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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6D - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6C - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6B - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 6A - Nov 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5D - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5C - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5B - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 5A - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4D - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4C - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4B - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 4A - Jul 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3D - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3C - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3B - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3A - May 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2D - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2C - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2B - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2A - Mar 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1A - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1D - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1C - Jan 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1B - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Classification of Road Type by Mixture Model
Lim, Sung Han ; Heo, Tae Young ; Kim, Hyun Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 759~766
Road classification system is the first step for determining the road function and design standards. Currently, roads are classified by various indices such as road location and function. In this study, we classify road using various traffic indices as well as to identify traffic characteristics for each type of road. To accomplish the objectives, mixture model was applied for classifying road and analyzing traffic characteristics using traffic data that observed at permanent traffic count stations. A total of 8 variables were applied: annual average daily traffic(AADT),
coefficient, heavy vehicle proportion, day volume proportion, peak hour volume proportion, sunday coefficient, vacation coefficient, and coefficient of variation(COV). A total of 350 permanent traffic count points were categorized into three groups : Group I (Urban road), Group II (Rural road), and Group III (Recreational road). AADT were 30,000 for urban, 16,000 for rural, and 5,000 for recreational road. Group III was typical recreational road showing higher average daily traffic volume during Sunday and vacational periods. Group I showed AM peak and PM peak, while group II and group III did not show AM peak and PM peak.
Research for the Method of Design Consistency Evaluation Using Individual Driving Behavior
Son, Young Tae ; Kim, Chul Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 767~774
This study has been developed the way that evaluates the road safety using the speed of individual vehicles at curve sections in 2-lane rural highways. For this study, we developed variation of operational speed for the individual vehicle using the speed of vehicles in 96points of selected roads. Drawing out of variation of operational speed for the individual vehicle, estimation models for speed variation of individual vehicles considering horizontal alignments and vertical alignments of the roads have been developed. These models presents the way to evaluate road safety out of the operational speed and acceleration of individual vehicles. Considering safety and based on the results of these study above, some regular spots are ranked by "good", "fair", "bad". The results that this study showed in this paper could be useful to derive some particular spots that needs to be improve in terms of safety.
Estimation of Accident Effectiveness Based Upon the Location of Traffic Signal Using C-G Method
Kim, Jeong Hyun ; Kim, Gyu Ho ; Kim, Jang Wook ; Lee, Soo Beom ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 775~789
The Office for Government Policy Coordination announced in 2006, september that a scheme of pre-signal would show remarkable outcome to reduce traffic accidents. Therefore, the Ministry recommended applying preferentially the pre-signal scheme to enhancement projects for high accident frequency areas. In case that the suggested pre-signal was unilaterally introduced to the enhancement projects at intersections, it might rather cause a big trial and error in terms of traffic safety. Hence, on the basis of quantitative analysis, this study was to indicate a pre-signal's effectiveness to reduce the traffic accidents, to illustrate a trend of the accident type due to the pre-signal, and to introduce intersection type that could be appropriate for the pre-signal. The methodology adopted Comparison-Group Method which was developed by Hauer. Through this methodology, overall effectiveness to reduce the accidents is considered positive but individual effectiveness by intersection and by accident case was different. All cases of the accidents at small scale intersection demonstrated positive results to reduce its accidents, while in case of frontal collision and side-right angle collision out of the accident types, the installation of pre-signal rather caused a negative result increasing the accident in terms of the traffic safety. I hope that this study would be a useful reference for future development of the estimation of accident effectiveness. Thus, when the pre-signal is being installed in the big intersection, it is recommended operating the installation concerning carefully improvements about muliple aspects as traffic operation, traffic facility, human factor etc.
An Analysis on the Preference and Use-Demand Forecasting of Bus Information
Lee, Won Gyu ; Jung, Hun Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 791~799
To build the system which has high utilization and usefulness for users, it is necessary to know the information type and use-demand that the use want. The purpose of this study is to forecast the preference and demand of utilization for bus information when bus information is offered through cellular phon. The accomplishments of this research are as follow : Firstly, importance on the level of individual factor and the value of change's figure can be evaluated, using preference analysis on bus information by conjoint analysis. Secondly, by establishing the use-demand model bus information using binary logit model, influence factor on whether or not the use of the user. Finally, ordered probit model was built by use behavior model in payment per call or per month of potential user of bus information. Through call times and sensitive analysis by payment methods, elasticity point, optimal payment fee, and use probability was analyzed. This study make application as basic to efficient bus information policy and to improve use rate of bus information in future because this study make it possible to get preference analysis, use-demand analysis and estimation of optimal payment fee which is reflecting various requirement in use of bus information user.
Evaluation and Comparison of Land Consumption Efficiencies of Transportation Modes
Shin, Yong Eun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 801~807
This study attempts to evaluate and compare the land consumption efficiencies of various urban transport modes, utilizing the time-area method. With the careful considerations of travel conditions and modal characteristics, equations for the computation of time-area for various different modes are derived. With the appropriate assumed values of parameters, time-area consumptions per person per km for each mode both for peak and off-peak situations are computed and evaluated. The relationships between the time-area consumed and operating speed for each mode are graphically demonstrated and discussed. An example of the time-area consumed for a hypothetical commuter round-trip using various modes are also presented in order to clearly show the consumption of parking requirements by specific modes. It shows that regardless of facilities used, auto users are by far the worst in terms of area efficiency and that transit, especially rail rapid transit, is a superior mode. Pedestrian and bicycle, though consuming more than expected, also demonstrate the advantage in case of a short-distance trip in terms of area efficiency compared with the bus transit modes.
ViscoElastic Continuum Damage (VECD) Finite Element (FE) Analysis on Asphalt Pavements
Seo, Youngguk ; Bak, Chul-Min ; Kim, Y. Richard ; Im, Jeong-Hyuk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 809~817
This paper deals with the development of ViscoElastic Continuum Damage Finite Element Program (VECD-FEP++) and its verification with the results from both field and laboratory accelerated pavement tests. Damage characteristics of asphalt concrete mixture have been defined by Schapery's work potential theory, and uniaxial constant crosshead rate tests were carried out to be used for damage model implementation. VECD-FEP++ predictions were compared with strain responses (longitudinal and transverse strains) under moving wheel loads running at different constant speeds. To this end, an asphalt pavement section (A5) of Korea Expressway Corporation Test Road (KECTR) instrumented with strain gauges were loaded with a dump truck. Also, a series of accelerated pavement fatigue tests have been conducted at pavement sections surfaced with four asphalt concrete mixtures (Dense-graded, SBS, Terpolymer, CR-TB). Planar strain responses were in good agreement with field measurements at base layers, whereas strains at both surface and intermediate layers were found different from simulation results due to the complexity of tire-road contact pressures. Finally, fatigue characteristics of four asphalt mixtures were reasonably described with VECD-FEP++.
Development of Fatigue Model of Concrete Pavement Considering Environmental Loading
Lim, Jin Sun ; Kim, Yeon Bok ; Jeong, Jin Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 819~829
Fatigue cracking occurs over long time period because dynamic strength of slab continuously decreases by vehicle loading repetitively applied to the concrete pavement. To more accurately predict the fatigue life of the concrete pavement, the stress due to environmental loading should be considered prior to calculating the stress due to the vehicle loading because the stress due to temperature and moisture distribution always exists within the slab. Accordingly, a new fatigue model considering the environmental loading was developed in this research by evaluating factors of existing fatigue models most widely used and by making data points from the models. The applicability of the new model was evaluated by performing a fatigue analysis on the general concrete pavement structure using local climatic and traffic conditions in Korea. It was concluded that the top-down cracking due to the tensile stress at top of the slab is dominant cause of the fatigue failure than the bottom-up cracking occurred at bottom of the slab. More advanced fatigue analysis considering vehicle speed is expected by developing this study.
A Framework for Construction Research Program Valuation
Kim, Changyoon ; Kim, Hyoungkwan ; Park, Sang-hyuk ; Han, Seung-heon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 831~837
Korean construction industry faces diverse social and economical changes. Labor shortage, Free Trade Agreements (FTA), high oil prices alert industry practitioners to the new challenges and opportunities. It is time to make novel approaches for significant improvement of industry performance. Korean government and companies have plans for interdisciplinary research and development efforts. To this end, technology evaluation and market needs analysis should be extensively carried out prior to research initiation. Research programs developed in this way are presented in term of budget estimate, research scope and timeline. A framework for construction technology valuation methodology is also suggested to evaluate the holistic technology value and return on investment of research, development and commercialization.
Appropriate Roles of Project Participants for Public Partnership Projects of Railways through the Organizational Behavior Theory
Kim, Byungil ; Yun, Sungmin ; Han, Seung Heon ; Kim, Hyung Hwe ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 839~847
No proper system exists for private investment projects, and efficient project management is not being achieved due to entanglements of management. Recognizing these circumstances, this paper has diagnosed the hard facts that project management organizations and systems are facing, and presented solutions to the factors that are obstructing the establishment of efficient project management system. This paper carried out focus group interviews on the experts who had participated in the Incheon International Airport Railway construction project, using the methodology of an exploratory case study. The results were systematically analyzed according to organizational behavior and causes corresponding to each of the problems were deduced. Private investment projects were divided into task environments and project organizations based on social science methodology and analyzed, and a final improvement plan for each participating organization was presented. An improvement plan was presented, and it was compared with the case study of Incheon bridge construction project, which is recognized as a model of successful project management, and its appropriateness evaluated.
Construction Technology Research and Development Planning - In the Case of Real-time Construction Project Monitoring System Development -
Kim, Changyoon ; Kim, Hyoungkwan ; Kim, Changwan ; Kim, Moon Kyum ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 849~857
Technology roadmapping is one of the widely used technology planning methodologies. Using a technology roadmap, the researchers can increase the possibility of the project success by systematic management of research contents, budgets, and commercialization strategies. Currently, Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs has a plan to increase the research fund to improve the construction industry. As a result, the number of long term research projects with more than five years of research period, is increasing. This entails the need for a methodology for the systematic planning and management of research. However, the construction industry has the characteristics that the research results should ultimately be implemented in an outdoor environment. Through processes of diverse literature reviews, questionnaire-based survey, and pilot research, this paper presents a systematic procedure for the development of construction technology roadmaps, which can consider the unique nature of the construction industry. Based on the procedure, a technology roadmap for intelligent construction monitoring is also developed.
Development of Task Planning System for Intelligent Excavating System Applying Heuristics
Lee, Seung-Soo ; Kim, Jeong-Hwan ; Kang, Sang-Hyeok ; Seo, Jong-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 859~869
These days, almost every industry's production line has become automatic and this phenomenon brought a lot of benefits such as increase in productivity and economical effect, assurance in industrial safety, better quality and compatibility. However, unlike industrial production line, in construction industry, automation has number of barriers like uncertainty incidents and intellectual judgment to make ability to make solution out of it. Therefore construction industry is still demanding use of construction machine through labor. Due to this matter operational labor in construction industry is aging and fading. To solve these problem, in developed nations like Europe, US or Japan are keep researching for the automation in construction and road pavement, strengthening and some other simple operations have been worked through automation but in civil engineering site, automation research is still low despite of its importance in constructional site. For automating civil engineering operation, effective operational plan have to be set by analyzing ground information acquainted. If skillful worker apply heuristics, trial & error can be reduced with increased safety and the effective work plan can be established. Hence, this research will introduce Intellectual Task Planning System for Intelligent Excavating System's effective work plan and heuristics applied in each steps.
A Study on the Indirect Benefits of Undergrounding Overhead Power Line Projects in an Urban Area Using Contingent Valuation Method
Park, Chan-Ho ; Kim, Sung-Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 871~879
Recently, as there are a rise in the standard of living and higher concerns of an electromagnetic wave and environment, undergrounding the aerial cables which are supported by large pylons and generally considered as the least attractive feature of an urban area is on an increasing trend to improve aesthetic benefits and electric reliability. This study applied Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) which is expected to become an effective tool to measure indirect benefit to estimate the substantial benefits of undergrounding overhead power line projects in an urban area. The tunneling construction project of the 345kV Shinsungnam electric power cable in Seongnam city was selected and a hypothetical scenario was given to respondents to determine their levels of Willingness to Pay (WTP) for undergrounding overhead power lines. The result from the estimation of the WTP of undergrounding overhead power lines in Seongnam city was calculated as approximately 17.1 billion won. Placing existing overhead lines underground is difficult to justify economically. Most undergrounding costs appear to be justified by aesthetic and public policy considerations. Therefore, considering the result of this study, undergrounding overhead power lines is of great benefit to public.
A Study of Fatigue Damage Factor Evaluation for Railway Turnout Crossing using Qualitative Analysis & Field Test
Park, Yong-Gul ; Choi, Jung-Youl ; Eum, Ki-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 881~893
The major objective of this study is to investigate the fatigue damage factor evaluation of immovability crossing for railway turnout by the field test and qualitative analysis. From the field test results of the servicing turnout crossing and qualitative analysis with frictional wear which section stiffness decreased, it was evaluated fatigue life of servicing turnout crossing. Most design practices have not taken advantage of the advanced theories in the modern fracture mechanics and finite element analysis due to complexity of analysis as well as the large quantity of vaguely defined parameters in actual designs. This paper considers fatigue problems in turnout crossing using effective analytical and design tools from the field of qualitative constraint reasoning. A set of software modules was developed for fatigue analysis and evaluation, which is easily applicable in engineering practices of designers. The techniques enable the use complex analysis formulations to tackle practical problems with uncertainties, and present the design outcome in two-dimensional design space solution. Appropriate engineering assumptions and judgments in carrying out these procedures, often the most difficult part for practicing engineers, can be partially produced by using qualitative reasoning to define the trends and ranges, interval constraint analysis to derive the controlling parameters, as well as design space to account for practical experience.
Dynamic Interaction of Track and Train System on Open Gap by Rail Breaks
Kang, Yun Suk ; Kang, Young Jong ; Yang, Shin Chu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 895~904
CWR (Continuous Welded Rail) may be broken when a temperature drop below the neutral temperature changes in axial force, causing tensile fracture and rail gap, in winter. Rail-breaks may lead to the damage of the rail and wheel by dynamic load, and the reduction of running safety if not detected before the passage of a train. In this study, the track and train coupled model with open gap for dynamic interaction analysis, is proposed. Linear track and train systems is coupled by the nonlinear Herzian contact spring and the complete system matrices of total track-train system is constructed. And the interaction phenomenon considering open gap, was defined by assigning the irregularity functions between the two sides of a gap. Time history analysis, which have an iteration scheme such as
method based on Modified Newton-Raphson methods, was performed to solve the nonlinear equation. Finally, numerical studies are performed to assess the effect of various parameters of system, apply to various speeds, open gap size and the support stiffness of rail.
Development of a Nondestructive Seismic Technique for Flexural Rigidity of Concrete Track as Slab Displacement Index
Cho, Mi-Ra ; Joh, Sung-Ho ; Lee, Il-Wha ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 905~913
Recently, concrete tracks are introduced into high-speed railroads as an alternative to ballast tracks. Concrete tracks are superior to ballast tracks in the aspect of durability, maintenance and safety. However, deteriorated stiffness of railroad bed and settlement of soft ground induced by trapped or seepage water lead to problems in safety of train operation. In this research, flexural rigidity of concrete tracks was employed as an index of track displacement and a new seismic technique called FRACTAL (Flexural-Rigidity Assessment of Concrete Tracks by Antisymmetric Lamb Waves) method was proposed to delineate flexural rigidity of concrete tracks in a 2-D image. In this paper, to establish theoretical background, parametric research was performed using numerical simulations of stress-wave tests at concrete tracks. Feasibility of the FRACTAL technique was proved at a real concrete track for Korean high-speed trains. Validity of the FRACTAL technique was also verified by comparing the results of impulse-response tests performed at the same measurement array and the results of DC resistivity survey performed at a shoulder nearby the track.
Impervious Surface Estimation of Jungnangcheon Basin Using Satellite Remote Sensing and Classification and Regression Tree
Kim, Sooyoung ; Heo, Jun-Haeng ; Heo, Joon ; Kim, SungHoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 915~922
Impervious surface is an important index for the estimation of urbanization and the assessment of environmental change. In addition, impervious surface influences on short-term rainfall-runoff model during rainy season in hydrology. Recently, the necessity of impervious surface estimation is increased because the effect of impervious surface is increased by rapid urbanization. In this study, impervious surface estimation is performed by using remote sensing image such as Landsat-7 ETM+image with
spatial resolution and satellite image with
spatial resolution based on Jungnangcheon basin. A tasseled cap transformation and NDVI(normalized difference vegetation index) transformation are applied to Landsat-7 ETM+ image to collect various predict variables. Moreover, the training data sets are collected by overlaying between Landsat-7 ETM+ image and satellite image, and CART(classification and regression tree) is applied to the training data sets. As a result, impervious surface prediction model is consisted and the impervious surface map is generated for Jungnangcheon basin.
Building Boundary Extraction from Airborne LIDAR Data
Lee, Suk Kun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 923~929
Due to the increasing need for 3D spatial data, modeling of topography and artificial structures plays an important role in three-dimensional Urban Analysis. This study suggests a methodology for solving the problem of calculation for the extraction of building boundary, minimizing the user's intervention, and automatically extracting building boundary, using the LIDAR data. The methodology suggested in this study is characterized by combining the merits of the point-based process and the image-based process. The procedures for extracting building boundary are three steps: 1) LIDAR point data are interpolated to extract approximately building region. 2) LIDAR point data are triangulated in each individual building area. 3) Extracted boundary of each building is then simplified in consideration of its area, minimum length of building.The performance of the developed methodology is evaluated using real LIDAR data. Through the experiment, the extracted building boundaries are compared with digital map.
Tunnel Reverse Engineering Using Terrestrial LiDAR
Cho, Hyung Sig ; Sohn, Hong Gyoo ; Kim, Jong Suk ; Lee, Suk Kun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 28, issue 6D, 2008, Pages 931~936
Surveying by using terrestrial LiDAR(Light Detection And Ranging) is more rapid than by using total station which enables tunnel section profile surveying to be done in suitable time and minimize centerline error, occurrence of overcut and undercut. Therefore, utilization of terrestrial LiDAR has increased more and more in section profile survey and measurement field Moreover, studies of terrestrial LiDAR for accurate and efficient utilization is now ongoing vigorously. Average end area formula, which was generally used to calculate overcut and undercut, was compared with existing methods such as total station survey and photogrammetry. However, there are no criteria of spacing distance for calculating overcut and undercut through terrestrial LiDAR surveying which can acquire 3D information of whole tunnel. This research performed reverse engineering to decide optimal spacing distance when surveying tunnel section profile by comparing whole tunnel volume and tunnel volume in difference spacing distance. This result was utilized to produce CAD drawing for the test tunnel site where there is no design drawings. In addition to this, efficiency of LiDAR and accuracy of CAD drawing was compared with targetless total station surveying of tunnel section profile. Finally, error analysis of target coordinate's accuracy and incidence angle was done in order to verify the accuracy of terrestrial LiDAR technology.