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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6D - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6C - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6B - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6A - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5D - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5C - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5B - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5A - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4D - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4C - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4B - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4A - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3D - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3C - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3B - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3A - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2D - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2C - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2B - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2A - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1A - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1D - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1C - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1B - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Quantitative Deterioration and Maintenance Profiles of Typical Steel Bridges based on Response Surface Method
Park, Seung-Hyun ; Park, Kyung Hoon ; Kim, Hee Joong ; Kong, Jung-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 765~778
Performance Profiles are essential to predict the performance variation over time for the bridge management system (BMS) based on risk management. In general, condition profiles based on experts opinion and/or visual inspection records have been used widely because obtaining profiles based on real performance is not easy. However, those condition profiles usually don't give a good consistency to the safety of bridges, causing practical problems for the effective bridge management. The accuracy of performance evaluation is directly related to the accuracy of BMS. The reliability of the evaluation is important to produce the optimal solution for distributing maintenance budget reasonably. However, conventional methods of bridge assessment are not suitable for a more sophisticated decision making procedure. In this study, a method to compute quantitative performance profiles has been proposed to overcome the limitations of those conventional models. In Bridge Management Systems, the main role of performance profiles is to compute and predict the performance of bridges subject to lifetime activities with uncertainty. Therefore, the computation time for obtaining an optimal maintenance scenario is closely related to the efficiency of the performance profile. In this study, the Response Surface Method (RSM) based on independent and important design variables is developed for the rapid computation. Steel box bridges have been investigated because the number of independent design variables can be reduced significantly due to the high dependency between design variables.
Distortional Analysis of Multicell Box Girders with a Trapezoidal Cross-Section Using Force-Decomposition Method
Kim, Seungjun ; Park, Nam Hoi ; Kang, Young Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 779~788
In this present study, the three dimensional shell elements analysis method for exact distortional behavior of multicell trapezoidal box girders subjected to an eccentric loading is proposed. In order to perform the independent distortional analysis using shell elements, it is necessary to calculate exact distortional forces. In this study, the force-decomposition equation for applied eccentric load acting on multicell trapezoidal box girder is derived and the equation based on static force equilibrium and superposition theory decompose the eccentric load to the loads cause flexture, torsion and distortion. So by using this force-decomposition equation and shell element analysis, each behavior can be easily analysis independently. This independent analysis method is very useful to physically understand each major behavior of multicell box girder, especially distortional phenomenon. Furthermore, it may be also very useful for designer to perform the independent distortional analysis for diaphragm design using simple 3D shell elements model without preliminary complex calculation for distortional constants.
Fiber Finite Element Mixed Method for Nonlinear Analysis of Steel-Concrete Composite Structures
Park, Jung-Woong ; Kim, Seung-Eock ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 789~798
The stiffness method provides a framework to calculate the structural deformations directly from solving the equilibrium state. However, to use the displacement shape functions leads to approximate estimation of stiffness matrix and resisting forces, and accordingly results in a low accuracy. The conventional flexibility method uses the relation between sectional forces and nodal forces in which the equilibrium is always satisfied over all sections along the element. However, the determination of the element resisting forces is not so straightforward. In this study, a new fiber finite element mixed method has been developed for nonlinear anaysis of steel-concrete composite structures in the context of a standard finite element analysis program. The proposed method applies the Newton method based on the load control and uses the incremental secant stiffness method which is computationally efficient and stable. Also, the method is employed to analyze the steel-concrete composite structures, and the analysis results are compared with those obtained by ABAQUS. The comparison shows that the proposed method consistently well predicts the nonlinear behavior of the composite structures, and gives good efficiency.
Development of Steel Composite Cable Stayed Bridge Weigh-in-Motion System using Artificial Neural Network
Park, Min-Seok ; Jo, Byung-Wan ; Lee, Jungwhee ; Kim, Sungkon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 799~808
The analysis of vehicular loads reflecting the domestic traffic circumstances is necessary for the development of adequate design live load models in the analysis and design of cable-supported bridges or the development of fatigue load models to predict the remaining lifespan of the bridges. This study intends to develop an ANN(artificial neural network)-based Bridge WIM system and Influence line-based Bridge WIM system for obtaining information concerning the loads conditions of vehicles crossing bridge structures by exploiting the signals measured by strain gauges installed at the bottom surface of the bridge superstructure. This study relies on experimental data corresponding to the travelling of hundreds of random vehicles rather than on theoretical data generated through numerical simulations to secure data sets for the training and test of the ANN. In addition, data acquired from 3 types of vehicles weighed statically at measurement station and then crossing the bridge repeatedly are also exploited to examine the accuracy of the trained ANN. The results obtained through the proposed ANN-based analysis method, the influence line analysis method considering the local behavior of the bridge are compared for an example cable-stayed bridge. In view of the results related to the cable-stayed bridge, the cross beam ANN analysis method appears to provide more remarkable load analysis results than the cross beam influence line method.
Fatigue Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams Externally Strengthened using FRP Tendons
Park, Sang Yeol ; Hong, Sung Ryong ; Kim, Chang Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 809~817
Recently, the external prestressing method is being much frequently used in strengthening reinforced concrete structures because of it's excellent load resistance and serviceability increases comparing to other strengthening methods. However, it is true that the research on fatigue performance of concrete structures strengthened by the external prestressing using FRP tendons is rare. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the external prestressing method by analyzing the characteristics of the reinforced concrete beam strengthening using FRP tendons under repeated loads. Test variables adopted in this experimental study are the types of external prestressing material (steel or FRP tendon) and the repeated load ranges. The repeated load range have the minimum 50% of yield load of reinforced concrete beam and the maximum 70-85%. The test beams are loaded by 4 point loadings with 3 Hz sine wave. From this experimental study, it is confirmed that the reinforced concrete beams strengthened using FRP tendons have sufficient safety against fatigue, especially in FRP tendon itself, tendon at deviators and tendon at anchorages.
Shaping Formation and Behaviour Characteristic for SCST Structure by Cable-tensioning
Kim, Jin-Woo ; Kwon, Min-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 819~825
This paper describes the shaping formation and the erection of SCST structure by cable-tensioning. It could be a fast and economical method for constructing the space structure consisted with uniform pyramids by cable-tensioning of the cable in bottom chords. In the initial layout, the top chords and web members are left at their true length, the bottom chords are given gaps in proportion to the desired final shape. The feasibility of the proposed shaping method and the reliability of the established geometric model were confirmed with nonlinear finite element analysis and an experimental investigation on small scale and full size test models. As a result, the behaviour characteristic of MERO joint is very significant in shaping analysis of space structure. This study suggests the most reasonable modeling technique for the prediction of shaping in practices. And it is shown the characteristic of the behavior in shaping test for practical design purposes.
Free Vibrations of Elastica Shaped Arches
Lee, Byoung Koo ; Oh, Sang Jin ; Lee, Tae Eun ; Kim, Gwon Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 827~833
This paper deals with the free vibrations of elastica shaped arches. The elastica shaped arches are formed by the post-buckled column whose arc length is always constant. The equations governing free, planar vibration of general arch in open literature are modified for applying the free vibrations of elastica shaped arch and solved numerically to obtain frequencies and mode shapes for hinged-hinged, clamped-hinged and clamped-clamped end constraints. The effects of rotatory inertia, rise ratio and slenderness ratio on natural frequencies are presented. The frequencies of elastica shaped arches are greater than those of parabolic shaped ones. Also, typical mode shapes are presented in figures.
An Improved Structural Reliability Analysis using Moving Least Squares Approximation
Kang, Soo-Chang ; Koh, Hyun-Moo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 835~842
The response surface method (RSM) is widely adopted for the structural reliability analysis because of its numerical efficiency. However, the RSM is still time consuming for large-scale applications and sometimes shows large errors in the calculation of sensitivity of reliability index with respect to random variables. Therefore, this study proposes a new RSM in which moving least squares (MLS) approximation is applied. Least squares approximation generally used in the common RSM gives equal weight to the coefficients of the response surface function (RSF). On the other hand, The MLS approximation gives higher weight to the experimental points closer to the design point, which yields the RSF more similar to the limit state at the design point. In the procedure of the proposed method, a linear RSF is constructed initially and then a quadratic RSF is formed using the axial experimental points selected from the reduced region where the design point is likely to exist. The RSF is updated successively by adding one more experimental point to the previously sampled experimental points. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, mathematical problems and ten-bar truss are considered as numerical examples. As a result, the proposed method shows better accuracy and computational efficiency than the common RSM.
The Structural Performance Evaluation of Steel Pipe Pile Cap with Perfobond Rib Shear Connector
Koo, Hyun-Bon ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Kang, Jae-Yoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 843~851
The conventional pile cap reinforcement systems regulated in the design specifications have some restrictions in design and construction such as requirement of shear key, disposition of reinforcing bars and insurance of anchoring length of reinforcements. This study suggests a new type of steel pipe pile cap system with perforated flat bar shear connector as an alternative to the conventional pile cap system for the improvement in structural performance and simplification of construction. And, experimental results of push-out and bending behavior are scribed for the evaluation of structural performance of the new pile cap system and it was compared to the structural behavior of conventional pile cap system.
Pull-out Resistance Capacity Evaluation of Perfobond Rib Shear Connector
Kim, Young-Ho ; Koo, Hyun-Bon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 853~859
As a new system of steel pipe pile cap reinforcement, the application of perforated flat bar bolted to the steel pipe pile head was suggested for the improvement of structural performance of footing structure. This study investigates the structural characteristics of perforated flat bar shear connectors according to shape and diameter of hole, number of rebars passing through the hole and the depth of settlement. The result shows several requirements to ensure sufficient pull-out resistance and ductility such as that the hole diameter excluding diameter of rebar should exceed the size of aggregates; the hole should be perforated with diameter as the half of plate height; and the adequate depth of settlement should be ensured for the optimal performance.
Stress-strain Relations of Concrete Confined with Tubes Having Varying GFRP Layers
Lee, Sung Woo ; Choi, Sokhwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 861~872
Concrete-filled glass fiber reinforced polymer tubes are often used for marine structures with the benefit of good durability and high resistance against corrosion under severe chemical environment. Current research presents results of a comprehensive experimental investigation on the behavior of axially loaded circular concrete-filled glass fiber reinforced polymer tubes. This paper is intended to examine several aspects related to the usage of glass fiber fabrics and filament wound layers used for outer shell of piles subjected to axial compression. The objectives of the study are as follows: (1) to evaluate the effectiveness of filament winding angle of glass fiber layers (2) to evaluate the effect of number of GFRP layers on the ultimate load and ductility of confined concrete (3) to evaluate the effect of loading condition of specimens on the effectiveness of confinement and failure characteristics as well, and (4) to propose a analytical model which describes the stress-strain behavior of the confined concrete. Three different types of glass fiber layers were chosen; fabric layer,
filament winding layer, and
filament winding layer. They were put together or used independently in the fabrication of tubes. Specimens that have various L:D ratios and different diameters have also been tested. Totally 27 GFRP tube specimens to investigate the tension capacity, and 66 concrete-filled GFRP tube specimens for compression test were prepared and tested. The behavior of the specimens in the axial and transverse directions, failure types were investigated. Analytical model and parameters were suggested to describe the stress-strain behavior of concrete under confinement.
Automatic Defects Recognition System for Visual Inspection on Concrete Tunnel Lining
Park, Seok-Kyun ; Lee, Kang-Moon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 873~880
When checking the state of deterioration or damage structures, regular visual inspection has very important role. At this point, a visual inspection is performed mainly by sketch or photography with a camera of inspectors. If that happens, it takes a lot of effort and time to inspect appearance damages. The purpose of this study is to develop the automatic recognition system for a more efficient and effective inspection of appearance damages. In the process, the image processing technology and the data management & analysis system for damage recognition are mainly developed and applied. This automatic recognition system enables inspectors or clients to obtain correct data that can recognize a damage, such as, crack, water leakage, efflorescence, delamination (peeling), spalling, etc. In addition, this study takes aim at the effect of secure safety, functional maintenance and extension of design lifetime according to build up continuous and systematic data management system.
Thermal Stresses of Roller Compacted Concrete Dam Considering Construction Sequence and Seasonal Temperature
Cha, Soo-Won ; Jang, Bong-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6A, 2008, Pages 881~891
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the influence of seasonal temperature variation on the thermal stresses in roller compacted concrete dam(RCD) structures. Using the finite element code, DIANA performs 2-D transient temperature and resultant stress analysis for RCD. Time variability of the mesh geometry is considered in order to simulate successive phases of the structure's construction. The main analysis variables are construction sequence, concrete temperature and ambient temperature. The results show principal tensile stress of hot-weathering concrete is higher than that of cold-weathering concrete. In some case the index of thermal cracking excesses 1.0, RCD also needs thermal management on placing temperature according to weather condition.