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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6D - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6C - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6B - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6A - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5D - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5C - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5B - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5A - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4D - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4C - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4B - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4A - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3D - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3C - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3B - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3A - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2D - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2C - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2B - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2A - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1A - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1D - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1C - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1B - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Experimental Study on Fatigue Strength of Slip-Critical Splices using F13T High Strength Bolts
Han, Jong Wook ; Park, Young Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 623~629
New high strength bolts are required due to the development of the high strength steel, the ultra-thick steel plates, and the long-span bridge, though high strength bolts with tensile strength of 1,000 MPa are mainly used in construction site of every country. Consequently, in this study, we estimated the fatigue strength by performing fatigue test of slip-resistant splices with slip coefficients applying the newly developed F13T high strength bolts. The fatigue test satisfied the Category B requirements with the fatigue strength of slip-resistant splices. Also we analyzed the fatigue fracture characteristics of slip-resistant splices.
Modal Parameter Extraction of Seohae Cable-stayed Bridge : I. Mode Shape
Kim, Byeong Hwa ; Park, Min Seok ; Lee, Il Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 631~639
This paper reports the mode shapes of Seohae cable-stayed bridge extracted by TDD technique. In order to record total 72 acceleration points in the vertical direction of the bridge deck, a custom made data acquisition system with LAN communication has been especially developed and a set of ambient vibration tests has been conducted. For the measured acceleration responses, total twenty four mode shapes up to 2Hz has been extracted by TDD technique. The extracted mode shapes include many new modes that have not been identified in the current on-line health monitoring system installed in the bridge. It is confirmed that TDD technique is the most effective in extracting the high resolution mode shapes on a particularly long span bridge.
Modal Parameter Extraction of Seohae Cable-stayed Bridge : II. Natural Frequency and Damping Ratio
Kim, Byeong Hwa ; Park, Jong-Chil ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 641~647
This paper introduces a new technique that can extract natural frequencies and damping ratios from output-only vibration data. Firstly, the free vibration data is obtained from the cross correlations of the output-only response data using a singular value decomposition process. Secondly, the well-known system identification algorithm is applied to extract the natural frequencies and damping ratios from the extracted free vibration data. Comparing to ERADC technique, the accuracy of the proposed modal parameter identification algorithm has been numerically examined. Furthermore, the practicability of the proposed algorithm has been examined through the output-only acceleration data collected from the Seohae cable-stayed bridge. Using the proposed technique, total 24 modes have been identified for the deck plate motions of the bridge.
Stress Intensity Factor of Cracked Plates with Bonded Composite Patch by p-Convergence Based Laminated Plate Theory
Woo, Kwang-Sung ; Han, Sang-Hyun ; Yang, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 649~656
The enhancement of the service life of damaged or cracked structures is a major issue for researchers and engineers. The hierarchic void element based on the integrals of Legendre polynomials is used to characterize the fracture behaviour of unpatched crack as well as repaired crack with bonded composite patches by computing the stress intensity factors and stress contours at the crack tip. Since the equivalent single layer approach is adopted in this study, the proposed element is necessary to represent a discontinuous crack part as a continuum body with zero stiffness. Thus the aspect ratio of this element to represent the crack should be extremely slender. The sensitivity of numerical solution with respect to energy release rate, displacement and stress has been tested to show the robustness of zero stiffness element as the aspect ratio is increased up to 2000. The stiffness derivative method and displacement extrapolation method have been applied to calculate the stress intensity factors of Mode I problem. It is noted that the proposed hierarchical void element can be one of alternatives to analyze the patched crack problems.
Movable Anchorage System for Mitigation of Cable Vibration in Cable-Stayed Bridges with Sag
Hwang, Inho ; Park, Jun Hyung ; Lee, Jong Seh ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 657~664
Rain-wind induced cable vibration can cause the damages in the cable-stayed bridge due to very little inherent damping characteristics and low fundamental frequency. External Dampers attached to stay cables near anchorages have been shown to be effective means at short stay-cables. However, installation locations of external dampers are limited to a particular range due to aesthetic and practical reasons for very long stay-cables. A recent study by the authors showed that the stay-cable vibration system can perform better than the optimal passive viscous damper, thereby demonstrating its applicability in large cable-stayed bridges. This paper extends the previous study on the taut string representation of the cable by adding cable sag and inclination. The response of the proposed system compared to those of the cable with and without an external damper, and the movable anchorage system provides very effective mitigation of cable vibration. Cable damping ratio is seen to be remarkably reduced by movable anchorage system for a wide range of cable sag. This result shows that the sag effects of the proposed system should be considered.
A Study on the Fatigue Strength Improvement of the Fillet Welded Connections with respect to Post-Weld Treatment
Lee, Seung Yong ; Kyung, Kab Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 665~672
In the study herein, the fatigue test was conducted on the fillet welds of the load carrying cruciform joint, which is frequently used in the steel structures such as bridges, ships, etc. In addition, the fatigue strength was analyzed with respect to the different post-weld treatment. The treatment methods used include Toe Grinding, TIG Dressing, and Weld Profiling. The fatigue test was under constant amplitude with repeated load for these test specimens. In the load carrying full penetration fillet welded joints, regardless the conduction of the post-weld treatment or not, they all secured the fatigue strength of category "F", which exceeds the fatigue design specifications of BS Code. In the comparison of the fatigue strength upon the post-weld treatment, the fatigue strength tends to increase according to the order: Toe Grinding, TIG Dressing, and Weld Profiling.
Development of PSC I Girder Bridge Weigh-in-Motion System without Axle Detector
Park, Min-Seok ; Jo, Byung-Wan ; Lee, Jungwhee ; Kim, Sungkon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 673~683
This study improved the existing method of using the longitudinal strain and concept of influence line to develop Bridge Weigh-in-Motion system without axle detector using the dynamic strain of the bridge girders and concrete slab. This paper first describes the considered algorithms of extracting passing vehicle information from the dynamic strain signal measured at the bridge slab, girders, and cross beams. Two different analysis methods of 1) influence line method, and 2) neural network method are considered, and parameter study of measurement locations is also performed. Then the procedures and the results of field tests are described. The field tests are performed to acquire training sets and test sets for neural networks, and also to verify and compare performances of the considered algorithms. Finally, comparison between the results of different algorithms and discussions are followed. For a PSC I-girder bridge, vehicle weight can be calculated within a reasonable error range using the dynamic strain gauge installed on the girders. The passing lane and passing speed of the vehicle can be accurately estimated using the strain signal from the concrete slab. The passing speed and peak duration were added to the input variables to reflect the influence of the dynamic interaction between the bridge and vehicles, and impact of the distance between axles, respectively; thus improving the accuracy of the weight calculation.
A Study on Base Isolation Performance and Phenomenological Model of E-Shape Steel Hysteretic Damper
Hwang, Inho ; Ju, Minkwan ; Sim, Jongsung ; Lee, Jong Seh ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 685~690
Recently, as large structures become lighter and more flexible, the necessity of structural control for reducing excessive displacement and acceleration due to seismic excitation is increased. As a means to minimize seismic damages, various base isolation systems are adopted or considered for adoption. In this study, a base isolation system using hysteretic damper is shown to effectively protect structures against earthquakes. A mechanical model is determined that can effectively portray the behavior of a typical E-shape device. Comparison with experimental results for a hysteretic damper indicates that the model is accurate over a wide range of operating conditions and adequate for analysis. The seismic performance of hysteretic dampers are studied and compared with the conventional systems as a base isolation system. A five-story building is modeled and the seismic performance of the systems subjected to three different earthquake is compared. The results show that the hysteretic damper system can provide superior protection than the other systems for a wide range of ground motions.
A Study on the Slip Behavior of Coated High Tension Bolted Joints
Kyung, Kab Soo ; Lee, Seung Yong ; Kim, Ki Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 691~697
Coating the high tension bolted frictional joint has been generally allowed for anti-corrosion purpose. However in case of painting on paying surface of the high tension bolt, the influence on a slip strength of the joint depending on precision of painting has remained controversial. The study thus was intended to identify the slip behavior on high tension bolted frictional joint when applying ceramic painting, which has been currently developed. A slip test was conducted on a high tension bolted frictional joint specimen on which ceramic painting has been applied and a slip load and slip coefficient were measured. Based on result, the safety and usability of ceramic painting-applied high tension bolted frictional joint was evaluated. As a result, a difference to some extent by specimen in terms of load-displacement when a slip occurred was observed but an average slip coefficient appeared to have exceeded 0.4, which is the design frictional coefficient set forth in the specification. To secure the safety and usability of ceramic painting-applied high tension bolted frictional joint, it's necessary to establish the standard for painting as well as to revise the relevant specification.
Prediction of the Static Deflection Profiles on Suspension Bridge by Using FBG Strain Sensors
Cho, Nam-So ; Kim, Nam-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 699~707
For most structural evaluation of bridge integrity, it is very important to measure the geometric profile, which is a major factor representing the global behavior of civil structures, especially bridges. In the past, because of the lack of appropriate methods to measure the deflection profile of bridges on site, the measurement of deflection has been restricted to just a few discrete points along the bridge, and the measuring points have been limited to the locations installed with displacement transducers. Thus, some methods for predicting the static deflection by using fiber optic strain sensors has been applied to simply supported bridges. In this study, a method of estimating the static deflection profile by using strains measured from suspension bridges was proposed. Based on the classical deflection theory of suspension bridges, an equation of deflection profile was derived and applied to obtain the actual deflection profile on Namhae suspension bridge. Field load tests were carried out to measure strains from FBG strain sensors attached inside the stiffening girder of the bridge. The predicted deflection profiles were compared with both precise surveying data and numerical analysis results. Thus, it is found that the equation of predicting the deflection profiles proposed in this study could be applicable to suspension bridges and the FBG strain sensors could be reliable on acquiring the strain data from bridges on site.
Development of Chloride Penetration Analysis Program Considering Environmental Conditions
Kim, Ki Hyun ; Jang, Seung Yup ; Cha, Soo Won ; Chang, Sung Pil ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 709~718
Developed is a chloride penetration analysis program in which changes of environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity and external chloride concentration, and the diffusion, convection and binding of chlorides are considered. In order to consider the changes of environmental conditions, analyses for temperature and moisture distribution are implemented simultaneously, and variation of diffusion coefficients due to temperature, humidity and age is also considered. By comparing the calculated total chloride contents with some experimental data, it has been confirmed that the proposed analysis program can trace measured chloride distribution well. Also, through some example analyses, the mechanism of accumulation of chlorides at near surface and acceleration of corrosion of steel reinforcement in case that the moisture distribution changes according to repeated drying and wetting cycles have been verified.
Service and Ultimate Load Behavior of Bridge Deck Reinforced with GFRP Rebars
Yu, Young Jun ; Park, Young Hwan ; Park, Ji Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 719~727
The tensile and bond performance of GFRP rebar are different from those of conventional steel reinforcement. It requires some studies on concrete members reinforced with GFRP reinforcing bars to apply it to concrete structures. GFRP has some advantages such as high specific strength, low weight, non-corrosive nature, and disadvantage of larger deflection due to the lower modulus of elasticity than that of steel. Bridge deck is a preferred structure to apply FRP rebars due to the increase of flexural capacity by arching action. This paper focuses on the behavior of concrete bridge deck reinforced with newly developed GFRP rebars. A total of three real size bridge deck specimens were made and tested. Main variables are the type of reinforcing bar and reinforcement ratio. Static test was performed with the load of DB-24 level until failure. Test results were compared and analyzed with ultimate load, deflection behavior, crack pattern and width.
Examination for Controlling Chloride Penetration of Concrete through Micro-Cracks with Surface Treatment System
Yoon, In-Seok ; Chae, Gyu-Bong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 729~735
For well-constructed concrete, its service life is a long period and it has an enough durability performance. For cracked concrete, however, it is clear that cracks should be a preferential channel for the penetration of aggressive substance such as chloride ions accoding to author's previous researches. Even though crack width can be reduced due to the high reinforcement ratio, the question is to which extend these cracks may jeopardize the durability of cracked concrete. If the size of crack is small, surface treatment system can be considered as one of the best options to extend the service life of concrete structures exposed to marine environment simply in terms of cost effectiveness versus durability performance. Thus, it should be decided to undertake an experimental study to deal with the effect of different types of surface treatment system, which are expected to seal the concrete and the cracks to chloride-induced corrosion in particular. In this study, it is examined the effect of surfaced treated systems such as penetrant, coating, and their combination on chloride penetration through microcracks. Experimental results showed that penetrant can't cure cracks. However, coating and combined treatment can prohibit chloride penetration through cracks upto 0.06 mm, 0.08 mm, respectively.
An Experimental Study on Electromagnetic Properties in Early-Aged Cement Mortar under Different Curing Conditions
Kwon, Seung-Jun ; Song, Ha-Won ; Maria, Q. Feng ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 737~746
Recently, NDTs (Non-Destructive Techniques) using electromagnetic(EM) properties are applied to the performance evaluation for RC (Reinforced Concrete) structures. Since nonmetallic materials which are cement-based system have their unique dielectric constant and conductivity, they can be characterized and changed with different mixture conditions like W/C (water to cement) ratios and unit cement weight. In a room condition, cement mortar is generally dry so that porosity plays a major role in EM properties, which is determined at early-aged stage and also be affected by curing condition. In this paper, EM properties (dielectric constant and conductivity) in cement mortar specimens with 4 different W/C ratios are measured in the wide region of 0.2 GHz~20 GHz. Each specimen has different submerged curing period from 0 to 28 days and then EM measurement is performed after 4 weeks. Furthermore, porosity at the age of 28 days is measured through MIP (Mercury Intrusion Porosimeter) and saturation is also measured through amount of water loss in room condition. In order to evaluate the porosity from the initial curing stage, numerical analysis based on the modeling for the behavior in early-aged concrete is performed and the calculated results of porosity and measured EM properties are analyzed. For the convenient comparison with influencing parameters like W/C ratios and curing period, EM properties from 5 GHz to 15 GHz are averaged as one value. For 4 weeks, the averaged dielectric constant and conductivity in cement mortar are linearly decrease with higher W/C ratios and they increase in proportion to the square root of curing period regardless of W/C ratios.
Dynamic Behavior of Pretensioned Concrete Member during Detensioning
Kim, Jangho ; Mun, Do Young ; Ji, Goangseup ; Kim, Gyuseon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 747~756
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of the important parameters on the transfer length during the dynamic flame cutting of tendon experimentally. The considered parameters were strand diameter, concrete cover thickness, stirrup, debonding strand and release method. Ten pretensioned concete beam specimens were cast and tested. Time history curves for the axial strain of tendon were measured by electrical resistance strain gauges mounted on the strands. Experimental results indicated that large dynamic shock effects occurred near cut-end during the sudden release. The prestressing forces are dependent on the parameters above considered. The ratio of residual prestressing forces of 12.7 mm strands is greater than 15.2 mm strands. Using debonding strand and gradual release are more efficient for applying prestressing forces.
Influence of SO
Ions Concentration on Sulfate Resistance of Cement Mortars
Lee, Seung Tae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 5A, 2008, Pages 757~764
This paper was conducted to evaluate the durability of cement mortars exposed to varying concentrations of sodium sulfate for up to 540 days. Three types of cement mortars, namely OPC, SRC and SGC, were exposed to four sodium sulfate solutions with concentrations of 4225, 8450, 16900 and 33800 ppm of
ions at ambient temperature. The sulfate deterioration was evaluated by measuring compressive strength and linear expansion of mortar specimens. Experimental results indicated that the maximum deterioration was noted in OPC mortar specimens in highly concentrated sulfate solution. In particular, the
content in cements plays a critical role in resisting expansion due to sodium sulfate attack. Additionally, the beneficial effect of GGBS was clearly observed showing a superior resistance against sodium sulfate attack, because of its lower permeability. Another important observation was that the parameters for the evaluation of deterioration degree are greatly dependent on the products formed by sulfate attack.