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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6D - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6C - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6B - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6A - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5D - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5C - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5B - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5A - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4D - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4C - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4B - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4A - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3D - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3C - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3B - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3A - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2D - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2C - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2B - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2A - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1D - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1C - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1B - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1A - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Proposal of Quality Evaluation Methodology for Radar Data
Yoo, Chulsang ; Yoon, Jungsoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 429~435
This study proposed a methodology for evaluating the radar rainfall data, whose basic idea is similar to the analysis of variance in statistics. This method enables us to represent separately the error from the bias and that from the data variability. The proposed method was then applied to two storm events for its evaluation. As results, the error from the bias was found to comprises most of the raw radar data error, which becomes significantly decreased in the quality improved cases. On the other hand, the error from the data variability was rather increased due to the quality improvement procedure. The proposed methodology was found to be effective for evaluating the data quality of a storm event for steps of quality improvement, but has a limitation for comparing qualities of storm events. This limitation should be implemented for its general application.
Prediction of Soil Moisture using Hydrometeorological Data in Selmacheon
Joo, Je Young ; Choi, Minha ; Jung, Sung Won ; Lee, Seung Oh ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 437~444
Soil moisture has been recognized as the essential parameter when understanding the complicated relationship between land surface and atmosphere in water and energy recycling system. It has been generally known that it is related with the temperature, wind, evaporation dependent on soil properties, transpiration due to vegetations and other constituents. There is, however, little research concerned about the relationship between soil moisture and these constitutes, thus it is needed to investigate it in detail. We estimated the soil moisture and then compared with field data using the hydrometerological data such as atmospheric temperature, specific humidity, and wind obtained from the Flux tower in Selmacheon, Korea. In the winter season, subterranean temperature showed highly positive correlation with soil moisture while it was negatively correlated from the spring to the fall. Estimation of seasonal soil moisture was compared with field measurements with the correlation of determination, R=0.82, 0.81, 0.82, and 0.96 for spring, summer, fall, and winter, respectively. Comprehensive relationship from this study can supply useful information about the downscaling of soil moisture with relatively large spatial resolutions, and will help to deepen the understanding of the water and energy recycling on the earth's surface.
Comparisons of the Pan and Penman Evaporation Trends in South Korea
Rim, Chang-Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 445~458
The effects of geographical and climatic factors on annual and monthly pan and Penman evaporation were analyzed. 52 climatological stations were selected and trend analyses were performed. Furthermore, cluster analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were performed to understand the effects of geographical and climatic factors on pan and Penman evaporation. Based on stepwise multiple linear regression analysis, annual pan evaporation is proved to be mainly controlled by urbanization as geographical factor, and annual pan evaporation is also controlled by temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and solar radiation as climatic factor. Especially wind speed is considered to be most significant climatic factor which affects pan evaporation. Meanwhile, Penman evaporation is not affected by geographical factors but it is affected by climate factors such as temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and solar radiation except precipitation. Furthermore, the study results show that only proximity to coast affects pan evaporation trend on July; however, geographical and climatic factors do not affect pan evaporation trends in annual basis and monthly basis (January, April, and October). On the other hand, Penman evaporation trends were not affected by geographical factors in annual and monthly basises.
Development of a Grid-based Daily Watershed Runoff Model and the Evaluation of Its Applicability
Hong, Woo-Yong ; Park, Geun-Ae ; Jeong, In-Kyun ; Kim, Seong-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 459~469
This study is to develop a grid-based daily runoff model considering seasonal vegetation canopy condition. The model simulates the temporal and spatial variation of runoff components (surface, interflow, and baseflow), evapotranspiration (ET) and soil moisture contents of each grid element. The model is composed of three main modules of runoff, ET, and soil moisture. The total runoff was simulated by using soil water storage capacity of the day, and was allocated by introducing recession curves of each runoff component. The ET was calculated by Penman-Monteith method considering MODIS leaf area index (LAI). The daily soil moisture was routed by soil water balance equation. The model was evaluated for 930
Yongdam watershed. The model uses 1 km spatial data on landuse, soil, boundary, MODIS LAI. The daily weather data was built using IDW method (2000-2008). Model calibration was carried out to compare with the observed streamflow at the watershed outlet. The Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency was 0.78~0.93. The watershed soil moisture was sensitive to precipitation and soil texture, consequently affected the streamflow, and the evapotranspiration responded to landuse type.
Revisiting Horton Index Using a Conceptual Soil Water Balance Model
Choi, Daegyu ; Kim, Sangdan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 471~477
In this study, the variability of the Horton index which is ratio of vaporization and wetting water is investigated using a conceptual soil water balance model. From the proposed model, the steady-state soil water probabilistic density function is derived through meteorological and watershed characteristics and then the sensitivity of Horton index to the precipitation occurrence rate and the mean of wet day precipitation is examined. As a result, the inter-annual variability of the Horton index is lower than that of precipitation and they showed the strong negative correlation. It is also shown that although precipitation is not varied, the Horton index can be varied due to the fluctuation of the precipitation occurrence rate and the mean of wet day precipitation. In addition, it is presented that there is a non-linear relationship which has a critical point switching proportional or inverse relationship between the Horton index and two main characteristics of precipitation process.
Urban Runoff Network Flow Velocity Monitoring System Using Ubiquitous Technique and GIS
Choi, Changwon ; Yi, Jaeeung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 479~486
Reliable hydrologic data acquisition is the basic and essential requirement for efficient water management. Especially the acquisition of various stream data in a certain location is very important to construct on alarm system to response an urban flood which occurs frequently due to the effect of climate change. Although the frequency of stream inundation flood occurrence becomes low owing to the consistent stream improvement, the urban flood due to the drainage system problems such as deterioration and bad management occurs continuously. The consistent management and current status understanding of the urban drainage system is essential to reduce the urban flood. The purpose of this study is to develop the urban runoff network flow velocity monitoring system which has the capability of collecting stream data whenever, wherever and to whomever without expert knowledge using Code Division Multiple Access technique and Bluetooth near-distance wireless communication technique. The urban runoff network flow velocity monitoring system consists of three stages. In the first stage, the stream information obtained by using ubiquitous floater is transferred to the server computer. In the second stage, the current state of the urban drainage system is assessed through the server computer. In the last stage, the information is provided to the user through a GUI. As a result of applying, the developed urban runoff network flow velocity monitoring system to Woncheon-Stream in Suwon, the information necessary for urban drainage management can be managed in real time.
Statistical Analyses of Soil Moisture Data from Polarimetric Scanning Radiometer and In-situ
Jang, Sun Woo ; Jeon, Myeon Ho ; Choi, Minha ; Kim, Tae-Woong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 487~495
Soil moisture is a crucial factor in hydrological system which influences runoff, energy balance, evaporation, and atmosphere. United States National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) and Department of Agriculture (USDA) have established Soil Moisture Experiment (SMEX) since 2002 for the global observations. SMEX provides useful data for the hydrological science including soil moisture and hydrometeorological variables. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between remotely sensed soil moisture data from aircraft and satellite and ground based experiment. C-band of Polarimetric Scanning Radiometer (PSR) that observed the brightness temperature provides soil moisture data using a retrieval algorithm. It was compared with the In-situ data for 2-30 cm depth at four sites. The most significant depth is 2-10 cm from the correlation analysis. Most of the sites, two data are similar to the mean of data at 10 cm and the median at 7 cm and 10 cm at the 10% significant level using the Rank Sum test and t-test. In general, soil moisture data using the C-band of the PSR was established to fit the Normal, Log-normal and Gumbel distribution. Soil moisture data using the aircraft and satellites will be used in hydrological science as fundamental data. Especially, the C-band of PSR will be used to prove soil moisture at 7-10 cm depths.
Analysis for Precipitation Trend and Elasticity of Precipitation-Streamflow According to Climate Changes
Shon, Tae Seok ; Shin, Hyun Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 497~507
Climate changes affect greatly natural ecosystem, human social and economic system acting on constituting the climate system such as air, ocean, life, glacier and land, etc. and estimating the current impact of climate change would be the most important thing to adapt to the climate changes. This study set the target area to Nakdong river watershed and investigated the impact of climate changes through analyzing precipitation tendency, and to understand the impact of climate changes on hydrological elements, analyzed elasticity of precipitation-streamflow. For the analysis of precipitation trend, collecting the precipitation data of the National Weather Service from major points of Nakdong river watershed, resampling them at the units of year, season and month, used as the data of precipitation trend analysis. To analyze precipitation-streamflow elasticity, collecting area average precipitation and long-term streamflow data provided by WAMIS, annual and seasonal time-series were analyzed. In addition, The results of this study and elasticity, and other abroad study compared with the elasticity analysis and the validity of this study was verified. Results of this study will be able to be utilized for study on a plan to increase of flood control ability of flooding constructs caused by the increase of streamflow around Nakdong river watershed due to climate changes and on a plan of adapting to water environment according to climate changes.
Flood Stage Evaluation for Vegetated Models in River Scales
Lee, Jong-Seok ; Kim, Byeong-Chan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 509~518
This study aims to evaluate for flood stage on vegetated patterns by clearance space rate (CSR) using the numerical models divided into large, medium and small river in river scales with watershed area or design flood discharge. Using the HEC-RAS (1D) and RMA-2 (2D) numerical models, evaluated results of the design flood stages before vegetated modeling of these rivers which CSR in the 1D are obtained over 100% at all points in large river and medium river of except upper part 2 sections, but small river is showed about average 46.0%. It is judge that evaluated results in the 2D are obtained average 101.5% in large river, 96.7% in medium river, 71.1% in small, respectively and because of 1D mainly used to formulate of the river's master plan. However, after vegetated modeling, CSR in case of 1D showed with 91.8% in large river, 74.2% and 38.3% in medium and small rivers, respectively and 2D showed with 95.5% in large river, 86.72 and 37.0% in medium and small rivers, respectively. It is estimate that evaluated results using the 2 numerical models by the vegetated modeling are less affected the CSR for large river in a large area more than the cross section area in medium and small rivers.
Monitoring of Vegetation Coverage for Selecting Plants for Beach Revegetation
Kim, Dongyeob ; Im, Sangjun ; Kweon, Hyuck-Min ; Yim, Jaehong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5B, 2010, Pages 519~524
This study was carried out to select suitable plants for beach revegetation as a preliminary study for quantifying the effect of decreasing sand movement. After planting some herbal plants in field, monitoring of temporal change of vegetation coverage which was index of the growth rate was conducted. Through literature reviews, 24 candidate plants for beach revegetation were selected, then seven species of them, Peucedanum japonicum Thunb., Dianthus japonicus Thunb. ex Murray, Sedum oryzifolium Makino, Sedum takesimense Nakai, Sedum spectabile Boreau, Farfugium japonicum (L.) Kitam., Aster sphathulifolius Maxim. were picked through salinity tolerance experiments in laboratory. Seven species selected by salinity tolerance experiments and two additional herbal plants, Prunella vulgaris var. lilacina Nakai and Linaria vulgaris Mill., not the candidates, were nine final species which were planted in the beach around Osan port, Uljin, Korea. The changes of vegetation coverage of each species were investigated from photos periodically taken for about a year using image processing methods. As a result of the monitoring, Sedum takesimensei, Dianthus japonicus and Aster sphathulifolius were observed with high coverages during the whole monitoring while Prunella vulgaris var. lilacina and Linaria vulgaris were observed with low coverage during the same period. Consequently, Sedum takesimensei, Dianthus japonicus and Aster sphathulifolius were concluded as the most suitable plants for beach revegetation. Furthur study to quantify the effects of decreasing sand movement by the selected species is needed.