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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6D - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6C - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6B - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 6A - Nov 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5D - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5C - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5B - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5A - Sep 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4D - Jul 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4B - Jul 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4A - Jul 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4C - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3D - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3C - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3B - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3A - May 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2D - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2C - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2B - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2A - Mar 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1D - Jan 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1C - Jan 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1B - Jan 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1A - Jan 2009
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Shell Finite Element of Reinforced Concrete for Internal Pressure Analysis of Nuclear Containment Building
Lee, Hong-Pyo ; Choun, Young-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 6A, 2009, Pages 577~585
A 9-node degenerated shell finite element(FE), which has been developed for assessment of ultimate pressure capacity and nonlinear analysis for nuclear containment building is described in this paper. Reissner-Midnlin(RM) assumptions are adopted to develop the shell FE so that transverse shear deformation effects is considered. Material model for concrete prior to cracking is constructed based on the equivalent stress-equivalent strain relationship. Tension stiffening model, shear transfer mechanism and compressive strength reduction model are used to model the material behavior of concrete after cracking. Niwa and Aoyagi-Yamada failure criteria have been adapted to find initial cracking point in compression-tension and tension-tension region, respectively. Finally, the performance of the developed program is tested and demonstrated with several examples. From the numerical tests, the present results show a good agreement with experimental data or other numerical results.
External Post-tensioning Strengthening of Composite Girder Bridge Using Lateral Distribution of Post-tensioning Force
Park, Young Hoon ; Park, Yong Gul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 6A, 2009, Pages 587~596
This study analyzes the lateral distribution behavior of external post-tensioning force and evaluates the possibility of strengthening the servicing composite girder bridge by adopting the external post-tensioning force to the parts of the bridge girder. From the results of experiments and analyses, it is founded that the composite girder bridge can be strengthened by applying the external post-tensioning force to the parts of the bridge girder. It is also proved that bracing improve the lateral distribution behavior of post-tensioning force. The lateral distribution behavior of post-tensioning force which influenced by stiffness ratio, girder spacing and span length is changed by the bridge type and the location of tensioned girder. From the results of analyses, set up an equation which can predict the lateral distribution behavior of external post-tensioning force and evaluate the rationality.
The Examination of Load Carrying Capacity Based on Existing Data for Improved Safety Assessment Method of Expressway Bridges
Lee, Jong Ho ; Han, Sung Ho ; Sin, Jae Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 6A, 2009, Pages 597~605
The safety of expressway bridges was estimated by checking the external condition rank based on the nondestructive inspection and material test and by measuring load carrying capacity based on the result of load test. Although the load carrying capacity of the bridges was clearly low compared to the design standard, it was examined that many of the bridges have good external condition rank relatively. Also, it can be assured that load carrying capacity shows a considerable difference according to various condition even though the bridges have similar construction year and a structural type. Therefore, this study showed various problems of the current safety measurement of expressway bridges by considering the status of the expressway bridges, external condition rank, and method of safety diagnosis and repair, rehabilitation for maintenance. Based on the existing data of over 400 expressway bridges, the load carrying capacity was analyzed quantitatively considering bridge type, serviced life, design live load, external condition rank and traffic count as variables. The result of this study will be expected to provide the basic information for a reasonable safety assessment of expressway bridge.
An Added-mass Modification Method Using Experimental and Numerical Frequency Analysis for Floodgate Subjected to Hydro-dynamic Loading
Kim, Ho Seung ; Bea, Jung Ju ; Kim, Yong Gon ; Lee, Jee Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 6A, 2009, Pages 607~616
In this paper, a method is proposed to accurately and efficiently estimate the equivalent added mass of hydro-dynamic pressure on dam floodgates subjected to earthquake loading. The present method is based on a relatively-simple procedure using on-site vibration measurement and finite element frequency analysis, which is sufficiently practical to be used in the earthquake resistance performance evaluation of dam floodgates.
Free Vibrations of Elastica Shaped Arches with Linear Taper
Lee, Byoung Koo ; Lee, Tae Eun ; Kim, Gwon Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 6A, 2009, Pages 617~624
This study deals with the free vibrations of the elastica shaped arch with linear taper. The shape of elastica is obtained from the Bernoulli-Euler beam theory. Differential equations governing free vibrations of such arch are derived and numerically solved to determine natural frequencies, in which three kinds of taper type and two kinds of end constraint, respectively, are considered. For validating the theories presented herein, the frequency parameters obtained in this study are compared to those of SAP 2000. As results of the numerical analyses, effects of end constraint, taper type, slenderness ratio and section ratio on the lowest four non-dimensional frequency parameters are extensively investigated.
Nonlinear Analysis of CFT Truss Girder with the Arch-shaped Lower Chord
Song, Na-Young ; Choung, Chul-Hun ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 6A, 2009, Pages 625~639
Experimental and analytical studies are performed on the mechanical behavior of concrete-filled tubular(CFT) truss girders for different f/L ratios. Bending tests are conducted on two CFT truss girder specimens to determine fundamental structural characteristics such as the strength and deformation properties. Nonlinear material models for CFT members subjected to an axial compressive force are compared in this paper by using the nonlinear finite element program, ABAQUS. Previous researchers have proposed several nonlinear stress-strain models of confined concrete. In this study, the nonlinear analyses are performed applying several stress-strain models for confined concrete proposed by Mander, Sakino, Han, Susantha and Ellobody, and the results are compared with the experimental results in terms of load-deflection and load-strain relationships. Based on the comparisons of the load-deflection relationships, the models proposed by Mander and Susantha provide a maximum load about 12.0~13.8% higher and that by Sakino gives a maximum load about 7.6% higher than the experimental results. The models proposed by Han and Ellobody give a maximum load only about 0.2~1.2% higher than the test results, showing the best agreement among the proposed stress-strain models. However, the load-strain relations predicted by the existing models generally provide conservative results exhibiting larger strains than the experimental data.
Estimation of the Design Member Forces in Very Large Concrete Floating Structure due to Wave Loads
Thanh, Nguyen Huu ; Noh, Hyuk Chun ; Kim, Seung Eock ; Na, Seong Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 6A, 2009, Pages 641~650
This paper presents new equations for member forces in concrete floating structures under wave loadings. The currently adopted design equations for wave loadings disregard the effect of mismatch between design wave length and the length of the structure. In most cases, however, additional internal forces occur due to disequilibriating buoyancy caused by the difference between design wave length and the length of the structure. In this study, new design equations considering the influence of the disequlibriating buoyancy is proposed. In addition, finite element solutions are sought to demonstrate the adequacy of the proposed design formulae in estimating the actual internal forces considering the structure as either rigid or flexible. It has been found that member forces are decreased approximately to around 55% for flexible model when compared with the rigid one.
Experimental Study on Behaviors of Pile-Abutment Joint in Integral Abutment Bridge
Kim, Sang-Hyo ; Yoon, Ji-Hyun ; Ahn, Jin-Hee ; Lee, Sang-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 6A, 2009, Pages 651~659
This study dealt with the behavior of pile-abutment joints in integral abutment bridges. Two types of pile-abutment joints were proposed to strengthen its rigid action. One was fabricated with transverse rebars which penetrated the H-pile in the abutment. The other was composed of stud shear connectors on the flanges of the H-pile. Three half scaled pile-abutment joint specimens were fabricated and loading tests were performed to evaluate the behavior of proposed joints. The results showed that the initial stiffness in elastic region of all specimens was sufficient to be applied for the integral abutment bridges. However, the performances of the proposed joints were shown to be more effective in rigid action compared to the joints types suggested by the Integral Bridge Design Guideline. The results from stiffness, strength, rotation and crack propagation tests supported this matter.
A Parameter Analysis for Pull-out and Push-out Behavior of Steel Pipe Pile Cap with the Open Type Perfobond
Kim, Young-Ho ; Kang, Jae-Yoon ; Yoo, Seung-Woon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 29, issue 6A, 2009, Pages 661~669
Various kinds of shear connectors such as headed stud, channel, perforated steel plate and others are commonly used to transfer stress and conduct composite performance in steel concrete composite structures, and many researches have been conducted to improve the characteristics of different types of shear connectors. It is focused in this study on the pull-out and pushout performance of steel pipe pile cap with the open type perfobond for the composite connection to the spread footing. A parameter analysis was conducted, using ABAQUS, a nonlinear finite element analysis program, to obtain data for determining the characteristics of the structure and to allow various parametric analyses of steel pipe cap with the open perfobond.