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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6D - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6C - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6B - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6A - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5D - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5C - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5B - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5A - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4D - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4C - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4B - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4A - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3D - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3C - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3B - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3A - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2D - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2C - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2B - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2A - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1A - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1D - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1C - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1B - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Estimation of the Marginal Walking Time of Bus Users in Small-Medium Cities
Kim, Kyung Whan ; Yoo, Hwan Hee ; Lee, Sang Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 451~457
Establishing realistic bus service coverage is needed to build optimum city bus line networks and reasonable bus service coverage areas. The purposes of this study are understanding the characteristics of the present walking time and marginal walking time of small-medium cities and constructing an ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System) model to estimate the marginal walking time for certain age and income. The cities of Masan, Chongwon and Jinju are selected for study cities. The 80 percentile of present walking time of bus users of these cities are 10.2-11.1 minutes, thus the values are greater than the 5 minutes of the maximum walking time in USA and the marginal walking times of 21.1-21.8 minutes are much greater. An ANFIS model based on pulled data of the cities are constructed to estimate the marginal walking time of small-medium cities. Analyzing the relationship between marginal walking time and age/income by using the model, the marginal walking time decreases as the age increases, but is near constant from the age of 25 to 35. And the marginal walking time is inversely proportional to the income. In comparing the surveyed and the estimated values, as the statistics of coefficient of determination, MSE and MAE are 0.996, 0.163, 0.333 respectively, it may be judged that the explainability of the model is very high. The technique developed in this study can be applied to other cities.
A Guidance Methodology Using Ubiquitous Sensor Network Information in Large-Sized Underground Facilities in Fire
Seo, Yonghee ; Lee, Changju ; Jung, Jumlae ; Shin, Seongil ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 459~467
Because of the insufficiency of ground space, the utilization of underground is getting more and more in these days. Moreover, underground space is being used not only buildings but multipurpose space for movement, storage and shopping. However, ground space has vital weakness for fire compared to ground space. Especially in case of underground shopping center, there are various stuffs to burn and poisonous gas can be exposed on this count when the space is burned. A large number of casualties can be also occurred from conflagration as underground space has closed structures that prevent rapid evacuation and access. Therefore, this research proposes the guidance methodology for evacuation from conflagration in large-sized underground facilities. In addition, suggested methodology uses high technology wireless sensor information from up-to-date ubiquitous sensor networks. Fire information collected by sensors is integrated with existing underground facilities information and this is sent to guidance systems by inducing process. In the end, this information is used for minimum time paths finding algorithm considering the passageway capacity and distance. Also, usefulness and inadequacies of proposed methodology is verified by a case study.
Traffic Impacts of Transit-oriented Urban Regeneration
Hwang, Kee Yeon ; Cho, Yong Hak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 469~476
Recently, TOD gains popularity as a traffic solution measure of high density urban regeneration projects. The purpose of this study is to investigate traffic impacts of high density TOD projects, and to identify the issues to be resolved. For a case study, it chooses Gangnamgucheong station in Gangnam area served by two subway lines, and designates 400m radius from the station as a site for high-density development. The MOEs chosen for this study is traffic volume, time, distance, speed, and mode share. The SECOM model is adopted for traffic simulation. The analysis results show that high-density TOD is an effective tool for traffic improvement even with only one station area being implemented. It is found that the traffic volume increases near the station in nature where high-density development occurs, but it declines overall in the rest of Gangam area. The total travel time and distance of passenger vehicles decline, meaning that the traffic condition becomes better than before. With regulation on parking supply, the improvement becomes more vivid. In terms of the changes of traffic speed, both alternatives show 4.1% increase in speed, but the difference between alternatives is not quite noticeable because of the induced vehicle demand driven to the streets with improved traffic condition. The mode share changes occur for the benefit of subway ridership, because the study station is equipped with two subway line services. When mixed with parking supply restriction, the impact becomes clearer.
Street Transit Network Analysis and Evaluation
Shin, Yong Eun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 477~483
If designed properly, street transit systems can provide many useful functions with the flexibility of serving an unlimited range of locations throughout an urban area. Over the last decades urban regions of Korea cities have seen rapidly changing travel patterns and urban conditions. Under this circumstance transit planners need frequent evaluations of its street transit routes so as to restructure or modify them rationally. It should be noted that the changing network influences passengers, operators, as well as the city itself. However, there is no proper framework with which to evaluate the street transit network comprehensively. This paper develops and provides a framework including criteria and indicators for evaluating street transit networks. Five criteria, such as network size, network structure, service requirements, efficiency of operation and the relationship to the city are presented. A number of indicators and measures representing each criteria are then suggested. As a practical example, an analysis and comparison of three minibus networks in Busan are presented, utilizing the developed measures and indicators. The results of this study will be of great use for planners responsible for transit route planning, particularly for planning of new or analysis of existing routes; their comparison with routes/networks of various cities.
Asphalt Concrete Pavement Response to Moving Load and Viscoelastic Property
Jo, Myoung-hwan ; Kim, Nakseok ; Seo, Youngguk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 485~492
This study presents a viscoelastic characterization of flexible pavement subjected to moving loads. A series of field tests have been conducted on three pavement sections (A2, A5, and A8) at the Korea Expressway Corporation (KEC) test road. The effect of vehicle speed on the responses of each test section was investigated at three speeds: 25 km/hr, 50 km/hr, and 80 km/hr. During the test, both longitudinal and lateral strains were measured at the bottom of asphalt layers and in-situ measurements were compared with the results of finite element (FE) analyses. A commercial FE package, ABAQUS was used to model each test section and a step loading approximation has been adopted to simulate the effect a moving vehicle. For viscoelastic analysis, relaxation moduli of asphalt mixtures were obtained from laboratory test. Field responses reveals the strain anisotropy (i.e., discrepancy between longitudinal and lateral strains) and the amplitude of strain normally decreases as the vehicle speed increases. In most cases, lateral strain was smaller than longitudinal strain, and strain reduction was more significant in lateral direction.
A Study on the Development of Technology Roadmap for Construction Automation
Kim, Young-Suk ; Seo, Jong-Won ; Lee, Junbok ; Kim, Sung-Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 493~504
Considerable effort has been made to improve construction processes through mechanization and robotization of current work. In this paper, the trend of research and development related to the construction machinery automation to improve the construction productivity has been reviewed. A classification system is proposed for automation of architectural and civil works. Then, the priority among the classified construction tasks for automation has been identified through the questionnaire study. Based on the priority for automation a comprehensive technology road map was also developed. The technology road map suggests the time frame to complete R&D work for the selected construction tasks and the core technology required for automation of the selected tasks. Such automation R&D road map for construction machinery can be utilized as a milestone in setting up the R&D strategy in the construction industry.
Study to Suggest Improvement Method for Increasing Efficiency of Multi-complex Design Work
Koo, Ja Kyung ; Park, Eun Soo ; Jun, Young Joon ; Lee, Tai Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 505~512
Over the past years, complex project which has the object to accomplish housing complex, commercial complex etc, recently is changing to multi-complex projects because of development in IT sector. Improvement in the quality of life, life pattern has been and is being changed, these modernized and improved version of life brings the concept of U-city. Department of urban planning and engineering, civil engineering and architecture engineering in every university educate students according to the changing world in order to handle these complex projects in real world. In most cases department of urban planning and engineering teach project planning and department of civil and architecture engineering teach project design and construction. In most of the projects planning followed by design and construction need to be accomplished, but current observation in the present curriculum shows that it is difficult to expect the continuity. The present curriculum of civil engineering has to change as complex projects deal with various different structures during the design and construction phase of these projects. This study examined curriculums from the department of urban and civil engineering related to structural design and construction and survey importance of design works which overlap urban and civil engineering targeted on design engineers. After understanding design works and results obtained from survey we propose for an advanced efficiency method.
Analysis of Construction Conditions Change due to Climate Change
Bae, Deg Hyo ; Lee, Byong Ju ; Jung, Il Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 513~521
The objective of this study is the evaluation of the impact on the construction condition due to historical observation data and IPCC SRES A2 climate change scenario. For this purpose, daily precipitation and daily mean temperature data which have been observed over the past 30 years by Korea Meteorological Administration are collected and applied. Also, A2 scenarios during 2011~2040 and 2051~2080 are used for this analysis. According to the results of trend analyses on annual precipitation and annual mean temperature, they are on the increase mostly. The available working day and the day occurred an extreme event are used as correlation indices between climate factor and construction condition. For the past observation data, linear regression and Mann-Kendall test are used to analyze the trend on the correlation index. As a result, both working day and extreme event occurrence day are increased. Likewise, for the future, variation analysis showed the similar result to that of the past and the occurrence frequency of extreme events is increased obviously. Therefore, we can project to increase flood damage potential on the construction site by climate change.
Differences between Sale Prices and Lotting Prices in New Multi-family Housing Considering Housing Sub-Market
Choi, Yeol ; Kim, Hyung Soo ; Park, Myung Je ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 523~531
This study tried to find differences between housing lotting prices and sale prices owing to new multi-family housing price regulation. As the results of this study, they are as follows; First, this study shows housing market in Busan has a preferences of new housing which has a new housing form differing from the existing housing form. For example, the mixed-use apartment with higher stories shows steeper incline than the apartments with the existing forms. Second, the new housing prices are affected by the information that affect the price of the old existing housing. They are rates of green area of an apartment complex, the number of household, accessibility to downtown Busan and etc.. They are also confirmed factors that affect a rise of used-housing price in other studies. Third, brand value of apartments affects new housing prices. For example, if the major construction companies build the new apartment, it shows a rising trend than any other housing. Therefore, the local construction companies are expected to be put on a disadvantage places than major construction companies. Fourth, the lotting prices are the most important cause that lead to rise the new housing prices. Accordingly, the present lotting prices are expected that upward tendency the purchasing prices of the new housing will not continue, because the lotting prices have risen since the government removed lotting price regulations and exceeded the level of used-housing prices. And it denote that importance of housing sub-market which indicates rates of old existing housing market rising, frist preference Gu, second preference Gu, rate of multi-family housing.
The Development and Application of the Service Evaluation Indicators of Transfer Facilities in the High-speed Railway Stations
Kim, Cheol-Sun ; Kim, Sigon ; Kim, Jung-Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 533~538
The introduction of KTX (Korea Train Express) has brought an historic change to the overall transit system in Korea. The high-speed railway stations in particular are expanding the scope as public transit centers. However, it is evident that the evaluation on the high-speed railway stations had not been performed successfully thus far. The most important element of the evaluation is the connectivity of the departure point to the arriving stations and also the internal transfer service stations. We developed the service evaluation indicators of transfer facilities in the high-speed railway stations. The indicators are comprised of the level of service (LOS), the propriety of allocation, and the quality of information throughout the facilities in the centers. We examined the 7 stations in Korea that are currently in operation and standardized the methodology of the evaluation process by applying the indicators suggested in this study.
Analyzing the Situation of Directional Signs in the High-Speed Railway Stations and the Method to Standardize Them
Kim, Boo-won ; Han, Chan-seok ; Kim, Sigon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 539~543
The Directional sign system in Korean high speed railway stations has a lot of problems. For an example, It lacks of consistency in the shape or allocation. Also, the signs do not match with the actual directions sometimes. Last but not least, the view is blocked by the other signs such as advertisement or other barriers. We suggested the methods to standardize the sign systems that include visibility, accuracy, consistency, and simplicity. First, we categorized signs into directional signs, locational signs, and infomational signs. Then, we examined the actual high speed railway stations in Korea to learn the real situation. Finally, we suggested the methods to standardize the sign systems considering the factors that are visibility, accuracy, consistency, and simplicity.
Development of Geotechnical Information Input System Based on GIS on Standization of Geotechnical Investigation Result-format and Metadata
Jang, YongGu ; Lee, SangHoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 545~551
The MOCT(Ministry of Construction & Transportation) gave a order named as "The guideline for computerization and application of geotechnical investigation result" to an affiliated organization in March 2007. Today, pilot project of construction of geotechnical information database is in process to be stable for its system after applying this guideline, and discipline how to input investigated data for related users. We have developed standard for geotechnical investigation result-format, metadata for distribution of geotechnical information and to coordinate based on world geodetic system. Also, We had a introduce to status with respect to use the input system, collect a statistics of input contents. At a result, improvement items of input system is proposed. It was analyzed that most users put to practical use easily as a result of education for making use of on the spot of the developed GIIS. But There were problems with the GIIS as well as complexity of metadata formation, such as error of moving part of information window, and a part of recognition error of install program in accordance with computer OS circumstances. Particularly, to improve some parts of GIIS is needed, because of use of or KNHC (Korea National Housing Corporation)-specific format and difference of input process followed by MOCT's guideline. In this study, it is planning to make up for occurred problems, and improvements when operating and managing the Geotechnical Information DB center in 2008.
A Study on the Standard of CAD Drawing in the Water Resources Parts to Support Construction CALS/EC
Kang, Young Mi ; Kang, Joon Mook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 553~560
As it was developed to korea standard of the CAD Drawing in Construction CALS/EC for the productivity Improvement in Construction Industry and efficiency rising of construction management. it is high time to design the standard system in water resources. The purpose of this study is to establish the strategies for standard system of drawing information in water Resources parts for construction CALS/EC. This study is to analyse the existing construction drawing standards including CMS, CMMS, drawing guideline of a water Resources public institution, ISO, US National CAD Standard, Japanese Standard. As a result of the analysis, this study proposes the prime structure of the water Resources drawing information standard to support construction CALS/EC. For the establishment of standard system in real practice, this study establishes the numbering system to joint the current standard system for a water Resources order institution and to keep construction CALS/EC. In conclusion, the standard system of drawing information is proposed as a fundamental frame to water Resources parts of construction CALS/EC.
Shoreline Change Analysis of Haeundae Beach Using Airborne LiDAR Survey
Lee, Jae One ; Kim, Yong Suk ; We, Gwang Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 561~567
In this study, shoreline change was analyzed by RTK-GPS and advanced airborne LiDAR survey. For extraction of coastline, first of all, tide correction was conducted at all RTK-GPS points through the comparing with the corresponding tidal height, and cross section providing coastline was produced using Autocad Civil3D program. Comparing with two results of RTK-GPS (first, 29 Aug 2007; second, 6 Oct 2007) surveys, coastline of the first result had been decreased about 21m compare with that of the second. And it was also demonstrated that the length of coastline by the first RTK-GPS was 15m shorter than that by the airborne LiDAR survey (Dec. 2006). In addition, we recoquized that the erosion appeared in the top right-hand (dock area); the sediment in the bottom left-hand (Chosun beach area) of the Haeundae beach. As a result, therefore, it was learned that artificial sand filling for beach open and natural effects such as a typhoon, current drift, wind direction gave cause for area changes and coastline.
Development of a Compound Classification Process for Improving the Correctness of Land Information Analysis in Satellite Imagery - Using Principal Component Analysis, Canonical Correlation Classification Algorithm and Multitemporal Imagery -
Park, Min-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 569~577
The purpose of this study is focused on the development of compound classification process by mixing multitemporal data and annexing a specific image enhancement technique with a specific image classification algorithm, to gain more accurate land information from satellite imagery. That is, this study suggests the classification process using canonical correlation classification technique after principal component analysis for the mixed multitemporal data. The result of this proposed classification process is compared with the canonical correlation classification result of one date images, multitemporal imagery and a mixed image after principal component analysis for one date images. The satellite images which are used are the Landsat 5 TM images acquired on July 26, 1994 and September 1, 1996. Ground truth data for accuracy assessment is obtained from topographic map and aerial photograph, and all of the study area is used for accuracy assessment. The proposed compound classification process showed superior efficiency to appling canonical correlation classification technique for only one date image in classification accuracy by 8.2%. Especially, it was valid in classifying mixed urban area correctly. Conclusively, to improve the classification accuracy when extracting land cover information using Landsat TM image, appling canonical correlation classification technique after principal component analysis for multitemporal imagery is very useful.
A Study on the Comparison of Real Time GNSS Satellite Surveying Methods
Lee, Yong-Chang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 4D, 2008, Pages 579~586
In this study, it was evaluated that the 3D tracking accuracy of basketball zone track line by real time GNSS satellite positioning methods which are VRS (Virtual Reference System), DGPS (Marine Differential GPS) and PP (Point Positioning) methods. The results of comparison between three methods over horizontal track of basketball zone, VRS, DGPS and PP methods showed
2m horizontal position accuracy compared with real size respectively. And also, the grade and height deviation of the checking points on basketball zone by VRS method is very similar to the real grade and height, but results by DGPS and PP methods showed big variation and deviation in each case. We expected that VRS method using GNSS reference network will be a very useful tool compared with single based RTK method in real time accurate positioning such as precision construction fields, especially.