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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6D - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6C - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6B - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6A - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5D - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5C - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5B - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5A - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4D - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4C - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4B - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4A - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3D - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3C - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3B - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3A - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2D - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2C - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2B - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2A - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1D - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1C - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1B - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1A - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Safety Improvement of Centrally Installed "Hi-pass" Lane of Express Highway
Yoo, Bong-Seok ; Lee, Soo-Beom ; Park, Wan-Yong ; Do, Hyun-Gu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 1~10
Safety improvement has been a continuous challenge, especially at toll gate of express highway where traffic conflict often occurs due to frequent lane change by drivers of "Hi-pass" lane and regular "TCS" lane. As a part of research on safety at toll gate, this study videotaped traffic conflict data between vehicles using centrally located "Hi-pass" lane and regular "TCS" lane and analyzed accident risk. According to the correlation analysis of vehicle speed, relative vehicle speed, and sudden vehicle deceleration rate due to traffic conflict, when the relative vehicle speed between centrally located "Hi-pass" lane and regular "TCS" lane increases, sudden vehicle deceleration rate also increases. One of the findings is that centrally located "Hi-pass" lane at toll gate shows different location for traffic conflict, and frequency of traffic conflict and the relative vehicle speed was also different based on vehicle lane use. TA (Time to Accident) analysis shows that accident rate is high at toll gate where Hipass lane is installed in center lane, when the occurrence of sudden vehicle deceleration and deceleration time of vehicles rise for vehicles on "Hi-pass" lane. Furthermore, if the expressway entrance/exit point is closely located to toll gate, TA showed a low value. Thus, it is necessary to reduce the relative vehicle speed in order to improve safety. The Study presents reduction of the relevant vehicular speed and prevention of accidents at the centrally installed "Hi-pass" lane as an important strategy for safety improvement at toll gate.
Modelling of Transfer Impedance of Urban Rail Station
Kim, Hwang Bae ; Choi, Jin Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 11~15
It is necessary to improve transfer impedance of Urban Rail Station station users in order to increase the usage of public transportation. This study constructed a model for calculating transfer impedance based on bodily sensational transfer time in Urban Rail Station stations and calculated transfer impedance on major Urban Rail Station stations in Korea. The study results show that the addition of 100 meter exterior walking distance increases 2 minute travel time, 100 meter interior walking distance increases 3 minute travel time, 100 stairways increase 4 minute travel time, and escalators decreases 1 minute travel time. The calculated transfer impedance based on bodily sensational transfer time in this study can be utilized as objective criteria to compare transfer conditions of different Urban Rail Station stations and to prioritize them for facility improvement. The calculated transfer impedance also can be used as facility guidelines for designing a new transit center.
A Exploratory Study on an Introduction of a Walking Safety Measure for Walking Right - Centering around Walking Safety Measures of Advanced Countries -
Jang, Seok Yong ; Jung, Hun Young ; Woo, Seong Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 17~25
In Korea, the importance of walking has not been stood out in relief because of the rapid increase of a car on a drastic economic growth in the past half a century. Walking has failed to be recognized as a traffic measure or one of basic human rights. Therefore this study brings up problems of weakened walking right from increase of cars and examines reinforcing policies for walking right of advanced countries. And this study presents institutional devices for introducing walking safety measures of advanced countries reflecting pedestrian satisfaction and opinions about walking right. The results of this study are, First, pedestrians' walking liberty is guaranteed, Second, how to repair walking environment is searched and practical measures are analyzed to find out what is applicable to Korea, can reduce pedestrian accidents and is wanted by pedestrians using GAP analysis and Structural Equation. Third, basic data for upcoming selection of policies are presented by analyzing pedestrian satisfaction assuming that selected measures are operated.
A Study on the Construction for Optimal Network of Metro Transfer System in Yangsan Area
Choi, Yang Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 27~36
Recently, the management of metro business in large cities has become more difficult because of increased construction and operation costs. The purpose of this paper presents the construction of transfer system to resolve about recent tendency to decrease of metro-users and diminution of use efficiency which are serious problems of Busan metro. To cope with this situation, it is necessary to examine the methods of obtaining returns on development profits of land value rises that occur due to transfer system construction between Busan metro line #1 and line #2 in Yangsan area. Therefore, it was made use of research on metro utilization to presuppose service improvement, as an alternative, in the transfer system construction between metro and metro which might be powerful influence over metro-users. In this research, it was examined the actual situation of rises in land values brought about by the transfer system construction of metro line #1 and line #2 in Yangsan area with application of four (4) methods, and have calculated a basis of the development profits produced by the transfer system construction of metro line. According to the economical efficiency analysis, the total construction cost amount to 4,827.1 billion won of case #1 based on single track, and evaluate economically as B/C to 1.013, NPV to 72.7 billion, IRR to 5.614 percent.
A Study on Parking Generation Forecasting Model for Factory Facilities in Industrial Site
Ahn, Woo-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 37~44
The present annexed parking lot standards for buildings in Parking Act are categorized in 9 groups with 13 parking standards in terms of recreation, culture and assembly, housing, factory, warehouse, and so on, in which same grouped facilities have same parking standards. These days diversity in building types and functions need more fractionated parking standards; however, most local governments focusing merely on applying strengthened parking standards in general without systematic rules of consistency. The current problem of parking standards being used is lack of regarding facility characteristics; expecially, a large sized high-tech manufacturing facility located in industrial site is still applied by same parking standards as normal manufacturing facility, even though most part of manufacturing process is automated and hence less manpower is employed. This paper presents a parking generation forecasting model for factory facilities in industrial site in terms of facility use and scale characteristics.
Development of Vehicle Classification Method using Discriminant Function Based on Detection of Dual Tire
Oh, Jusam ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 45~51
Traffic volume is essential data for traffic control or maintenance and rehabilitation planning. The volume especially with respect to the type of vehicles can facilitate to those road operations. In this research, a method for vehicle classification was developed using skewed sensors which can generate traffic signatures. In order to characterize vehicle types, the method investigates whether the second axle of each vehicle consists of dual tires. The presence of dual tire is determined by the discriminate function obtained from discriminant analysis. The validation using 1,878 vehicles recorded from a highway using a CCTV camera indicated significantly accurate results: 96.92% for class 1, 82.91% for class 3 and 79.13% for class 4.
Evaluating a Load Limit on Heavy Vehicles in Flexible Pavements
Park, Seong-Wan ; Hwang, Jung Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 53~60
The objective of this paper is to evaluate a performance-based load zoning procedure in flexible pavements. Long-term performance in flexible pavements will be evaluated using VESYS type rutting model and Miner s theory on fatigue cracking. Permanent deformation properties such as alpha and gnu, and fatigue cracking properties such as k1 and k2 in asphalt concrete were used respectively. The data from the literatures were also used in predicting performance in flexible pavements for evaluating load restrictions as well as parametric study. Finally, a performance-based load zoning procedure and a simple load limit procedure for load zoning were assessed.
The Value Assessment for Indirect Benefits of Road Project Using Contingent Valuation Method
Kim, Kyong Ju ; Kang, Ki Yong ; Kim, Kyoungmin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 61~70
In case of low benefit project with low traffic or high-priced project, existing analysis of cost and benefit tends to present a low feasibility. However, considering the improvement of environment, intensification of disaster prevention, public stability of countryside area and formation of good scenery, these projects can have a feasibility. This paper analyzes and summarizes the indirect benefit of some ripple effects, caused by road projects, and presents the methodology and process in order to change the indirect benefit into monetary value.
A Study on Efficiency Improvement through Productivity Analysis Based on TBM Operation Data
Park, Hong Tae ; Song, Young Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 71~77
This study presented the operation method through of productivity on eight analysis work items (TBM boring, cutter check and exchange, TBM maintenance, succeeding facilities, reinforcement in tunnel, operation alternation, a tram car) which have developed equipment at WRITH with TBM a waterway tunnel works. It was inquired lose time with analyzed result by work items and removed lose time. It was analyzed TBM boring length, TBM boring length percentage and TBM boring length time. This study analyzed TBM operation utility factor of a foreign work with TBM operation boring length percentage, a monthly average boring length, pure boring length percentage etc. and assumed a monthly average boring length and a monthly average boring length of rise forecast. Based on analyzed Data, TBM boring has been forecasted propriety pure boring length at compressive strength
A Study on the Plan for Wide Road's Streetscape by Simulation of Streetscape's Components - As a Sample Wide Area Road in Busan -
Kim, Jong Gu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 79~87
The urban street has been escaped from functional and uniformed arrangement for merely movement to the space which can take the role of cozy and familiar culture. Therefore I tried to prepare a plan for the wide roads having streetscape which reveal area's identity as well as coziness and convenience by grasping the problem and its solution through analysing and deducing various elements with the subject of streetscape among urban landscape components, especially composing wide road's streetscape. First of all, this study made a simulation by deducing components of wide road's streetscape and controlling them with theoretical review of streetscape and consideration of wide road's local characteristic. With the evaluation on the base of them, that following four components could be the representative things of entrance part was confirmed by this study. They were familiar streetscape,symbolic scene as as an entrance gate, continuous and dynamic streetscape, and interesting and pleasant streetscape. And for the middle part, those four components could represent the wide road's streetscapeI were confirmed. They were familiar streetscape, safe and tender streetscape, pleasant and dynamic streetscape, and symbolic streetscape. It seems that the components of the streetscape obtained from the analysis of this study are utilized as reference data in the case of a future streetscape design conclusively.
A Post Assessment of Streetscape Improvement Projects Based on District Unit Plans
Kang, Junmo ; Park, Hyun Shin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 1D, 2010, Pages 89~98
The goal of this study is to investigate the achievement of street improvement projects based on district unit plans aiming at improving the urban streetscape. Post assessments are conducted for three streetscape improvement projects - Noyu street improvement project, Hanaro street improvement project next to Sungshin women's university, Chatgoshipun street improvement project in front of Ehwa women's university. The results of the post assessment indicate that the initial quality of streetscape has been improved after the projects. The long-term sustainability of the streetscape, however, was not achieved for the street improvement project applied at the street next to Sungshin women's university due to the lack of support from the community. It is found that the key component of success for the street improvement project is the strong cooperation between public and private parties.