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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6D - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6C - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6B - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6A - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5D - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5C - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5B - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5A - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4D - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4C - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4B - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4A - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3D - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3C - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3B - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3A - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2D - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2C - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2B - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2A - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1D - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1C - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1B - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1A - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Assessment of the Contribution of Weather, Vegetation, Land Use Change for Agricultural Reservoir and Stream Watershed using the SLURP model (I) - Preparation of Input Data for the Model -
Park, Geun-Ae ; Lee, Yong-Jun ; Shin, Hyung-Jin ; Kim, Seong-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 107~120
The effect of potential future climate change on the inflow of agricultural reservoir and its impact to downstream streamflow by reservoir operation for paddy irrigation water was assessed using the SLURP (semi-distributed land use-based runoff process), a physically based hydrological model. The fundamental input data (elevation, meteorological data, land use, soil, vegetation) was collected to calibrate and validate of the SLURP model for a 366.5
watershed including two agricultural reservoirs (Geumgwang and Gosam) located in Anseongcheon watershed. Then, the CCCma CGCM2 data by SRES (special report on emissions scenarios) A2 and B2 scenarios of the IPCC (intergovernmental panel on climate change) was used to assess the future potential climate change. The future weather data for the year, m ms, m5ms and 2amms was downscaled by Change Factor method through bias-correction using 3m years (1977-2006) weather data of 3 meteorological stations of the watershed. In addition, the future land uses were predicted by modified CA (cellular automata)-Markov technique using the time series land use data fromFactosat images. Also the future vegetation cover information was predicted and considered by the linear regression between monthly NDVI (normalized difference vegetation index) from NOAA AVHRR images and monthly mean temperature using eight years (1998-2006) data.
Assessment of the Contribution of Weather, Vegetation and Land Use Change for Agricultural Reservoir and Stream Watershed using the SLURP model (II) - Calibration, Validation and Application of the Model -
Park, Geun-Ae ; Ahn, So-Ra ; Park, Min-Ji ; Kim, Seong-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 121~135
This study is to assess the effect of potential future climate change on the inflow of agricultural reservoir and its impact to downstream streamflow by reservoir operation for paddy irrigation water supply using the SLURP. Before the future analysis, the SLURP model was calibrated using the 6 years daily streamflow records (1998-200398 and validated using 3 years streamflow data (2004-200698 for a 366.5
watershed including two agricultural reservoirs (Geumgwang8 and Gosam98located in Anseongcheon watershed. The calibration and validation results showed that the model was able to simulate the daily streamflow well considering the reservoir operation for paddy irrigation and flood discharge, with a coefficient of determination and Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency ranging from s 7 to s 9 and 0.5 to s 8 respectively. Then, the future potential climate change impact was assessed using the future wthe fu data was downscaled by nge impFactor method throuih bias-correction, the future land uses wtre predicted by modified CA-Markov technique, and the future ve potentiacovfu information was predicted and considered by the linear regression bpowten mecthly NDVI from NOAA AVHRR ima ps and mecthly mean temperature. The future (2020s, 2050s and 2e 0s) reservoir inflow, the temporal changes of reservoir storaimpand its impact to downstream streamflow watershed wtre analyzed for the A2 and B2 climate change scenarios based on a base year (2005). At an annual temporal scale, the reservoir inflow and storaimpchange oue, anagricultural reservoir wtre projected to big decrease innautumnnunder all possiblmpcombinations of conditions. The future streamflow, soossmoosture and grounwater recharge decreased slightly, whtre as the evapotransporation was projected to increase largely for all possiblmpcombinations of the conditions. At last, this study was analysed contribution of weather, vegetation and land use change to assess which factor biggest impact on agricultural reservoir and stream watershed. As a result, weather change biggest impact on agricultural reservoir inflow, storage, streamflow, evapotranspiration, soil moisture and groundwater recharge.
Comparison of Chukwooki and Modern data Using Annual Maximum Rainfall Event Series
Park, Minkyu ; Yoo, Chulsang ; Kim, Hyeon Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 137~147
In this study, Chukwooki and modern data were compared using annual maximum rainfall event series. Annual maximum series for specified rainfall duration in modern frequency analysis can not be constructed from Chukwooki data, so the concept of independent rainfall event is introduced to compare Chukwooki and modern data. Annual maximum rainfall event is determined by applying the bivariate exponential distribution and the parameters estimated annually are selected. The results using the annual parameter show that the hydrological meaning of the parameters is related to the variation of annual total rainfall amounts. For the whole independent rainfall events, the total rainfall and the rainfall intensity of Chukwooki data are greater than those of modern data, and rainfall duration of the two periods is similar. However modern annual maximum rainfall events show different characteristics that rainfall duration is much longer, rainfall intensity is similar and the total rainfall is greater than those of Chukwooki period. The increasing trend of rainfall duration and total rainfall of the modern annual rainfall events may be regarded as the one of components of the long-term cycle.
Analysis of Roughness Coefficient in Gravel-bed Rivers
Lee, Chan Joo ; Kim, Yong Jeon ; Kim, Ji Sung ; Kim, Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 149~157
The purpose of this study is to analyse characteristics of roughness coefficient based on bed-material size of the gravel-bed rivers using field data obtained from nine domestic rivers. Roughness coefficient is calculated using Manning's equation. Roughness coefficient decreases with increasing discharge, but above a certain discharge, it tends to be constant. Similarly, roughness coefficient shows reverse relationship with relative smoothness (R/D). The regression equation adopting theoretically derived value of 2.03 as log coefficient indicates close similarity with the previous equation proposed by Limerinos (1970). Roughness coefficient values converged above certain discharges lie in the range from 0.024 to 0.045. From them, empirical equations based only on bed-material size are derived and compared with those suggested by the previous studies.
Radar Rainfall Adjustment by Artificial Neural Network and Runoff Analysis
Kim, Soo Jun ; Kwon, Young Soo ; Lee, Keon Haeng ; Kim, Hung Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 159~167
The purpose of this study is to get the adjusted radar rainfalls by ANN(Artificial Neural Network) method. In the case of radar rainfall, it has an advantage of spatial distribution characteristics of rainfall while point rainfall has an advantage at the point. Therefore we adjusted the radar rainfall by ANN method considering the advantages of two rainfalls of radar and point. This study constructed two ANN models of Model I and Model II for radar rainfall adjustment. We collected the three rainfall events and adjusted the radar rainfall for Anseong-cheon basin. The two events were inputted into the Modeland Model to derive the optimum parameters and the rest event was used for validation. The adjusted radar rainfalls by ANN method and the raw radar rainfall were used as the input data of ModClark model which is a semi-distributed model to simulate the runoff. As the results of the simulation, the runoff by raw radar rainfall were overestimated but the peak time and peak runoff from the adjusted rainfall by ANN were well fitted to the observed hydrograph.
Flood Risk Mapping with FLUMEN model Application
Cho, Wan Hee ; Han, Kun Yeun ; Ahn, Ki Hong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 169~177
Recently due to the typhoon and extreme rainfall induced by abnormal weather and climate change, the probability of severe damage to human life and property is rapidly increasing. Thus it is necessary to create adequate and reliable flood risk map in preparation for those natural disasters. The study area is Seo-gu in Daegu which is located near Geumho river, one of the tributaries of Nakdong river. Inundation depth and velocity at each time were calculated by applying FLUMEN model to the target area of interest, Seo-gu in Daegu. And the research of creating flood risk map was conducted according to the Downstream Hazard Classification Guidelines of USBR. The 2-dimensional inundation analysis for channels and protected lowland with FLUMEN model was carried out with the basic assumption that there's no levee failure against 100 year precipatation and inflow comes only through the overflowing to the protected lowland. The occurrence of overflowing was identified at the levee of Bisan-dong located in Geumho watershed. The level of risk was displayed for house/building residents, drivers and pedestrians using information about depth and velocity of each node computed from the inundation analysis. Once inundation depth map and flood risk map for each region is created with this research method, emergency action guidelines for residents can be systemized and it would be very useful in establishing specified emergency evacuation plans in case of levee failure and overflowing resulting from a flood.
Numerical Investigations of Vorticity Generation in Fully Vegetated Open-Channel Flows
Kang, Hyeongsik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 179~189
This paper presents a numerical investigation of vorticity generation in fully vegetated open-channel flows. The Reynolds stress model is used for the turbulence closure. Open-channel flows with rough bed-smooth sidewalls and smooth bed-rough sidewalls are simulated. The computed vectors show that in channel flows with rough bed and rough sidewalls, the free-surface secondary currents become relatively smaller and larger, respectively, compared with that of plain channel flows. Also, open-channel flows over vegetation are simulated. The computed bottom vortex occupies the entire water depth, while the free-surface vortex is reduced. The contours of turbulent anisotropy and Reynolds stress are presented with different density of vegetation. The budget analysis of vorticity equation is carried out to investigate the generation mechanism of secondary currents. The results of the budget analysis show that in plain open-channel flow, the production by anisotropy is important in the vicinity of the wall and free-surface boundaries, and the production by Reynolds stress is important in the region away from the boundaries. However, this rule is not effective in vegetated channel flows. Also, in plain channel flows, the vorticity is generated mainly in the vicinity of the free-surface and the bottom, while in vegetated channel flows, the regions of the bottom and vegetation height are important to generate the vorticity.
Spatio-Temporal Variability Analysis of Precipitation Data Through Circular Statistics
Kwon, Hyun-Han ; Lee, Jeong-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 191~198
Assessing seasonality of precipitation is necessarily required to establish future plans and policies for water resources management. In this regard, a main objective of the study is to introduce an effective approach for assessing the seasonality of the precipitation and evaluate the seasonality through the proposed one. We have used circular statistics to characterize the seasonality on the precipitation in Korea. The circular statistics allow us to effectively assess changes in timing of the seasonality in detail. It was found that peak time on monthly rainfall occurred between end of June and early July in southern coastal area while the timing was delayed in northern part of Korea because of monsoon moving in from south to north. In case of annual daily peak precipitation, spatio-temporal variation of the peak time was increased. It is mainly because of geophysical effects, frequency and paths of typhoons. Finally, temporal variations on the timing of the peak seasons were evaluated through circular statistics by 30-year moving average data. The peak season in the Northen part of Korea (e.g. Seoul and Gangrung) has been moved back from early July to end of July while the peak season has been moved up from middle of July to early July in the Southern part of Korea (e.g. Busan and Mokpo). It seems that changes in seasonality are mostly modulated by variability in the east-asia monsoon system.
Development of 2D Finite Element Model for the Analysis of Shallow Water Flow
Seo, Il Won ; Song, Chang Geun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 199~209
A finite element model for analyzing surface water flow was developed. Shallow water equation was discretized and solved by Galerkin and Newton-Raphson method. Triangular or rectangular elements can be mixed together to construct meshes. The algebraic equation was solved by frontal method which is very efficient in finite element problem. The developed model was applied to rectangular meandering channel with two bends and transverse velocities and water depth distributions were examined. High velocity was located near the inner bank at the apexes of the bends and velocity distribution was symmetrical about the centerline at the midsection of two bend and super elevation also occurred. Simulation results showed very good agreement with measured data. Another numerical simulation was carried out in mild, steep, adverse and abrupt bottom change slope and channels with weir. 12 water surface profiles of gradually varied flow were correct in terms of hydraulic interpretation.
Numerical Investigations of Physical Habitat Changes for Fish induced by the Hydropeaking in the Downstream River of Dam
Kang, Hyeongsik ; Im, Dongkyun ; Kim, Kyu-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 211~217
This paper presents numerical investigations of the physical habitat changes induced by the hydropeaking in the downstream river of dam. For the two-dimensional ecohydraulic simulations, River2D model is used. Pirami (Zacco platypus) is selected as the target fish for investigating the impact of the hydropeaking. For validation of the model, the water surface elevations are simulated with two different water discharges. The computed results are compared with field data in the literature, and the result shows that the model successfully simulates the water flows. The weight usable area (WUA) of Pirami with the life cycle and the composite suitability index with different water discharges are computed and discussed. The results show that habitat for Pirami appears to be best in the bend region downstream of the dam. The discharge of the maximum WUA for adult Pirami is computed to be about 9
. Also, the WUA computed in a condition of hydropeaking during seven days are presented. The averaged discharge of the hydropeaking appears to be about 20% larger than the drought flow, but the WUA by the hydropeaking is computed to be 60-100% smaller. This result shows that the hydropeaking reduces quantity of habitat available to fish.
Estimation on Trends of Reference Evapotranspiration of Weather Station Using Reference Evapotranspiration Calculator Software
Choi, Wonho ; Choi, Minha ; Oh, Hyunje ; Park, Jooyang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2B, 2010, Pages 219~231
The Reference Evapotranspiration Calculator Software (REF-ET) supports computational guidelines for the reference evapotranspiration using seventeen FAO Penman-Monteith (PM) equations simultaneously such as the ASCE and FAO standardized forms. The REF-ET can conveniently consider missing data predictions and regional site characterizations, when reference ET is computed on monthly, daily, and hourly time steps. The applicability of the REF-ET was estimated to simulate the reference ET using hourly weather data from Seoul weather station for 29 years. The result found that the FAO24-Rd and 1957-Makk equations closely concerned with solar radiation parameter which were the most highly correlated to reference ET computed by pan coefficient. In addition, the 1957-Makk equation was identified as the most correct computational method for reference ET by analysis of bias and root mean square error. The 1957-Makk equation could predict the reference ET within the error of less than 1.06 mm/day, though all the other equations tended toward overestimation of predicting the reference ET in comparison with refecence ET of pan. The results of this study suggest that the REF-ET will be applicable to support reference ET estimation for a variety of field condition and time-scale.