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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6D - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6C - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6B - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6A - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5D - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5C - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5B - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5A - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4D - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4C - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4B - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4A - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3D - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3C - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3B - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3A - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2D - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2C - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2B - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2A - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1D - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1C - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1B - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1A - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Modelling of Transfer Impedance of based an Express Bus Terminal use Behavior
Kim, Hwang Bae ; Kwon, Young Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 99~103
It is necessary to improve transfer impedance of express bus terminal users in order to increase the usage of public transportation. This study constructed a model for calculating transfer impedance based on bodily sensational transfer time in express bus terminal and calculated transfer impedance on major express bus terminals in Korea. The study results show that the addition of 100 meter exterior walking distance increases 3 minute travel time, 100 meter interior walking distance increases 5 minute travel time, 100 stairways increase 13 minute travel time, and escalators decreases 3 minute travel time. The calculated transfer impedance based on bodily sensational transfer time in this study can be utilized as objective criteria to compare transfer conditions of different bus terminals and to prioritize them for facility improvement. The calculated transfer impedance also can be used as facility guidelines for designing a new transit center.
Analysis Study on the Microscopic Characteristics of Freeway Free Flow Speed
Yoon, Byoung Jo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 105~111
Operating speed is one of key elements in the design and operation of freeway. Few studies have been carried out macroscopically to find characteristics of free-flow speed (FFS) using small sample size and not considering the conditions of traffic volume and the effects of hour periods. As an attempt to find out the characteristics of FFS, this study microscopically analysed both the distributions of freeway FFS and percentile speeds according to traffic volume and daily hour periods using huge sample size. It was found out that speed distributions are changed and showed different behaviors under the conditions of traffic volumes(1-5 veh/30sec) and daily hour periods(0-5, 6-8, 9-11, 12-19, 20-23). V85(85th percentile speed) at morning, night, and midnight period decreases according to increase in traffic volume respectively, whereas V85 at day time does not show considerable differences. So the behaviors of V85 according to hour periods dramatically changed according to the increase in traffic volume.
A Study on Forecasting Traffic Congestion Using IMA (Integrated Moving Average) of Speed Sequence Array
Lee, Seonha ; Ahn, Woo-Young ; Kang, Hee-Chan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 113~118
This paper presents an analysis of the instability phenomenon on motorways, with the aim of arriving at the definition of a control strategy suitable for keeping the flow stable. By using some results of the motorway reliability theory, a relationship and some flow characteristics is obtained, which shows that the existence of a reliability threshold critical for flow stability. The macroscopic flow characteristics corresponding to this threshold are very different in different situations, so that this control of flow stability requires the analysis of speed and density microscopic process surveyed on a cross section of the motorway carriage ways to be controlled. A method is presented, based on integrated moving average(IMA) analysis in real time of these processes, by which it is possible to detect the approach of instability before its effects become manifest, and to single out the proper control strategy in different situations.
Implementation of Microscopic Pedestrian Simulation by using NetLogo
Jang, Sung Min ; Rhee, Jong Ho ; Oh, Seung Hwoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 119~125
Transportation system improved with rapid economic growth has helped human being a lot. However, the system has been also created social problems. The fast increasing auto ownership has not only increased transportation accidents but decreased air quality rapidly. One of the serious problems in transportation is that transportation policies have disregarded human factor, especially pedestrian environment. This research has developed microscopic pedestrian simulation with Netlogo. Netlogo is a very useful program for simulating complex systems such as pedestrian movements. The simulated pedestrian movements has been compared with actual surveyed pedestrian movements on a sidewalk. The comparison has been showed that the simulation program can be used for analyzing various pedestrian environments. Also, the impacts of bollard on the sidewalks have been analyed with the simulation program.
Factor Analysis on Psychological Cause of Speed Reduction in Expressway Tunnel Section Utilizing Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA)
Lee, Ki Young ; Kim, Tae Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 127~134
Tunnel sections on the highway are different from rest of sections on the highway in terms of velocity, the number of passing cars, and vehicle density which, in particular, affect drivers' behavior before and after drivers pass through the tunnel. However, literature review reveals that former studies are too focused on quantitative indicator to consider qualitative aspects. Therefore, this paper conducts survey questionnaire and IPA (Importance Performance Analysis) to find out qualitative improvements on velocity drop on the tunnel sections. The results show as follows: First, drivers require improvements of tunnel form (length and curved form inside tunnel) which is derived from long distance tunnel. Second, experts primarily ask for amendment of geometric characteristics. With comparison of requirements of both drivers and experts, there are many differences in length of tunnel and form of curved tunnel. This also presents that drivers don't satisfy with both length of tunnel and form of curved tunnel that are provided as a part of highway design factors.
Study on Dowel-Bar Optimum Position of Jointed Concrete Pavement Using 3-D FEM Analysis
Chon, Beom Jun ; Hong, Seong Jae ; Lee, Seung Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 135~141
Dowel bar in the jointed concrete pavement has been designed and constructed by Foreign standard and experience in Korea. The behavior of dowel bar is explored based in analyze of 3-Dimension Finite Element Method. To evaluate behavior of dowel bar compared Timoshenko theory and 3-Dimensional Finite Element Method. Based on the 3-Dimension Finite Element Method analyze the dowel-bar optimum position that can reduce deflections of slabs by considering wheel path distributions was suggest in this study.
Improvement Strategy for Demolition Industry through a Analysis of Domestic Demolition Technique and Situation
Kim, Chang-Hak ; Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Kang, Leen Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 143~151
Currently, one of the most interested things at home and abroad country will be an eco-friendly construction. Among these, one of the most important elements will be the recycle and reuse of construction and demolition waste. Because construction waste is generated the most at the demolition phase, it is important to minimize the quantity of the demolition waste at the phase. And it is also important to develop a system to manage rightly the generated demolition waste. But in the domestic country, a research for this has hardly been carried out. In recent, the government has realized its importance and is making a research to improve demolition technique and is preparing a research to make a raw for deconstruction. Therefore, this study examined its application situation and importance by analyzing the trend of demolition technique used in the domestic industry. Also this study carried out a survey for situation analysis of the demolition industry. This study suggested items needed for the development of demolition technique, demolition design and reduction of C&D waste through a survey results and a situation analysis.
A Method for the Effective Implementation of a Consignment Contract in Road Constructions
Bak, Gwon-June ; Kim, Sung-Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 153~161
The city planning of a local government is a continuous process that does not end with the creation of a plan but proceeds through decision-making, monitoring and evaluation phases. As a new city planning is changed and confirmed, there is a chance to construct a large scale road that is connected with an under constructed road. In this case, the expansion of the width and length of road, the addition of bridges or tunnels, and the change of the size and location of interchanges lead to many changes on road design and construction. In the past, the consignment contracts for a road construction have been made in limited numbers and for limited civil works. Now, it is growing in numbers and is making for large scale multi-works. However, the standard process and guidelines for the consignment contracts have not been suggested yet, so there is difficulty in performing the consigned road construction effectively. In this paper, the important factors for the consignment contracts are determined by construction document reviews and expert interviews. Based on these results, a standard process for the consigned contracts and a guideline for agreeing on construction cost are suggested. The costs that should be paid by a consignor are also defined.
A Study of The Present State Analysis and Development Plans About Construction Monitoring and Monitoring Industry
Woo, Jong-Tae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 163~169
Construction monitoring and monitoring industry have been rapidly developed with advance of IT industry and telecommunication. However institutional, legal supports that need to settle the construction monitoring are practically inadequate. So development plans that are reflected enquete results about the present state of construction monitoring are considered. A way that consider establishment Korea construction monitoring association and society, deal with relevant law appointing monitoring industry, consider enactment and revision of construction monitoring design standard and specifications, appoint practical construction monitoring educational institution, appoint an efficiency test specialty institution of monitoring equipment, consider the term of guarantee of monitoring equipment consider enactment and revision of estimating cost of construction measurement, consider ratio of monitoring equipment loss for developing construction monitoring and monitoring industry are proposed.
The Recoginition of Pattern of Shape and Composing the Graph Topology of Sketch Drawing Element for the Automation of Earthwork Quantity Calculation
Kang, Tae-Wook ; Kim, Bong-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 171~179
The purpose of the present study is to suggest composing the graph topology of sketch drawing element and the recognition of the shape pattern for the earthwork quantity calculation. The algorithm which can extract the topology element such as vertex, edge, face and establish the relation between each topology was developed. The model which can define earthwork graph and recognize the shape pattern of earthwork was presented. As a result of the study, the shape pattern of earthwork that can't be calculated by existing earthwork calculation program could be recognized as expanding this model. The earthwork shape recognition automation using the graph topology model can be applied to the automation for the earthwork quantity estimation.
A Study on the Rationality for Choosing Proper Routes & Stations of the KTX Gyeongbu Line (Daegu, Gyeongju, Ulsan and Busan)
Kim, Sungdeuk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 181~190
The purpose of this study is to propose an effective approach of making route decisions for the large-scale national project (i.e. the KTX Gyeongbu line between Daegu and Busan) by analyzing the conflicts that had occurred in the process of selecting the routes and stations. This study investigated policy making processes and conflicts during the construction of the KTX Gyeongbu line. The five contentious issues were 1) selecting the route between Daegu~Busan line, 2) developing a new route through Gyeongju areas, 3) making decisions of the first and second phases of construction, 4) setting up an extra station in Ulsan, and 5) conflicts of the Mt. Cheonseong route in Yangsan. In terms of analyzing these issues, the current study focuses on dealing with notions of technical, economical, legal, social, and practical rationality. Based on such analyses and implications, this study proposes a relatively reasonable model of line decision making especially for long-distance intercity routes. It also turns out that the large-scale project like the development of KTX Gyeongbu line should be conducted after receiving enough quantitative evaluation by reviewing relevant technical research studies and economic analyses, and having social agreements to prevent plausible conflicts.
Monitoring of the Natural Terrain Behavior Using the Terrestrial LiDAR
Park, Jae Kook ; Lee, Sang Yun ; Yang, In Tae ; Kim, Dong Moon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 2D, 2010, Pages 191~198
The displacement of slope is a key factor in predicting the risk of a landslide. Therefore, the slope displacement should be continuously observed with high accuracy. Recently, high-tech equipment such as optical fiber sensor, GPS, total station and measuring instrument have been used. However, such equipment is poorly used in fields due to economics, environment, convenience and management. Because of this, development of substantial observational techniques for varied slope observation and field applications is needed. This study analyzed the possibility of terrestrial LiDAR for slope monitoring and suggested it as information-obtaining technique for slope investigation and management. For that, this study evaluated the monitoring accuracy of terrestrial LiDAR and performed GRID analysis to read the displacement area with the naked eye. In addition, it suggested a methodology for slope monitoring.