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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6D - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6C - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6B - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6A - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5D - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5C - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5B - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5A - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4D - Jul 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4B - Jul 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4A - Jul 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4C - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3D - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3C - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3B - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3A - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2D - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2C - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2B - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2A - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1D - Jan 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1C - Jan 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1B - Jan 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1A - Jan 2009
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Active Lamb Wave Propagation-based Structural Health Monitoring for Steel Plate
Jeong, Woon ; Seo, Ju-Won ; Kim, Hyeung-Yun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 421~431
This paper is the study on the verification of structural health monitoring (SHM) algorithm based on the ultrasonic guided wave. An active inspection system using Lamb wave (LW) for SHM was considered. The basic study about the application of this algorithm was performed for detecting the circular notch defect in steel plate. LW testing technique, pitch-catch method, was used for interpretation of circular notch defect with depth of 50% of plate thickness and 7 mm width. Damage characterization takes place by comparing
mode sensor signals collected before and after the damage event. By subtracting the signals of both conditions from each other, a scatter signal is produced which can be used for damage localization. The continuous Gabor wavelet transform is used to attain the time between the arrivals of the scatter and sensor signals. A new practical damage monitoring algorithm, based on damage monitoring polygon and pitch-catch method, has been proposed and verified with good accuracy. The possible damage location can be estimated by the average on calculated location points and the damage extent by the standard deviation.
Strength of PSC Bridge Decks using Half-Depth Precast Panel with Loop Joint
Chung, Chul Hun ; Kim, Yu Seok ; Hyun, Byung Hak ; Kim, In Gyu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 433~445
The panels are used as a composite part of the completed deck. They replace the main bottom transverse deck reinforcement and also serve as a form surface for the cast-in-place concrete upper layer that contains the top of deck reinforcement. Research has also demonstrated that mechanical shear ties on the top of the panels are required. In a composite deck with precast panels, it is required to notice behavior of transverse joints between panels. In this paper, static tests of composite deck with shear ties and loop joints were conducted. From the results, the validity of loop joints for continuity of deck was observed. Also, a composite behavior was abserved between precast panel and slab concrete. Tested composite decks with shear ties have 140~164% ultimate strength than have no shear ties due to the increase of composite action. Therefore, the shear ties between the slabs were sufficient to enforce composite flexural behavior to failure.
Design Comparison of Composite Girder Bridges Designed by ASD and LRFD Methods
Cho, Eun-Young ; Shin, Dong-Ku ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 447~456
The design comparison and flexural reliability analysis of continuous span composite plate girder bridges are performed. The girders are designed by the methods of allowable stress design (ASD) and load and resistance factor design (LRFD). For the LRFD design, the design specification under development mainly by KBRC, based on AASHTO-LRFD specification in case of steel structures, is applied with the newly proposed design live load which has been developed by analyzing domestic traffic statistics from highways and local roads. For the ASD based design, the current KHBDC code with DB-24 and DL-24 live loads is used. The longest span length for the 3-span continuous bridges with span arrangement ratio of 4:5:4 is assumed to be from 30 m to 80 m. The amount of steel, performance ratios, and governing design factors for the sections designed by the ASD and LRFD methods are compared. In the reliability analysis for the flexural failure of the sections designed by two methods, the statistical properties on flexural resistance based on the yield strength statistics for over 16,000 domestic structural steel samples are applied.
Intrinsic Enrichment of Moving Least Squares Finite Difference Method for Solving Elastic Crack Problems
Yoon, Young-Cheol ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 457~465
This study presents a moving least squares (MLS) finite difference method for solving elastic crack problems with stress singularity at the crack tip. Near-tip functions are intrinsically employed in the MLS approximation to model near-tip field inducing singularity in stress field. employment of the functions does not lose the merit of the MLS Taylor polynomial approximation which approximates the derivatives of a function without actual differentiating process. In the formulation of crack problem, computational efficiency is considerably improved by taking the strong formulation instead of weak formulation involving time consuming numerical quadrature Difference equations are constructed on the nodes distributed in computational domain. Numerical experiments for crack problems show that the intrinsically enriched MLS finite difference method can sharply capture the singular behavior of near-tip stress and accurately evaluate stress intensity factors.
Validity of Linear Combination Approach based on Net Damping Analysis of Cable-Damper System
Kim, Hyeon Kyeom ; Hwang, Jae Woong ; Lee, Myeong Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 467~475
Existing studies have suggested Universal Curve only for supplemental damping by damper. Therefore net damping has been determined by means of arithmetic summation between intrinsic, aero-damping of cable and supplemental damping of damper. However linear combination approach by means of the arithmetic summation is not enough theoretical background. So validity of this approach should be verified in order to design adequate cable-damper system by engineers. This study establishes governing differential equation which can consider intrinsic, aero-damping and supplemental damping as well. And also analysis method is solved by combination of muller method and successive iteration method. Consequently, this study succeeds in verification for validity of linear combination approach. As a result of this study, linear combination approach is limitedly effective in case of low stiffness and optimum damping coefficient of damper, short distance from support to damper, lower vibration mode, low aero-damping, and normal windy environment. Whereas this study will be effective in case of opposite conditions, and existing studies or linear combination approach occur to further error. Meaning of this study presents exact solution for net damping of cable-damper system, and verifies linear combination approach by means of the analysis method. In the future, if monitoring of optimum damping coefficient of a damper against aero-damping is feasible on time, algorithm of this study will be available for control of cable and semi-active damper system such as magneto-rheological damper.
Strongest Static Arches with Constant Volume
Lee, Byoung Koo ; Oh, Sang Jin ; Lee, Tae Eun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 477~486
This paper deals with the strongest static arches with the solid regular polygon cross-section. Both span length and volume of arch are always held constant regardless the shape functions of cross-sectional depth of regular polygon. The normal stresses acting on such arches are calculated when both static vertical and horizontal point loads are subjected. By using the calculating results of stresses, the optimal shapes of strongest static arches are obtained, under which the maximum normal stress become to be minimum. For determining the redundant of such indeterminate arches, the least work theorem is adopted. As the numerical results, the configurations, i.e. section ratios, of the strongest static arches are reported in tables and figures. The results of this study can be utilized in the field of the minimum weight design of the arch structures.
Estimation of Friction Coefficients Based on Field Data
Jeon, Se Jin ; Park, Jong Chil ; Park, In Kyo ; Shim, Byul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 487~494
Friction coefficients of the prestressing tendon are the basic information required to control the prestressing force introduced to PSC structure during jacking. However, the friction coefficients show considerable differences depending on the specifications, causing much confusion to designers. In this study, the ranges of the friction coefficients presented in domestic and foreign specifications are compared together to clarify the differences. Then, a procedure is proposed that can be used to estimate the wobble and curvature friction coefficients from field data such as elongation and prestressing force and from theory related to the friction. The procedure is applied to various tendon profiles of several PSC bridges constructed by ILM, FCM and MSS. The resulting values are compared with those presented in some specifications and assumed in jacking and a reasonable range of the friction coefficient is discussed. Lift-off tests are also performed in some bridges to further verify the results. The resulting wobble friction coefficients are not as small as those presented in AASHTO specifications but range from the lower limit to mid point of domestic specifications, while the curvature friction coefficients approach or slightly exceed the upper limit.
Nonlinear Analysis of Cyclically Loaded Concrete-Steel Structures Using an Anchor Bond-Slip Model
Lim, Ju Eun ; Lee, Jee Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 495~501
In this paper, a numerical anchor bond-slip model is proposed to improve the numerical simulation of concrete-steel structures connected with steel anchor bolts and subjected to extreme cyclic loading. The suggested bond-slip model is composed of a group of nonlinear uniaxial connector elements and its parameters can be determined by calibrating the model with pull-out test data. Numerical analysis results from simulating a concrete foundation-steel column structure using the proposed bond-slip anchor model, which is implemented based on Abaqus elements, and the perfect-bond anchor model are compared with the experimental results. It is concluded that a reasonable anchor bond-slip model is required to realistically simulate concrete-steel structures subjected to extreme cyclic loading, and the proposed anchor bond-slip model shows acceptable performance in the present numerical analysis.
Experimental Study on the Flexural Behavior Effect of RC Beam Repaired and Strengthened by Latex Modified Concrete
Kim, Seong-Hwan ; Yun, Kyong-Ku ; Kim, Yong-Gon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 503~510
Latex modified concrete (LMC) is a successful polymer-portland cement concretes, which have been developed and used for many years, in overlaying bridge decks and resurfacing industrial floors. The excellent bond strength to substrate, easy application and high resistance to impact, abrasion, wear, aggressive chemicals and freeze-thaw deterioration have made this material used widely. The objective of this study was to determine experimentally the load-deflection response and ultimate strength of reinforced RC beams. The cracking patterns and the mode of failure were observed. Because of excellent bond strength and repairing effects, the RC beams repaired by LMC at compression or tension zone showed over 100% recovery from damaged structures. The RC beams overlaid by LMC showed significant improvement at load carrying capacity as overlay thickness increases. However, the beams repaired of tension zone without shear stirrups almost showed no strengthen effect, and indicated an interfacial failures. The interfacial behavior was estimated by numerical method adopting the concept of shear flow.
The Bond Characteristics of Deformed Bars in High Flowing Self-Compacting Concrete
Choi, Yun Wang ; Jung, Jea Gwone ; Kim, Kyung Hwan ; An, Tae Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 511~518
This study was intended to compare and evaluate the adhesion of High flowing Self-compacting Concrete (HSCC), Conventional Concrete (CC) and deformed bar based on concrete strength 3 (30, 50 and 70 MPa), among the factors affecting the bond strength between concrete and rebar, after fabricating the specimen by modifying the rebar position at Horizontal reinforcement at bottom position (HB), horizontal reinforcement at top position (HT) and vertical reinforcement type (V). As a result of measuring bond strength of HB/HT rebar to evaluate the factor of the rebar at top position, the bond strength of HB/HT rebar at 50 and 70 MPa was 1.3 or less and at 30 MPa, HSCC and CC appeared to be 1.2 and 2,1, respectively. Thus, when designing the anchorage length according to the concrete structure design standard (2007) at HSCC 30, 50 and 70 MPa, it would be desirable to reduce the correction factor of anchorage length of the horizontal reinforcement at top position, which is suggested for the reinforcement at top position, to less than 1.3 of CC.
Experimental Analysis of Large Size Concrete-Filled Glass Fiber Reinforced Composite Piles Subjected to the Flexural Compression
Lee, Sung Woo ; Choi, Sokhwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 519~529
Fiber reinforced composite materials have various advantages in mechanical and chemical aspects. Not only high fatigue and chemical resistance, but also high specific strength and stiffness are attained, and therefore, damping characteristics are beneficial to marine piles. Since piles used for marine structures are subjected to compression and bending as well, detailed research is necessary. Current study examine the mechanical behavior under flexural and/or compressive loads using concrete filled fiber reinforced plastic composite piles, which include large size diameter. 25 pile specimens which have various size of diameters and lengths were fabricated using hand lay-up or filament winding method to see the effect of fabrication method. The inner diameters of test specimens ranged from 165 mm to 600 mm, and the lengths of test specimens ranged from 1,350 mm to 8,000 mm. The strengths of the fill-in concrete were 27 and 40 MPa. Fiber volumes used in circumferential and axial directions are varied in order to see the difference. For some tubes, spiral inner grooves were fabricated to reduce shear deformation between concrete and tube. It was observed that the piles made using filament winding method showed higher flexural stiffness than those made using hand lay-up. The flexural stiffness of piles decreases from the early loading stage, and this phenomenon does not disappear even when the inner spiral grooves were introduced. It means that the relative shear deformation between the concrete and tube wasn't able to be removed.
Properties of Hydration Heat with Compressive Strength Level of High Flowing Self-Compacting Concrete
Choi, Yun Wang ; Jung, Jea Gwone ; Lee, Jae Nam ; Kim, Byoung Kwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 531~541
The research analyzes and investigates conventional concrete, hydration heat, set, and mechanical properties by making high flowing self-compacting concretes of binary blend and ternary blend as one of evaluations about the properties of the hydration heat of high flowing self-compacting concrete with a strength of 30, 50, and 70 MPa. In addition, it estimates concrete adiabatic temperatures by calculating a thermal property value of powder obtained by measuring a heat evolution amount for powder used in concrete, a thermal property value of concrete obtained by conducting a simple adiabatic temperature test, and a normal thermal property value of material used in concrete, using a simple equation. Moreover, it analyzes and investigates the hydration heat property of high flowing self-compacting concrete and the thermal stress caused by hydration heat by conducting a 3D temperature stress analysis for the hydration heat and the adiabatic temperature obtained by temperature analysis, using MIDAS CIVIL 06 program.
Structural Behavior of Fiber Reinforced Concrete Mixed with Recycled PET Fiber
Kim, Sung Bae ; Kim, Hyun Young ; Yi, Na Hyun ; Kim, Jang-Ho Jay ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 543~550
This study was performed to prove the possibility of utilizing short plastic fibers made for recycled polyethylene terephthalate (RPET) as a structural material. In order to verify the capacity of RPET fiber, it was compared with polypropylene (PP) fiber, most widely used short synthetic fiber, for fiber volume fraction of 0%, 0.5%, 0.75%, and 1.0%. To measure material properties such as compressive strength, split tensile strength, appropriate tests were performed. Also, to measure the strength and ductility capacities of reinforced concrete (RC) member casted with RPET fiber added concrete, flexural test was performed on RC beams. The results showed that compressive strength decreased, as fiber volume fraction increased. These trends are similarly observed in the tests of PP fiber added concrete specimens. Split cylinder tensile strength of RPET fiber reinforced concrete increased slightly as fiber volume fraction increased. For structural member performance, ultimate strength, relative ductility and energy absorption of RPET added RC beam are significantly larger than OPC specimen. Also, the results showed that ultimate flexural strength and ductility both increased, as fiber volume fraction increased. These trends are similarly observed in the tests of PP fiber added concrete specimens. The study results indicate that RPET fiber can be used as an effective additional reinforcing material in concrete members.
Applied Time-Temperature Curve for Safety Evaluation in the Road Tunnel by Fire
Won, Jong-Pil ; Choi, Min-Jung ; Jang, Chang-Il ; Lee, Sang-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 551~555
This study is performed to apply a standard to evaluate fire protection assessment for tunnel structures when a fire breaks out in the road tunnel. Recently, a number of road tunnels have been rapidly increased and fire risk also multiplyed according to extend tunnel length, due to natural features and environmentally-friendly road construction in Korea. But we have not yet been prescribed appropriate time-temperature curve for tunnel fire. Therefore, we presented fire design model and investigated time-temperature curve proposed by a foreign country considering traffic, a kinds of vehicles which are a basis of heat rate. At the end, Hydrocarbon modified curve applied as design fire model by using numerical analysis and presented design fire model and examined the effects of tunnel structures.
Behavior Analysis of Concrete Structure under Blast Loading : (I) Experiment Procedures
Yi, Na Hyun ; Kim, Sung Bae ; Kim, Jang-Ho Jay ; Choi, Jong Kwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 557~564
In recent years, there have been numerous explosion-related accidents due to military and terrorist activities. Such incidents caused not only damages to structures but also human casualties, especially in urban areas. To protect structures and save human lives against explosion accidents, better understanding of the explosion effect on structures is needed. In an explosion, the blast overpressure is applied to concrete structures as an impulsive load of extremely short duration with very high pressure and heat. Generally, concrete is known to have a relatively high blast resistance compared to other construction materials. However, information and test results related to the blast experiment of internal and external have been limited due to military and national security reasons. Therefore, in this paper, to evaluate blast effect on reinforced have concrete structure and its protective performance, blast tests are carried out with
reinforce concrete slab structure at the Agency for Defence Development. The standoff blast distance is 1.5 m and the preliminary tests consists with TNT 9 lbs and TNT 35 lbs and the main tests used ANFO 35 lbs. It is the first ever blast experiment for nonmilitary purposes domestically. In this paper, based on the basic experiment procedure and measurement details for acquiring structural behavior data, the blast experimental measurement system and procedure are established details. The procedure of blast experiments are based on the established measurement system which consists of sensor, signal conditioner, DAQ system, software. It can be used as basic research references for related research areas, which include protective design and effective behavior measurements of structure under blast loading.
Behavior Analysis of Concrete Structure under Blast Loading : (II) Blast Loading Response of Ultra High Strength Concrete and Reactive Powder Concrete Slabs
Yi, Na Hyun ; Kim, Sung Bae ; Kim, Jang-Ho Jay ; Cho, Yun Gu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 565~575
In recent years, there have been numerous explosion-related accidents due to military and terrorist activities. Such incidents caused not only damages to structures but also human casualties, especially in urban areas. To protect structures and save human lives against explosion accidents, better understanding of the explosion effect on structures is needed. In an explosion, the blast load is applied to concrete structures as an impulsive load of extremely short duration with very high pressure and heat. Generally, concrete is known to have a relatively high blast resistance compared to other construction materials. However, normal strength concrete structures require higher strength to improve their resistance against impact and blast loads. Therefore, a new material with high-energy absorption capacity and high resistance to damage is needed for blast resistance design. Recently, Ultra High Strength Concrete(UHSC) and Reactive Powder Concrete(RPC) have been actively developed to significantly improve concrete strength. UHSC and RPC, can improve concrete strength, reduce member size and weight, and improve workability. High strength concrete are used to improve earthquake resistance and increase height and bridge span. Also, UHSC and RPC, can be implemented for blast resistance design of infrastructure susceptible to terror or impact such as 9.11 terror attack. Therefore, in this study, the blast tests are performed to investigate the behavior of UHSC and RPC slabs under blast loading. Blast wave characteristics including incident and reflected pressures as well as maximum and residual displacements and strains in steel and concrete surface are measured. Also, blast damages and failure modes were recorded for each specimen. From these tests, UHSC and RPC have shown to better blast explosions resistance compare to normal strength concrete.