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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6D - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6C - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6B - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6A - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5D - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5C - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5B - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5A - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4D - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4C - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4B - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4A - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3D - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3C - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3B - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3A - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2D - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2C - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2B - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2A - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1D - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1C - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1B - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1A - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Analyzing Time in Port and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Vessels using Duration Model
Shin, Kangwon ; Cheong, Jang-Pyo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 323~330
The time in port for vessels is one of the important factors for analyzing the operation status and the capacity of ports. In addition, the time in port for vessels can be directly used for estimating the greenhouse gas emissions resulted from vessels in port. However, it is unclear which variables can affect the time in port for vessels and what the marginal effect of each variable is. With these challenges in mind, the study analyzes the time in port for vessels arriving and departing port of Busan by using a parametric survival model. The results show that the log-logistic accelerated failure time model is appropriate to explain the time in port for 19,167 vessels arriving and departing port of Busan in 2008, in which the time in port is significantly affected by gross tonnage of vessels, service capacity of terminal, and vessel type. This study also shows that the greenhouse gas emission resulted from full-container vessels, which accounted for about 61% of all vessels with loading/unloading purpose arriving and departing port of Busan in 2008, is about "17 ton/vessel" in the boundary of port of Busan. However, the hotelling greenhouse gas emissions resulted from non-container vessels (3,774 vessels; 20%) are greater than those from the full-container vessels. Hence, it is necessary to take into account more efficient port management polices and technologies to reduce the service time of non-container vessels in port of Busan.
Research on Concept of Guideline for Traffic Management in the Case of Disaster Events under a u-T Environment
Yoon, Jae Yong ; Jeon, Jong Soo ; Kwon, Young Hyuk ; Lee, Eui Eun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 331~338
In the case of Korea, research on traffic management is insufficient to cover the increasing incidence of disaster. Furthermore, many of the traffic management manual does not touch up on how to administer/manage in case of disaster, except for the one made by 'Korea Expressway Corporation.' In response to this issue, this research is based on a thesis to establish concept of guideline for traffic management in the case of an disaster. In order to achieve this goal, there has been an analysis of the American's manual, molded and changed to be Korea-specific. In the future, based on the u-T circumstances are established, traffic management will become much more efficient. This paper presents important details and ways of management for each step of an disaster event: prevention, preparation, response and restoration.
Tourists' Excursion Behavior Analysis Considering Their Information Usage
Kim, Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 339~349
The objective of this paper is to develop a structural equations model system for the purpose of tourists' excursion behaviour analysis with their information usage. A tourist' excursion behavior defined as activities in the sightseeing region between arriving and leaving time includes indexes with respect to activity' time use and the number of spots. Additionally, such indexes can be modeled as endogenous variables in the structural equation model system on the assumption that they are influenced by the degree of familarity on the sightseeing region, the degree of information usage, and individual attributes. The case study application involves excursion behaviour data such as one-day excursion activity and information usage diary that are observed in the Fuji Five Lakes, Japan. Since the models presented in the paper are available to statistically analyze the covariance among the endogenous variables, they have the advantage of effectiveness analysis on information usage in the excursion area, compared to the prior approaches such as discrete choice models.
Development of Hazard-Level Forecasting Model using Combined Method of Genetic Algorithm and Artificial Neural Network at Signalized Intersections
Kim, Joong-Hyo ; Shin, Jae-Man ; Park, Je-Jin ; Ha, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 351~360
In 2010, the number of registered vehicles reached almost at 17.48 millions in Korea. This dramatic increase of vehicles influenced to increase the number of traffic accidents which is one of the serious social problems and also to soar the personal and economic losses in Korea. Through this research, an enhanced intersection hazard prediction model by combining Genetic Algorithm and Artificial Neural Network will be developed in order to obtain the important data for developing the countermeasures of traffic accidents and eventually to reduce the traffic accidents in Korea. Firstly, this research has investigated the influencing factors of road geometric features on the traffic volume of each approaching for the intersections where traffic accidents and congestions frequently take place and, a linear regression model of traffic accidents and traffic conflicts were developed by examining the relationship between traffic accidents and traffic conflicts through the statistical significance tests. Secondly, this research also developed an intersection hazard prediction model by combining Genetic Algorithm and Artificial Neural Network through applying the intersection traffic volume, the road geometric features and the specific variables of traffic conflicts. Lastly, this research found out that the developed model is better than the existed forecasting models in terms of the reliability and accuracy by comparing the actual number of traffic accidents and the predicted number of accidents from the developed model. In conclusion, it is expect that the cost/effectiveness of any traffic safety improvement projects can be maximized if this developed intersection hazard prediction model by combining Genetic Algorithm and Artificial Neural Network use practically at field in the future.
Prioritization of Intermodal Transportation Facilities with Considering the Budget Rate Constraints of Focal Terminal Types
Oh, Seichang ; Lee, Jungwoo ; Lee, Kyujin ; Choi, Keechoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 361~368
It is general that mostly congested sections of national backbone networks have been improved based on the national network expansion plan. However, in case of intermodal terminals which are origins of logistics, it is still so congested that travel time between origin and destination is long. Therefore, intermodal transportation systems plan of major intermodal terminals for the intermodal connector networks between intermodal terminal and national backbone network or intermodal terminal was established. With the limitation of priority methodology applying to intermodal connector facility under existing methodology, this study suggests an improved priority methodology. This study includes characteristics of terminal on the hierarchical structure and assessment list, but it does not concentrate on the specific terminal type through survey. To avoid a certain concentration, budget constraint for each terminal type was considered ahead of priority. Finally priority methodology was developed with two-step assessment under consideration that specific terminal is not involved in intermodal connector facility project. As a result of calculating weights by survey, effects such as d/c and accessibility fluctuations index through project implementation gain high weight, and degree of region underdevelopment gets next. Although the methodology in this study could not yields the priority by assessment list, it will be useful for setting the direction on policy related to intermodal connector facility projects.
Determination of Not-Permitted Entrance/Exit Section at Curb Areas
Kwon, Sung-Dae ; Park, Je-Jin ; Ha, Tae-Jun ; Ha, Dong-Ik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 369~376
At present, many problems in traffic operation and safety occurs since there is no clear design criteria on designating the not-permitted entrance/exit section at curb areas within complex areas. Even, there is no specific and detailed researches on the not-permitted entrance/exit section by now. This research calculated the proper length of the entrance/exit section at curb areas by dividing the access not-permitted section into the two sections. First, the calculation of the entrance section was done by considering the location of crosswalks, stop line clearance, the queue length of vehicles approaching to second lanes, and marginal distance for safety have been considered. Second, the calculation of the exit section was done by comparing and analyzing the distance between cars of the entrance section according to the investigation point and the distance considering the location of crosswalks, the behavior of exit vehicles and the length of vehicles. In conclusion, by presenting the proper length in consideration of the traffic operation and safety on the access not-permitted section within complex areas, it can be used as a traffic safety improvement alternative and will be contributed in establishing and operating the proper installation criteria for the access not-permitted section within complex areas.
Characteristics of the Expanded Road Embankment Constructed by Lightweight Air-Mixed Soils for a Short-Term
Hwang, Joong Ho ; Ahn, Young Kyun ; Lee, Young-Jun ; Kim, Tae-Hyung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 377~386
This study was conducted to find out the characteristics of the expanded road embankment constructed by the lightweight air-mixed soil (slurry density
) for a short-term without any ground improvement. Compression strength, capillary rise height of the lightweight air-mixed soil and settlement behavior of soft ground were studied. Compression strengths of the specimens sampled at the site after 1 and 5 months of construction were all satisfied the required strength 500 kPa. However, it was not convinced the homogeneity construction, because the values of strength were depending on the sampled location. Also, strength difference between laboratory and site specimens were found about 19%, and thus it should be considered for mixing design. Capillary rise reached about 20 cm for 70 hours because of a numerous tiny pores existed inside the lightweight air-mixed soil. Relationship between settlement and time of the soft ground placed underneath the expanded embankment was estimated by using the measured data and back analysis technique. The current average consolidation ratio and the final settlement after 120 months later were estimated about 32% and 4.5cm, respectively. This settlement is much less value than the allowable settlement 10cm for this structure.
Analysis of Static Crack Growth in Asphalt Concrete using the Extended Finite Element Method
Zi, Goangseup ; Yu, Sungmun ; Thanh, Chau-Dinh ; Mun, Sungho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 387~393
This paper studies static crack growth of asphalt pavement using the extended finite element method (XFEM). To consider nonlinear characteristics of asphalt concrete, a viscoelastic constitutive equation using the Maxwell chain is used. And a linear cohesive crack model is used to regularize the crack. Instead of constructing the viscoelastic constitutive law from the Prony approximation of compliance and retardation time measured experimentally, we use a smooth log-power function which optimally fits experimental data and is infinitely differentiable. The partial moduli of the Maxwell chain from the log-power function make analysis easy because they change more smoothly in a more stable way than the ordinary method such as the least square method. Using the developed method, we can simulates the static crack growth test results satisfactorily.
Estimation of Perceived Curve Radius Considering Visual Distortion at Curve Sections
Shin, Jae-Man ; Park, Je-Jin ; Son, Sang-Ho ; Ha, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 395~402
The seriousness of a traffic accident appears relatively higher on the curve sections compared with the straight sections due to a change in speed caused by a change in the driver's sight. In particular, the visual distortion phenomenon, one of the dangerous factors taking place on the curve sections, appears different according to the road's geometric design. Although it is a genuinely principal design factor which should be necessarily considered in designing a road, the previous researches on establishing the design standards for it have been insufficiently conducted. As a result, the establishment of the road design standards for the curve sections considering the sight distortion phenomenon is desperately required. This research examined the previous researches on the driver's behaviors, the driver's sight characteristics and the perceived curve radius on the curve sections, and developed the theoretical model of perceived curve radius to which a mathematical technique is applied in consideration of the visual distortion phenomenon on the two-lane curve sections in a local area. In addition, after the theoretical visual distortion was calculated on the basis of the theoretical model of perceived curve radius, the range of error on the theoretical recognition radius model formula was verified through comparing it with the previous researches' experiential visual distortion level and analyzing both of them. As a result, it was observed that as the curve radius practically increases in the theoretical recognition curve radius, the range of error tends to go down, which reflects well the characteristics of the curve sections on the road. Based on this research, it is expected that this research will be helpful to eliminate the safety defects when designing the curve sections and contribute to develop the road design standards considering human factors in the future.
A Study on the Application Status and Appropriateness of Light Railway Systems - In the Seoul Metropolitan Area -
Kim, Jongki ; Ha, Seungwoo ; Seo, Jongwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 403~411
Nowadays, Light railway system is attracted public attention as solution for metropolitan traffic congestion. But it is difficult to decide an appropriate light railway system. It is especially hard in the Seoul metropolitan to decide an appropriate system, because there are many factors that must considered. So we research application status of light railway system that is scheduled or promoted in the Korea and the foreign nations. And we selected systems by types of city. In this paper, we divided into 6 types of city through factor analysis and cluster. And we considered various factor such as technology, transportation, environment etc that used previous research and feasibility study. To determine the priority among the factors, AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) was applied as a method for multi-standard decision method.
Development of a Scheduling Assistant Program for Usability Improvement of Construction Scheduling Solutions
Park, Sung Hwan ; Lee, Si Wook ; Woo, Sungkwon ; Shin, Do Hyoung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 413~421
Scheduling management is one of the most important factors for the efficient performance of construction projects. Various computer-aided solutions for schedule management have been developed, but they are not commonly used in practice. This study conducted surveys on scheduling management methods and the related solutions to identify their status and problems in practice. Based on the results of the surveys, this study also developed a scheduling assistant program to improve the usability of scheduling management solutions. Through the developed program, the usability of scheduling management solutions will be improved in practice, thus enabling efficient scheduling management.
Development of a Risk Management Procedure Model for the Construction Project Using Construction Risk Management System
Kim, Chang Hak ; Kang, Leen Seok ; Park, Hong Tae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 423~432
This study suggested CRMS (construction risk management system) which is a new risk analysis model after analyzing existing risk management process for to guarantee a successful performance at the construction planning and work phase. CRMS is risk management procedures in order that the contractor identify, analyze and administrate the risk during performing construction project. This model may give much help to quantify and be ready the right managing methods about identified risk by the contractor. Especially, the most important and difficult things of all risk management may be to identify risk in the project. This study make more focusing on the developing a procedure that can identify risk more easily in the construction project. The risk is divided into global risk and local risk of a project. Also, this study suggests methods which are using the RBS (risk breakdown structure) related with WBS. This result will be useful as basic materials for developing computerizing system for risk management.
A Path Generation Method Considering the Work Behavior of Operators for an Intelligent Excavator
Kim, Sung-Keun ; Koo, Bonsang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 4D, 2010, Pages 433~442
Recent decrease in the availability of experienced skilled labor and a corresponding lack of new entrants has required the need for automating many of the construction equipment used in the construction industry. In particular, excavators are widely used throughout earthwork operations and automating its tasks enables work to be performed with higher productivity and safety. This paper introduces an optimal path generation method which is one of the core technologies required to make "Intelligent" excavators a reality. The method divides a given earthwork area into unit cells, identifies networks created by linking these cells, and identifies the optimal path an excavator should follow to minimize its total transportation costs. In addition, the method also accounts for drainage direction and path continuity to ensure that the generated path considers site specific conditions.