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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6D - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6C - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6B - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6A - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5D - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5C - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5B - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5A - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4D - Jul 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4B - Jul 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4A - Jul 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4C - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3D - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3C - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3B - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3A - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2D - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2C - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2B - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2A - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1D - Jan 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1C - Jan 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1B - Jan 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1A - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Structural Reliability Evaluation Considering Construction Stage and Epistemic Uncertainty of Suspension Bridges
Han, Sung Ho ; Shin, Jae Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 181~188
This study presented the basic data for determining reasonable construction method and evaluating the structural safety of suspension bridges. The analytical program was developed to conduct initial shape and natural frequency analysis, construction stage analysis and reliability analysis considering construction sequences. This program was based on analysis models of suspension bridges and reliability theories used in the previous study. A construction method was established considering various construction variables such as construction order and construction direction of girder and synchronized construction of main and side span etc. The dynamic construction analysis by a construction scheme was conducted with the developed program. Benefits of the characteristic analysis by the construction scheme was presented estimating structural response of critical members respectively. Structural reliability analysis by construction stage was conducted considering aleatory uncertainties. The safety of suspension bridges by established construction method was quantitatively estimated using reliability index and failure probability. Analytical results were re-estimated considering epistemic uncertainties, and critical percentile distributions of risk at the construction stage were presented using the frequency histogram.
Development of Vehicular Load Model using Heavy Truck Weight Distribution (I) - Data Collection and Estimation of Single Truck Weight
Hwang, Eui-Seung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 189~197
In this study, truck weight data and load effects of single truck on bridges are analyzed for development of new vehicular load model of the reliability-based bridge design code. Rational load model and statistical properties of loads are important for developing reliability-based design code. In this study, truck weight data collected at four locations are used as well as data from four locations in other studies. Truck weight data are collected from WIM or BWIM system, which are known to give reliable data. Typical truck types, dimensions and axle weight distribution are determined. Probability distributions of upper 20% total truck weight are assumed as Extreme Type I and 100 years maximum truck weights are estimated by linear regression on the probability paper. The load effects of trucks having estimated maximum weights are analyzed for span length from 10 m to 200 m.
Development of Vehicular Load Model using Heavy Truck Weight Distribution (II) - Multiple Truck Effects and Model Development
Hwang, Eui-Seung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 199~207
In this paper, new vehicular load model is developed for reliability-based bridge design code. Rational load model and statistical properties of loads are important for developing reliability-based design code. In the previous paper, truck weight data collected at eight locations using WIM or BWIM system are analyzed to calculate the maximum truck weights for specified bridge lifetime. Probability distributions of upper 20% total truck weight are assumed as Extreme Type I (Gumbel Distribution) and 100 years maximum weights are estimated by linear regression. In this study, effects of multiple presence of trucks are analyzed. Probability of multiple presence of trucks are estimated and corresponding multiple truck weights are calculated using the same probability distribution function as in the previous paper. New vehicular live load model are proposed for span length from 10 m to 200 m. New model is compared with current Korean model and various load models of other countries.
Estimation of Design Wind Velocity Based on Short Term Measurements
Kwon, Soon-Duck ; Lee, Seong Lo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 209~216
The structural stability as well as economical efficiency of the wind sensitive structures are strongly dependant on accurate evaluation of the design wind speed. Present study demonstrates a useful wind data obtained at the wind monitoring tower in the Kwangyang Suspension Bridge site. Moreover the Measure-Correlate-Predict (MCP) method has been applied to estimate the long-term wind data at the bridge site based on the wind data at the local weather station. The measured data indicate that the turbulent intensities and roughness exponents are strongly affected by the wind direction and surrounding topography. The new design wind speed based on MCP method is 20m/s lower than that at the original estimation, and the resulting design wind load is only 36% of the old prediction. The field measurement of wind data is recommended to ensure the economical and secure design of the wind sensitive structures because the measured wind data reveal much different from the estimated one due to local topography.
Aesthetic Bridge Design using Creative Thinking
Kim, Nam-Hee ; Koh, Hyun-Moo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 217~225
Bridge design is a problem-solving process whose level of design quality strongly depends on how to relate design constraints with feasibile design objectives in conceptual design stage. This paper has focused on how to create bridge shapes using creativity toward better looking bridge appearances in conceptual design stage. The term creativity in this study does not refer to the creation of something from nothing but to the reorganization of existing concepts. Such creativity includes not only enlarging the number of structural forms which is established based on the relationship between form and statics but also combining bridge design with artistic components like an architectural style. Also, this study has investigated the usefulness of graphic statics as a structural analysis tool showing the analysis results visually to generate bridge forms in conceptual design stage. It is expected that the proposed way of generating bridge forms in this study to be used not only for practical purpose but also for educational purpose regarding the aesthetic bridge design serving as a new education paradigm.
Stiffened Effect of Knee Brace of Cross-Beam in Steel Box-girder Bridges
Gil, Heung Bae ; Jang, Gab Chul ; Kang, Sang Gyu ; Lee, Il Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 227~234
Recently, a knee brace is usually installed in connection between cross-beam and main-girder of steel box-girder bridges. The knee brace is installed as a structural stiffener and mainly aims to relieve stress at joints and to prevent main-girder from lateral deformation. However, research on the knee brace is insufficient to obviously evaluate the necessity. The stiffened effect of knee brace is determined by using finite element analyses. Stress distribution, stress level of members and deflection of the cross-beam are evaluated by parametric FE analysis for the installation of knee brace and the depth ratio of cross-beam/steel box girder. It is seen from comparison of numerical analysis results that the knee brace installed in cross-beam of steel boxgirders bridges is not efficient as a structural stiffener with respect to stress relief and stiffened effect.
Assessment for Extending Span Ranges of PSC Girder Bridges : I. Proposed Strategy to Estimate the Spans
Jeon, Se Jin ; Choi, Myoung Sung ; Kim, Young Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 235~241
PSC girder bridge is known to be more economical than other types of bridges and has been usually applied to a span range of 25 m to 35 m according to the standard shapes for highway bridges in Korea. The spans of the recently developed new types of PSC girders are also limited to 50 m at most. In this study, therefore, feasibility of the long-span PSC girder that reaches more than 50 m is investigated by applying several strategies from the perspectives of materials, design and construction. A systematic procedure is proposed that can be used to assess the effect of each strategy on the span. The proposed scheme adopts a graphical approach that represents a relationship between the number of prestressing tendons and the span, and is derived on a basis of safety assessment equations of the girder in each stage of fabrication and in service. In the companion paper, the amount of span extension is quantitatively evaluated by applying the proposed scheme into a sample PSC girder bridge.
Assessment for Extending Span Ranges of PSC Girder Bridges : II. Application to a Sample Bridge
Jeon, Se Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 243~250
The purpose of this study is to investigate several strategies that can be used to extend the span of conventional PSC girder bridge and to propose a systematic procedure to evaluate the effect of each strategy on the span. In the preceding companion paper, fundamental equations were derived which constitute the assessment graphs and a possible domain for the design. Quantitative evaluation for extension of the span follows here by adopting a sample PSC girder bridge. It apparently shows a number of advantages of the proposed scheme in finding out why and how each strategy contributes to the span extension and in suggesting further improvement for a longer span. The results imply that increasing the strength of a girder, the multistage prestressing with the secondary tendons prestressed before composite action with a deck, and Decked PSC girder are very effective among the strategies examined. It is expected that the span of the PSC girder bridge can be well extended up to 50 m to 70 m which corresponds to a span of the conventional box girder bridges.
Strongest Beams having Constant Volume Supported by Clamped-Clamped and Clamped-Hinged Ends
Lee, Byoung Koo ; Lee, Tae Eun ; Shin, Seong Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 251~258
This paper deals with the strongest beams with the solid regular polygon cross-section, whose volumes are always held constant. The differential equation of the elastic deflection curve of such beam subjected to the concentrated and trapezoidal distributed loads are derived and solved by using the double integration method. The Simpson's formula was used to numerically integrate the differential equation. In the numerical examples, the clamped-clamped and clamped-hinged ends are considered as the end constraints and the linear, parabolic and sinusoidal tapers are considered as the shape function of cross sectional depth. As the numerical results, the configurations, i.e. section ratios, of the strongest beams are determined by reading the section ratios from the numerical data obtained in this study, under which static maximum behaviors become to be minimum.
Concrete Shear Strength of FRP Reinforced Concrete Beam
Cho, Jae Min ; Jang, Hee Suk ; Kim, Myung Sik ; Kim, Chung Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 3A, 2009, Pages 259~266
This study is to develop equations that consider the elastic modulus ratio of FRP bar and steel reinforcement, shear span to depth ratio, and flexural reinforcement ratio of FRP bar, to determine concrete shear strength of FRP reinforced concrete beams without shear reinforcement. As experimental parameters, 2 types of FRP bar, 3 types of shear span to depth ratio, and 3 types of flexural reinforcement were used. Experimental results for two of shear span to depth ratio were quoted from previous study to evaluate effect of shear span to depth ratio in more detail. Shear strength correction factors needed for evaluating concrete shear strength were proposed from regression analysis using above experimental results. Equations suggested from this study and other codes were examined and compared with 31 experimental results available in the literature. From this comparison, it could be known that the equation suggested from this study gives the most approaching result to experimental results.