - Based on the Beonyoungro in the Metropolitan City of Busan -
Kim, Tae Gon ; Pyo, Jong Jin ; Kwon, Mi Hyun ; Jo, In Kook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 287~293
Density is used as the measure of effectiveness within the ramp junction influence area suggested in the KHCM 2005 in the LOS analysis of the ramp junction, and also density predictive models suggested in the KHCM 2005 is constructed based on the expressway with the speed limit of 100km/h or 110km/h in Korea. So, the density predictive models suggested in the KHCM 2005 are needed to verify if the models could be applied to the urban freeway with the speed limit of 80km/h or less, because the speed limits on most of the urban freeways in Korea are 80km/h or less. The purpose in this study is to construct and verify the appropriate density predictive model within the on-ramp merge influence area of the urban freeway by comparing with the USHCM 2000 and KHCM 2005 models.
A Study on Application Standard of At-grade Intersection Considering Both Delay and Accident
Park, Je Jin ; Jung, Hyung Mo ; Ha, Tae Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 295~306
The Intersection is inner traffic facilities and the space where the roads are intersected and connected. And also, the Intersection is the decision-making section for drivers to select the route according to the geometric structure and operation method. However decision-making section cause to raise car accidents rate because it imposes a heavy burden on drivers. In that reason, many countries such as Europe use the Roundabouts to reduce the numbers of decision making and collision. In Korea, the kinds of method are just introduced and it is using now but there are no exact standards. Hence, this study suggests the process to evaluate and determine the types of Intersection which are based on the traffic flow (congestion) and traffic safety (accidents). Firstly, this study presents the number of accident at each Intersection which is depended on the traffic volume. Secondly, this study calculates and analysis the accident at signalized Intersection, non-signalized Intersection and Roundabout by TSIS-NETSIM program. Thirdly, this study concludes the best suitable Intersection type through the materials which are mentioned before.
Development of Travel Time Estimation Algorithm for National Highway by using Self-Organizing Neural Networks
Do, Myungsik ; Bae, Hyunesook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 307~315
The aim of this study is to develop travel time estimation model by using Self-Organized Neural network(in brief, SON) algorithm. Travel time data based on vehicles equipped with GPS and number-plate matching collected from National road number 3 (between Jangji-IC and Gonjiam-IC), which is pilot section of National Highway Traffic Management System were employed. We found that the accuracies of travel time are related to location of detector, the length of road section and land-use properties. In this paper, we try to develop travel time estimation using SON to remedy defects of existing neural network method, which could not additional learning and efficient structure modification. Furthermore, we knew that the estimation accuracy of travel time is superior to optimum located detectors than based on existing located detectors. We can expect the results of this study will make use of location allocation of detectors in highway.
Development of User Customized Path Finding Algorithm for Public Transportation Information
Shin, Sung Il ; Park, Je Jin ; Lee, Jong Chul ; Ha, Tae Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 317~323
Mass transit information can contribute many benefits to users. Especially, transportation information technology is developing highly with information technology in Korea recently. Hereafter, it is expected to give customized transportation information to users individually with the advent of ubiquitous age in earnest. This public transportation information service can be realized by path finding algorithm in public transportation networks including travel and transfer attributes. In this research, constraints are constructed with the primary facts influencing users. Moreover, the method reducing user's path finding condition arbitrarily is proposed by making the maximum value as variables. In this study, transfer frequency, total travel time, seat confirmation, transfer time and travel time become constraint condition based on k path finding algorithm considering service time constraint condition. Moreover, case study about user customized transfer information is performed in Seoul and metropolitan subway networks.
Long-Term Degradation Mechanism of GFRP Dowel Bar for Jointed Concrete Pavement under Repeated Freezing-Thawing
Won, Jong Pil ; Jang, Chang Il ; Park, Chan-Gi ; Lee, Sang Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 325~330
This study carried out the repeated freezing-thawing test in order to understand the long-term degradation mechanism of GFRP dowel bars. The mechanical property measured by shear test. In addition, analyzes repeated freezing-thawing degradation mechanism of GFRP dowel bars by observe the microstructure through Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Gas Physisorption techniques. As the result of test, it was found that the mechanical property didn't decreased as the exposure time to water and repeated freezing-thawing environment. It shows clearly observed microstructure investigations.
Development of Subbase Analysis Model Considering Stress Dependency
Kim, Ji Hwan ; Kang, Beong Joon ; Lee, Jun Hwan ; Choi, Jun Seong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 331~338
Road pavements consist of layered structure and each layer is made of various materials. The load responses of pavement structures are very sensitive to properties of subbase materials. Successful pavement design, therefore, depends on the method and the accuracy of measuring material properties, and it requires realistic description of the behavior of layered materials. Resilient modulus (
) is widely used properties representing pavement structure materials. In this study, we collected data for mechanical characteristics of subbase materials that were used in domestic construction and adopted them to form a constitutive equation of subbase
value. Proposed model was evaluated through the finite element analysis.
A Study on Characteristics of Lateral Wheel Path Distributions in Different Traffic Lanes
Jo, Myounghwan ; Park, Hyunsik ; Jin, Jung Hoon ; Kim, Nakseok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 339~346
The research was conducted to investigate the characteristics of lateral wheel path distributions (wandering) in different traffic lanes. The lateral wheel path distributions may affect pavement life and various distress types. The results presented that the normal distribution curve with symmetry was observed in the 2-lane and 3-lane roads. In the case of the 2-lane road (on one direction), the wanderings were 70-95cm, and 70-85cm for the 1st and 2nd lanes, respectively, while in the case of the 3-lane road (on one direction), 50-60cm, 65-85cm, and 80-95cm for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd lanes, respectively. In addition, the 1st lane vehicles tended to pass on the right side to avoid the opposite side vehicles, while the outside lane vehicles tended to pass on the left side to avoid the walkway.
A Study on a Systematization of Preliminary Construction Control for the Quality and Schedule Management of APT Construction
Park, Hong Tae ; Lee, Yang Kyoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 347~353
Generally speaking, it is important to know the activities itself exactly and to control the activities correctly so as to assure timely progress and the quality of any project. In order to progress smoothly in accordance with construction schedule, it is important to systematize the preliminary arrangements necessary for each process and then manage them. In this study, in order to progress smoothly the quality and schedule management of the construction, we can be made systematically pre-works in accordance with construction schedule by the civil construction items of the apartment house construction. we suggested pre-construction control item by the workers through experiential method of construction engineers in accordance with network schedule.
The Role of CM for Fast track Completion of Urgent Typhoon Recovery Construction Projects - Gangwon-Do Cases -
Kim, Kyoung Nam ; Choi, Jae-ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 355~362
Fast track completion of urgent typhoon damage recovery construction project is becoming crucial for the prevention of the secondary damage from the next year typhoon, prompt psychological stabilization of flood sufferers, the early recovery of damaged infrastructure condition and so forth. As the recovery learning process has been continued for last consecutive typhoons and experts suggested, the keys in attaining the goals of the project (preventative, sustainable, cleaner and fast tracking development) are found to be the early contracting and improved competencies in project management especially during the design phase. It can be presumed that the former is attainable through administrative supports in the form of government guidelines, but the latter necessitates more research efforts. In this regards, this study aims to find a way how to lift up the current level of project management capability facing ever changing project mangement environment of urgent typhoon recovery project. By comparing the current level of application of government guidelines in flooded districts and analyzing the time required for each phase from design contracting to construction starting, several reformative ideas are illustrated in association with the necessity of adopting CM method in the deign phase. It is highly expected that CM application in the design phase can be an effective alternative in overcoming current limits in improving the quality of the project and prevent the delay due to the lack of expertise and professional workers in the owner side.
A Study on the Estimation of Change Orders Impact for the Public Construction
Lee, Min-Jae ; Park, Bum-Jin ; Im, Keon-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 363~369
Change is inevitable and is a reality of construction projects. Change adjustment includes the cost associated with materials, labor, etc. However, the actions of a contractor can cause a loss of productivity and furthermore can result in disruption of the whole project because of a cumulative or ripple effect. Because of its complicated nature, it becomes a complex issue to determine the cumulative impact (ripple effect) caused by single or multiple change orders. Furthermore, owners and contractors do not always agree on the adjusted contract price for the cumulative impact of the changes. What is needed is a reliable method to identify and quantify the loss of productivity caused by cumulative impact of change orders. This study survey the change orders data in domestic area for public construction and analyze to quantify change order impact. This study developed concepts of "%CO", "%Delta", "%T" to capture change order effect on project and search the relationships between them. Finally, this study find strong relationship between change order and loss.
Development of an Approximate Cost Estimating Framework for River Facility Construction at Planning Stage
Shin, Jung Min ; Woo, Sungkwon ; Lee, Si Wook ; Kim, Ok Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 371~381
The systematic methodology for estimating construction cost approximately at planning and pre-design phase of a river facility construction project has not yet been established because of its unique characteristics including its relatively small project size in terms of cost. This research suggests a 4-level cost information structure and identifies critical factors affecting construction cost as a result of thorough analysis of accumulated historical cost data of river facility construction projects. Also, this research presents the framework of the approximate cost estimating methodology for river facility construction project a planning stage.
The Appropriation and The Use Scheme of Safety Control Cost for Reducing Severity Rate of Injury on Construction
Kim, Byung Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 383~390
Construction safety control system had improved constantly but the severity rate of injury don't reduced, safety level of construction don't progressed as usual. In order to reduce of the severity rate of injury safety control in site is important but it needs to improve form of system that introduce obligation of safety design and design safety appraisement, an effect use method of safety control cost. The safety control cost is problem that reduce than design cost accordance bidding rate and use a little safety facility cost compare with labor cost. This study tried reduce the severity rate of injury by propose effective improvement scheme through relevant problem analysis to the safety control cost and remove caution that the severity rate of injury don't reduced.
Spatial Association of Population Concentration in Seoul Metropolitan Area
Park, Jane ; Chang, Hoon ; Kim, Jy So ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 391~397
This paper analyzes the spatial patterns of population distribution in Seoul Metropolitan Area in terms of spatial association using spatial statistics and spatial exploratory technique. Our empirical analysis based on global index shows that, in Seoul Metropolitan Area, the population had been distributed with strong positive spatial association over the period of 1980-2005. It implies that the population of each region is affected by the population distribution of adjacent regions. In addition, the analysis using local index was conducted for detecting the local patterns of spatial association, and the result shows that the clusters of population had been moved in the direction of West(Incheon and Bucheon) and South(Anyang and Seongnam) of Seoul where a large scale of lands or towns were developed over the period. These results will be the preliminary data for establishing management and development plans of Seoul Metropolitan Area.
A Study on Transferred Load Reduction on Paved Track Roadbed with Low Elastic Base Plate Pad
Lee, Il-Wha ; Kang, Yun-Suk ; Lee, Hee-Up ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 399~405
Development of the paved track is required as a low-maintenance of conventional line. The paved tracks are one of the types of the ballast reinforced tracks those are manufactured by adopting the prepacked concrete technique. The main elements of this tracks are large sleeper, low elastic pad, fastener, cement mortar, geotextile and recycled ballast. Low elastic pad is the most effective element of such tracks on the basis of stress-displacement characteristics, dynamic response and fatigue characteristics. The stiffness of the pad determine the stiffness of the track. Consequently, it is more important in case of concrete track structure such as paved track because application of low elastic pad seriously effect the durability and stability of the track. The main objective of this study is to confirm the reduction of train load, which transfer to roadbed through various pad effects. To achieve this task static, numerical analysis and real scale repeated loading test was performed while load reduction effect of low elastic pad was analyzed by using displacement, stress and strain ratio characteristics of the paved track.
Enhancement of Geomorphology Generation for the Front Land of Levee Using Aerial Photograph
Lee, Geun Sang ; Lee, Hyun Seok ; Hwang, Eui Ho ; Koh, Deuk Koo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 407~415
This study presents the methodology to link with aerial photos for advancing the accuracy of topographic survey data that is used to calculate water volume in urban stream. First, GIS spatial interpolation technique as Inverse Distance Weight (IDW) and Kriging was applied to construct the terrain morphology to the sand-bar and grass area using cross-sectional survey data, and also validation point data was used to estimate the accuracy of created topographic data. As the result of comparison, IDW (
, 2nd square number) in Sand-bar area and Kriging Spherical model in grass area showed more efficient results in the construction of topographic data of river boundary. But the differences among interpolation methods are very slight. Image classification method, Minimum Distance Method (MDM) was applied to extract sand-bar and grass area that are located to river boundary efficiently and the elevation value of extracted layers was allocated to the water level point value. Water volume with topographic data from aerial photos shows the advanced accuracy of 13% (in sand-bar) and 12% (in grass) compared to the water volume of original terrain data. Therefore, terrain analysis method in river linking with aerial photos is efficient to the monitoring about sand-bar and grass area that are located in the downstream of Dam in flooding season, and also it can be applied to calculate water volume efficiently.
Visible Height Based Occlusion Area Detection in True Orthophoto Generation
Youn, Junhee ; Kim, Gi Hong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 417~422
With standard orthorectification algorithms, one can produce unacceptable structure duplication in the orthophoto due to the double projection. Because of the abrupt height differences, such structure duplication is a frequently occurred phenomenon in the dense urban area which includes multi-history buildings. Therefore, occlusion area detection especially for the urban area is a critical issue in generation of true orthophoto. This paper deals with occlusion area detection with visible height based approach from aerial imagery and LiDAR. In order to accomplish this, a grid format DSM is produced from the point clouds of LiDAR. Next, visible height based algorithm is proposed to detect the occlusion area for each camera exposure station with DSM. Finally, generation of true orthophoto is presented with DSM and previously produced occlusion maps. The proposed algorithms are applied in the Purdue campus, Indiana, USA.
GIS-based Estimation of Climate-induced Soil Erosion in Imha Basin
Lee, Khil Ha ; Lee, Geun Sang ; Cho, Hong Yeon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 423~429
The object of the present study is to estimate the potential effects of climate change and land use on soil erosion in the mid-east Korea. Simulated precipitation by CCCma climate model during 2030-2050 is used to model predicted soil erosion, and results are compared to observation. Simulation results allow relative comparison of the impact of climate change on soil erosion between current and predicted future condition. Expected land use changes driven by socio-economic change and plant growth driven by the increase of temperature and are taken into accounts in a comprehensive way. Mean precipitation increases by 17.7% (24.5%) for A2 (B2) during 2030-2050 compared to the observation period (1966-1998). In general predicted soil erosion for the B2 scenario is larger than that for the A2 scenario. Predicted soil erosion increases by 48%~90% under climate change except the scenario 1 and 2. Predicted soil erosion under the influence of temperature-induced fast plant growth, higher evapotranspiration rate, and fertilization effect (scenario 5 and 6) is approximately 25% less than that in the scenario 3 and 4. On the basis of the results it is said that precipitation and the corresponding soil erosion is likely to increase in the future and care needs to be taken in the study area.
Modification of Spatial Grid Based Distributed Model Considering River Basin Characteristics
Park, Jin Hyeog ; Hur, Young Teck ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 431~436
Recently, the rapid development of GIS technology has made it possible to handle a various data associated with spatially hydrological parameters with their attribute information. Therefore, there has been a shift in focus from lumped runoff models to distributed runoff models, as the latter can consider temporal and spatial variations of discharge. In this research, a distributed rainfall-runoff model based on physical kinematic wave for analysis of surface and river flow was used to simulate temporal and spatial distribution of long-term discharge. The snowfall and melting process model based on Hydro-BEAM was developed, and various hydrological parameters for input data of the model was extracted from basic GIS data such as DEM, land cover and soil map. The developed model was applied for the Shonai River basin(532) in Japan, which has sufficient meteorological and hydrological data, and displayed precise runoff results to be compared to the hydrograph.
Integration of IKONOS-2 Satellite Imagery and ALS dataset by Compensating Biases of RPC Models
Lee, Jaebin ; Yu, Kiyun ; Lee, Changno ; Song, Wooseok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 437~444
In the paper, a methodology is verified to integrate IKONOS-2 satellite imagery and ALS dataset by compensating biases of RPC models. To achieve this, conjugate features from both data should be extracted in advance. For this purpose, linear features are chosen as conjugate features because they can be accurately extracted from man-made structures in urban area and more easily extracted than point features from ALS data. Then, observation equations are established from similarity measurements of the extracted features. During the process, several kinds of transformation functions were selected and used to register them. In addition, it was also analyzed how the number of linear features used as control features affects the accuracy of registration results. Finally, the results were evaluated by using check-points obtained from DGPS surveying techniques and it was clearly demonstrated that the proposed algorithms are appropriate to integrate these data.
Estimation of Storage Capacity using Topographical Shape of Sand-bar and High Resolution Image in Urban Stream
Lee, Hyun Seok ; Lee, Geun Sang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 3D, 2008, Pages 445~450
Recently, environmental and ecological approaches is in progress in urban stream, especially the guarantee of instream flow becomes very important. In this paper, it is suggested that water volume estimation method utilizing the topographical shape data obtained by field investigation and satellite image to manage the urban stream efficiently. The data obtained at Gap River is the study area are analysed and those results are as belows. First, surveying to investigate topographic shape characteristics of urban stream is carried out. In details, the gradient characteristics from water surface to bottom in case of sand area and in case of grass area are 0.013 and 0.065 respectively. In conclusion, the gradient characteristic of grass area is five times bigger than that of sand area. Besides, IKONOS image is classified by spectrum analysis and Minimum Distance Method and the sand area extraction method by the generalization method as Median filter is suggested to calculate water volume. Finally, mapping process on the sand area extracted from the topographical shape field data in river and satellite images is carried out by the GIS spatial analysis. And on the assumption that the water level was 1m at that time when satellite image was taken, the water volume was
. It is clarified that the effect of water volume improvement was about 10.5% in comparison with water volume that had no consideration on the gradient characteristics of sand-bar.