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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6D - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6C - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6B - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6A - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5D - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5C - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5B - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5A - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4D - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4C - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4B - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4A - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3D - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3C - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3B - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3A - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2D - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2C - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2B - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2A - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1D - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1C - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1B - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1A - Feb 2010
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Application of a Fictitious Axial Force Factor to Determine Elastic and Inelastic Effective Lengths for Column Members of Steel Frames
Choi, Dong Ho ; Yoo, Hoon ; Lee, Yoon Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 81~92
In design of steel frames, it is generally believed that elastic system buckling analysis cannot predict real behaviors of structures, while inelastic system buckling analysis can give informative buckling behaviors of individual members considering inelastic material behavior. However, the use of Euler buckling equation with these system buckling analyses have the inherent problem that the methods evaluate unexpectedly large effective lengths of members having relatively small axial forces. This paper proposes a new method of obtaining elastic and inelastic effective lengths of all members in steel frames. Considering a fictitious axial force factor for each story of frames, the proposed method determines the effective lengths using the inelastic stiffness reduction factor and the iterative eigenvalue analysis. In order to verify the validity of the proposed method, the effective lengths of example frames by the proposed method were compared to those of previously established methods. As a result, the proposed method gives reasonable effective lengths of all members in steel frames. The effect of inelastic material behavior on the effective lengths of members was also discussed.
A Study on Seismic Capacity Assessment of Long-Span Suspension Bridges by Construction Methods Considering Earthquake Characteristics
Han, Sung Ho ; Jang, Sun Jae ; Lim, Nam Hyung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 93~102
The numerical analysis and safety assessment by construction stages were considered the essential examination particular in order to solving the unstability of long-span bridges in the middle a construction. When estimating structural response characteristics by the construction stage analysis of long-span bridges, the influence of the near-field ground motion (NFGM) would be evaluated as a critical factor for the seismic design because it indicates clearly different aspects from the existing input earthquake motion data. Therefore, this study re-examined the response aspect of long-span bridges considering NFGM characteristics based on the response spectrum result, and advanced the presented numerical analysis program by the related research for conducting the construction stage analysis and reliability assessment of long-span bridges efficiently. The excellency of various construction schemes was assessed using the time history analysis result of critical member considering NFGM characteristics. For evaluating quantitative safety level, the reliability analysis was conducted considering the influence of external uncertainties included in random variables, and presented the safety index and failure probability of the critical construction stage by NFGM characteristics. In addition, the reliability result was examined the influence of internal uncertainties using monte carlo simulation (MCS), and assessed the distribution aspect of the essential analysis result. It is expected that this study will provide the basic information for the construction safety improvement when performing seismic design of long-span bridges considering NFGM characteristics.
Feasibility Study of Estimating Prestress Force of Grouted Tendons
Kim, Byeong Hwa ; Jang, Jung Bum ; Lee, Hong Pyo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 103~111
A feasibility study for nondestructively estimating prestress force of a grouted tendon using axial vibrations has been investigated. Total eight prestressed concrete beams with different stress levels have been specially designed and constructed for this investigation. The various axial vibration tests have been conducted in order to extract the dynamic characteristics of the prestressed concrete beams. It turns out that the axial frequency, elastic wave velocity and elastic modulus are nonlinearly increased as the prestress force level increases. It seems that the axial vibration characteristics of the existing grouted tendons are a feasible indicator for the identification of their tensile force.
Hot Spot Stress of Concrete-filled Circular Hollow Section N-joints Subjected to Axial Loads
Kim, In-Gyu ; Chung, Chul-Hun ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 113~120
The use of Concrete filled circular hollow steel section (CFCHS) members in bridge design is a relatively new concept. The most important part of the design and durability of such structures is the design and the construction of the joints. In the design of recently constructed steel-concrete composite bridges using CFCHS truss girders for the main load carrying structure, the fatigue verification of the tubular spatial truss joints was a main issue. Welded CFCHS joints are very sensitive to fatigue because the geometric discontinuities of the welds lead to a high stress concentration. New research done on the fatigue behaviour of such joints has focused on CFCHS N-joints, directly welded, with finite element analysis method. A commercial software, ABAQUS, is adopted to perform the finite element analysis on the N-joints. This paper is main focused on these topics, including hot spot stress.
An Experimental Study for the Shear Property Dependency of High Damping Rubber Bearings
Oh, Ju ; Jung, Hie-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 121~129
In this paper, the characteristics of high damping rubber bearing were studied through various prototype test. The characteristics of HDRB were dependent on displacements, repeated cycles, frequencies, vertical pressure, temperature, the capability of shear deformation and the vertical stiffness. The prototype test showed that the displacement was the most governing factor influencing on characteristics of HDRB. The effective stiffness and equivalent damping of HDRB were decreased with displacement, and increased with frequency. The effective stiffness was decreased with high vertical pressure, while the equivalent damping was increased. In which, the equivalent damping was more dependent on the vertical pressure than the effective stiffness. According to the results of this study, more careful examination is required to design the effective stiffness and equivalent damping ratio considering the dependencies of design displacement and exciting velocity.
A Technique for the Extreme nodes of Boundary Element Method with Clamped Boundary Condition
Kim, Moon Kyum ; Yun, Ik Jung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 131~136
In this study, most of famous algorithms for the corner problem are listed. By comparing these with implemented codes and theoretical dissections, new algorithms are developed. These algorithms are combined by the existing auxiliary equations. All relating algorithms are numerically tested with 3 problems. Two problems have well-known analytical solutions and the result of another example is compared with the one of the published paper. The conducted research reveals the characteristics of existing algorithms and demonstrates newly developed algorithms can produce a reasonable solution by reflecting various type of boundary conditions.
A Study on the Performance Improvement of High-Pylon Extradosed Bridge adopting Fatigue Loading Condition
Lee, Young Jin ; Shin, Seung Kyo ; Lim, Yun Mook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 137~148
This study proposes the optimal ratio of vertical load-carrying capacity (
) by investigating structural performances and economic efficiency in the extradosed bridges. Without design standards for the extradosed bridge, Japanese design standards have been used domestically. For the design live load, DL24 is found to be more adequate than DB24. Using the DL24 load, parameter studies are carried out. The parameters are 'main tower height', 'main girder stiffness', and 'cable arrangement'. As a result, it is found that one side cable-stayed extradosed bridges are more economical than double side cable-stayed extradosed bridges. This study also shows that when the ratio of vertical load-carrying capacity(
) is 30~50% in the extradosed bridge with the ratio of tower height to main span length 1/6, the extradosed bridge is most economical because of the cable stress less than the allowable stress.
Evaluation of Structural Behaviour of a Composite CFT Truss Girder Bridge
Chung, Chul-Hun ; Kim, Hye-Ji ; Song, Na-Young ; Ma, Hyang-Wook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 149~159
This paper presents an experimental study on the structural behavior of composite CFT truss girder bridge with full depth precast panels. The length of span is 20,000 mm. The CFT truss girder is a tubular truss composed of chord members made of concrete-filled and hollow circular tubes. To determine fundamental structural characteristics such as the strength and deformation properties of composite CFT truss girder bridge, static and dynamic tests were conducted. The natural frequencies calculated by the FEM are in good agreement with experimental results obtained from dynamic test. Bracing have only a small effect on the natural frequencies of composite CFT truss girder bridge as indicated by the FEM results. The yield strength and deformation of the composite CFT truss girder bridges were investigated through a static bending test. Besides, the test results showed that uniform distribution of shear connectors can be applicable in composite CFT truss girder bridges.
A Study on the Determination of the Optimal Parameter for the Evaluation of the Effective Prestress Force on the Bonded Tendon
Jang, Jung Bum ; Lee, Hong Pyo ; Hwang, Kyeong Min ; Song, Young Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 161~168
The bonded tendon was adopted to the reactor building of some operating nuclear power plants in Korea and the assessment of the effective prestress force on the bonded tendon is being issued as an important pending problem for continuous operation beyond their design life. The sensitivity analysis of various parameters was carried out to evaluate the effective prestress force using the system identification technique and the optimal parameters were determined for SI technique in this study. The 1/5 scaled post-tensioned concrete beams with the bonded tendon type were manufactured and in order to investigate the relationship of the natural frequency and the displacement to the effective prestress force, impact test, SIMO sine sweep test and bending test using the optical fiber sensor and the compact displacement transducer were carried out. As a result of tests, both the natural frequency and the displacement show the good relationship with the effective prestress force and both parameters are available for the SI technique to estimate the effective prestress force.
Development and Applicability Evaluation of High Performance Poly-urea for RC Construction Reinforcement
Kim, Sung Bae ; Kim, Jang-Ho Jay ; Choi, Hong-Shick ; Heo, Gweon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 169~176
Generally, poly-urea is widely used as waterproof coating material due to its superior adhesiveness, elongation capacity, and permeability resistance. In addition, it can be quickly and easily applied on structure surfaces using spray application. Since it hardens in about 30 seconds after application, its construction efficiency is very high and its usage as a special functional material is also excellent. However, currently, poly-urea is mostly used as waterproof coating material and the researches on its usage as a retrofitting material is lacking at best. Therefore, basic studies on the use of poly-urea as a general structural retrofitting material are needed urgently. The objective of this study is to develop most optimum poly-urea composition for structure retrofitting purpose. Moreover, the structural strengthening capacity of the developed poly-urea is evaluated through flexural capacity experiments on RC beams and RC slabs. From the results of the flexural test of poly-urea strengthened RC beam and slab specimens, the poly-urea and concrete specimen showed monolithic behavior where ductility and ultimate strength of the poly-urea strengthened specimen showed slight increase. However, the doubly reinforced specimens with FRP sheet and poly-urea showed lower capacity than that of the specimen reinforced only with FRP sheet.
Effects of Filling Materials on the Physical Properties of Permeable Polymer Concrete
Choi, Jae Jin ; Yu, Hyeok Jin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 177~184
This study was performed to determine the effects of filling materials on the physical properties of permeable polymer concrete. The filling materials were ground calcium carbonate, ground granulated blast furnace slag and fly ash. In this experiment, permeable polymer concrete mixtures with unsaturated polyester resin contents from 5 to 7 weight %, filler/resin ratio of 0~2.0 and crushed coarse aggregate passing 15 mm sieve were prepared and coefficient of permeability, void ratio, compressive strength and flexural strength were tested. As the test results, increase in the strength and decrease in the coefficient of permeability of the permeable polymer concrete were generally observed with increasing the resin contents and filler/resin ratio. The compressive and flexural strength of the permeable polymer concrete were in the range of 8.0 to 35.0 MPa and 2.0 to 9.0 MPa respectively and the highest strength was shown at the mixtures with 7 weight % unsaturated polyester resin contents, 2.0 ratio of filler/resin and filler of ground calcium carbonate. On the other hand, in the level of 20 MPa compressive strength, the mixtures with filler of fly ash was shown as the most economic permeable polymer concrete.
Uniaxial and Biaxial Flexural Strength of Plain Concrete using Optimum Specimen Configuration
Oh, Hongseob ; Zi, Goangseup ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2A, 2010, Pages 185~191
Because the concrete crack that is the reason of the serviceability and durability degradation of concrete structure can be arisen from either the stress magnitude and gradient or other structural and material defects, the crack strength of concrete is hard to accurately evaluate. Especially, stress-state in concrete plate components such as rigid pavement and long span slab is biaxial flexure stress, and the flexural strength of those component may be different than the traditional rupture modulus of concrete subjected to uniaxial stress. In this study, an experimental investigation to assess of mechanical behavior under uniaxial and biaxial flexure stress is conducted and the proposed optimum specimen configuration is adopted. From the test, the modulus of rupture under uniaxial and biaxial stress are decreased as the size of aggregate or specimen is larger. And biaxial flexure strength of concrete specimens is varied from 39.5 to 99.2% as compared with that of uniaxial strength, and the biaxial strength of specimen with 20mm aggregate size is only 76% of uniaxial strength.